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Ch 2 foundations of individual behaviour

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Ch 2 foundations of individual behaviour

  1. 1. Foundations of Individual Behaviour Course instructor: chitwan bhutani
  2. 2. Personal Factors <ul><li>Biographical Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Marital status </li></ul><ul><li>No. Of dependents </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional intelligence </li></ul>
  3. 3. Psychological Factors <ul><li>Personality </li></ul><ul><li>Perception </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul>
  4. 4. Environmental factors <ul><li>Economic: </li></ul><ul><li>employment level </li></ul><ul><li>wage rate </li></ul><ul><li>general economic environment </li></ul><ul><li>technological </li></ul>
  5. 5. Contd... <ul><li>Social cultural factors </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics and social responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Political factors </li></ul><ul><li>Legal environment </li></ul>
  6. 6. Organisational systems & resources <ul><li>Physical Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation structure & design </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Reward system </li></ul><ul><li>Work- related behaviour </li></ul>
  7. 7. Models of OB <ul><li>Autocratic Model </li></ul><ul><li>Authority oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Employees have to be directed, persuaded, pushed into performance </li></ul><ul><li>Bosses have an absolute power </li></ul>
  8. 8. Contd... <ul><li>Custodial model </li></ul><ul><li>Economic rewards and benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Depend upon organization rather than boss </li></ul><ul><li>Not strongly motivated </li></ul><ul><li>Brings security and satisfaction to employees </li></ul>
  9. 9. Contd... <ul><li>Supportive model </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on leadership </li></ul><ul><li>If properly motivated, employees can be self directed and creative </li></ul><ul><li>Creates friendly superior- subordinate interaction </li></ul>
  10. 10. Contd... <ul><li>Collegial Model </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a favourable climate in the organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Team spirit </li></ul><ul><li>Workers have job satisfaction, job involvement, job commitment </li></ul>
  11. 11. Autocratic Custodial Supportive Collegial Model depends on Power Economic resources Leadership Partnership Managerial orientation Authority Money Support Teamwork Employee orientation Obedience Security Job Responsibility Employee psychological result Dependence on boss Dependence on organization Participation Self-discipline Employees needs met Subsistence Maintenance Higher-order Self-actualization Performance result Minimum Passive cooperation Awakened drives Moderate enthusiasm

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