*Charles correa born on 1st September,1930 in middle class catholic family in secunderabad.
*Was an indian architect, urban planner and activist.
*He is noted for his sensitivity to the needs of the urban poor .
*And also for his use of traditional methods and materials.
*Over the last four decades, correa has done pioneering work on urban issues and low- cost shelter..
*Correa was influenced by Le Corbusier's use of striking concrete forms.
*Correa's work in India shows a careful development, understanding and adaptation of Modernism to
a non-western culture.
*From 1970-1975,he was Chief Architect for ‘New Bombay’.
India’s first man of architecture has a very simple philosophy:
“Unless you believe in what you do, it becomes…. Boring,”
• Incrementality (overriding principle – to give each unit
its own site to allow for expansion)
• Identity ( units are malleable so they can be colonized by
occupants, modified to their social , cultural, religious
• Pluralism ( several exist plans that cover the social
spectrum , from squatters to upper income families).
• Income generation ( houses constructed simply and
can be built by traditional mason and craftsmen –
generating employment for local workers).
• Equity ( yet the footprint of each plan varies little in size
(from 45sqm to 70sqm) maintaining to equity in the
• Open-to-sky ( project demonstrates how high rise
density housing(500 people per hectare) can achieved in a
low rise typology, while including open to sky spaces and
services like schools, that community requires).
Belapur housing being one project
where he has used these principles
FOUR MAJOR ELEMENTS:
*Spaces needed by the family for private use such as cooking and sleeping.
*Areas of intimate contact i.e. the front door step where children play.
*Neighbourhood places e.g. the city water tap where they become part of their community
*The principal urban area e.g. the maidan (open space) used by the whole city
• The conceptual design of navi Mumbai was
developed at a height of a modernism
• THE DESIGN PRINCIPALS:
• decentralization by the design of self sufficient
• Residential neighbourhood(sectors)
• The total area of navi Mumbai was divided into three
townships. Each township has several sectors. Many
were residential in nature
• Each node was planned to accommodate a range of
some income group
• Ponds were created to accumulate excess runoff
• INDIA IS A LAND OF “ABUNDANT SUN” AND “PLENTIFUL LABOR”
• “OPEN-TO-SKY” AND “TUBE DWELLING”
• COMBINATORIAL GAME OF CELLULAR HOUSING PATTERNS
• STEPPED INTERLOCKING OF SPACES AND DETAILS
• HIGHLY CLIMATIC RESPONSIVE BUILDINGS
• CATERS TO THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC NEEDS
• CORREA'S WORK IN INDIA SHOWS A CAREFUL DEVELOPMENT, UNDERSTANDING AND
• ADAPTATION OF MODERNISM TO A NON-WESTERN CULTURE. CORREA'S EARLY WORKS
• ATTEMPT TO EXPLORE A LOCAL VERNACULAR WITHIN A MODERN ENVIRONMENT.
• CORREA'S LAND-USE PLANNING AND COMMUNITY PROJECTS CONTINUALLY TRY TO
• GO BEYOND TYPICAL SOLUTIONS TO THIRD WORLD PROBLEMS
1961 Prize for low-income housing early
1972 Awarded the PadmaShri by the President of India
1980 Awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of Michigan
1984 Awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Institute of British Architects
1985 Prize for the Improvement in the Quality of Human Settlements from the
International Union of Architects
1986 Chicago Architecture Award
1987 Gold Medal of the Indian Institute of Architects
1990 Gold Medal of the UIA (International Union of Architects)
1994 Premium Imperial from Japan society of art
1999 Aga khan award for vidhan Sabha, Bhopal
• First “Tube Housing” developed in 1962, in
Ahmadabad, due to the climate
• Complete anti-thesis of his ‘open-to-sky’ concept
• Narrow dwelling 12’ wide
• Sloped roof and vents situated at the point of
intersection, barely open to sky
• To shield the house in the heat of the day, protecting
inner volume from the sun
• Each unit shaped so that hot-air rise up and
escapes from top- venturi effect
• Sets convection currents of natural ventilation
• No doors, windows; privacy created by various
• Pergola grid over internal courtyard for security
Year : 1970-83
Client : T.V.Patel
Location : Mumbai
Climate : Hot & Rainy
Category : High Rise Luxury Residence
ABOUT THE DESIGN :
In Mumbai buildings are oriented east
west to catch prevailing winds.
Get the best views (sea facing)
Using verandas all around the living spaces
as a protection from the burnt of the hot
sun, heavy monsoon rains.
• Tower 1:4 Proportion – 21m X 84m –
hosts 32 three or four bedroom
• Ingenious cellular planning – interlock
of one and a half storey, split-level
• Smaller displacement of levels
differentiates external earth
• filled terrace to interior elevated
• Effectively shields the effects of both
Sun and Rain
• Tower with deep garden verandas
(Unite d habitation)
MAIN PRINCIPLE: MODERNISM
AND LANDSCAPE IN
• Made of reinforced concrete.
• Central core house lifts & other services.
• Resists lateral loads.
• Central core was constructed before the main Structure by ‘Slip
• Method of construction, which was used for the first time in India for
a multi- storeyed building.
• Material used:
• Tiled roof
• Brick wall
• Stone floor
• Wooden floor
• Light and
• Successfully shows the life of
• Minimalist architecture
• Material honesty
• Contemporary architecture
• Glow of spaces
Water court at
Vidhan Bhavan, Bhopal
Centre for Advanced
City Centre Mall,
• THE NEW LANDSCAPE AND URBANIZATION BOOK – BY CHARLES
• CHARLES CORREA BOOK- BY HASSAN UDDIN KHAN