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Charles (1)

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about charles correa their philosophy, work

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Charles (1)

  1. 1. . CHITRA GUNJAN
  2. 2. *Charles correa born on 1st September,1930 in middle class catholic family in secunderabad. *Was an indian architect, urban planner and activist. *He is noted for his sensitivity to the needs of the urban poor . *And also for his use of traditional methods and materials. *Over the last four decades, correa has done pioneering work on urban issues and low- cost shelter.. *Correa was influenced by Le Corbusier's use of striking concrete forms. *Correa's work in India shows a careful development, understanding and adaptation of Modernism to a non-western culture. *From 1970-1975,he was Chief Architect for ‘New Bombay’. India’s first man of architecture has a very simple philosophy: “Unless you believe in what you do, it becomes…. Boring,”
  3. 3. • Incrementality (overriding principle – to give each unit its own site to allow for expansion) • Identity ( units are malleable so they can be colonized by occupants, modified to their social , cultural, religious needs). • Pluralism ( several exist plans that cover the social spectrum , from squatters to upper income families). • Income generation ( houses constructed simply and can be built by traditional mason and craftsmen – generating employment for local workers). • Equity ( yet the footprint of each plan varies little in size (from 45sqm to 70sqm) maintaining to equity in the community). • Open-to-sky ( project demonstrates how high rise density housing(500 people per hectare) can achieved in a low rise typology, while including open to sky spaces and services like schools, that community requires). Belapur housing being one project where he has used these principles
  4. 4. FOUR MAJOR ELEMENTS: *Spaces needed by the family for private use such as cooking and sleeping. *Areas of intimate contact i.e. the front door step where children play. *Neighbourhood places e.g. the city water tap where they become part of their community *The principal urban area e.g. the maidan (open space) used by the whole city
  5. 5. • The conceptual design of navi Mumbai was developed at a height of a modernism • THE DESIGN PRINCIPALS: • decentralization by the design of self sufficient townships(nodes) • Residential neighbourhood(sectors) • The total area of navi Mumbai was divided into three townships. Each township has several sectors. Many were residential in nature • Each node was planned to accommodate a range of some income group • Ponds were created to accumulate excess runoff
  6. 6. • INDIA IS A LAND OF “ABUNDANT SUN” AND “PLENTIFUL LABOR” • “OPEN-TO-SKY” AND “TUBE DWELLING” • COMBINATORIAL GAME OF CELLULAR HOUSING PATTERNS • STEPPED INTERLOCKING OF SPACES AND DETAILS • HIGHLY CLIMATIC RESPONSIVE BUILDINGS • CATERS TO THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC NEEDS • CORREA'S WORK IN INDIA SHOWS A CAREFUL DEVELOPMENT, UNDERSTANDING AND • ADAPTATION OF MODERNISM TO A NON-WESTERN CULTURE. CORREA'S EARLY WORKS • ATTEMPT TO EXPLORE A LOCAL VERNACULAR WITHIN A MODERN ENVIRONMENT. • CORREA'S LAND-USE PLANNING AND COMMUNITY PROJECTS CONTINUALLY TRY TO • GO BEYOND TYPICAL SOLUTIONS TO THIRD WORLD PROBLEMS
  7. 7. 1961 Prize for low-income housing early 1972 Awarded the PadmaShri by the President of India 1980 Awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of Michigan 1984 Awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Institute of British Architects 1985 Prize for the Improvement in the Quality of Human Settlements from the International Union of Architects 1986 Chicago Architecture Award 1987 Gold Medal of the Indian Institute of Architects 1990 Gold Medal of the UIA (International Union of Architects) 1994 Premium Imperial from Japan society of art 1999 Aga khan award for vidhan Sabha, Bhopal
  8. 8. • First “Tube Housing” developed in 1962, in Ahmadabad, due to the climate condition there. • Complete anti-thesis of his ‘open-to-sky’ concept • Narrow dwelling 12’ wide • Sloped roof and vents situated at the point of intersection, barely open to sky • To shield the house in the heat of the day, protecting inner volume from the sun • Each unit shaped so that hot-air rise up and escapes from top- venturi effect • Sets convection currents of natural ventilation • No doors, windows; privacy created by various levels • Pergola grid over internal courtyard for security
  9. 9. Year : 1970-83 Client : T.V.Patel Location : Mumbai Climate : Hot & Rainy Category : High Rise Luxury Residence ABOUT THE DESIGN : In Mumbai buildings are oriented east west to catch prevailing winds. Get the best views (sea facing) Using verandas all around the living spaces as a protection from the burnt of the hot sun, heavy monsoon rains.
  10. 10. • Tower 1:4 Proportion – 21m X 84m – hosts 32 three or four bedroom luxury apartments. • Ingenious cellular planning – interlock of one and a half storey, split-level units. • Smaller displacement of levels differentiates external earth • filled terrace to interior elevated living volumes • Effectively shields the effects of both Sun and Rain • Tower with deep garden verandas (Unite d habitation) MAIN PRINCIPLE: MODERNISM AND LANDSCAPE IN VERENDAS/BALCONIES
  11. 11. STRUCTURE: • Made of reinforced concrete. • Central core house lifts & other services. • Resists lateral loads. • Central core was constructed before the main Structure by ‘Slip • Method of construction, which was used for the first time in India for a multi- storeyed building.
  12. 12. • Material used: • Tiled roof • Brick wall • Stone floor • Wooden floor • Light and ventilation by operable wooden louvers
  13. 13. • Successfully shows the life of Gandhiji • Minimalist architecture • Material honesty • Contemporary architecture • Glow of spaces Philosophy: Gandhi ashram Water court at center
  14. 14. Vidhan Bhavan, Bhopal Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore
  15. 15. City Centre Mall, Kolkata JNIDB, Hyderabad Permanent Mission Of India to UN, New York
  16. 16. • THE NEW LANDSCAPE AND URBANIZATION BOOK – BY CHARLES CORREA • CHARLES CORREA BOOK- BY HASSAN UDDIN KHAN • http://theculturetrip.com/asia/india/articles/charles-correa-the-people- s-architect/ • https://thearchiblog.wordpress.com/tag/charles-correa/

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