OFFICE FOR JPICOF FRIARS MINOR MINOR ORDER - ORDER OF FRIARS 1 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JUSTICE, PEACE AND THE INTEGRITY OF CREATION (JPIC)OFFICE FOR JUSTICE, PEACE AND THE INTEGRITY OF CREATION Rome 2009
2 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC OFFICE FOR JUSTICE, PEACE AND THE INTEGRITY OF CREATION Curia generale dei Frati Minori Via Santa Maria Mediatrice, 25 00165 - Roma - ITALIA Tel: +39 0668491218; Fax: +39 0668491266 eMail: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.ofm.org/jpic Layout: OFM Communications’ Office - Rome
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 3 CONTENTSAcronyms and Abbreviations ...................................................................................... 51. Introduction ......................................................................................................... 72 The basis for our commitment to JPIC .............................................................. 9 2.1. How and why JPIC arose in the Church ...................................................... 9 2.1.1. Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Creation: Biblical Values........... 9 2.1.2. The Institution Justice and Peace, Fruit of the Second Vatican Council ............................................... 10 2.2 Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace: objectives and activities ............. 12 2.2.1. Objectives and Mandate ................................................................ 12 2.2.2. Activities ......................................................................................... 13 2.2.3. Justice and Peace in the Religious Congregations ........................ 13 2.3. The spirituality of Justice and Peace ......................................................... 14 2.3.1. Eyes open ..................................................................................... 14 2.3.2. A sensitive heart .......................................................................... 14 2.3.3. A hand ready for the work of charity which the Church is called to realize in the world........................................................ 153. Franciscan JPIC Identity ................................................................................... 17 3.1. JPIC in Franciscan spirituality, in the GGCC and in the Order of Friars Minor ................................................................. 17 3.1.1 JPIC: a dimension of our charism, a way of life and mission .......... 17 3.1.2 The History of JPIC in the Order .................................................... 15 3.1.3. JPIC in the General Constitutions .................................................. 17 126.96.36.199 The option for the poor and for justice .............................. 18 188.8.131.52 Peace ............................................................................... 18 184.108.40.206 The Integrity of Creation ................................................... 19 3.1.4. JPIC and transverse values. The meaning of transversality .......... 20 3.2 Integration of JPIC into evangelization and formation ............................... 21 3.2.1 JPIC in Evangelization ................................................................... 21 220.127.116.11 JPIC in the different areas of Evangelization.................... 22 18.104.22.168 Specific JPIC projects ...................................................... 23 3.2.2 JPIC in Formation .......................................................................... 24 3.3 JPIC structures in the Order ....................................................................... 25 3.3.1. General Organization of JPIC ........................................................ 25 3.3.2. Goal of the General Office for JPIC ................................................ 25 3.3.3. The Main Tasks of the General Office for JPIC: ............................. 25 3.3.4. Areas of Animation for JPIC Office:................................................ 25
4 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC4. The role of the JPIC animator ........................................................................... 27 4.1 Criteria for naming a Provincial JPIC animator........................................... 27 4.2 Profile of the JPIC animator and members of the commission .................. 28 4.3 The mission of the JPIC animator and commission ................................... 29 4.4 Some elements to keep in mind when doing animation work ..................... 305. Methodology of JPIC work ............................................................................... 33 5.1 Learning to read the signs of the times ...................................................... 33 5.2 Promoting the spirituality of JPIC ............................................................... 34 5.3 Collaboration with Secretariats for Formation/Studies and Evangelization/Mission ......................................... 36 5.4 Collaboration with the Franciscan Family................................................... 37 5.5 Collaboration with other Ecclesial and lay organizations ........................... 37 5.6 Relationship with social movements .......................................................... 37 5.7 Communication .......................................................................................... 37 5.8 Sharing urgent action requests with Rome JPIC Office ............................. 38 5.9 Suggestions for preparing a Provincial animation program ........................ 39 5.9.1. The Context ................................................................................... 39 5.9.2. Preparing the Program ................................................................... 40 5.10 Best practices: ideas that have been successful for others ........................ 40 5.11 Suggestions for JPIC animation in daily Fraternal life ................................ 41 5.12 How to run a meeting ................................................................................. 42 5.13 Resources .................................................................................................. 436. APPENDICES ..................................................................................................... 45 Appendix I: the decalogue for JPIC animators ................................................. 45 Appendix II: Model JPIC statutes for an Entity and for a Conference ............... 46 A: Model statutes for an Entity ....................................................... 46 B: Model JPIC statutes for a Conference ....................................... 47 Appendix III: A model for social commitment...................................................... 50 Appendix IV: Models for social analysis .............................................................. 52 Appendix V: Glossary ........................................................................................ 55
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 5 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONSSacred Scripture Col Colossians Dt Deuteronomy Eph Ephesians Ex Exodus Gal Galatians Heb Hebrews Is Isaiah Jn The Gospel according to John Lk The Gospel according to Luke Mk The Gospel according to Mark Mt The Gospel according to Matthew Phil Philippians Ps Psalms Rm RomansDocuments of the Church CA Centesimus Annus, Encyclical of John Paul II, 1991 CCC Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1992 DCE Deus Caritas Est, Encyclical of Benedict XVI, 2005 EN Evangelii Nuntiandi, Apostolic Exhortation of Paul VI, 1975 GS Gaudium et Spes, Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, 1965 QA Quadragesimo Anno, Encyclical of Pius XI, 1931 RH Redemptor Hominis, Encyclical of John Paul II, 1979 SRS Sollicitudo Rei Socialis, Encyclical of John Paul II, 1987Franciscan Material ER Regula non bullata (The Earlier Rule) FEGC To Fill the Earth with the Gospel of Christ, The Minister General to the Friars Minor on Evangelization: From Tradition to Prophecy, Rome 1996. GGCC General Constitutions of the Order of Friars Minor, Rome 2004 GGSS General Statutes of the Order of Friars Minor, Rome, 2004 OFI Our Franciscan Identity, General Secretariat for Formation and Studies, Rome 1993 PPSS Particular Statutes for JPIC, Rome 2005 RFF Ratio Formationis Franciscanae, Rome 2003 RS Ratio Studiorum OFM, Rome, 2001Other Acronyms FI Franciscans International JPIC Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Creation NGO Non-Governmental Organization OFM Order of Friars Minor
1. OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 7 INTRODUCTION T he values of Justice, Peace and ues in our midst. Of course, at the entity Integrity of Creation are an essen- level, it is the Provincial and his Definitory tial element of our Christian life. who are responsible for animation of the fri-The programmatic declaration of Jesus in ars in all areas, including that of JPIC. Justchapter 4 of Luke’s Gospel, taken from Isa- as in other areas, however, the GGSS calliah, underlines this idea: “The spirit of the for nomination of JPIC Animators who willLord is upon me; therefore he has anointed carry out this task more specifically in theme. He has sent me to bring glad tidings name of the Provincial and Definitory.to the poor, to proclaim liberty to captives,recovery of sight to the blind and release Formation of our Animators has been ato prisoners, to announce a year of favor priority of the JPIC Office in Rome since itsfrom the Lord.” The bishops declared that: creation in 1980, and all of our meetings“Action on behalf of justice and participa- include a component of training and forma-tion in the transformation of the world fully tion. But Animators have also been askingappear to us as a constitutive dimension for something in writing, orientations for allof the preaching of the Gospel” (Justice those interested in JPIC, especially thosein the World, final document of the Synod just beginning this work. The JPIC Officeof Bishops, 1971). The General Constitu- made this a part of its program for 2003-tions of the Order echo and reinforce this 2009, and the program was approved bycommitment: “The friars, as followers of the General Defintory. Two years ago theSt. Francis, are bound to lead a radically International JPIC Council entrusted theevangelical life, namely: to live in a spirit of task of preparing this material to the friarsprayer and devotion and in fraternal fellow- of the Rome Office. For two years we haveship; they are to offer a witness of penance been working on the project, enlisting theand minority; and, in charity towards all hu- help of the Animation Committee, the Inter-mankind, they are to announce the Gospel national Council, and many individual Ani-throughout the whole world and to preach mators. The result is this booklet.reconciliation, peace and justice by theirdeeds; and to show respect for creation” We have sought to present something(GGCC 1,2). that is both theoretical and practical. It in- cludes the history of JPIC in the Church and These values cannot simply remain on the Order, the basis of our commitment aspaper; they must be addressed in concrete an Order to JPIC, reflections on the inte-ways in our daily lives. The task becomes gration of JPIC into all aspects of our lifemore difficult in a world that is increasingly and ministry, and the structures of JPIC incomplex and violent. The Order of Friars the Order. In very practical terms it alsoMinor has taken seriously the challenge to deals with the role and mission of the JPICincarnate the values of JPIC. Our docu- Animator, criteria for naming JPIC Anima-ments speak repeatedly of the need to live tors, and the methodology for doing thethis aspect of our vocation, and we have work. The section on methodology coversstrong and comprehensive JPIC structures, analysis of reality (reading the signs of theat all levels, to support this effort. However, times), promotion of JPIC spirituality, col-all documents and structures depend on laboration both inside and outside the Or-the dedication, training and work of those der, suggestions for preparing a provincialresponsible for the animation of these val- JPIC plan and for animating the daily life
8 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICof the friars, practical ideas for running a fundamental task of JPIC animation. Usemeeting, the need for effective communica- this resource in the ways that can best helption, and an offering of resource materials. you. Adapt it in ways that will best serveThe appendices offer concrete models for your local reality. Share this material withJPIC statutes in an entity, how to do social the friars and with people of good will whoanalysis and how to implement our values seek a world characterized by the valuesin a specific situation. of the Kingdom of God. May this resource booklet serve as a catalyst to help promote This booklet does not presume to be Justice, Peace and Care for Creation.comprehensive. We cannot include all thetools necessary for JPIC work, nor can weadequately address all the social and cul- Joe Rozansky, OFMtural realities that are part of our interna- Vicente Felipe, OFMtional Franciscan experience. We hope, JPIC Office, Romehowever, that this book can serve as a foun-dation for those who serve the Order in the January, 2009 “ Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Creation are above all values of the Kingdom of God. ”
2. OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 9 THE BASIS FOR OUR COMMITMENT TO JPIC2.1. close to His people. He reveals Himself asHOW AND WHY JPIC the one who saves, who frees, who is justAROSE IN THE CHURCH and merciful (cf. Ps 103), who protects the poor, the widow and the orphan (cf. Ps 72), B efore considering the organization who leads the people into a future of hope, of JPIC, one needs to understand peace and reconciliation (cf. Is 2, 1-5). The that Justice, Peace and the prophets stand out as the ones who revealIntegrity of Creation are, first of all, God’s plan.biblical values. Secondly, they are anecclesial structure that seeks to promote In Jesus Christ, God reveals His desirein the Church, in each Christian, and in to recreate humanity and all creation (cf.all ecclesial organisms, a commitment to Col 1, 15-20). In the mystery of the Incar-these values. nation, the minority of God shines forth, His condition as servant of humanity (cf. Phil 2.1.1. 2, 6-8), His proximity to the poor and the Justice, Peace and the Integrity little ones, His decision to be God-with- of Creation: Biblical Values us. In His programmatic discourse found in Luke’s Gospel, Jesus presents Himself Justice, Peace and the Integrity of Cre- as the one who has been consecrated byation are above all values of the Kingdom the Spirit to bring glad tidings to the poor,of God. As such, God Himself is involved to proclaim liberty to the oppressed andin and committed to the task of making the to captives, recovery of sight to the blindworld a place that is just and reconciled, and to announce a year of favor from theproviding a dignified life to all creatures. Lord (cf. Lk 4,16-19). These are signs ofSaint Francis was aware of God’s mis- the Kingdom. In fact, the mission of Jesussion as Creator, Liberator and Redeemer. is centered in the proclamation of and wit-Through His most holy will, through the ness to the Kingdom of God.Son and through the Holy Spirit, God hascreated all things and has made them in The core of the Good News proclaimed byHis image and likeness. “We thank you Jesus is salvation as a gift of God. It is salva-for as through Your Son You created us, tion from all oppression, especially from sinso through Your holy love with which You and evil. Kingdom and salvation are two keyloved us You brought about His birth as words in the teaching of Jesus. He proclaimstrue God and true man by the glorious, ev- the Kingdom of God untiringly in His preach-er-virgin, most blessed, holy Mary and You ing, “a completely new teaching in a spiritwilled to redeem us captives through His of authority” (Mk 1,27), and through manycross and blood and death” (ER XXIII, 3). signs. “…And among these signs there is the one to which he attaches great importance: Throughout biblical history, in the story the humble and the poor are evangelized,of the Exodus (cf. Ex 3, 7-12; Dt 26, 5-11), become His disciples and gather togetherin the celebration of the covenant between in His name in the great community of thoseGod and the people (Ex 19, 3-6), in the who believe in Him” (EN, 12).actions and message of the prophets (cf.Is 52,7-10; 55,1-3), in the return from ex- Among the values of the Kingdom ofile (cf. Is 9, 1-6; 45, 20-25), God appears God, justice and peace receive a central
10 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICplace. In the Beatitudes, the Magna Carta service, of fidelity to the loving will of God.of the Kingdom of God, Jesus declares that The risen Christ is the paradigm of the newthose are blessed who hunger and thirst for humanity. Whoever meets and welcomesjustice, and for those who are persecuted Him, and believes that He can changefor this reason, “theirs is the Kingdom of lives, experiences new life, receives HisHeaven” (Mt 5, 6.10). Equally blessed are Spirit, becomes a child of God, enters intothe “peacemakers; they shall be called chil- a new covenant, and becomes part of adren of God” (Mt 5,9). In another passage, new community. This community is com-Jesus clearly indicates what is important posed of brothers and sisters who havein Christian life: “Seek first the Kingdom been redeemed, who are open to people ofof God, and His righteousness” (Mt 6,33). all races, cultures and ethnicities.Jesus Himself sought first the Kingdom ofGod and His justice, and showed hunger All of creation is included in the gift ofand thirst for justice and was persecuted freedom offered by the Christ event: “…because of it. He Himself was the source, the whole created world eagerly awaits thethe giver and the cause of peace. revelation of the sons of God….the world itself will be freed from its slavery to corrup- The salvation offered by Jesus involves tion and share in the glorious freedom of theall aspects of people’s lives. He saves and children of God” (Rm 8,19-21). If all thingsfrees us in a holistic way. Like the Good in heaven and earth were created in Christ,Shepherd, He wants to share His life with the firstborn of all creation, and if in Him theyus and put Himself at the service of life. continue in being, then in His death and res-He cures people physically and spiritually, urrection Jesus Christ reconciles all things:forgives sins, reintegrates people into the the entire universe, everything in the heav-community, practices table fellowship with ens and on earth (cf. Col 1, 15-20).sinners and those who are socially margin-alized, encourages sharing, approacheslepers and touches them, helps people to 2.1.2.get on their feet, motivates them to be of The Institution Justice and Peace,service, denounces the contradictions of Fruit of the Second Vatican Councilthe powerful and of the religious and po-litical authorities, values and gives dignity It is no exaggeration to say that prior toto women and children. He invites every- Vatican II spirituality was generally inwardone to conversion, to have faith and trust in looking, other worldly, and little influencedGod the Father, and to have compassion by biblical scholarship. It exhibited the fol-for the poor. He also invites them to hear lowing characteristics:the Word and to put it into practice, show-ing love to all, including enemies. • The world was seen as suspect, and salvation was something that happened The justice practiced and proclaimed by in the next life.Jesus is linked to mercy. The peace Heoffered is not of this world, and is the fruit • Christian practice consisted of celebra-of profound reconciliation. To propose jus- tion of the sacraments, the liturgy andtice and peace, to put them into practice other religious observances.with renewed efficacy, He chose the pathof love to the point of giving His own life. In • At most, practice promoted local worksthis way Jesus revealed that the God of the of charity for the poor, done in a pater-Kingdom is a God of love who offers Him- nalistic way.self to save, justify and reconcile the world.The resurrection is confirmation of the sav- Thus the great majority of Christiansing power of the cross, of self-giving, of were not concerned with the social and po-
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 11litical problems tied to questions of justice, continues to grow and to open itself to thepeace and care for creation. following possibilities: Certainly, even before Vatican II, chang- • Listening to the world: reading thees were underway in the area of spirituality. signs of the times in the midst of theEncouraged by the teaching found in docu- world, participating in its joys and con-ments like Rerum Novarum, many in the cerns. This has caused many in theChurch were increasingly concerned with Church to move towards the margins offinding solutions to social and political prob- society.lems. But it was with Vatican II, especiallyGaudium et Spes, that a clear commitment • Embracing the desires, values, criesto social and political action became di- and successes of the world: freedom,rectly associated with the mission received equality, participation, pluralism, de-from Christ: “Christ did not bequeath to the mocracy, and concern for justice.Church a mission in the political, economicor social order; the purpose he assigned • Offering a gospel practice based onto it was a religious one. But this religious living witness, service, collaborationmission can be the source of commitment, and solidarity.direction and vigor to establish and consol-idate the human community according to • Encouraging a concern to transformthe law of God” (GS 42). the world according to the values of the Kingdom. Among the many contributions of theCouncil to the Church, one of the most A number of theological developmentsimportant and one that has already condi- have sprung from the teaching of the Coun-tioned and directed many others, is its at- cil. One deals with the promotion of justicetitude towards the world, history and social as an integral part of the Gospel (Synod ofissues. With impetus from biblical scholar- Bishops, 1971). Another is the recognitionship the Council succeeded in getting the of the strong gospel and theological rela-Church to turn her gaze towards the world tionship that exists between evangelizationand towards history. In Gaudium et Spes and human development: ”It is impossiblethere is a positive evaluation of the world as to accept that the work of evangelizationsomething that has been created by God, could or should ignore the extremely graveredeemed by Christ and called to fullness. questions so much under discussion todayThere is an appreciation for historical real- which refer to justice, liberation, develop-ity, the place where God reveals Himself as ment and peace in the world. If that were tothe Redeemer of humankind. The Council happen it would mean ignoring the teach-directed the whole Church and every Chris- ing of the Gospel concerning love of ourtian to serve the world by building the King- neighbor who is suffering or in need” (ENdom. This orientation is described in the 31). We need only recall the synods, socialfamous opening statement of Gaudium et encyclicals, and episcopal statements thatSpes: “The joys and the hopes, the griefs have taken seriously the directive repeatedand the anxieties of the people of our time, so many times by John Paul II: “Man in theespecially those who are poor or in any full truth of his existence, of his personalway afflicted, are the joys and the hopes being and also of his community and socialthe griefs and the anxieties of the followers being...this man is the primary route thatof Christ” (GS 1). Through the Incarnation, the Church must travel in fulfilling her mis-the Kingdom of God and salvation become sion” (RH,14).associated with the transformation of his-tory. In history the Kingdom of God, led by The Council instilled in the Church athe Spirit and with the Church at its service, concern for the world. Consequently, Paul
12 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICVI established the Pontifical JUSTICE ANDPEACE Commission in 1967, as recom- 2.2.mended in Gaudium et Spes: “Taking into PONTIFICAL COUNCILaccount the immensity of the hardships FOR JUSTICE AND PEACE:which still afflict a large section of human- OBJECTIVES AND ACTIVITIESity, and with a view to fostering everywherethe justice and love of Christ for the poor,the Council suggests that it would be most 2.2.1.opportune to create some organization of Objectives and Mandatethe universal Church whose task it would Pbe to arouse the Catholic community to astor Bonus, the Apostolicpromote the progress of areas which are Constitution of 1988, defined thein want and foster social justice between objectives and mandate of thenations” (GS 90). Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace in the following terms: On 20 April 1967, Paul VI addressed therecently appointed Pontifical Commission “The Council will promote justice andfor Justice and Peace: peace in the world, in the light of the Gos- “You represent for us the realization of pel and of the social teaching of the Church the last vote of the Council (GS 90). To- (art. 142). day, as in the past, once the construc- § 1. It will deepen the social doctrine of tion of a Church or bell tower is finished, the Church and attempt to make it widely a rooster is placed on top as a symbol of known and applied, both by individuals vigilance, for the faith and for the entire and communities, especially as regards program of Christian life. In similar fash- relations between workers and employ- ion, this Committee has been placed on ers. These relations should be increasingly top of the spiritual building of the Coun- marked by the spirit of the Gospel. cil, and its mission is none other than that of keeping the eyes of the Church § 2. It will assemble and evaluate research open, its heart sensitive and its hand on issues related to justice and peace, the prepared for the work of charity which it development of peoples and violations of is called upon to realize in the world…” human rights. When appropriate, it will in- form Episcopal bodies of its conclusions. After a ten-year experimental period, It will foster relations with all organizationsPaul VI gave the Commission its definitive that are sincerely committed to the promo-status with the Motu Proprio Justitiam et tion of the values of justice and peace in thePacem of 10 December 1976. When the world, whether they are Catholic or not.Apostolic Constitution Pastor Bonus of 28June 1988 reorganized the Roman Curia, § 3. It will heighten awareness of the need toPope John Paul II changed its title from promote peace, above all on the occasion ofCommission to Pontifical Council. the World Day of Peace (art. 143).“ The salvation offered by Jesus involves all aspects of people’s lives. ”
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 13 2.2.2. this ecclesial concern accompanied the Activities growing concern shown by society. It was very strong in the 1980s and reached a JUSTICE. The Pontifical Council for high point in 1992 at the Rio Summit onJustice and Peace is concerned with all Ecology and Development. Important mo-that touches upon social justice, including ments in the Christian world include thethe world of work, international justice is- first European Ecumenical Assembly insues, and problems associated with devel- Basil (1989) (its theme was “Peace withopment, especially its social dimension. It Justice,” and it issued an inspiring finalalso promotes ethical reflection on the evo- statement entitled “Peace with Justice forlution of economic and financial systems, the Whole of Creation”); and the Worldincluding their impact on the environment, Ecumenical Assembly in Seoul (1990)and the responsible use of the earth’s re- entitled “Justice, Peace and the Integritysources. of Creation.” These two assemblies were promoted principally by the World Coun- PEACE. The Pontifical Council reflects cil of Churches, which linked ecologicalon a broad range of questions related to problems with those of justice and peace.war, disarmament and the arms trade, in- They helped to popularize the expressionternational security, and violence in its vari- “the integrity of creation,” which has sinceous and ever-changing forms (terrorism, been incorporated into the JPIC organ-exaggerated nationalism etc.). It also con- isms of Religious Congregations.siders the question of political systems andthe role of Catholics in the political arena.It is responsible for the promotion of the 2.2.3.World Day of Peace. Justice and Peace in the Religious Congregations HUMAN RIGHTS. This question hasassumed increasing importance in the mis- Once the Commission for JUSTICEsion of the Church and consequently in the AND PEACE was established, the Episco-work of the Pontifical Council. Catholic So- pal Conferences set about creating Com-cial Teaching has highlighted the dignity of missions in their respective countries. Thispeople as the basis for promotion and de- task has been accomplished in the majorityfense of their inalienable rights. of countries, and in many dioceses around the world as well. Religious Orders and AND ECOLOGY? We can see that Congregations also established Justice andin the beginning there was little concern Peace commissions, later renamed com-for ecology. In 1967, however, the same missions for “Justice, Peace and the Integ-could be said for society in general. The rity of Creation.” Their mission is patternedfirst United Nations Conference on ecol- on that of the Pontifical Council.ogy was held in Stockholm in 1972. Thebook The Limits to Growth1 was published They seek:in the same year, and raised a world-wide • To enlighten the People of God, as wellalarm. Yet the ecology theme was not as the members of the Congregation,very evident in the pontificate of Paul VI. about issues of national and internation-It was in the time of John Paul II that the al justice, development, human rights,Church developed a greater sensitivity to peace and the integrity of creation.the issue. In fact, John Paul II dealt ex-tensively with ecology in his teaching, and • To raise awareness among members of the Congregation of the need to rethink their style of life and mission in a world1 D.H. MEADOWS et al., The Limits to Growth, Universe Books, 1972. characterized by great injustice, vio-
14 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC lence and poverty, in order to make their cross (cf. Jn 6; Lk 22,14.20; Jn 13). And actions consistent with their beliefs. we are all aware of those with whom Jesus generally walked: the poor, the marginal-• To foster a commitment on the part of ized, those whom the system did not want to survive, to possess things or to be em- religious, Christians, and all citizens in the area of socio-political and civic ac- powered. This is the kénosis of Jesus, his tivities. self-emptying, which we hear about in the letter to the Philippians.• To promote actions in favor of justice, Franciscan minority is based on this kind peace and human rights, that would concretize the contribution of the Con- of God. Minority is the Franciscan perspec- gregation in these areas. tive from which to view reality, to judge it critically, and to participate in it. It is the real- ity of those who are preferred by Jesus and Francis: the poor, the destitute, the defense-2.3. less (cf. GGCC 97,2; RFF 143; 162; 180).THE SPIRITUALITYOF JUSTICE AND PEACE 2.3.2. P aul VI said that the mission of A sensitive heart Justice and Peace is that of “keeping the eyes of the Church The work of seeing, becoming acquaint-open, its heart sensitive and its hand ed with and getting to know the reality andprepared for the work of charity which it is the suffering of the poor is not somethingcalled upon to realize in the world.” This indifferent, done from a distance or a desk.phrase helps us understand the spirituality For the knowledge of suffering to move usof JPIC. to work for its elimination, it must have an effect upon us, it must reach down to the depths of our being, to the heart, and move 2.3.1. us to compassion. We truly know only that Eyes open which we endure or, better still, that which is shared suffering. For the Christian the only Yes, and our ears as well, so we might genuine knowledge is that which moves usbe truly present to the world. We are to compassion. As I. Ellacuria would say:called to be attentive to what is happening that which moves us to take charge of andaround us, to hear the cries of the world in to carry the suffering of the people.which we live and to see life with the eyesof God. We are called to take note of the In order to maintain sensitivity of heartaction of the Spirit in our world, and lis- and to keep compassion alive it is neces-ten to the calls we receive from the world sary to be in contact with the people whoaround us so as to collaborate with this suffer and their problems. Our social sta-action of the Spirit. tus, our dwelling and our life style can con- dition to a great extent our view of reality, We are called to be like our God, who is even to the point of preventing our seeing itattentive and present to all of life and cre- and causing us to deserve the reproach ofation. Our God is found principally in the Jesus to his disciples: Do you still not un-Incarnate Word, Jesus, the Son (cf. Heb derstand, still not realize? Are your minds1,1-4). We must find Him in and through closed? Have you eyes and do not see,the nativity and the manger (cf. Gal 4,4; ears and do not hear? (Mk 8,17b-18). WeRom 1,3; Lk 2,6-7), in and through the Franciscans have a clear understandingbread that is shared, in and through the from Francis and our General Constitu-
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 15tions (GGCC) about our social position and • There is a charity that expresses itselfhow we are called to exercise compassion. in closer, interpersonal relationships.We are called to live as minors among the These are relationships where the “other”poor and the weak (ER 9,2; cf. GGCC 66,1; has a visible face: in the family, among97,1), and to suffer the consequences of friends and neighbors, in the commu-that solidarity which may sometimes result nity, among the poor (where charity isin a lack of understanding and the suffering expressed as social assistance).of the cross (cf. GGCC 99). • There is also a charity that expresses itself in social, structural or political rela- 2.3.3. tionships, so-called “political charity.”2 It A hand ready for the work of charity is an active commitment, fruit of Chris- which the Church is called tian love for all men and women who are to realize in the world considered brothers and sisters. Its goal is a world that is more just and more fra- Charity is the love of God which we are ternal, where special attention is givencalled to make present in the world. Wel- to the needs of the poorest.coming and experiencing God who is loveprompts us to place the love of God and of JPIC is committed to promoting all ex-people at the center of our Christian lives. pressions of charity. It has a special call-As noted in the First Letter of John, love of ing, however, to promote political char-neighbor is a sign of the love of God. This ity, which seeks to eliminate the causescharity or love, understood as a relation- of poverty and violence. Its ready handship of fraternity and solidarity among peo- should foster the integral development ofple, strives to make the “other” or “others” those sectors of society that are weakestgreater, to help them posses life more fully and most marginalized, and work to trans-and ever more abundantly. It has different form the existing “structures of sin” (cf. SRSmanifestations, depending on the kind of re- 36, 36b, 36c, 36f, 37c, 37d, 38f, 39g, 40d,lationship that exists between people, and 46e) which impoverish the lives of so manythey can be classified in the following way: people. 2 PIUS XI, “Allocution to the directors of the Federation of Italian Catholic University Students” 18 December 1927 (Discorsi di Pio XI, t.1, D. Bertetto Ed. Torino 1960, p. 743). Cf. Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, 210- 212.
16 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC “ The values of JPIC have been present in our Order since its beginning because they are values ” of the spirituality of Francis.
3. OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 17 FRANCISCAN JPIC IDENTITY3.1. care for creation is not one activity amongJPIC IN FRANCISCAN others: parishes, schools, youth ministry,SPIRITUALITY, IN THE GGCC AND IN care for the Secular Franciscans and reli-THE ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR gious women, missions, etc.. Rather, it is an essential dimension of our vocation, like prayer, fraternity, minority and evange- 3.1.1 lization. JPIC is a way of life and mission; JPIC: a dimension of our charism, through it we are challenged by the great a way of life and mission issues of humanity and committed to the cause of all people, that all might live with T o understand the structures of JPIC dignity. Thus, JPIC embraces all our life; in the Order it is essential once again it is a central axis which passes through to recall that Justice, Peace and the all the dimensions of our religious andIntegrity of Creation are, above all, values; Franciscan life: prayer, fraternity, for-they are a spirituality. JPIC arises from a mation, economics, vows, mission, etc..spirituality centered in God’s plan of LIFE for All friars, whatever their age or ministry,all creation, and we are invited to collaborate are called to integrate these dimensions inin this project. It is nourished by discovery of a balanced way throughout the course ofthe compassionate and merciful face of the their lives.God of Jesus. This God is revealed in historyand encountered in the reality of the peopleand things around us. It blossoms from a 3.1.2desire to follow Jesus with compassion, in The History of JPIC in the Ordera world that is unjust, broken and violent. Itarises from the need to discern the signs of The values of JPIC have been presentlife that the Spirit is birthing today. in our Order since its beginning because they are values of the spirituality of Fran- While this is true for Christians in gen- cis. But it is only since Vatican II that theeral, for us as Franciscans JPIC is an ele- Order has come to understand them in thement and dimension of our charism. This more contemporary sense, as a dimensionis noted in Article 1,2 of our GGCC, which of social reality. After the Council and thereads as a condensed summary of the con- revision of the GGCC in 1967, there wasstitutive elements of our way of life: “The fri- a great effort on the part of the Order toars, as followers of St. Francis, are bound understand our vocation in today’s world.to lead a radically evangelical life, namely: From that time until promulgation of theto live in a spirit of prayer and devotion and current GGCC, there has been a processin fraternal fellowship, they are to offer a of discernment in which the option for jus-witness of penance and minority; and, in tice, peace and the integrity of creation hascharity towards all mankind, they are to become increasingly clear.announce the Gospel throughout thewhole world, and to preach reconcilia- Key moments in the process have beention, peace and justice by their deeds, the General Chapters and Plenary Coun-and to show respect for creation.” cils of the Order, as well as establishment of the Justice and Peace Office at the Gen- Living and preaching the Gospel through eral Curia in 1980. A description of theworks of reconciliation, peace, justice and process, along with the discussions from
18 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICChapters and Plenary Councils, can be contribute to the coming of the King-found in the third part of the JPIC Manual dom (cf. GGCC 66,1).“Instruments of Peace.” 3 4. Living among the poor we learn from them (cf. GGCC 93,1); we observe 3.1.3. current events and read the reality JPIC in the General Constitutions around us from their perspective (cf. GGCC 97,2). In this way we can truly JPIC is a transverse dimension of our serve them, and “the friars are to ex-vocation, and thus appears in all chapters ert every effort so that the poor them-of the Constitutions. However, it is treat- selves become more fully conscioused most specifically in Chapters IV and V, of their own human dignity and thatwhich deal with minority and evangeliza- they may safeguard and increase it”tion. (GGCC 97,2). 22.214.171.124 5. Once in communion with the poor we The option for the poor are also called to defend their rights and for justice and to denounce everything that is damaging to these rights (cf. GGCC1. Option for the poor is primarily present 69,1 and 2; 97,2). in the GGCC as an option for inser- tion, as noted in Article 66,1: In order 6. The friars must defend the rights of the that they may follow more closely and poor in a spirit of minority, renouncing express more clearly the self-empty- all temptation to power and violent ac- ing of the Savior, the friars are to have tion (cf. GGCC 69,1), and being sure the life and conditions of the little ones to neither despise nor judge the pow- in society, always living among them erful and the rich (cf. GGCC 98,1). as minors. In this social environment they are to work for the coming of the 7. Solidarity with the poor should lead us Kingdom.” to share our goods with them as well (cf. GGCC 72,3).2. This option for the poor is based up- on our understanding of the way in 8. The friars should devote themselves which God acts, and on our following to establishing a society of justice, of Christ; it is an obligation for all fri- liberty and peace, together with all ars: “After the example of Saint Fran- people of good will. They should ana- cis, whom the Lord led among lepers, lyze the causes of each problem, and each and every friar is to give prefer- participate in international initiatives ence to the “marginalized,” to the poor of charity, justice and solidarity (cf. and oppressed, to the afflicted and GGCC 96,2). infirm; rejoicing when they live among them, they are to show them mercy” 9. “(The friars) are also to work humbly and (GGCC 97,1). staunchly in the bosom of the Church and of the Order, so that the rights and3. From this social and spiritual per- human dignity of all may be promoted spective, the friars can “display a pro- and respected” (GGCC 96,3). phetic image by the example of their lives, in order to refute ’the false val- 10. To “those people who threaten life and ues’ of our age” (GGCC 67) and to liberty” the friars are “to offer them the good news of reconciliation and con-3 http://www.ofm.org/01docum/jpic/suss99EN.pdf version” (GGCC 98,2).
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 19 126.96.36.199 titudes of respect and care for nature Peace which is “threatened from all sides” (GGCC 71). According to the Constitutions, our taskof proclaiming and promoting peace should 188.8.131.52have the following characteristics: The Integrity of Creation1. All the friars should be agents of peace Article 71 of the GGCC states: “Follow- (cf. GGCC 68). ing in the footsteps of Saint Francis, the friars are to maintain a reverent attitude to-2. In order to be peacemakers, the friars wards nature, threatened from all sides to- must be peaceful, building on attitudes day, in such a way that they may restore it of minority (cf. GGCC 68,2). completely to its condition of brother and to its role of usefulness to all mankind for the3. The strength of peacemaking action glory of God the Creator.” While the text is arises from one’s witness of life; for short, it expresses an essential attitude we this reason the proclamation of peace should have in regard to our sister-mother must be realized above all in our works earth. It invites us to have “a reverent at- (cf. GGCC 1,2). Peace should be fos- titude.” tered in the relations between the fri- ars (cf. GGCC 39) and those who work 1. An attitude of respect – Respect means in our fraternities must be treated with to look at something attentively: to know justice (cf. GGCC 80,2). Nature, to admire it, to contemplate it, to love it. It is an invitation to accept Na-4. In our evangelizing work it is essential to ture and all its creatures as gift, to sing proclaim peace (cf. GGCC 68,2; 85). to the Highest through all creatures, be- cause all of them are an expression of5. In order to build the Kingdom, beside the love of God. Respect leads us to proclaiming peace, the friars must de- be critical of all forms of exploitation and nounce “every kind of warlike action production that disrespect Nature, that and the arms race as a very serious damage it in irreversible ways. calamity for the world and a very great injury to the poor” (GGCC 69,2). 2. To restore it to its condition of broth- er – Humankind and Nature share a6. The promotion of justice and peace common destiny in that they are both demands collaboration with “all peo- creatures and saved (cf. Rom 8). Fran- ple of good will” in the construction ciscanism is certainly a particular way of of a society of justice and dignity (cf. seeing and relating to God, but it is also GGCC 96-98). a concrete and specific way of being in the world and of treating the creatures of7. In the establishment of peace, the Nature: it is structured around the idea friars have a specific mission as “in- of universal brotherhood, where plants, struments of reconciliation” (cf. GGCC animals, all things become brother and 1,2; 33,1; 70; 98,2). sister.8. Being Friars Minor, our work for peace 3. Its role of usefulness – Useful, but not leads us on the path of non-violence utilitarian. It is not useful in the econom- (cf. GGCC 68,2; 69,1; 98,1). ic sense, where things and people can be bought and sold and converted into a9. Our task of promoting reconciliation quantity of money. Rather, we are deal- and universal brotherhood includes at- ing with usefulness that promotes the
20 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC integrity of individuals and of all people. of our project, and to demonstrate our It is a usefulness that springs from love, care for creation by promoting a simple the same love through which the Father life style and an evangelical use of our desires that all have life in abundance. goods. In the area of evangelization, liv- This all leads to the conclusion that hu- ing JPIC values leads us to give priority man beings are the primary end of all to personal and communal witness of that exists, and that no other interest life which, according to the GGCC (Art can be placed above them. We need to 89,1), “is a kind of initial step and the find forms of production that foster indi- first method of evangelization. It can vidual and collective liberty, along with and must be given by all the friars…” In responsible creativity that promotes re- order to offer an authentic evangelical spect for Creation. We must promote witness of life, we must live in solidar- equitable relations between nations and ity with the poor, and work for justice, continents, respect for cultural plurality, peace and the integrity of creation. In and a search for those things that can all of our ministries, it must be clear that unite us in peace and freedom. “…what is considered evangelization is not only the explicit announcement of the Christian Message, but also the au- 3.1.4. thentic promotion of man, the struggle JPIC and transverse values. for human rights, the commitment to jus- The meaning of transversality tice and peace…” (OFI, p. 89; cf. EN, chapters II and III). JPIC is a dimension of our vocation, justlike prayer, fraternity, minority and evan- • The other side of the coin is that JPICgelization. In the structuring of our life as cannot be lived if it is not based on aFriars Minor, all of these dimensions are personal encounter with Jesus Christ,decisive and transverse, and they are in- and on listening to God in the Scrip-timately related, interdependent, and each tures, in the Church, in people (espe-one of them demands the others. cially the poor), and in the events of our world. JPIC cannot be the work of lon-• Living JPIC values affects our prayer ers who function outside the Fraternity, and fraternity, and also the way we see but of friars dedicated to life in Fraternity reality, the economy, style of life and and who are committed to communal mission. Living JPIC values makes search and discernment in the develop- our prayer and our celebration of the ment of a communal life project. The Eucharist more present to the realities values of JPIC must be lived from the of our society and the world around us. perspective of minority, adopting the life It encourages us to apply the Word to and condition of the little ones in society these realities, to read Scripture from (cf. GGCC 66,1), inserted into the reality the perspective of the poor, and to in- of the world, practicing respect for cre- clude the poor in our homilies and cate- ation, and walking the paths of non-vi- chesis. Living JPIC values encourages olence and solidarity with the excluded. us to foster peace in our relationships The work of transformation proposed with our brother friars, to learn to re- by JPIC is not simply social work, but solve conflicts in non-violent ways, and it is an evangelizing mission based on to live pardon and reconciliation. As we the call we receive from the Lord Jesus prepare our Fraternal Life Project, it en- to announce the Kingdom in word and courages us to analyze the signs of the deed. It is the task of humanization and times, to make service to the poor part of universal brotherhood.
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 21 • Beyond individual witness, there is also3.2 need for communal witness. The lifeINTEGRATION OF JPIC INTO of the brothers must be lived radically,EVANGELIZATION AND so as to give it meaning, and so as toFORMATION provoke questions about God and the Kingdom. This is the affirmation made in Article 67 of the GGCC: “…the friars 3.2.1 are to display a prophetic image by the JPIC in Evangelization example of their lives, in order to refute ‘the false values’ of our age.” I n specifying the methods of evangelization, the GGCC follow the • Finally, evangelization “is not only the scheme proposed by Saint Francis in explicit announcement of the Christianthe Earlier Rule, XVI: “As for the brothers Message, but also the authentic pro-who go, they can live spiritually…among motion of man, the struggle for human(them) in two ways. One way is not to rights, the commitment to justice andengage in arguments or disputes but to be peace…” (OFI, p. 89).subject to every human creature for God’ssake and to acknowledge that they are a) From the perspective of life witness:Christians. The other way is to announcethe Word of God, when they see it pleases • Regarding fraternal life (cf. GGCCthe Lord…” (cf. GGCC 89): 87) and minority (cf. GGCC 85);• First of all, we seek to evangelize • Living that which we profess (cf. GGCC 86); through the witness of our life lived as minors in fraternity, through the quality • Showing love and support in fraternal of our evangelical choices, and through relationships; practicing equality and our love for all, especially the most dis- mutual service, with no discrimina- advantaged. This method of evangeli- tion between clerics and lay broth- zation is for all the friars. ers; excluding relationships of power, and eliminating inequality in the use• Second, we seek to evangelize through of economic resources between in- our witness to the Word or through ex- dividuals, Fraternities and Provinces plicit proclamation, which Saint Francis (cf. GGCC 38; 40; 41); considered a charism given to some but not to all friars. • Doing the domestic work in our frater- nities; and when others are needed This priority given to witness is a guiding for this work, to treat them justly (cf.principle of the GGCC and leads to various GGCC 80);consequences: • Dealing with conflict through dialogue and not through power and manipu-• All brothers must seek to recover the lation; not leaving aside those who evangelizing meaning of their lives and are intellectually less gifted or those ministries. Being an evangelizer does who are physically weak, but caring not depend on Holy Orders, or on dedi- for them lovingly (cf. GGCC 44); cation to preaching, or on participation in ecclesial pastoral institutions like a parish. • Showing mercy in our judgments and Rather, fidelity to our mission demands a attitudes toward drug addicts, those dynamic and open understanding of this infected with AIDS, prostitutes, ho- process which places us among non- mosexuals, the divorced, foreigners, Christians and non-believers. etc;
22 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC • Living simply (cf. GGCC 48,2; 67; Order and the Church (cf. GGCC 72,2); encouraging in our daily lives 96,2-3); eco-friendly behaviors for the care of creation (cf. GGCC 71); • Making an option for the marginal- ized, the poor, the afflicted and the • Welcoming the poor who come to our infirm, living in communion with them, door (cf. GGCC 51; 52); and exerting every effort so that the poor themselves become more fully • Being close to the poor and defend- conscious of their own human dignity ing their rights (cf. GGCC 66; 69); and that they may safeguard and in- crease it (cf. GGCC 97,1-2); • Administering our goods in ethical and evangelical ways (cf. GGCC 53; 72,3; 82). • Humbly exhorting the rich and power- ful, inviting them to practice solidarity and justice, and calling to conversion • Denouncing war and the arms race those who threaten life and liberty (cf. (cf. GGCC 69); GGCC 98, 1-2). • Being agents of reconciliation (cf. GGCC 70). 184.108.40.206 JPIC in the different areas of Evangelizationb) From the perspective of Chapter V of the GGCC, which deals most specifi- The values of JPIC are to be present cally with evangelization: in all areas of Franciscan evangelization; • Renouncing all privileges, except that they are transverse values, since they are characteristic of our spirituality. They must of minority (cf. GGCC 91); be first of all present in the Communal Life • Listening to and welcoming all, espe- Project and in the witness of Fraternity that cially the poor (cf. GGCC 93,1-2); is part of any evangelizing task. But they must also be present in the specific work of • Promoting inculturation of the faith parishes, schools, cultural activities or the and the evangelization of cultures, mission ad gentes, just to mention some of which will foster development of truly our more common evangelizing activities. human values and the eradication The following are examples of how JPIC of all threats to human dignity (cf. values can be promoted in our evangeliz- GGCC 92; 94); ing activities: • Promoting ecumenical and inter-reli- • All activities, both fraternal and pastoral, gious dialogue and collaboration (cf. should be reviewed so as to eliminate GGCC 95,1-3); any hint of intolerance, division, exclu- • Critically analyzing the social and sion or lack of equality. Following Jesus is authentic when we recognize the value cultural realities around us, and en- couraging awareness of Catholic So- of each person, and when we practice cial Teaching, in order to be able to mercy, reconciliation, forgiveness, etc.. offer a Christian response to social problems (cf. GGCC 96,1); • In parishes the transverse JPIC values must appear in catechesis, in the liturgy • Promoting collaboration with “all and in the charitable action of the com- munity. people of good will” in order to bring about “a society of justice, liberation and peace,” and fostering respect • In both catechesis and schools, special concern should be fostered for the poor for human rights, beginning with the and for situations of social injustice;
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 23 for peaceful resolution of conflict; for of Catholic Social Teaching which form peace in families, in the Church and in an integral part of the task of evangeli- the world; and for care of creation. Edu- zation. The Church’s model for mission cational programs should be organized has moved from one that is exclusive- about peace, human rights and the care ly ecclesiocentric to one in which the of our environment. Kingdom and its values (peace, justice, universal brotherhood, unconditional re-• Parishes and schools must be insert- spect for life and creation) have become ed into the life of the people and the the principal objectives of the mission neighborhood where they are situated, of the Church. In this model, incultura- and should collaborate with other or- tion has an important role (cf. GGCC 92; ganizations, movements and churches FEGC 134-142), along with dialogue. that promote life and human dignity (cf. Dialogue is to be carried out with cul- GGCC 93,1; 95; 96,2). ture, with other Christians and with other• In our various pastoral ministries, we religions. In regard to inter-religious dia- logue, we can all practice what is called should encourage collaboration be- tween friars and laity. the dialogue of life. That is, we can col- laborate on all of those issues that deal• Our ministries, in line with our spirituality with promotion of the poor, defense of and tradition, and as fostered by Chapter human rights and the environment, and V of the GGCC, should encourage social peace building. ministry. To accomplish this we must promote awareness of Catholic Social • Franciscan institutions of higher learn- Teaching in both initial and ongoing for- ing and cultural centers should give spe- mation, and among the laity with whom cial emphasis to programs that promote we work (cf. GGCC 96). Basic themes ecology and questions related to peace in the social teaching include human dig- and active non-violence, as noted in the nity and human rights, the universal des- proposals of the General Chapter of tination of goods, solidarity, subsidiarity 2003.4 We are challenged to develop and the common good, poverty and de- a Franciscan theology that responds velopment, peace and ecology. Much of to the challenges of our times, chal- what is written in the GGCC, however, lenges that deal with the environment, especially in Chapters IV and V, and poverty, human rights, peace, justice, in the Ratio Formationis (RFF), is not ecumenism and respect for life (cf. RFF understood by the friars because they 227; RS 142). have not been formed in Catholic Social Teaching. And lack of understanding • All of our ministries must become aware of and highlight the importance of what makes it much more difficult to live these has come to be called “environmen- principles. We need a formation that will tal justice”; it refers to the crucial con- help us to understand better our social nection that exists between ecological reality and its structures. questions and issues of poverty, peace• Parishes and schools are places espe- and justice. cially suitable for the creation of JPIC teams or committees. Composed of re- 220.127.116.11 ligious and laity, they can encourage the Specific JPIC projects entire parish or educational community to work for and to live out the values of While it is true that JPIC values are pres- JPIC. ent as transverse values in all of our work, the gravity and urgency of so many prob-• Our mission ad gentes should also in- clude a commitment to realize the goals 4 Proposals of the General Chapter of 2003, 41.
24 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIClems having to do with poverty, violation of and for the forma vitae. The experience ofhuman rights, violence and ecological de- God as Father and the following of Christterioration should lead us to create specific - whom he met in the San Damiano cross,JPIC projects. These can include projects in the embrace of the leper, and in hear-that are supported by the friars, like Bake- ing the Gospel (cf. RFF 36) – made Francistik in the Basque country of Spain,5 a cen- the brother of all people and of all creaturester for peace and the ethical resolution of (cf. RFF 37). It was a journey of ongoingconflict; the Pace e Bene fraternity in Las conversion for him, allowing him “…to passVegas (USA),6 dedicated to promoting from a life centered on self to a gradualnon-violence; and the Circles of Silence,7 conformity with Christ” (RFF 38). And it ispromoted by the friars in France. But they exactly on this solid foundation that the in-should also include fraternities that are tegration between Formation, Evangeliza-created to respond preferentially to these tion and JPIC occurs. Growth in our formachallenges, like the fraternities that live vitae so that we can proclaim the Gospelwith and accompany the landless in Brazil is possible only if the journey of ongoingand the displaced in Colombia; the frater- conversion makes us people capable ofnity that promotes an Eco-Pastoral Project reconciliation, peace, justice and care forin Indonesia, etc.. creation (cf. RFF 86). This is a manifesta- tion of the original plan of God for creation, a creation which is good in itself. 3.2.2 JPIC in Formation Between initial and ongoing formation there is not only a connection, but there As we saw previously, JPIC values are is reciprocal and profound interaction. Ifa transverse dimension of our forma vi- formation truly is “a continuous process oftae (cf. GGCC 1,2; RFF 62), that is, they growth and conversion involving the wholepermeate all aspects of our life. They are of a person’s life” (RFF 2), and if Francis-part of the essence of our charism, just like can formation seeks to form friars in the to-prayer, fraternity, minority and mission. We tality of our charism, then formation to JPIClive these dimensions together, as a single values is an essential part of this processpiece. Friars can highlight one or another and of our entire Franciscan life. And thisdimension in different circumstances, but in occurs in the context of a Fraternity thatthe life of the Friar Minor all elements must lives in history and in the world.be present. It is of the utmost importancethat we recognize and deepen the profound Formation to our total charism, includ-unity of our forma vitae. From it flows an ing the values of JPIC, demands that weauthentic spirituality, integrated and incar- apply the principles of Franciscan forma-nated, which embraces: reconciliation and tion found in the RFF: it must be expe-peace; sharing our life with the poor, living riential, practical, inculturated and openwith them and like them; respect for cre- to new forms of life and service. It alsoation; and the hope for a new heaven and demands that we apply the spiritual anda new earth. pedagogical principles of the RFF which are key to a spirituality of JPIC: the fol- The Ratio Formationis Franciscanae lowing of the poor, humble and crucified(RFF) seeks to form friars in the forma vitae Christ, who is found in the Word, the Eu- charist, the Church and the crucified of our5 The webpage for Baketik is http://www.baketik.org . world; a practical and incarnated spiritual-6 The webpage for Pace e Bene is http://paceebene. ity; openness and fidelity to today’s world; org. insertion and inculturation; dialogue. It is7 The webpage for the Circles of Silence is http://www. cercledesilence.info/les_cercles_de_Silence/accueil. clear that these principles, these key el- html. ements, have much to do with JPIC. If
OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 25they are taken seriously, JPIC is assured c) At the Entity levela relevant role in the entire formative pro-cess. If they are left aside, JPIC will also • A Commission or Council, whereverbe left aside in formation, both initial and possible (cf. GGSS Art. 42, 1);ongoing. • An Animator; It needs to be said, however, that if on All Conferences and Entities shouldthe one hand JPIC provides initial and on- draw up Particular Statutes for the ser-going formation with essential elements for vice of JPIC (cf. GGSS Art. 40, 2; 41, 1;its task, on the other JPIC Animators and 42, 3).the members of provincial JPIC Commis-sions must also realize their need for fur-ther formation to carry out their task well. 3.3.2.Such formation is not restricted to specific Goal of the General Office for JPICJPIC themes, but should include all dimen-sions needed to live our forma vitae au- “The General Office for Justice, Peacethentically. and the Integrity of Creation (JPIC) at the Curia of the Friars Minor assists the Minister General and his Definitorium by animating and coordinating all that which has to do with Justice, Peace and the In-3.3 tegrity of Creation, in conformity with theJPIC STRUCTURES IN THE ORDER General Constitutions, the General Stat- utes, and the decisions of General Chap- ters and Plenary Councils of the Order” 3.3.1. (PPSS Art. 1). General Organization of JPIC 3.3.3.a) At the General level The Main Tasks of the General Office for JPIC • The General Office for JPIC is com- posed of an Animator, an Assistant a) “To ensure that JPIC becomes part of the and, “if it seems opportune, by a life and service of the Order by collabo- general Definitor as a link with the rating with the Secretariat for Formation General Government” (cf. PPSS Art. and Studies as well as with the Secretar- 3, 1); iat for Evangelization, in cooperation with the JPIC Animators and Commissions of • The International Council for JPIC all levels” (GGSS Art. 39, 1). (cf. GGSS, Art. 40, 1); • The Animation Committee (cf. PPSS b) “To instruct the Friars on matters regard- Art 3, 3). ing JPIC” (GGSS Art. 39, 2)b) At the Conference level 3.3.4. Areas of Animation for JPIC Office: • A JPIC Commission, composed of members from each Entity (cf. GGSS The friars in the JPIC Office develop Art. 41, 1). activities in four principal areas: formation, coordination, communication and collabo- • A President (Coordinator or Delegate). ration.
26 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPICa) Formation: d) Collaboration with: • Prepare resource materials; • The general Secretariats for For- mation/Studies and for Evangeliza- • Publish the bulletin “Contact”; tion (congresses, resource material, courses, workshops, etc.);b) Coordination: • The Pontifical University Antonianum (JPIC course). • Of International Congresses; • Of the meetings of the International • Conferences and Entities in the plan- ning and execution of courses and Council and the Animation Committee; workshops;c) Communication with: • The Commission for Ecumenical and Inter-religious Dialogue; • The General Government; • Other organisms of the Franciscan • The Presidents of the JPIC confer- Family, the Church and society. ences; • The JPIC Animators of the Entities; • “ The values of JPIC are to be present in all areas of Franciscan evangelization; they are transverse values, since they are ” characteristic of our spirituality.
4. OFFICE FOR JPIC - ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR 27 THE ROLE OF THE JPIC ANIMATOR4.1 • The provincial government and theCRITERIA FOR NAMING JPIC Animator and Commission shouldA PROVINCIAL JPIC ANIMATOR maintain frequent communication. In order to accomplish this, especially in T he primary animators of provin- the provinces with a greater number cial life are the Provincial and his of friars, a provincial Definitor might be Definitory. Their primary task is to named to serve as liaison with JPIC; heencourage the friars, and the Province as a could participate in the meetings of thewhole, to live evermore faithfully our forma Commission.vitae, as expressed in the GGCC, GeneralChapters and Plenary Councils. In this • Since JPIC is a dimension of ourcase, the provincial JPIC Animator (along charism that passes through all aspectswith the JPIC Commission) act as their del- of our life and mission, the provincialegate to animate this dimension of our life. government should promote collabo-The task of the animator is to encourage ration between JPIC, Formation andthe implementation of the mandates of the Evangelization.GGCC and Chapters in regard to brother-hood with all people and all of creation, With the preceding ideas in mind, theminority, solidarity with the poor, our mis- provincial government should considersion of peace and reconciliation, and care these criteria when naming a JPIC Anima-for the environment. This is to be done in tor:such a way that these values are fully inte- • Name a friar who is prepared, and whograted into our life (prayer, fraternity, use is well integrated into and esteemed byof goods, exercise of authority, living the the province.vows, and daily life) and into our mission(parishes, schools, mission ad gentes, so- • Name someone who loves the poor,cial ministry, care of the Secular Francis- and who is sensitive and committed tocans, etc.). the values of JPIC. This implies that: • Name someone who fits the profile indi-• The Provincial and Definitory need to cated above. choose one or more friars who will best be able to carry out this task. Friars • The Animator should not be overly busy should not be named for this service with other jobs; he should have time and simply to fulfill the letter of the law (as institutional support to accomplish his found in the GGSS). work.• The Provincial and Definitory need to be • It would be helpful to provide a JPIC actively involved in promoting JPIC val- Commission to work with the Animator. ues, and thus should find time to reflect Its members will enrich the work of the with the JPIC Animator about how best Animator, making it more objective and to animate this dimension of our life. more creative. Among the members of the Commission, it would be good to• The Provincial and Definitory should consider the presence of someone in- clearly support the work of the Animator volved in Formation, as well as some- and the Commission. one involved in Evangelization.
28 GUIDELINES FOR THE ANIMATION OF JPIC• The Animator should be named for • Be promoters of a spirituality of disciple- a sufficient number of years, to help ship, which seeks to continue the mis- guarantee continuity and stability in the sion of Jesus: proclaiming the Good work. News to the poor, releasing prisoners, giving sight to the blind, freeing the op-• The Animator should be encouraged to pressed and proclaiming a year of favor participate in the formative experiences from the Lord. offered by the Order and by the Confer- ence. • Be brothers who live this task as gift and mission. They should accept as a grace the discovery of God’s plan which seeks fullness of life for all His children and for4.2 all of creation. They should realize thatPROFILE OF THE the first one involved in this task is GodJPIC ANIMATOR AND Himself, through the Spirit, and that weMEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION are all called to be humble collaborators in this mission, which is basically the T he following concerns should be “mission of God.” Such an attitude will taken into account when naming allow animators to carry out their task those who will work in the area of without anxiety or gloominess.JPIC. They should: • Be on the lookout for new ways of un-• Have calm and even temperaments; derstanding that are not dominated by be enthusiastic and sensitive to JPIC ambition or a desire for power or pres- themes. tige; always remember the attitude of Jesus who stripped Himself of glory to• Have a clear sense of belonging to the enter into solidarity with us, to make Order and Province. himself brother to all, including the mar- ginalized. Animators must seek to live• Be close to the friars of the local and this attitude, putting themselves above provincial Fraternity, participating in no one, and being with the little ones, the daily life of the local community and the less important ones. Province. The task of the Animators is to be yeast in the dough, salt which • Concern themselves constantly with the gives flavor. For this reason, they can- process of ongoing conversion and for- not be seen as “foreign bodies” in the mation, with clear reference to the poor life of the friars; such a situation would and crucified Jesus, so that they will be gravely damage the noble cause they aware of their current state and know believe in and for which they are work- the changes that must be made in their ing. own lives, in the reality around them- selves, in the world. They should seek• Be passionate for the God of Jesus and the presence of this crucified Christ and for the God of the Kingdom. This God find Him among the poor and crucified is passionate for the world and for all of the world. people, and wants to bring them to full- ness. For this reason, Animators must • Be able to work together with others as be dedicated to prayer. a team.