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Madina book2-notes

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Madina book2-notes

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Madina book2-notes

  1. 1. ّٓ‫ل‬‫ال‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬‫م‬ْ‫ح‬ َّ‫الر‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ي‬ ِ‫ح‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ن‬ ARIC – Arabic Class Notes Part 6 (ver. 11) 1 TopicsTopics ‫ا‬‫ه‬ُ‫ت‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫خ‬ّّ‫ا‬‫و‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ Interrogative “Or” – ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬ “Having” or “Possessing” ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ “He/It is not” – ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬ Comparative & Superlative degrees ِ‫ل‬‫ي‬ِ‫فض‬ َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬ّّ‫ا‬ Numbers 11 – 20 The Verbal Sentence – ُ‫ة‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬ Present and Future Tense Verb – ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ ‫الم‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ Moods of Verbs Imperative Verb – ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ Visit resourcemoreforwww.AbdurRahman.org
  2. 2. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) Revision History 2 Date Ver Author Revision Comments Aug. 8, 2010 1 Zahid Naeem Initial version. ‫ا‬‫ه‬ُ‫ت‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫خ‬ّّ‫ا‬‫و‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ Aug. 14, 2010 2 Zahid Naeem Added slides for Interrogative “Or” and ‫يس‬‫ل‬ Aug. 28, 2010 3 Zahid Naeem Added slides for ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ and ِ‫يل‬ِ‫فض‬َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬ّّ‫ا‬ Sep. 26, 2010 4 Zahid Naeem Added slides for numbers 11-20 and the verbal sentence Nov. 13, 2010 5 Zahid Naeem Added slides for Present Tense Verb - ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ Jan. 8, 2011 6 Zahid Naeem Added slides for Moods of Verbs Jan. 16, 2011 7 Zahid Naeem Added a slide for Present tense moods + minor corrections Jan. 22, 2011 8 Zahid Naeem Added slides for Imperative Verb – ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ Jan. 29, 2011 9 Zahid Naeem Updated slides for Imperative Verb – ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ Feb. 26, 2011 10 Zahid Naeem Updated slides for Present Tense Verb - ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ Apr. 30, 2011 11 Zahid Naeem Updated slides for Present Tense Moods ِ‫ه‬َّ‫ل‬‫ال‬ ِ‫يل‬ِ‫ب‬‫س‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬There are no copyrights reserved for this material. You may make copies and distribute them Fi Sabilillah – ِ‫ه‬َّ‫ل‬‫ال‬ ِ‫يل‬ِ‫ب‬‫س‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ Report any errors, omissions or suggestions to arabic.aric@gmail.com
  3. 3. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 3 Particle of Emphasis and Accusative Case َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬(‫صب‬‫ن‬‫و‬ ‫يد‬ِ‫ك‬‫و‬‫ت‬ ُ‫رف‬‫ح‬)  َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ has many meanings, e.g. indeed, verily, truly, surely, …  It is only used in a nominal sentence (ُ‫ة‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫م‬‫س‬ ِ‫الإ‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬)  It is a particle of emphasis  It makes the subject ( ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬) of the sentence accusative (‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬)  The analysis of the nominal sentence changes as follows, when it contains َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ new The book ‫يد‬ِ‫د‬‫ج‬ ُ‫اب‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ new The book Indeed ‫يد‬ِ‫د‬‫ج‬ ‫اب‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬‫ال‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ُ‫م‬‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ‫يد‬ِ‫ك‬‫و‬‫ت‬ ُ‫رف‬‫ح‬ ‫صب‬‫ن‬‫و‬ ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬
  4. 4. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 4 َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ with Attached Pronouns (‫ة‬‫ل‬ِ‫ص‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫ض‬)َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ with Attached Pronouns (‫ة‬‫ل‬ِ‫ص‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫ض‬) َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ُ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫َّه‬‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫َّك‬‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ُم‬‫ك‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫َّك‬‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ِ‫ك‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ُم‬‫ك‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ك‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ك‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬–ْ‫ِّي‬‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ْ‫ي‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫َّن‬‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬–‫َّا‬‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬‫ن‬ Please note the two different variations for these two pronouns doctor Indeed he ‫يب‬ِ‫ب‬‫ط‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ُ‫ه‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ُ‫م‬‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫يد‬ِ‫ك‬‫و‬‫ت‬ ُ‫رف‬‫ح‬ ‫صب‬‫ن‬‫و‬ The pronoun (‫ير‬ِ‫م‬‫ض‬) is always ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ when it is attached to َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ Same analysis applies to all َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬
  5. 5. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 5 Sisters of َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ (َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ ُ‫ات‬‫و‬‫خ‬ّّ‫ا‬ )  The following words are called “Sisters of َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬” because grammatically they act like َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬, i.e. they make the noun following them ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬  َّ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ،َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ك‬‫ل‬ ،َّ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ك‬ ،‫يت‬‫ل‬ ،َّ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ل‬ easy The examination I hope ‫هل‬‫س‬ ‫ان‬‫ح‬ِ‫ت‬‫م‬ِ‫الإ‬ َّ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ل‬ َّ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ل‬ ُ‫م‬‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ َّ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ل‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ‫؟‬ ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬
  6. 6. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 6 Interrogative “Or” – ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬Interrogative “Or” – ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬  ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬ means “or” and is used in an interrogative sentence. … Choice 2 ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬ … Choice 1 ّّ‫ا‬ Is this a masjid or a house? ‫ا‬‫ذ‬‫ه‬ ‫د‬ ِ‫سج‬‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬‫؟‬‫يت‬‫ب‬ ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬ Are you from Germany or France? ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ا‬‫الم‬ ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا؟‬‫نس‬‫ر‬ِ‫ف‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬  This construction requires that nothing comes between ّّ‫ا‬ and the first choice and between ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬ and the second choice ‫س‬ِّ‫ر‬‫د‬ُ‫م‬ ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫يب‬ِ‫ب‬‫ط‬ ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ّّ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ِّ‫ر‬‫د‬ُ‫م‬ ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫يب‬ِ‫ب‬‫ط‬ ّّ‫ا‬  In a non-interrogative sentence, ْ‫و‬ّّ‫ا‬ is used for ‘or’ I heard the teacher or the principal ‫س‬ِّ‫ر‬‫د‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫عت‬ِ‫م‬‫س‬‫ير‬ِ‫د‬ُ‫م‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ْ‫و‬ّّ‫ا‬
  7. 7. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 7 Examples from Quran – ّّ‫ا‬...ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬...Examples from Quran – ّّ‫ا‬...ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬... As to those who reject Faith, it is the same to them whether thou warn them or do not warn them; they will not believe. (2:6) ‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫اء‬‫و‬‫س‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ر‬‫ف‬‫ك‬ ‫ين‬ِ‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ْ‫ي‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ت‬ْ‫ر‬‫نذ‬ّّ‫ا‬ّّ‫ا‬ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬ْ‫م‬‫ل‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ر‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬‫ون‬ُ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ي‬ ‫إ‬‫ل‬‫﴿البقرة‬:٦﴾ Have they feet to walk with? Or hands to lay hold with? Or eyes to see with? Or ears to hear with? Say: "Call your 'god-partners', scheme (your worst) against me, and give me no respite! (7:195) ‫ل‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬ۖ ‫ا‬‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ون‬ُ‫ش‬ْ‫م‬‫ي‬‫د‬ْ‫ي‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ل‬ ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ون‬ُ‫ش‬ِ‫ط‬ْ‫ب‬‫ي‬ ۖ ‫ا‬‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬‫ن‬ُ‫ي‬ْ‫ع‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ل‬ ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬ۖ ‫ا‬‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ون‬ُ‫ر‬ِ‫ص‬ْ‫ب‬ُ‫ي‬‫ان‬‫ذ‬‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ل‬ ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬ ۗ ‫ا‬‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ون‬ُ‫ع‬‫م‬ْ‫س‬‫ي‬...‫عراف‬‫﴿الإ‬:١٩٥﴾ Say: "Is that best, or the eternal garden, promised to the righteous? for them, that is a reward as well as a goal (of attainment). (25:15) ْ‫ل‬ُ‫ق‬‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ذ‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ر‬ْ‫ي‬‫خ‬ُ‫ة‬َّ‫ن‬‫ج‬ ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬‫د‬ِ‫ع‬ُ‫و‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ت‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫د‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫خ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ير‬ِ‫ص‬‫م‬‫و‬ ً‫اء‬‫ز‬‫ج‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ل‬ ْ‫ت‬‫ان‬‫ك‬ ۚ ‫ُون‬‫ق‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫﴿الفرقان‬:١٥﴾ Did you mislead these, My servants, or did they [themselves] stray from the way? (25:17) ...ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ّّ‫ا‬ِ‫ء‬‫إ‬‫ل‬ُ‫ؤ‬‫ـ‬‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫د‬‫ا‬‫ب‬ِ‫ع‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬‫ل‬ ْ‫ض‬ّّ‫ا‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫م‬ّّ‫ا‬‫وا‬ُّ‫ل‬‫ض‬ ‫يل‬ِ‫ب‬َّ‫الس‬‫﴿الفرقان‬:١٧﴾
  8. 8. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 8 “He/It is not” – ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬“He/It is not” – ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬  ‫يس‬‫ل‬ is verb  It is an incomplete verb (‫ص‬ِ‫اق‬‫ن‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬), because it does not convey the complete meaning.  It requires a predicate (‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬) to complete its meaning.  It is used in a sentence as follows new The book ‫يد‬ِ‫د‬‫ج‬ ُ‫اب‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ new The book not ِ‫ب‬‫يد‬ِ‫د‬‫ج‬ ُ‫اب‬‫ت‬ِ‫الك‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫م‬‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ ،‫ور‬ُ‫جر‬‫م‬‫و‬ ٌّ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ج‬ ،ِ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ب‬ِ‫ش‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ص‬ِ‫اق‬‫ن‬ new The book not ً‫ا‬‫يد‬ِ‫د‬‫ج‬ ُ‫اب‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬‫ال‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫م‬‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ص‬ِ‫اق‬‫ن‬ ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ OROR  The ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ usually takes a ‫ـ‬ِ‫ب‬, but it can also be without one. In the latter case, the ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ will be ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬.
  9. 9. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 9 Conjugation for ‫يس‬‫ل‬Conjugation for ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ Suffix ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬ ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬ْ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫ا‬ ْ‫ا‬ ْ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ُ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬ْ‫و‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ْ‫و‬‫ا‬ ْ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫ت‬‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬ ْ‫ت‬‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ْ‫ت‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ‫ت‬‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬ْ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ْ‫ا‬ ْ‫ا‬ ْ‫ا‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬‫ن‬ ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬‫ت‬ ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬ِ‫ت‬ ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ِ‫ت‬ ِ‫ت‬ ِ‫ت‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ُ‫ت‬ ُ‫ت‬ ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬‫ن‬ ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬+‫ن‬ ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬+‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬‫ن‬ْ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫س‬‫ل‬‫ن‬ْ‫س‬‫ل‬ Starting with َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ , the ‫ة‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ gets a ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫س‬ Since ‫ة‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ع‬ already had ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫س‬, this results in ِ‫ين‬‫ن‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َّ‫الس‬ ُ‫اء‬‫ق‬ِ‫ت‬‫ل‬ِ‫ا‬ (the meeting of the two sukun). This is not permissible in Arabic, so the week letter ‫ي‬ is dropped This applies to the ‫ك‬ِّ‫ر‬‫ح‬‫ت‬ُ‫م‬ group
  10. 10. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬ 10 More on ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬More on ‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬ doctor I not ِ‫ب‬‫يب‬ِ‫ب‬‫ط‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬ُ‫ت‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ب‬ِ‫ش‬ ،‫ور‬ُ‫جر‬‫م‬‫و‬ ٌّ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ج‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ،ِ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬ ‫ص‬ِ‫ق‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ doctor I not I ِ‫ب‬‫يب‬ِ‫ب‬‫ط‬ ْ‫س‬‫ل‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ،ُ‫ة‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫لج‬‫ا‬ new The book not ِ‫ب‬‫يد‬ِ‫د‬‫ج‬ ُ‫اب‬‫ت‬ِ‫الك‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ب‬ِ‫ش‬ ،‫ور‬ُ‫جر‬‫م‬‫و‬ ٌّ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ج‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ،ِ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬ ‫ص‬ِ‫ق‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ new not The book ِ‫ب‬‫يد‬ِ‫د‬‫ج‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫اب‬‫ت‬ِ‫الك‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ب‬ِ‫ش‬ ،‫ور‬ُ‫جر‬‫م‬‫و‬ ٌّ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ج‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ،ِ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬ ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ،ُ‫ة‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫لج‬‫ا‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫م‬‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ب‬ِ‫ش‬ ،‫ور‬ُ‫جر‬‫م‬‫و‬ ٌّ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ج‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ،ِ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬ ‫ص‬ِ‫اق‬‫ن‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫م‬‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫م‬‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ ،‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ‫يس‬‫ل‬ ُ‫م‬‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫ص‬ِ‫اق‬‫ن‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬
  11. 11. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 11 Examples from Quran – ‫يس‬‫ل‬Examples from Quran – ‫يس‬‫ل‬ … Is not the morning near? (11:81) ...ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬‫ِيب‬‫ر‬‫ق‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ح‬ْ‫ب‬ ُّ‫الص‬‫﴿هود‬:٨١﴾ Is not Allah most knowing of what is within the breasts of all creatures? (29:10) ...‫و‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬‫ين‬ِ‫م‬‫ال‬‫ع‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ر‬‫ُو‬‫د‬ ُ‫ص‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫م‬‫ل‬ْ‫ع‬ّّ‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ـ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ال‬ ‫﴿العنكبوت‬:١٠﴾ Is not that [Creator] Able to give life to the dead? (75:40) ...ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬ٰ‫ى‬‫ت‬ْ‫و‬‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ي‬ْ‫ح‬ُ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ٰ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫د‬‫ا‬‫ق‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ذ‬ ‫﴿القيامة‬:٤٠﴾ O wives of the Prophet! you are not like any other of the women; … (33:32) ِّ‫ي‬ِ‫ب‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫اء‬‫س‬ِ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ي‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ل‬ِ‫ء‬‫ا‬‫س‬ِّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ِّ‫م‬ ‫د‬‫ح‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ك‬... ‫حزاب‬‫﴿الإ‬:٣٢﴾ You are not a watcher over them (88:22) ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ل‬‫ر‬ِ‫ط‬ْ‫ي‬‫ص‬ُ‫م‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ْ‫ي‬‫ل‬‫ع‬‫﴿الغاشية‬:٢٢﴾
  12. 12. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 12 “Having” or “Possessing” ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬“Having” or “Possessing” ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ ‫ع‬ْ‫م‬‫ج‬ ‫د‬‫ر‬ْ‫ف‬ُ‫م‬ ‫و‬ُ‫و‬‫ذ‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ ‫ر‬َّ‫ك‬‫ز‬ُ‫م‬ ُ‫ات‬‫و‬‫ذ‬ ُ‫ات‬‫ذ‬ ‫َّث‬‫ن‬‫ؤ‬ُ‫م‬  ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ is always ‫اف‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ , so the word following it is ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬‫ل‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫اف‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬  ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ is ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬ form, we will learn the ‫ور‬ُ‫جر‬‫م‬ and ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ forms later, ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ل‬‫ال‬ ‫اء‬‫نش‬ِ‫ا‬ (a) beard has Hamid ‫ة‬‫ي‬ْ‫ح‬ِ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ ‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ‫اف‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬‫ِل‬‫ا‬ ‫اف‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ knowledge having (is a) student Aisha ‫لم‬ِ‫ع‬ ُ‫ات‬‫ذ‬ ‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ُ‫ة‬‫ش‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ ‫عت‬‫ن‬ ‫اف‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬‫ِل‬‫ا‬ ‫اف‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ abundant wealth having (are) doctors These ‫ير‬ِ‫ث‬‫ك‬ ‫ال‬‫م‬ ‫و‬ُ‫و‬‫ذ‬ ُ‫اء‬َّ‫ب‬‫ط‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫ء‬‫إ‬‫ل‬ُ‫ؤ‬‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ ‫عت‬‫ن‬ ‫اف‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬‫ِل‬‫ا‬ ‫اف‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ‫عت‬‫ن‬ manners possess students (fem.) Those ‫ق‬ُ‫ل‬ُ‫خ‬ ُ‫ات‬‫و‬‫ذ‬ ُ‫ات‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َّ‫ط‬‫ال‬ ‫ل‬ْ‫و‬ّْ‫ا‬‫ك‬ِ‫ِئ‬ ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬‫ل‬‫د‬‫ب‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ ‫اف‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬‫ِل‬‫ا‬ ‫اف‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬
  13. 13. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 13 Examples from Quran – ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬Examples from Quran – ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ … and Allah is the possessor of great bounty (2:105) ...ُ‫ه‬‫ـ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ال‬‫و‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ِ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ظ‬‫ع‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ل‬ ْ‫ض‬‫ف‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫﴿البقرة‬:١٠٥﴾ And thy Lord is the Forgiver, Owner of mercy (18:58) ُ‫ر‬‫ُو‬‫ف‬‫غ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ُّ‫ب‬‫ر‬‫و‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ِ‫ة‬‫م‬ْ‫ح‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬...‫﴿الكهف‬:٥٨﴾ The people of Noah denied before them, and [the tribe of] 'Aad and Pharaoh, the owner of stakes (38:12) ُ‫ن‬ْ‫و‬‫ع‬ْ‫ر‬ِ‫ف‬‫و‬ ‫اد‬‫ع‬‫و‬ ‫ُوح‬‫ن‬ ُ‫م‬ْ‫و‬‫ق‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬‫ق‬ ْ‫ت‬‫ب‬َّ‫ذ‬‫ك‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ ِ‫د‬‫ا‬‫ت‬ْ‫و‬ّّ‫إ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫﴿ص‬:١٢﴾ Therein is fruit and palm trees having sheaths [of dates] (55:11) ُ‫ل‬ْ‫خ‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ة‬‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬‫ف‬ ‫ا‬‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ُ‫ات‬‫ذ‬ِ‫م‬‫ا‬‫م‬ْ‫ك‬ّّ‫إ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫﴿الرحمن‬:١١﴾ And there will remain the Face of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honor. (55:27) ‫ك‬ِّ‫ب‬‫ر‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ج‬‫و‬ ٰ‫ى‬‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬‫ي‬‫و‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ِ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ ِ‫إ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ِ‫ال‬‫ل‬‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫﴿الرحمن‬:٢٧﴾
  14. 14. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 14 Comparative & Superlative degrees ِ‫يل‬ِ‫فض‬َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬ّّ‫ا‬Comparative & Superlative degrees ِ‫يل‬ِ‫فض‬َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬ّّ‫ا‬ Adjective Comparative Superlative Tall ‫ِيل‬‫و‬‫ط‬ Taller ُ‫ل‬‫طو‬ّّ‫ا‬ Tallest ُ‫ل‬‫طو‬ّّ‫ا‬ Small ‫ير‬ِ‫غ‬‫ص‬ Smaller ُ‫ر‬‫صغ‬ّّ‫ا‬ Smallest ُ‫ر‬‫صغ‬ّّ‫ا‬ Beautiful ‫يل‬ِ‫م‬‫ج‬ More beautiful ُ‫ل‬‫جم‬ّّ‫ا‬ Most beautiful ُ‫ل‬‫جم‬ّّ‫ا‬ Good ‫ن‬‫س‬‫ح‬ Better ُ‫ن‬‫حس‬ّّ‫ا‬ Best ُ‫ن‬‫حس‬ّّ‫ا‬ Both comparative and superlative degrees in Arabic use the same word, which is on the pattern of ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬ّّ‫ا‬ (Diptote). It is the same for masculine, feminine, singular and plural. If ِ‫ل‬‫ي‬ِ‫فض‬َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬ّّ‫ا‬ is followed by ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ , the latter will be translated as “than”, e.g. ‫ال‬‫ل‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫ل‬‫طو‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ِ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ح‬ (Hamid is taller than Bilal) If ِ‫ل‬‫ي‬ِ‫فض‬َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬ّّ‫ا‬ is followed by a noun in genitive case (‫ور‬ُ‫جر‬‫م‬), than ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬ّّ‫ا‬ is to be translated as superlative degree, e.g. ِ‫صل‬‫الف‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ُ‫ل‬‫طو‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ِ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ح‬ (Hamid is the tallest student in the class)
  15. 15. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 15 Examples from Quran – ِ‫ل‬‫ي‬ِ‫فض‬َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬ّّ‫ا‬Examples from Quran – ِ‫ل‬‫ي‬ِ‫فض‬َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬ّّ‫ا‬ And he had fruit, so he said to his companion while he was conversing with him, "I am greater than you in wealth and mightier in [numbers of] men.” (18:34) ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ر‬ِ‫و‬‫ا‬‫ح‬ُ‫ي‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ِ‫اح‬‫ص‬ِ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬‫ق‬‫ف‬ ‫ر‬‫م‬‫ث‬ ُ‫ه‬‫ل‬ ‫ان‬‫ك‬‫و‬ ُ‫ر‬‫ث‬ْ‫ك‬ّّ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫إ‬ً‫ل‬‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫نك‬ِ‫م‬ُّ‫ز‬‫ع‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬ً‫ر‬‫ف‬‫ن‬‫﴿الكهف‬:٣٤﴾ Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers (26:8) ‫ان‬‫ك‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬‫و‬ ۖ ً‫ة‬‫ي‬‫إ‬‫ل‬ ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ذ‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ا‬ُ‫ر‬‫ث‬ْ‫ك‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ين‬ِ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُّ‫م‬ ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫﴿الشعراء‬:٨﴾ The creation of the heavens and earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most of the people do not know. (40:57) ِ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬ّّ‫إ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ِ‫ات‬‫او‬‫م‬َّ‫الس‬ ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫خ‬‫ل‬ُ‫ر‬‫ب‬ْ‫ك‬ّّ‫ا‬ِ‫س‬‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫خ‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ك‬‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫و‬‫ر‬‫ث‬ْ‫ك‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ون‬ُ‫م‬‫ل‬ْ‫ع‬‫ي‬ ‫إ‬‫ل‬ ِ‫س‬‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬‫﴿غافر‬:٥٧﴾ You will surely find the most intense of the people in animosity toward the believers [to be] the Jews … (5:82) َّ‫ن‬‫د‬ ِ‫ج‬‫ت‬‫ل‬َّ‫د‬‫ش‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ود‬ُ‫ه‬‫ي‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ن‬‫م‬‫ا‬ ‫ين‬ِ‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬ِّ‫ل‬ ً‫ة‬‫او‬‫د‬‫ع‬ ِ‫س‬‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ...‫﴿المائدة‬:٨٢﴾
  16. 16. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 16 Numbers 11 – 19Numbers 11 – 19 ‫د‬‫ح‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ى‬‫د‬ْ‫ح‬ِ‫ا‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫ثن‬ِ‫ا‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫ا‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫اث‬‫ل‬‫ث‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫اث‬‫ل‬‫ث‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ْ‫ر‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ع‬‫ب‬ْ‫ر‬ّّ‫ا‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫س‬ْ‫م‬‫خ‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫س‬ْ‫م‬‫خ‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬َّ‫ت‬ ِ‫س‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ َّ‫ت‬ ِ‫س‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫ع‬ْ‫ب‬‫س‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ع‬ْ‫ب‬‫س‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫ث‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫ث‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫ع‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ت‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ع‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ت‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫ر‬َّ‫ك‬‫ز‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫َّث‬‫ن‬‫ؤ‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫د‬‫د‬‫ع‬ ‫ز‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ي‬ْ‫م‬‫ت‬ Part 2 Part 1  The ‫د‬‫د‬‫ع‬ is a ‫ب‬َّ‫ك‬‫ر‬ُ‫م‬ (compound word), made up of two parts  Both parts of the compound word are ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ (indeclinable). o Exception to this rule are ‫ا‬‫ثن‬ِ‫ا‬ and ‫ا‬‫ت‬‫ثن‬ِ‫ا‬. In genetive and accusative cases, they become ْ‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫ا‬and ْ‫ي‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫ا‬.  The ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ is always singular and mansub. This is called ‫ز‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ي‬ْ‫م‬‫ت‬
  17. 17. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 17 Gender for Numbers 11 – 19Gender for Numbers 11 – 19 ‫د‬‫ح‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ى‬‫د‬ْ‫ح‬ِ‫ا‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫ثن‬ِ‫ا‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫ا‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫اث‬‫ل‬‫ث‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫اث‬‫ل‬‫ث‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ْ‫ر‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ع‬‫ب‬ْ‫ر‬ّّ‫ا‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫س‬ْ‫م‬‫خ‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫س‬ْ‫م‬‫خ‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬َّ‫ت‬ ِ‫س‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ َّ‫ت‬ ِ‫س‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫ع‬ْ‫ب‬‫س‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ع‬ْ‫ب‬‫س‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫ث‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫ث‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ال‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫ع‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ت‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ر‬‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ع‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ت‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬‫ع‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫ر‬َّ‫ك‬‫ز‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫َّث‬‫ن‬‫ؤ‬ُ‫م‬ Numbers 11 - 12  Both parts of the compound word agree with the gender of the ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫د‬‫د‬‫ع‬ Part 2 Part 1 ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫د‬‫د‬‫ع‬ Part 2 Part 1 Numbers 13 - 19  Part 1 of the compound word is opposite in gender than that of the ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬  Part 2 agrees with the gender of the ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫د‬‫د‬‫ع‬ Part 2 Part 1 ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫د‬‫د‬‫ع‬ Part 2 Part 1
  18. 18. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 18 Twenty/Twenty - 20/20Twenty/Twenty - 20/20 ‫ون‬ُ‫شر‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬ً‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ون‬ُ‫شر‬ِ‫ع‬ً‫ة‬‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫ر‬َّ‫ك‬‫ز‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫َّث‬‫ن‬‫ؤ‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫د‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫د‬‫د‬‫ع‬  The ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ is always singular and mansub, i.e. it is ‫ز‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ي‬ْ‫م‬‫ت‬. This is true for ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ from numbers 11 to 99.  The ‫د‬‫د‬‫ع‬ is on the same pattern as sound masculine plural (‫م‬ِ‫ال‬‫س‬ ‫ر‬َّ‫ك‬‫ز‬ُ‫م‬ ‫مع‬‫ج‬), e.g. ‫ون‬ُ‫ر‬ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬‫ص‬ ،‫ون‬ُ‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫س‬ُ‫م‬  It has the same form for both masculine and feminine ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬ . ‫د‬‫د‬‫ع‬ ‫ُود‬‫د‬‫ع‬‫م‬
  19. 19. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 19 The Verbal Sentence – ُ‫ة‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬The Verbal Sentence – ُ‫ة‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬ (is) a student Hamid ‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫د‬ِ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ح‬ ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬ the call to prayer Hamid Heard ‫ان‬‫ذ‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ع‬ِ‫م‬‫س‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ة‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫م‬‫س‬ِ‫الإ‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬‫ة‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مل‬ُ‫الج‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ is always ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬  Starts with a noun  Contains ‫ا‬‫د‬‫بت‬ُ‫م‬ and ‫ر‬‫ب‬‫خ‬  Starts with a verb  Contain ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ ،‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ and ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ is always ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬
  20. 20. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 20 The Subject – ُ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬‫الف‬The Subject – ُ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬‫الف‬ He went ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ،‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ She went ْ‫ت‬‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ،‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ The ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ is hidden in these two forms of past tense verb You went ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫ت‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ،‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ For the other 12 pronouns, suffixes are added to the ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ to denote the ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬. For a complete list of all suffixes, see next page. Hamid went ‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ A separate noun in ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬ form, following the ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ , denotes the ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬. In this case, the hidden ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ is overridden by the explicit ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ١ ٢ ٣Maryam went ُ‫م‬‫ري‬‫م‬ ْ‫ت‬‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬
  21. 21. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 21 Conjugation of The Past Tense Verb ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ،‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ They left ُ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ْ‫و‬‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ They (>2) ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ He ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ْ‫ا‬ ْ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ They (2) ُ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ْ‫و‬‫ا‬ ْ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ They (>2) ْ‫ت‬‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ She ‫ت‬‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ْ‫ا‬ ْ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ They (2) ْ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ They (>2) ْ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ You ْ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ You (2) ْ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ You (>2) ْ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ِ‫ت‬ ِ‫ت‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ You ْ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ You (2) ْ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ You (>2) ْ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ُ‫ت‬ ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ I ْ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬‫ن‬ We
  22. 22. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 22 The Object – ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫الم‬The Object – ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫الم‬ Hamid asked Bilal ‫إ‬ً‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ل‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬‫ف‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ A separate noun in ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ form, following the ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ , denotes ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫الم‬. ١ ٢ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ Hamid asked him ‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ A ‫ل‬ِ‫ص‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ير‬ِ‫م‬‫ض‬ attached to the ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ denotes ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ as a pronoun. Hamid went ‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬  A ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬, is not required by certain type of verbs, called Intransitive Verb (ُ‫م‬ِ‫ز‬‫َّا‬‫ل‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬)  Other examples of such verbs include, ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ ،‫ع‬‫ج‬‫ر‬ ،‫س‬‫ل‬‫ج‬  A verb which does require a ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬, is called a Transitive Verb (ُ‫ي‬ِّ‫د‬‫ع‬‫ت‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬)  Most verbs fall in this category ٣
  23. 23. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 23 ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ vs. ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫ص‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫م‬‫ض‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫ص‬‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫م‬‫ض‬ ُ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫و‬‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ‫ت‬ْ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ُم‬‫ك‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫ت‬ ِ‫ك‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ُم‬‫ك‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ك‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬‫ن‬ When attached to a verb, always denote ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ The part highlighted in red, always denote‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬
  24. 24. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 24 Who asked who?Who asked who? Hamid asked him ‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ Hamid asked you ‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ Hamid asked me ‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬‫ف‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ He asked Hamid ‫ًا‬‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ You asked Hamid ‫ًا‬‫د‬ِ‫م‬‫ا‬‫ح‬ ْ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬‫ت‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ I asked Hamid ‫ًا‬‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ْ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬ُ‫ت‬ ،‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ،‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ،‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ He asked him ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬ُ‫ه‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ ،‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ You asked them ْ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬‫ت‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ،‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬ ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ I asked you ْ‫ل‬ّّ‫ا‬‫س‬ُ‫ت‬‫ك‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ول‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ير‬ِ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ،‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫ف‬
  25. 25. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 25 Present & Future Tense Verb –Present & Future Tense Verb – ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ He went ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ He is going or He will go ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ي‬ Past Tense Verb ُ‫ي‬ِ‫اض‬‫الم‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ Present & Future Tense Verb ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬  ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ is derived from ُ‫ي‬ِ‫اض‬‫الم‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬  ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ contains both present and future tense. Optionally a particle of future can be prefixed to make it future tense only. We will learn that later. ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ي‬ِ‫اض‬‫الم‬ ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ي‬ ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ي‬ ْ‫ا‬‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ون‬ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ي‬ ‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ت‬ ْ‫ت‬‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ت‬ ْ‫ا‬‫ت‬‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ون‬ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ين‬ِ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ت‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬‫ن‬
  26. 26. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 26 Categories of 3 letter verb –Categories of 3 letter verb – ِ‫د‬َّ‫ر‬‫ج‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ِّ‫ي‬ِ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫ُّل‬‫ث‬‫ال‬ ِ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ ُ‫اب‬‫بو‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬‫ت‬‫ف‬‫ح‬‫ت‬‫ف‬‫ح‬ ‫ـ‬‫ـت‬ ‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫فعل‬‫فعل‬‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ف‬ ُ‫ح‬‫ت‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ُ‫ح‬‫ت‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ب‬‫ر‬‫ض‬‫ب‬‫ر‬‫ض‬‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ض‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ِب‬‫ر‬ ْ‫ض‬‫ي‬ُ‫ِب‬‫ر‬ ْ‫ض‬‫ي‬ُ‫ب‬ ِ‫ر‬ ْ‫ض‬‫ـ‬ ‫ي‬‫ـ‬ ‫ر‬‫ص‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫ص‬‫ن‬‫ر‬ ‫ص‬‫ـ‬ ‫ن‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ر‬ ُ‫ص‬ْ‫ن‬‫ي‬ُ‫ر‬ ُ‫ص‬ْ‫ن‬‫ي‬ُ‫ر‬ ُ‫ص‬‫ـ‬ ْ‫ن‬‫ـ‬ ‫ي‬‫ـ‬ The ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫ف‬ on the ‫ة‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ف‬ in ‫اض‬‫م‬ always changes to ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫س‬ in ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ُ‫ح‬ ‫ـ‬‫ـت‬ ْ‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ي‬‫ـ‬ The ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫ف‬ on the ‫ة‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ in ‫اض‬‫م‬ always changes to ‫ة‬َّ‫م‬‫ض‬ in ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ Type * ‫ــ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ــ‬‫ـ‬ ‫باب‬‫ح‬‫ت‬‫ف‬(‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ــ‬‫ـ‬) ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ــ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ب‬‫ر‬‫ض‬ ‫باب‬(‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬) ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ــ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ر‬‫ص‬‫ن‬ ‫باب‬(‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬) All three letter verbs are categorized by how the vowel sign on the ‫ة‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ع‬ in ‫اض‬‫م‬ changes in ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ as listed below. * Additional types are shows on the next slide
  27. 27. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 27 Categories of 3 letter verb –Categories of 3 letter verb – ِ‫د‬َّ‫ر‬‫ج‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ِّ‫ي‬ِ‫ث‬‫ا‬‫ُّل‬‫ث‬‫ال‬ ِ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ ُ‫اب‬‫بو‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ِ‫م‬‫س‬‫ع‬ِ‫م‬‫س‬‫ـ‬‫ع‬ ‫ـ‬ِ‫م‬‫ـ‬ ‫س‬‫ـ‬ ‫فعل‬‫فعل‬‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ف‬ ُ‫ع‬‫م‬ْ‫س‬‫ي‬ُ‫ع‬‫م‬ْ‫س‬‫ي‬ ‫ب‬ ِ‫س‬‫ح‬‫ب‬ ِ‫س‬‫ح‬‫ب‬ ‫ـ‬ِ‫س‬‫ـ‬ ‫ح‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ب‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫ح‬‫ي‬ُ‫ب‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫ح‬‫ي‬ُ‫ب‬ ‫ـ‬ِ‫س‬‫ـ‬ ْ‫ح‬‫ـ‬ ‫ي‬‫ـ‬ ‫م‬ُ‫ر‬‫ك‬‫م‬ُ‫ر‬‫ك‬‫م‬ ُ‫ر‬ ‫ك‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬‫ي‬ُ‫م‬ُ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬‫ي‬ُ‫م‬ ُ‫ر‬ ْ‫ك‬‫ـ‬ ‫ي‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ُ‫ع‬ ‫ـ‬‫ـم‬ ْ‫س‬‫ـ‬ ‫ي‬‫ـ‬ ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ Type ‫ــ‬‫ـ‬ ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫باب‬‫ع‬ِ‫م‬‫س‬(‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ــ‬‫ـ‬) ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ب‬ ِ‫س‬‫ح‬ ‫باب‬(‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬‫ف‬ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬) ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫م‬ُ‫ر‬‫ك‬ ‫باب‬(‫ل‬ُ‫ع‬‫ف‬ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬)
  28. 28. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 28 Moods of VerbsMoods of Verbs The Past Tense Verb is fixed ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ُ‫ي‬ِ‫اض‬‫الم‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ The Present Tense Verb is declinable (It has three kinds of moods) ‫ب‬‫عر‬ُ‫م‬ ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ١)‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬(ُ‫ل‬‫فع‬‫ي‬) ٢)‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬(‫ل‬‫فع‬‫ي‬) ٣)‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬(ْ‫ل‬‫فع‬‫ي‬) 1. Nominative 2. Accusative 3. Majzum Note, it is ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ not ‫ور‬ُ‫جر‬‫م‬
  29. 29. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 29 ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ُ‫ي‬ِ‫اض‬‫الم‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ُ‫ي‬ِ‫اض‬‫الم‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ِ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ن‬‫ح‬‫ن‬ُ‫ن‬‫ح‬‫ن‬ ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ْ‫و‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ْ‫و‬‫ا‬ ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ْ‫ت‬‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ْ‫ت‬ ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ت‬ْ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ت‬ْ‫ا‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ن‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ت‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ِ‫ت‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ ُ‫ي‬ِ‫اض‬‫الم‬ ُ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬‫الف‬ is always ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ on the vowel sign on the ‫ة‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ل‬. ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫الف‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫الف‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫الف‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫الف‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬َّ‫م‬ َّ‫الض‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬َّ‫م‬ َّ‫الض‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫الف‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫الف‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫الف‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫الف‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬
  30. 30. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 30 Anatomy of the Present Tense Verb ُ‫ع‬‫ار‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬Anatomy of the Present Tense Verb ُ‫ع‬‫ار‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ِ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ن‬‫ح‬‫ن‬ُ‫ن‬‫ح‬‫ن‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ي‬‫يـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ي‬‫يـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ي‬‫يـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ي‬‫يـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ن‬‫نـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫ـ‬‫ي‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ي‬‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ُ‫رف‬‫ح‬ِ‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ار‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ُ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫الف‬ِ‫فع‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫ام‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ير‬ِ‫م‬‫ض‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ Notice the ‫ن‬ in these two cases is ُ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫الف‬ not ِ‫فع‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫لام‬‫ع‬ Sometimes ُ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬‫ا‬‫الف‬ in these two cases is not hidden. We’ll learn this later, inshaAllah
  31. 31. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 31 Three Moods of ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ – ( ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ،‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ ،‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫)م‬Three Moods of ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ – ( ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ،‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ ،‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫)م‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ِ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ن‬‫ح‬‫ن‬ُ‫ن‬‫ح‬‫ن‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ِ‫فع‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫ام‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ة‬‫ع‬‫رب‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫فع‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ال‬ (5 in your pocket) ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ــ‬‫ـ‬ْ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مس‬‫الخ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫فع‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ال‬ (‫ن‬ comes ‫ن‬ goes) ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ‫ون‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫الم‬ ِ‫ان‬‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ (mabni) ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ X 2 ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ X 3
  32. 32. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬ ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬ 32 Three Moods of ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ – ( ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ،‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ ،‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫)م‬Three Moods of ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ – ( ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ،‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ ،‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫)م‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬‫ن‬ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬‫ن‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مس‬‫الخ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫فع‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ال‬ُ‫ة‬‫مس‬‫الخ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫فع‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫الم‬ ِ‫ان‬‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ِ‫ان‬‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫الم‬ ِ‫ان‬‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬ ِ‫ة‬َّ‫م‬ َّ‫الض‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ ِ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫الف‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬ ِ‫ون‬ُّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ِ‫وت‬ُ‫ب‬ُ‫ث‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ ِ‫ون‬ُّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ذف‬‫ح‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ِ‫ون‬ُّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ذف‬‫ح‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ،ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ِّ‫ل‬‫ح‬‫م‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫فع‬‫ر‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ،ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ِّ‫ل‬‫ح‬‫م‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫صب‬‫ن‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ،ِ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫الس‬ ِّ‫ل‬‫ح‬‫م‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫زم‬‫ج‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬‫ن‬ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ح‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ‫وب‬ ُ‫نص‬‫م‬ ‫وع‬ُ‫ف‬‫ر‬‫م‬ ‫ـ‬ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ْ‫ـ‬ ُ‫ة‬‫ع‬‫رب‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫فع‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ال‬ُ‫ة‬‫ع‬‫رب‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫فع‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫ام‬‫ل‬‫الع‬ُ‫ة‬‫ام‬‫ل‬‫الع‬
  33. 33. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 33 Imperative Verb – ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬Imperative Verb – ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ي‬ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ي‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ He went ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ He is going / He will go ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ Go  Imperative Verb (‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬) signifies a command or a request  It is derived from ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬  ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ is only used for 2nd person ( ُ‫ب‬‫اط‬‫خ‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬)  To command or request 3rd person or 1st person plural, ِ‫ر‬‫م‬ّّ‫إ‬‫ال‬ ُ‫م‬‫إ‬‫ل‬ is used. We will learn it later, insha Allah.
  34. 34. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 34 How to Construct ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬How to Construct ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ت‬ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ت‬ ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ت‬‫ـ‬‫ت‬‫ـ‬‫ه‬‫ـ‬‫ه‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ْ‫ذ‬‫ـ‬ْ‫ذ‬ُ‫ـب‬ُ‫ـب‬ ِ‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ار‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫رف‬‫ح‬ 1 ‫ه‬‫ـ‬‫ه‬‫ـ‬ ْ‫ذ‬ْ‫ذ‬ْ‫ـب‬ْ‫ـب‬ 2 3 ‫ه‬‫ـ‬‫ه‬‫ـ‬ ْ‫ذ‬ْ‫ذ‬ْ‫ـب‬ْ‫ـب‬ ِ‫ٱ‬ِ‫ٱ‬ 4 ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬ِ‫ا‬ Start with the appropriate second person ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ 1 Remove the ِ‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ار‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ ُ‫رف‬‫ح‬2 Make the verb ‫وم‬ُ‫ز‬‫ج‬‫م‬ . Keep in mind the 3 categories 1) 5 in your pocket, 2) ‫ن‬ comes ‫ن‬ goes, 3) ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ 3 The resulting word cannot be pronounced as it starts with a ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫س‬ . 4 ِ‫ل‬‫ص‬‫الو‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مز‬‫ه‬ ‫ة‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ع‬ ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ــ‬‫ـ‬ ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ To overcome this, prefix a ِ‫ل‬‫ص‬‫الو‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مز‬‫ه‬ to the verb. The vowel sign on the ِ‫ل‬‫ص‬‫الو‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مز‬‫ه‬ is determined based on the vowel sign of the ‫ة‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ع‬ , as follows. ْ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ 
  35. 35. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 35 Examples of ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬Examples of ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ح‬‫ت‬‫ف‬‫ح‬‫ت‬‫ف‬ُ‫ح‬‫ت‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ُ‫ح‬‫ت‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ْ‫ح‬‫ت‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫ح‬‫ت‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫اض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫س‬‫ل‬‫ج‬‫س‬‫ل‬‫ج‬ُ‫س‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ج‬‫ي‬ُ‫س‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ج‬‫ي‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ج‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ج‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬‫خ‬‫د‬‫ل‬‫خ‬‫د‬ُ‫ل‬ُ‫خ‬ْ‫د‬‫ي‬ُ‫ل‬ُ‫خ‬ْ‫د‬‫ي‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫خ‬ْ‫د‬ُ‫ا‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫خ‬ْ‫د‬ُ‫ا‬ ‫د‬‫ج‬‫س‬‫د‬‫ج‬‫س‬ُ‫د‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫س‬‫ي‬ُ‫د‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫س‬‫ي‬ْ‫د‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ا‬ْ‫د‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬‫س‬‫غ‬‫ل‬‫س‬‫غ‬ُ‫ل‬ ِ‫ْس‬‫غ‬‫ي‬ُ‫ل‬ ِ‫ْس‬‫غ‬‫ي‬ْ‫ل‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫غ‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫ل‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫غ‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ِ‫م‬‫س‬‫ع‬ِ‫م‬‫س‬ُ‫ع‬‫م‬ْ‫س‬‫ي‬ُ‫ع‬‫م‬ْ‫س‬‫ي‬ْ‫ع‬‫م‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫ع‬‫م‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ا‬ ّّ‫ا‬‫ر‬‫ق‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ر‬‫ق‬ّْ‫ا‬‫ر‬ْ‫ق‬‫ي‬ّْ‫ا‬‫ر‬ْ‫ق‬‫ي‬ْ‫ا‬‫ر‬ْ‫ق‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫ا‬‫ر‬ْ‫ق‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬‫ج‬‫ر‬‫ع‬‫ج‬‫ر‬ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬‫ي‬ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬‫ي‬ْ‫ع‬ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫ع‬ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬‫ت‬‫ك‬‫ب‬‫ت‬‫ك‬ُ‫ب‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ك‬‫ي‬ُ‫ب‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ك‬‫ي‬ْ‫ب‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ك‬ُ‫ا‬ْ‫ب‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ك‬ُ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ع‬ِ‫ل‬‫ص‬‫الو‬ ُ‫ة‬‫مز‬‫ه‬ ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ــ‬‫ـ‬ ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ِ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬
  36. 36. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 6 (ver. 11) 36 Conjugation of ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬Conjugation of ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ِ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ِ‫نت‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ن‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ن‬‫ح‬‫ن‬ُ‫ن‬‫ح‬‫ن‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ِ‫ان‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ت‬‫تـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ع‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ف‬‫ـ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ُ‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ل‬‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ‫ـ‬‫ي‬‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ي‬‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬‫ن‬ ُ‫رف‬‫ح‬ِ‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ار‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ُ‫ل‬ِ‫اع‬‫الف‬ِ‫فع‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ُ‫ة‬‫ام‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ُ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ير‬ِ‫م‬‫ض‬ ‫ر‬ِ‫ت‬‫ست‬ُ‫م‬ ٌّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ْ‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬‫ا‬ْ‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬ ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ is only used for 2nd person ( ُ‫ب‬‫اط‬‫خ‬ُ‫م‬‫ال‬) ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬ُ‫م‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫مر‬ّّ‫ا‬
  37. 37. ِ‫ل‬‫ال‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬‫م‬ْ‫ح‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ه‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ي‬ ِ‫ح‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ن‬ ARIC – Arabic Class Notes Part 7 1 TopicsTopics Uses of ‫ا‬‫م‬ The Verbal Noun – ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬ The Interpreted Original – ‫ل‬َّ‫و‬‫ؤ‬‫الم‬ ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬ Negation in Verbs – Part 1 Moods for ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬ Weak Letter Verb ‫ل‬‫عت‬‫الم‬ ‫ف‬َّ‫ع‬‫ض‬‫الم‬
  38. 38. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 7 (ver. 6) Revision History 2 Date Ver Author Revision Comments Mar. 20, 2011 1 Zahid Naeem Initial version. Apr. 2, 2011 2 Zahid Naeem Added slides for negation in verbs and moods for ‫المضارع‬ ‫الفعل‬ Apr. 30, 2011 3 Zahid Naeem Added weak letter verb ‫ل‬‫عت‬‫الم‬ May 15, 2011 4 Zahid Naeem Added additional slides for weak letter verb ‫ل‬‫عت‬‫الم‬ May 28, 2011 5 Zahid Naeem Added additional slides for weak letter verb ‫ل‬‫عت‬‫الم‬ Jun. 11, 2011 6 Zahid Naeem Added slides for weak letter verb analysis and ‫ف‬ّ‫ع‬‫المض‬ ِ‫ه‬َّ‫ل‬‫ال‬ ِ‫يل‬ِ‫ب‬‫س‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬There are no copyrights reserved for this material. You may make copies and distribute them Fi Sabilillah – ِ‫ه‬َّ‫ل‬‫ال‬ ِ‫يل‬ِ‫ب‬‫س‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ Report any errors, omissions or suggestions to arabic.aric@gmail.com
  39. 39. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 7 (ver. 6) 3 Uses ofUses of ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ة‬‫ي‬ِ‫اف‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ Negative ‫ا‬‫م‬ ١ ‫ة‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫ام‬‫فه‬‫ست‬ِ‫الإ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ Interrogative ‫ا‬‫م‬ ٢ ‫ة‬‫ول‬‫وص‬‫الم‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ Relative ‫ا‬‫م‬ ٣  Used for negation in nominal as well as verbal sentences ‫م‬‫ل‬‫ق‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫د‬‫ن‬ِ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫يئا‬‫ش‬ ‫لت‬‫ك‬َ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ار‬‫خب‬َ‫إ‬‫ال‬ ‫ع‬‫سم‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬  Means “what” for the purpose of asking a question ‫ا؟‬‫ذ‬‫ه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫؟‬‫ك‬‫اسم‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫؟‬‫ِيد‬‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫اذ‬‫م‬  Means “what” or “that which” as a conjunctive noun ‫ين‬ِ‫ب‬‫شر‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ب‬‫شر‬َ‫ا‬ ِ‫ك‬‫ل‬ ‫ول‬‫ق‬َ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ع‬‫سم‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ِيد‬‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ري‬‫شت‬َ‫ا‬‫س‬  There are other uses of ‫ا‬‫م‬, which will be described later, inshaAllah
  40. 40. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 7 (ver. 6) 4 Examples from Quran – ‫ا‬‫م‬Examples from Quran – ‫ا‬‫م‬ Your Lord has not taken leave of you, [O Muhammad], nor has He detested [you]. (93:3) ‫ا‬‫م‬‫و‬ ‫ك‬‫ب‬‫ر‬ ‫ك‬‫ع‬َّ‫د‬‫و‬‫ا‬‫م‬ٰ‫ى‬‫ل‬‫ق‬‫﴿الضحى‬:۳﴾ ‫ة‬‫ي‬ِ‫اف‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬And the Qur'an is not the word of a devil, expelled [from the heavens]. (81:25) ‫و‬‫ا‬‫م‬ٍ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ج‬‫ر‬ ٍ‫ان‬‫ط‬ْ‫ي‬‫ش‬ ِ‫ل‬ْ‫و‬‫ق‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫و‬‫ه‬‫﴿التكوير‬:٢٥﴾ "What has brought you into hell-fire?" (74:42) ‫ا‬‫م‬‫ر‬‫ق‬‫س‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬‫ك‬‫ك‬‫ل‬‫س‬‫﴿المدثر‬:٤٢﴾ ‫ة‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫ام‬‫فه‬‫ست‬ِ‫الإ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬What is [the matter] with you that you do not attribute to Allah [due] grandeur. (71:13) ‫ا‬‫م‬‫ا‬‫ار‬‫ق‬‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬‫ـ‬َّ‫ل‬ِ‫ل‬ ‫ون‬‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫إ‬‫ل‬ ْ‫م‬‫ك‬‫ل‬‫﴿انوح‬:١٣﴾ A soul will [then] know what it has brought [with it] (81:14) ‫س‬ْ‫ف‬‫ن‬ ْ‫ت‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫ا‬‫م‬ْ‫ت‬‫ر‬‫ض‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫ا‬‫﴿التكوير‬:١٤﴾ ‫ة‬‫ول‬‫وص‬‫الم‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬O you who have believed, why do you say what you do not do? (61:2) ‫ون‬‫ول‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫م‬ِ‫ل‬ ‫وا‬‫ن‬‫ٓم‬‫ا‬ ‫ين‬ِ‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ه‬‫ي‬َ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ي‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫إ‬‫ل‬ ‫ون‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫﴿الصف‬:٢﴾
  41. 41. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 7 (ver. 6) 5 The Verbal Noun – ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬The Verbal Noun – ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬  An Arabic verb contains three pieces of information 1. The action 2. The actor 3. The time (past, present or future) ‫ل‬‫خ‬‫د‬He Entered - ‫ل‬‫خ‬‫د‬ The action The actor 1 2 The time3  The verbal noun (‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬) is a noun which originates from the verb. It contains the action but has no actor or time information.  Since it is a noun:  It declines like a noun  It gets the tanwin, when it is indefinite  It gets the definite article ‫ال‬, when it is definite  It is also called the Original, the Infinitive or the Gerund  Sometimes there are multiple verbal nouns for a given verb ‫ول‬‫خ‬‫د‬Entry - ‫ول‬‫خ‬‫د‬ The action1 The actor The time ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬
  42. 42. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 7 (ver. 6) 6 More on The Verbal Noun – ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬More on The Verbal Noun – ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬  For three letter verbs, there is no single pattern to create a verbal noun from a verb. Here are some examples ‫ول‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ول‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ ‫ج‬‫خر‬‫ي‬ ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬‫ج‬‫خر‬‫ي‬ ‫ج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬‫وج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬‫وج‬‫ر‬‫خ‬ ‫ِل‬‫ز‬‫ن‬‫ي‬ ‫ل‬‫ز‬‫ن‬‫ِل‬‫ز‬‫ن‬‫ي‬ ‫ل‬‫ز‬‫ن‬‫ول‬‫ز‬‫ن‬‫ول‬‫ز‬‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ْ‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ل‬ْ‫ع‬‫ف‬ ‫ح‬‫فت‬‫ي‬ ‫ح‬‫ت‬‫ف‬‫ح‬‫فت‬‫ي‬ ‫ح‬‫ت‬‫ف‬‫ح‬ْ‫ت‬‫ف‬‫ح‬ْ‫ت‬‫ف‬ ‫ر‬‫نص‬‫ي‬ ‫ر‬‫ص‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫نص‬‫ي‬ ‫ر‬‫ص‬‫ن‬‫ر‬ ْ‫ص‬‫ن‬‫ر‬ ْ‫ص‬‫ن‬ ‫ال‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ال‬‫ع‬‫ف‬ ‫ب‬‫ذه‬‫ي‬ ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫ب‬‫ذه‬‫ي‬ ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫اب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬‫اب‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ح‬‫نج‬‫ي‬ ‫ح‬‫ج‬‫ن‬‫ح‬‫نج‬‫ي‬ ‫ح‬‫ج‬‫ن‬‫اح‬‫ج‬‫ن‬‫اح‬‫ج‬‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ْ‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬ْ‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫م‬‫عل‬‫ي‬ ‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫م‬‫عل‬‫ي‬ ‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫لم‬ِ‫ع‬‫لم‬ِ‫ع‬ ‫ظ‬‫حف‬‫ي‬ ‫ظ‬ِ‫ف‬‫ح‬‫ظ‬‫حف‬‫ي‬ ‫ظ‬ِ‫ف‬‫ح‬‫فظ‬ِ‫ح‬‫فظ‬ِ‫ح‬ ‫ال‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ال‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫ح‬‫نك‬‫ي‬ ‫ح‬‫ك‬‫ن‬‫ح‬‫نك‬‫ي‬ ‫ح‬‫ك‬‫ن‬‫اح‬‫ك‬ِ‫ن‬‫اح‬‫ك‬ِ‫ن‬ ‫ب‬‫كت‬‫ي‬ ‫ب‬‫ت‬‫ك‬‫ب‬‫كت‬‫ي‬ ‫ب‬‫ت‬‫ك‬‫اب‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬‫اب‬‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬ ‫ة‬‫ال‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬‫ة‬‫ال‬‫ع‬ِ‫ف‬ ‫س‬‫در‬‫ي‬ ‫س‬‫ر‬‫د‬‫س‬‫در‬‫ي‬ ‫س‬‫ر‬‫د‬‫ة‬‫اس‬‫ر‬ِ‫د‬‫ة‬‫اس‬‫ر‬ِ‫د‬ ‫د‬‫عب‬‫ي‬ ‫د‬‫ب‬‫ع‬‫د‬‫عب‬‫ي‬ ‫د‬‫ب‬‫ع‬‫ة‬‫اد‬‫ب‬ِ‫ع‬‫ة‬‫اد‬‫ب‬ِ‫ع‬
  43. 43. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 7 (ver. 6) 7 The Interpreted Original – ‫ل‬َّ‫و‬‫ؤ‬‫الم‬ ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬The Interpreted Original – ‫ل‬َّ‫و‬‫ؤ‬‫الم‬ ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬ ‫ب‬‫ذه‬َ‫ا‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ا‬ ‫ِيد‬‫ر‬ُ‫ا‬I want to go – ‫ب‬‫ذه‬َ‫ا‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ا‬ ‫ِيد‬‫ر‬ُ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬َّ‫و‬‫ؤ‬‫الم‬ ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬ ‫ب‬‫ذه‬َ‫ا‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ٍ‫صب‬‫ن‬ ‫رف‬‫ح‬ ‫ِي‬‫ر‬‫صد‬‫م‬ ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬ ِ‫ة‬‫تح‬‫الف‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫وب‬‫نص‬‫م‬  ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬ can be used instead of ‫ل‬َّ‫و‬‫ؤ‬‫الم‬ ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬. So the above sentence can also be written as: ‫اب‬‫ه‬َّ‫ذ‬‫ال‬ ‫ِيد‬‫ر‬ُ‫ا‬I want to go – ‫اب‬‫ه‬َّ‫ذ‬‫ال‬ ‫ِيد‬‫ر‬ُ‫ا‬  ‫ل‬َّ‫و‬‫ؤ‬‫الم‬ ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬ is a compound structure, containing ‫ن‬َ‫ا‬ followed by a ‫وب‬‫نص‬‫م‬ ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫م‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬
  44. 44. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 7 (ver. 6) 8 Examples of ‫ل‬َّ‫و‬‫ؤ‬‫الم‬ ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬Examples of ‫ل‬َّ‫و‬‫ؤ‬‫الم‬ ‫ر‬‫صد‬‫لم‬‫ا‬ We want to go ‫ِيد‬‫ر‬‫ن‬‫ب‬‫ذه‬‫ن‬ ‫ن‬َ‫ا‬ I forgot to write my homework ‫يت‬ ِ‫س‬‫ن‬‫ن‬َ‫ا‬‫ب‬‫كت‬َ‫ا‬‫ي‬ِ‫ت‬‫ا‬‫ب‬ِ‫اج‬‫و‬ I request that you allow me to leave ‫و‬‫رج‬َ‫ا‬‫ح‬‫سم‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬َ‫ا‬ِ‫وج‬‫ر‬‫الخ‬ِ‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬ I want that you sit, O’ brothers ‫ِيد‬‫ر‬ُ‫ا‬‫ا‬ْ‫و‬‫س‬ِ‫ل‬‫ج‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬َ‫ا‬‫ان‬‫خو‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ي‬ I request that you wash my handkerchief, O’ Zainab ‫و‬‫رج‬َ‫ا‬‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬ِ‫غس‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬َ‫ا‬‫ب‬‫ين‬‫ز‬ ‫ا‬‫ي‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ي‬ِ‫د‬‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ I request that you memorize Surat-ar- Rahmaan, O’ my daughters ‫و‬‫رج‬َ‫ا‬‫ظن‬ِ‫ف‬ْ‫ح‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬َ‫ا‬‫ي‬ِ‫ت‬‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫ي‬ ِ‫ن‬‫حم‬َّ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ‫ة‬‫ور‬‫س‬ I want that you go to your room, O’ Hamid and Aba Bakr ‫ِيد‬‫ر‬ُ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ب‬‫ذه‬‫ت‬ ‫ن‬َ‫ا‬ٍ‫ر‬‫ك‬‫اب‬‫ب‬َ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫د‬ِ‫ام‬‫ح‬ ‫ا‬‫ي‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬‫ك‬ِ‫ت‬‫رف‬‫غ‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬ِ‫ا‬
  45. 45. ARIC Arabic Class Notes – Part 7 (ver. 6) 9 Negation in Verbs – Part 1Negation in Verbs – Part 1 ‫ة‬‫ي‬ِ‫اف‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ِ‫اف‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫اض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ي‬ِ‫اض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ (‫وع‬‫رف‬‫م‬) To negate an action in the past ِ‫وق‬َّ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫بت‬‫ه‬‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ I did not go to the market To negate an action for present time only ‫ار‬‫خب‬َ‫إ‬‫ال‬ ‫ع‬‫سم‬‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ We are not listening to the news (right now) ‫ة‬‫ي‬ِ‫اف‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫إ‬‫ل‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ِ‫اف‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫إ‬‫ل‬ ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ (‫وع‬‫رف‬‫م‬) To negate an action in continuum ‫ار‬‫خب‬َ‫إ‬‫ال‬ ‫ع‬‫سم‬‫ن‬ ‫إ‬‫ل‬ We do not listen to the news Command/request to not do something ‫ا‬‫ن‬‫ه‬ ْ‫س‬ِ‫ل‬‫ج‬‫ت‬ ‫إ‬‫ل‬ Do not sit here To negate an action in future ‫دا‬‫غ‬ ِ‫وق‬‫الس‬ ‫ى‬‫ل‬ِ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬‫ذه‬َ‫ا‬ ْ‫ن‬‫ل‬ I will not go to the market tomorrow ‫ة‬‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫إ‬‫ل‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫إ‬‫ل‬ ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ (‫وم‬‫جز‬‫م‬) ْ‫ن‬‫ل‬ْ‫ن‬‫ل‬ ‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ِع‬‫ر‬‫ا‬‫ض‬‫الم‬ ‫عل‬ِ‫ف‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ (‫وب‬‫نص‬‫م‬)

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