Back Pack Safety


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Back packs can be a menace to our children's health and well being. Show parents what they need to do to keep their children safe and healthy.

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Back Pack Safety

  1. 1. Back Pack Safety
  2. 2. Importance of Backpack Safety <ul><li>The American Academy of </li></ul><ul><li>Orthopedics stated that </li></ul><ul><li>backpack injury is a </li></ul><ul><li>significant problem for </li></ul><ul><li>children. </li></ul><ul><li>58% have seen patients complaining about back or shoulder pain related to backpacks. </li></ul><ul><li>65% have recommended that a patient modify use of a backpack to improve or correct a back problem. (October 1999) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Importance of Backpack Safety <ul><li>Study of 1126 children </li></ul><ul><li>found that adolescents </li></ul><ul><li>with back pain carried </li></ul><ul><li>backpacks that </li></ul><ul><li>represented a </li></ul><ul><li>significantly greater </li></ul><ul><li>percentage of their body </li></ul><ul><li>weight. </li></ul><ul><li>Spine May 1, 2003 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Importance of Backpack Safety <ul><li>According to Pediatrics </li></ul><ul><li>(2003), very few injuries </li></ul><ul><li>to the back are caused by </li></ul><ul><li>wearing a backpack. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common area of injury is head/face. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common mechanism of injury is tripping. </li></ul><ul><li>All data was gathered from the Emergency Department at 100 hospitals across the U.S. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Description of Backpack Injury <ul><li>Do your fingers tingle? </li></ul><ul><li>Do your shoulders hurt? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have middle or lower back pain? </li></ul><ul><li>Is your back and neck tired at the end of the day? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you say, “How can you carry this, it is much too heavy?” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Concerns for Student <ul><li>Posture </li></ul><ul><li>Brachial plexus traction </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle imbalances </li></ul><ul><li>Scoliosis </li></ul><ul><li>Long term effects </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ways to Prevent Injury <ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Today the average student spends hours at school and home leaning over books and keyboards. Extension exercises are a great suggestion to counterbalance the flexion dominant posture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Mayo Clinic study published in JAMA (December, 2003) stated that from 1969 to 2001 the rate of forearm fractures rose 56% in females and 32% in males. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Correct Sleeping Posture </li></ul><ul><li>Good Eating Habits </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ways to Prevent Injury <ul><li>Wear a backpack properly </li></ul><ul><li>Carry no more than 15% of your body weight. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>35 lbs is 5.25 lbs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50 lbs is 7.5 lbs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65 lbs is 9.75 lbs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wear both shoulder straps. </li></ul><ul><li>Carry only what is needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a backpack with a lumbar support. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Implementation and Education <ul><li>Publish tips in Parent Newsletter. </li></ul><ul><li>Display poster during National Backpack Safety Awareness Month. </li></ul><ul><li>Invite Doctor of Chiropractic to speak at school each year. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Implementation and Education <ul><li>Researchers found that 34% of students reported their parents had never checked the backpack contents, and only 4% of parents had ever weighed their child’s pack. </li></ul><ul><li>The backpacks of students whose parents never checked the packs weighed significantly more than the packs that were checked by parents. </li></ul><ul><li>Archives of Disease and Childhood, 2003 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Implementation and Education <ul><li>Incorporate Backpack </li></ul><ul><li>Safety into Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Education program to </li></ul><ul><li>reinforce knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Study in Work (2003) found that when backpack safety was implemented into PE program, 61% of kids had signs that backpack was too heavy. At completion of program, 63% found the program worthwhile and 93% felt knowledgeable about backpack safety. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Our Responsibility <ul><li>Until we have definitive </li></ul><ul><li>research on the link </li></ul><ul><li>between backpack use </li></ul><ul><li>and injury, interventions </li></ul><ul><li>may be imperfect, but as a </li></ul><ul><li>society, we are compelled </li></ul><ul><li>to safeguard the health of </li></ul><ul><li>our children. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S.A. Goodgold </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>