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Gerunds anf infinitives

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2º Bachillerato

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Gerunds anf infinitives

  1. 1. GERUNDS INFINITIVES proyectoespiritusanto.blogspot.com
  2. 2. GERUNDS AS THE SUBJECT OR OBJECT OF A SENTENCE Smoking kills. AFTER CERTAIN VERBS LIKE ENJOY, LIKE, HATE ( being the direct object) AFTER PREPOSITIONS I’m good at cycling. I love travelling. ( be used to and get used to )
  3. 3. INFINITIVES AFTER CERTAIN VERBS LIKE WANT, DECIDE, AFFORD… I want to buy a new car. AFTER ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS I’m happy to see you. TO EXPLAIN PURPOSE I came to England to study English.
  4. 4. GERUNDS CAN’T HELP CAN’T STAND ADVISE AVOID DENY CONSIDER FINISH SPEND SUGGEST IMAGINE DON’T MIND INFINITIVES AGREE ARRANGE OFFER CONTINUE DECIDE WANT ALLOW ( object) EXPECT (o) REMIND (o) Some verbs…
  5. 5. WITH DIFFERENCE IN MEANING REGRET + ING: looks back at the past. You’re sorry. I regret lying to you REGRET + TO: used when you want to announce bad news. I regret to tell you that you’re fired. TRY + ING: to talk about making an experiment. I tried sending her flowers but she wouldn’t talk to me. TRY + TO: making an effort to do something difficult ( you can use both –ing or to) They tried to escape. REMEMBER/FORGET + ING: looks back at the past I remember meeting John Lennon. I won’t forget meeting Ringo. REMEMBER/ FORGET + TO: looks forward in time ( at things that you have or still had to do at the moment of remembering / forgetting Remember to phone John. I forgot to buy some coffee STOP + ING : you stop doing something forever I stopped smoking 15 years ago ( I gave up smoking, lo dejé completamente para siempre) STOP + TO : you stop doing something to do something else. I stopped to rest ( Paré para descansar, luego seguí)

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