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Famous "baenenses"


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Famous "baenenses"

  1. 1. Famous people of Baena
  2. 2. Valverde y Perales <ul><li>Francisco Valverde y Perales is a Writer, historian and military of s. XIX he was born in Baena in 1848 in a poor family. With twenty years enlisted in the Infantry Regiment of Cantabria, where he participated in the battle of Alcolea. He was assigned to the island of Cuba, where he went to serve on the Civil Guard. Their actions were rewarded with awards and promotions to reach the rank of captain. he come back to Spain in the command of Toledo and in 1902 he retired with the rank of commander. From there, he continue whit his interests as a poet, archaeologist and historian. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Julián Herranz Casado <ul><li>Julián Herranz Casado (Baena, Cordoba, March 31, 1930) is a Spanish Cardinal. Firstborn of four children, Julian Herranz Casado Baena left as a child. He studied high school in Madrid, where his father, a doctor, he was transferred to practice. Like his father, studied medicine, but a meeting with the founder of Opus Dei ended up giving his life to the priesthood. He entered the Order and the August 7, 1955 he was appointed priest. In Rome he was chaplain to students at the University and in 1958 he taught as Professor of International Workshop Opus Dei, and later as professor of canon law in various places, including the University of Navarra. In the period from 1961 to 1962 he worked at the Second Vatican Council in the reconciliation committee that prepared the decree on Life and Ministry of Priests. Since then, his career has been linked to the Roman Curia. Although life has gone too far Herranz de Baena, the future Cardinal still has family ties in the province of Cordoba.  After the Council, Julian Herranz worked for twenty years in the Law Reform which led to the drafting of the new Canon Law (1983) and in 1984 he was appointed secretary of the Pontifical Commission for the Interpretation of Legislative Texts for the Church, Pontifical Council chaired from the December 19, 1994. Consecrated Bishop in 1990 was elevated to the dignity of archbishop with the title of the former diocese of Vertara. Julian Herranz is Prelate of Honor of His Holiness and will be the second member of Opus Dei cardinal. Herranz chairs the Pontifical College for the Interpretation of Legislative Texts for the Church, which is responsible for the authentic interpretation of the laws of the Church, both Latin and the East and it is advised by twelve cardinals and six patriarchs Eastern Catholics. Since that post was part of the joint committee Holy See U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, established in 2002 to review the rules adopted by U.S. bishops to address the sex scandals. He was appointed cardinal by Pope John Paul II in 2003. With his inauguration became the fourth Cardinal born in the province and the first in the last 249 years.   </li></ul>
  4. 5. Juan Alfonso de Baena <ul><li>Courtier, Spanish poet and writer born in Baena (Córdoba) in 1365 and died around 1435 probably in Córdoba. Possibly caused by a converted Jew, Juan Alfonso de Baena would have come to serve as a clerk at court under Enrique III de Castilla, presumably under the patronage of Diego Fernandez de Cordoba, is safe, he was clerk of Juan II, son and successor Enrique III, until his death. Among his works include the Cancionero de Baena, written between 1426 and 1430, which contains a collection of the best Spanish poetry with critical notes and a foreword by the author. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote poetry, some dedicated to the constable Alvaro de Luna and other members of the court with the name of begging. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 6. José Amador de los Ríos <ul><li>José Amador de los Rios was born in Baena in 1818, was polygraph and essayist. In 1837 his family moved to Seville where he began an active literary life by participating in the Academy “El Cisne”. Then wrote a book of poetry, which was praised, among others, the Duke of Rivas. In 1839 he joined as a partner in the Royal Sevillian academy of Good Letters In 1844 he moved to Madrid, coinciding with the publication of his book &quot;Seville picturesque.&quot; In the capital moves not only the artistic and literary world, but in the political sphere. He was appointed as secretary of the Central Commission of Monuments, which will result in his work &quot;Toledo picturesque.&quot; Work in the new curriculum Pidal and Mon and directed by Gil and Zarate contribute to the creation in the provinces of Secondary School and the building of schools and academies of fine arts.  Doctorate in Philosophy and became teacher in 1847. In his teaching and academic preceded their cash income at the Royal Academy of History.  He played numerous positions and received honors and awards among which are the Great Cross of Isabel the Catholic. He died in Seville in 1878. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Luís Carrillo de Sotomayor <ul><li>Luis Carrillo y Sotomayor was born in Baena (Córdoba) 1585 and died in Puerto de Santa María (Cádiz) in 1610. He was a poet, prose writer and translator Spanish, representative of the topic, and haunted by the passage of time as exaggerated in it’s religious passion. </li></ul><ul><li>Of noble family, the son of Fernando Carrillo and Francisca Valenzuela y Faxardo. He studied in Salamanca. Later, he started Amilitary career, particularly in the Navy, reaching the position of cuatralbo. It was Knight of the Order of Santiago, a position he didn’t perform as death overtook him at age 24. He lived in the Court and held at various magnates, especially the Count of Niebla. He died of a disease contracted as a teenager. </li></ul><ul><li>It is no small production litararia if one considers its brief existence, fifty sonnets, two Eclogues, fifteen songs, eight novels, an epitaph, three points, nine poems in quatrains, one in lire and one in tenths, with regard his work in verse. In prose, has written the book interesting treatise poetic scholarship (1611), in which the author discusses the aesthetics of the Baroque: poetry difficult and very elaborate and ingenious. The concept and Luis Carrillo culteranismo have in its most immediate precedent. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Entrevista a Mauvesín <ul><li>1.For archaeological remains found Baena seems to be an ancient city, When you think that might be found? In short, we can say that the current Baena was born around a castle founded by Muslims in the first century of conquest and that gradually grew to be the capital of the province. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Baena Being a city so old, how many people have lived in it? Yes, it's true. to the eighth and seventh centuries BC the city was occupied by Phoenicians and Greek peoples, who built walls like Torreparedones and numerous monuments, funerary character most like the famous Lion of Baena. Later, during the time of the Romans fomaron &quot;villages&quot;devoted to farming. Finaly, Chistians imposed Christianity in the city. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Baena is said that its oil is known as one of the most internationally famous, why? Baena oil is internationally known as one of the most famous because, due to its geology, climate and soil, Baena has a large cultivation of olive trees whose fruit, olives or olives are an exceptional oil. </li></ul><ul><li>4.Boabdil, the king of Granada was imprisoned in the castle of Baena, is a reality or a legend? That is absolutely true. The king of Granada, Boabdil, was imprisoned in the castle during the Middle Ages Baena after him being caught in the war in Lucena </li></ul><ul><li>5. in baena is much talk about the Dukes of Sessa and the lordship of Cabra, who was this Lord? The Dukedom of Sessa is a Spanish noble title granted by the Catholic Monarchs in 1507 to Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba, the Great Captain. Its name refers to the Italian municipality of Sessa Aurunca, in the province of Caserta. and the County Goat is a Spanish noble title granted by King Henry IV on November 2, 1455 Diego Fernandez de Cordoba Montemayor, I Viscount of Iznajar. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Entrevista a Mauvesín <ul><li>6. One of major importance and antique traditions of Baena is The Holy Week, when did the brotherhoods were </li></ul><ul><li>founded and why it is important Holy Week of Baena? </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Week of Baena is declared of National Tourist Interest, thanks in part to the peculiar figure called Jewish, which calls attention to his dress has embroidered red jacket, black trousers, white shirt, scarf tied around his neck and on his head he wears a metal helmet which sports a colorful feather duster. In the back of the helmet hanging horsehair, white or black, giving rise to the distinction of this peculiar character colinegros Jewish or Jewish-tailed. Such is their relevance, which has branded different guilds with a seal, leading to the existence of guilds White or White-tailed and Guilds Black or Black-tailed- . One of the old guilds but of the parades of baena is the guilds of the side cross and our Jesus father of the prendimiento. It was founded by the franciscan ones on century XVI and was well-known like the Brotherhood of the Side Cross. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Baena say that the industrial revolution never came, why? on Baena, the industrial revolution never came because it wasn´t well communicated, there wasn´t raw materials and the population was left anchored on agriculture for their livelihood. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Goes the old saying that civil war was very bloody, why? Baena civil war was severely bloody because of the hatred that were between the two sides and the many innocent deaths that took place both on the promenade of the Constitution and the Church of San Francisco. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Juan Antonio de Baena, Amador de los Rios, Valverde and Perales, Painter Pedragosa, Santo Domingo de Henares ... are famous people of Baena. Highlight three of them and give me some reason that makes them unique. </li></ul><ul><li>In my opinion, all of them are also of important, I would not like to have to emphasize any since all have contributed to the history of this somewhat particular city, personal and in particular important that they make of Baena a only city in diverse subjects </li></ul><ul><li>10. Why do you think is important Baena history should be known by everyone? </li></ul><ul><li>To seem, we must know and know our history not to repeat errors that finished with so many innocent lives and knowing the solutions that at every moment solved the problems that appeared. </li></ul>