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  1. 1. LA ALMEDINA DE BAENA<br />
  2. 2. INDEX<br />Introduction: history of Baena<br />Arch of Consolation<br />Dark arch<br />MarinalbaSquare<br />PalaceSquare<br />
  3. 3. History of Baena<br />Although no hard evidence, the current human occupation in the town of Baena must go back to the Paleolithic.. ButitwillbeduringtheAge of Metal whenthelandsnowoccupiedbythemunicipalitywerebusy so clear, communitiesbasedtheirlivelihoodonagriculturegrainfarming and livestock<br /> <br />
  4. 4. During the Roman era, the range of settlements or municipalities, if Torreparedones (name unknown), Izcar(Respublica Contribute Ipscencis) or Minguillar Hill (MunicipiumFlaviumIponobensis).<br />. In the early Middle Ages the place name is found Bayyana. En el s. In the s. IX era un importantecastilloquepocodespués se convertiría en la capital de la cora de Cabra. IX was a major castle soon became the capital of the cora de Cabra.<br />
  5. 5. During the early modern clergy experienced a significant increase with the installation of various religious orders in the Dominican convent of Madre de Dios, Franciscans and Dominicans. Después, se instalarían los jesuitasquedesarrollaron un papel clave en el ámbitoeducativo. Then it would install the Jesuits who developed a key role in education.<br />
  6. 6. In the contemporary age, Baena suffer the consequences of the crisis of the reign of Charles IV and the subsequent French invasion. Puesto en fuga el ejércitonapoleónico, el 3 de octubre de 1812, tuvolugar la proclamación de la Constituciónconocidacomo “La Pepa”. Since fleeing Napoleon's army, on 3 October 1812, saw the proclamation of the constitution known as "Pepa".<br />
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  8. 8. DARK ARCH<br />Built in the IX century on Roman remains, after the ransacking by Omar IbnHafsun, to the s settlement that then existed.Under the Almoravids and Almohads, the fortress was extended to have seven towers.The castle had two doors/large towers, the Arco Oscuro. The Arco Oscuro o del Cabildo tower has a room with Mudejar handiwork in which the first Townships were reunited.<br />
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  10. 10. ARCH OF CONSOLATION<br />There are no reliable data on the date of construction of the walls of the Almedina, although some elements such as corner entries on the Arch of Consolation and appear Dark Arc Almoravids and Almohads work, respectively.<br />
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  12. 12. MARINALBA SQUARE<br />The Almedina ("city par excellence" in Arabic) is the ighestpart of the city. The streets are places that evoke times and places of the most typical Arab construction. <br />
  13. 13. It is Marinalba Square, which is accessed through the Arco de Santa Barbara, Visigoth cross symbol of Christianity, wrought in bronze, large-scale, which becomes the standard-bearer of civilization and culture of this city.<br />
  14. 14. PALACE SQUARE<br />The Palace Square, the heart of the medieval Arab Baena, which is chaired by one of the most representative symbols of the city, the Iberian Lion of Baena, bronze reproduction of the original found in the Archaeological Museum in Madrid<br />