a multi-faceted theory of classroom management based on 4 key concepts Identifying & addressing mistaken goals of misbehaviour Being democratic rather than autocratic/ permissive teachers Using logical consequences rather than punishment Awareness of the difference between praise and encouragement
Key Concept 1: Mistaken goals Attention seeking (more dominant in young children) Power seeking (behaviours include disobedience, talking back, or overt resistance) Revenge (behaviours include stealing, kicking, and intentionally hurting others) Feelings of inadequacy (helplessness or inferiority)
Key Concept 2: Being democratic VS autocratic or permissive Treating students as individuals & with respect Modelling respect at all times Treating students with dignity, firmness & kindness Allowing students to help make important class decisions Using instructional methods that meet individual students’ learning needs & interests
Key Concept 3: Logical consequences VS punishment Simple, specific classroom rules must first exist, after which a sequence of logical consequences can be laid down Use punishment ONLY when all logical consequences have been exhausted Possibility of students devising their OWN classroom rules & logical consequences
Key Concept 4: Praise VS encouragement More encouragement to boost confidence & self esteem Encouragement keeps students on task & minimizes disruption Less praise to reduce students’ dependency on it Praise may have a discouraging effect in the long run: a decrease in the amt of praise may lead to a decrease in self-worth
Advantages Promotes respect & communication among teachers & students Students take responsibility for their own actions Concept of logical consequences when used consistently, provide a fair & basic element Complements good teaching (caring classroom community, student-centered instructions, student- teacher collaboration) Potential for contributing to the safe schools movt.
Disadvantages Difficulty at times in identifying & understanding reasons for misbehaviour Inability to always respond properly to misbehaviour and provide logical consequences Inappropriate for tackling more serious problems Teachers who are inherently autocratic or permissive might have difficulty adopting democratic perspectives