THE EARLY MIGRATION
There are several theories
presented as to the origin of the Filipinos,
but none is said to have been completely
established. It was believed that the
early people who migrated to the
Philippines came during the Pleistocene
period between 400,000 to 500,000 years
of the Asia.
The first people
believed to settled in
the Philippines were
sort in height with
thick lips, flat nose
and kinky hair. They
had black complexion.
The second group of
settlers who arrived in the
Philippines were the Indonesian.
They were 2 groups.
First group, were
physically tall, slender, with
light skin. They had sharp thin
faces, high aquiline nose, thin
lips, broad forehead and deep
Second group of
Indonesians were darker in
complexion, shorter and bulkier
in physique and had set jaws,
large rectangular faces, large
thick nostrils and large round
The third group
who arrived in the
Philippines were the
Malays, who arrived by
boat known as
the Malays were of
medium height, with
fair complexion, flat
nose and straight hair.
THE ORANG DAMPUAN
A group of
people came from
They were known as
“Orang Dampuan” or
“Men of Champa.
The people of
Sulu were famous
pearl divers and
this interested the
THE COMING OF THE CHINESE
relations between the
Philippines and the
china started in the
year 982 A.D. during
the sung dynasty. The
Chinese called the
Philippines Mai of
INFLUENCES OF HINDUS
The culture of
the Hindus was
brought to the
Philippines by Orang
Dampuan and Orang
Bandjar. The use of
sarong and putong and
loose pants came from
traders brought their
metals and cloth in the
Philippines and traded
them with Philippine
products like spices,
logs, and other
Introduction of the Islam in the
Introduction of the Islam in the
The spread of Islam to old
Malaysia was the result of the
activities of the Arab traders,
missionaries, and teachers who
introduce their religious beliefs
among the Malays.
The Arabs in the Southeast Asia
The Arabs established their
relations with the Malays in the
southeastern part of Sumatra.
It was during the period of the
dynasty when their trade flourished and
they established Khanfu (Canton, China)
as their trading port.
During the early period Sulu
became the center of the trade in
the southern part of the Philippines.
Arab missionaries who introduced
their religion known as Islam.
Islam was found by
Prophet Mohammed. They
believed that Allah is the
one and only God.
The major belief of Muslims are based on the Five
• Allah is the only God and Mohammed is his Prophet.
• To pray (Salat) five times a day facing Mecca.
• To give alms (Zakat) to the poor
• Observed fasting during the month of Ramadan,
the ninth month of the Muslim calendar.
• To make a Pilgrimage (Hadji) to Mecca once in their
life time. Mecca is the sacred city of Islam where
Kaaba, their sacred stone, is located.
PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA
At least once in
his or her lifetime,
each Muslims is
a Pilgrimage to
Mecca, the sacred
city of Islam.
As early as 1280 A.D. a Muslim community
already existed in Jolo. As a proof, the tomb of
Tuan Masha ‘ika, the first Arab to reach Jolo, is
found in Bud Datu, Sulu.
As recorded in Tarsila, Sharif karim ul
Makdum reached Jolo in 1380 A.D. Having a title
of Sharif, he became effective in propagating Islam.
In 1450 A.D.
Sharif ul Hassin
Abu bakr arrived and
married Paramisuli, the
daughter of Rajah Baginda.
He established the
sultanate of Sulu covering
the area of Tawi-Tawi and a
part of Zamboanga.
The Muslim became successful in
organizing the sultanate form of government
in Sulu and Mindanao.
The Ethic groups.
later the Filipino-Muslims
were divided into ethic groups.
They lived in Mindanao, Palawan,
Basilan, Sulu and other areas in
the southern part of the
The Filipino Ethic Groups
• Maguindanaon (Cotabato)
• Tausug (Jolo)
• Ilanum (Maguindanao)
• Maranaon (Lanao)
• Samal (Sulu)
• Yakan (Basilan)
• Badjao (Sulu) and
• Jama Mapun (Cagayan de Sulu)
The contribution of the Arab to Filipino culture:
1. The sultanate form of government and laws
based on the Koran, the sacred scripture of
2. The Arabic Alphabet
3. The Arabic Calendar and Muslim festivals.
4. Customs like prohibition of eating pork and
drinking wine, giving alms to the poor.
5. Prohibition of the Practice of slavery and
6. Annual Pilgrimage to Mecca.
7. Islamic arts as seen in their architectural style
of Mosque, the Maranaw Sarimanok, and
Tausug Okir design.
8. Maranaw literature like the Darangan,
Indarapatra, Sulayman and Tuiska as inspired
by the Arabic Nights.
9. Other forms of literature like Mauleed in Nabi (Life
of Mohammad), Tutul (folktales), Tubad-tubad (Love
Poem), Pananaro-on (Proverbs), Manga Antoka
(Riddles), Kissa (Ballad).
10.Dances like Singkil (bamboo dance) and
Kandingas (Tausug Wedding dance).
Singkil dance Kandingas
11.Words like Akma, Alak, Alamat, Opo, Pilat,
Sulat, Salamat, Bukas.