Ebook History of morden architecture

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Ebook History of morden architecture giới thiệu về những kiến trúc sư hàng đầu hình thành trào lưu kiến trúc hiện đại. Ebook còn đưa ra những ví dụ, là những công trình thể hiện rõ sự chuyển biến trong những nguyên tắc thiết kế trước đây của những trào lưu cũ.

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Ebook History of morden architecture

  1. 1. C 2329 History of Modern Architecture POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKAwww.shahrilkhairi.com Lecture 04: Post Modern Movement • High Tech • Postmodernism • de constructivism
  2. 2. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKA HIGH TECH Renzo Piano (Kansai Airport Terminal, Pompidou Centre) Richard Rogers (Pompidou Centre, Lloyd‟s Building) Norman Foster (HSBC Headquarters) - An abbreviation of “High Technology” - may be recognised in the “engineering” architecture of the late nineteenth century (Eiffel Tower) and Russian Constructivists. -Also known as Structural Expressionism. - Emerged in the 1970s. - Incorporating elements of high-tech industry and technology into building design - In the 1980s, many of its themes and ideas were absorbed into the post-modern style. - High-tech style aimed to give building an industrial appearance. - consist of a glass facade, with the building's beams exposed behind it POST MODERN MOVEMENT : HIGH TECH John Hancock Center, Chicago (1970) Skidmore, Owing & Merill Bank of China, Hong Kong (1992) By: I.M. Pei
  3. 3. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKA Centre Pompidou, Paris, France (1972-1976) Modern Art Museum Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers POST MODERN MOVEMENT : HIGH TECH -The "Centre Georges Pompidou", or "Pompidou Center", formerly "Centre Beaubourg". Massive structural expressionist cast exoskeleton, "exterior" escalators enclosed in transparent tube. -The ventilation ducts are all shown on the outside. This was a radical design, as previous ventilation ducts would have been a component hidden on the inside of the building. -The means of access to the building is also on the outside, with the large tube allowing visitors to enter the building.
  4. 4. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKA Lloyd‟s Building, London, England (1979-1984) Corporate headquarters, commercial Richard Rogers POST MODERN MOVEMENT : HIGH TECH -Expressed structure and exposed services as ornamental order. -The building is noted for its multi-storey, free-standing escalator array within the atrium; the mechanisms within are exposed and are punctuated in yellow. -The external windows have triple layered solar control glass with a ventilated cavity enabling it to refract back artificial light into the interior. This helps to decrease the need for light after sunset. -The atrium was influenced by Joseph Paxton's Crystal Palace of 1851. -The building takes its name from one Edward Lloyd who founded a coffee shop on this site in 1688, from where maritime insurance was conducted.
  5. 5. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKA Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank Corp., China (HSBC) (1979-1986) Bank headquarters Norman Foster POST MODERN MOVEMENT : HIGH TECH -The headquarters of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation are reputed to have some of the best feng shui around – the building sits on a rare confluence of five “dragon lines” and enjoys harbour views. -Dramatic exoskeleton trusses, interior atrium, escalator entry through glazed atrium floor. -Exterior trusses are expressed in the form of giant steel 'coathangers'.
  6. 6. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKA Postmodernism Robert Venturi Michael Graves Richard Meier POST MODERN MOVEMENT : POSTMODERNISM -Origins : Failure of Modern Architecture. (Reaction to Modernism) - Because of focus on function and economical building - No ornaments = plain buildings. - Postmodernists felt the buildings failed to meet the human need for comfort both for body and for the eye. - Modernism did not account for the desire for beauty. The problem worsened when some already monotonous apartment blocks degenerated into slums. -Post Modernism want to cure this by reintroducing ornament and decoration. Form was no longer to be defined by its functional requirements; it could be anything the architect pleased. Modernism = minimal and true use of material as well as absence of ornament. Postmodernism = Rejection of rules set by the early modernists and excited in the use of building techniques, angles, and stylistic references. use of sculptural forms, ornaments, and materials which perform trompe l'oeil. (creating the illusion of space or depths where none actually exist, as has been done by painters since the Romans) An icon of post-modernism, created for the architect's mother, and featured in Venturi's architectural polemic "Complexity and Contradiction".
  7. 7. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKAPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : POSTMODERNISM Gordon Wu Hall, Princeton, New Jersey(1983) Academic Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown - Ornamental graphic keystone with the control joint running down the middle. - Princeton University campus. -The University named this building “Gordon Wu Hall” in tribute to his magnanimity. -The brick, limestone trim, and strip windows adhere to the entrance, set off-center and broadside in the building, is marked by a bold marble and gray granite panel recalling early Renaissance ornament and symbolizing the entrance to the College as a whole as well as to the building itself
  8. 8. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKAPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : POSTMODERNISM Portland Public Service Building, Portland (1980) Government Offices Michael Graves - Block mass with decorated facades, criticized for unpleasant interior. Icon of Post-Modernism - Ornament is even more prominent. - The two obtruding triangular forms are largely ornamental. They exist for aesthetic or their own purpose. Example of trompe l'oeil: - Pillars represented on the side of the building that to some extent appear to be real, yet they are not
  9. 9. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKAPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : POSTMODERNISM High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia (1983) Art museum Richard Meier concrete frame, enameled steel cladding curved facade to sunny atrium The extended ramp is a symbolic gesture reaching out to the street and city, and a foil to the interior ramp that is the building’s chief formal and circulatory element. At the end of the ramp is the main entry and reception area, from which one passes into the four-story atrium.
  10. 10. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKAPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Philip Johnson Chainlink Garden Pavilion Da Monsta - Gate House, New Canaan, Connecticut -Attempted to deconstruct architecture by ‘exploding the building’, its elements, or the design idea from within to without, resulting in a style that is non-systematic and unorthodox. Johnson intended Da Monsta, which he named in a nod to hip-hop idiom, as a future visitors' center. (New Canaan rejected the idea, and plans are under way for an off-site center.) The building is composed of a three-dimensional wire grid with concrete on the outside, Styrofoam in the middle, and plaster on the interior.
  11. 11. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKAPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Coop Himmelb(l)au (Blue-Sky Cons. Coorporative) Group of Viennese Architects Vienna,Austria • COOP HIMMELB(L)AU was founded in 1968 in Vienna, Austria, by Wolf D. Prix and Helmut Swiczinsky and continues to work since then in the fields of ARCHITECTURE, DESIGN and ART. Consists of exciting, heady architectural projects that present aggressive alternatives to the standard approach to urban design. Turn sketches to fully form model from the initial sketch phase. • asymmetrical structures are often generated to strive freedom from a given formal style. they create „open plan, open minded and open ended’made up of complex, undefined spaces. every building project became autonomous, left to the unbridled fantasy of its designer. Law office in Falkenstrabe(Vienna. 1988. Coop Himmelblau) This roof office with an overhanging framework combines and reinterprets the Postmodern and High Tech approaches. BMW Headquarters in Munich, 2007 UFA CINEMA CENTER, Dresden Germany 1998
  12. 12. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKAPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Frank O‟Gehry Characteristics: -Disjointed angles. - Unbalanced appearance of its whole composition. - Disharmonious abstract form. - Sharp angles, shards and pointed forms. - Irregularity is real. Nationale Nederlanden Head Office, Czech Republic, 1996 Frank.O. Gehry. Characteristics: - Altered massing, spatial envelopes, planes and other expectations in a playful subversion. Vitra Design Museum (Germany. 2006. Frank O. Gehry.)takes the typical unadorned white cube of modernist art galleries and deconstructs it, using geometries reminiscent of cubism and abstract expressionism. Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain, 1993–98 Frank.O. Gehry
  13. 13. -Attempted to deconstruct architecture by „exploding the building‟, its elements, or the design idea from within to without, resulting in a style that is non-systematic and unorthodox. - deconstructivist buildings thus appear as a metaphor for the contemporary world and implicitly criticize the view of the International style. wild pieces of decontextualised egotism. Seattle Public Library,2004 Washington, USA C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKAPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Rem Koolhass CCTV building , Beijing, China The „Casa da Musica‟, 2001 Portugal
  14. 14. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKAPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Zaha Hadid - Approach to building design that view architecture in bits and pieces. - The basic elements of architecture are dismantled. - Deconstructivist buildings may seem to have no visual logic. - May appear to be made up of unrelated, disharmonious abstract forms. - Deconstructive ideas are borrowed from the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. Vitra Fire Station. Germany, 1994 Zaha Hadid The Peak Competition, Hong Kong, Zaha Hadid, 1982. Zaha Hadid, Vitra Firestation design study, 1990: Pierres Vives Building, France, Zaha Hadid, 2006.
  15. 15. C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePOLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAH Architecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering Prepared by SKAPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Bernard Tschumi “form follows fiction” Swiss architect Principles of showing off, with concept of „disturb perfection‟ through its development to create a new structural form which might be different from others. an elegant designer of buildings that result in smooth, precise structures on the outside, and warmth and familiarity on the inside. He creates spaces that do not impose on their occupants; believing in the simplicity fine architecture. BLUE RESIDENTIAL TOWER New York City a specific aim: to prove that it is possible to construct a complex architectural organization without resorting to traditional rules of composition, hierarchy and order Parc de la Villette Paris, 1982-1998

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