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Christopher Columbus

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Christopher Columbus

  1. 1. and the fullfillment of prophey
  2. 2. The Night that Changed the World “The night of October 11-12 was one big with destiny for the human race, the most momentous ever experienced aboard any ship in any sea.” Samuel Eliot Morrison
  3. 3. The DiscoveryAs the sun sank below the western horizon of theAtlantic Ocean on the evening of October 11,1492, it left three small wooden ships surroundedby the gathering darkness. The ships werelocated at latitude of 24 degrees, slightly south ofKey West, Florida, and a longitude of about 73degrees, about 3500 miles west of the CanaryIslands. In all of recorded history, there was noknown record of any ships sailing so far fromland, certainly not in the broad Atlantic.
  4. 4. The DiscoveryThe two smaller ships, the Niña and the Pinta, werecaptained respectively by Vicente Yáñez Pinzón andMartin Alonso Pinzón, two brothers from Sevilla Spainwho were experienced captains. The third and largestof the ships, sometimes known as La Gallega (havingbeen constructed in Galicia) but named the SantaMaria by her devout captain, was under the commandof a 45-year old Genoese seaman who used the Spanishversion of his name, Cristóbal Colón. In Englishspeaking countries he was – and is – known asChristopher Columbus.
  5. 5. The DiscoveryAs darkness set in, the ships were at full sail in gale forcewinds, traveling due west at about 9 knots. Their lastlandfall was 35 days before, as they sailed from SanSebastian in the Canary Islands where they had repaired adamaged rudder on the Niña. The voyage had alreadybecome the longest known journey through open ocean.About 10:00 o’clock in the evening, an hour beforemoonrise, Columbus was standing on the sterncastle of theSanta Maria, scanning the dark horizon, when he thoughthe saw a faint light in the distance. Not certain in thedarkness if it might be land, he did not inform his crew, buthe mentioned it to an aide, Pedro Gutierrez, who thoughthe saw it too. The little fleet continued to sail due westunder full sail.
  6. 6. The DiscoveryAt 2:00 a.m. on October 12, Rodrigo Triana, a 23-year oldsailor from Sevilla, was atop the lookout on the Pinta. In thelight of the moon, he saw “something like a white sand cliffgleaming in the moonlight on the western horizon, thenanother, and a dark line of land connecting them.”Recognizing land, he cried out to the deck below, “Tierra!Tierra!”In that moment the world changed. One era – an era thatcovered nearly 4 millennia of recorded history – ended, and anew era began. The known world, which had consisted ofEurope, Africa, and Asia, expanded to include a New Worldpreviously unknown, and the discovery would arguably have amore profound impact on the world than any discoverybefore or since. In the dim light of the moon on that fatefulmorning of October 12, 1492, Rodrigo Triana saw not just aslip of land on the horizon, but the dawn of a new age.
  7. 7. The Discoverer  Self-educated Genoese  By about the age of 30, began to develop a passion to sail west to the Indies  At age 33 widowed, left with 4-year old son, in debt  Denied by three royal commissions (one Portuguese, two Castilian)  The best scholars of the court concluded that the proposal was unsound, based on errors, and foolishness
  8. 8. The Voyage  3 Aug – Sail from Palos  6 Sep – Sail from San Sebastian
  9. 9. The Voyage  3 Aug – Sail from Palos  6 Sep – Sail from San Sebastian  9-10 Oct - Crises “The inevitable conflict between a man of one great, compelling idea and those who did not share it in anything like the same degree… Their issue with their commander was the eternal one between imagination and doubt, between the spirit that creates and the sprit that denies… There are tides in the affairs of men, and this was one of them.” - Samuel Eliot Morrison
  10. 10. The Prophecy“And I looked and beheld a man amongthe Gentiles, who was separated fromthe seed of my brethren by the manywaters; and I beheld the Spirit of God,that it came down and wrought upon theman; and he went forth upon the manywaters, even unto the seed of mybrethren, who were in the promisedland.” - 1 Nephi 13:12
  11. 11. The Prophecy“And I looked and beheld a man amongthe Gentiles, who was separated fromthe seed of my brethren by the manywaters; and I beheld the Spirit ofGod, that it came down and wroughtupon the man; and he went forth uponthe many waters, even unto the seed ofmy brethren, who were in the promisedland.” - 1 Nephi 13:12
  12. 12. The Prophecy“And I looked and beheld a man amongthe Gentiles, who was separated fromthe seed of my brethren by the manywaters; and I beheld the Spirit of God,that it came down and wrought upon theman; and he went forth upon the manywaters, even unto the seed of mybrethren, who were in the promisedland.” - 1 Nephi 13:12
  13. 13. The Testimony of Columbus“All who found out about my projectdenounced it with laughter and ridiculed me.All the sciences which I mentioned abovewere of no use to me. Quotations of learnedopinions were no help.”
  14. 14. The Testimony of Columbus“With a hand that could be felt, the Lordopened my mind to the fact that it would bepossible to sail from here to the Indies, and heopened my will to desire to accomplish theproject. This was the fire that burned withinme when I came to visit Your Highnesses.Who can doubt that this fire was not merelymine, but also of the Holy Spirit whoencouraged me …urging me to press forward?”
  15. 15. The Testimony of Columbus“I prayed to the most merciful Lordconcerning my desire, and he gave me thespirit and the intelligence for it. He gave meabundant skill in the mariner’s arts, anadequate understanding of the stars, and ofgeometry and arithmetic. He gave me themental capacity and manual skill to draftspherical maps, and to draw the cities, rivers,mountains, islands and ports, all in theirproper places.”
  16. 16. The Testimony of Columbus“The Lord purposed that there should besomething clearly miraculous in this matter ofthe voyage to the Indies…“I spent seven years here in your royal courtdiscussing this subject with the leadingpersons in all the learned arts, and theirconclusion was that all was in vain. That wasthe end, and they gave it up.“But afterwards it all turned out just as ourredeemer Jesus Christ had said, and as he hadspoken earlier by the mouth of his holyprophets.”
  17. 17. The Testimony of Columbus“I was not aided by intelligence, bymathematics or by maps. It was simply thefulfillment of what Isaiah had prophesied…“Much of the prophecies remain to befulfilled, and I believe that these are greatevents for the world. I believe that there isevidence that our Lord is hastening thesethings. This evidence is the fact that theGospel must now be proclaimed to so manylands in such a short time.”
  18. 18. Modern Prophecy“What I the Lord have spoken, I havespoken, and I excuse not myself; andthough the heavens and the earth passaway, my word shall not pass away, butshall all be fulfilled, whether by mineown voice or by the voice ofmy servants, it is the same.” D y C 1:38
  19. 19. The Testimony of Columbus“Peter stepped out upon the water, and to theextent that his faith remained firm, he walkedupon it. Whoever finds so much faith as agrain of mustard seed will be obeyed by themountains. Knock and it must be openedunto you.“No one should be afraid to undertake anyproject in the name of our Savior, if it is a justcause.”

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