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PARENT PARTNERSHIP II: 
Responding to your needs... 
2014 - NOVEMBER
DRUG & ALCOHOL AWARENESS 
◻ Common drugs amongst adolescents and 
trends you need to know 
◻ Impact of substance abuse on ...
Selected Survey ?’s 
Strongly 
Agree Agree 
Disagree or 
Strongly 
Disagree 
My child is engaged and 
interested in learni...
Trends and Insight 
Fiona Clark 
● Parent 
● Freelance Author for The Lancet 
● Former Editor of “It’s My Health” - 
a con...
Global Drug Survey 2014
Drug use in UK and Russia (United Nations Illicit Drug 
Trends in the Russian Federation 2006) 
UK Statistics (Drug Misuse...
Factors affecting drug use 
◻ Access 
◻ Cost 
◻ Peer group acceptance 
Based on that this cohort is most likely to be: 
◻ ...
Underage drinking US stats (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) 
Prevalence of Underage Alcohol Use: 
Prev...
How much we should drink: Units of alcohol 
(http://www.nhs.uk/change4life/Pages/alcohol-lower-risk-guidelines-units.aspx)...
Number of units of alcohol in drinks 
Shots: 1 x 25ml single spirit and mixer (40%) = 1 units 
Pre-mixed drinks: 1 x 275ml...
Energy drinks 
Top 10 Energy Drink Side Effects Listed in order of most common to least common: 
1. Palpitations / tachyca...
Alcohol vs drugs - deaths/100 
The UN says number of deaths caused by drug abuse is 1 in 100 each year. 
The number of dea...
Smoking 
◻ Tobacco - addictive, causes lung, mouth and esophageal cancers 
◻ e-cigarettes - split medical community 
- may...
Shishas/hookah 
Hookah Smoke and Cancer 
● The charcoal used to heat the tobacco can raise health risks by producing high ...
Nitrous oxide 
Laughing gas: 
◻ home delivered for about 3000 roubles 
◻ causes light-headedness or dizziness 
◻ a feeling...
Cannabis (dope, weed, marijuana) 
Active ingredient - tetrahydrocannabinol or THC 
◻ Causes: relaxation, hunger, laughing ...
Spice and others not so nice... 
Synthetic cannabinoids – like spice – are are herbs laced with a synthetic or man made 
c...
Avoiding drugs - communication 
The advice is to keep your lines of communication open. Talk to them about what’s going on...
Drunk too much - staying safe 
The never do’s are: 
◻ Ply them with coffee - it will dehydrate them more 
◻ Ply them with ...
Recovery position
Your Child’s Brain 
Joe George 
MS Counselor
Your Child’s Brain 
Your Child’s Brain 
Brain Development 
­The 
brain is highly complicated, but for the sake of this con...
Brain Reality and Modern Society 
­Although 
stress kept our ancestors alive and prevented them from trying to play with 
...
Signs of Drug Use 
● Problems at school or work — frequently missing school or work, a sudden disinterest in school 
activ...
What does this all mean? 
­If 
you thought of an adolescent as a car, they have fully developed motors and 
really bad bra...
FCD Preview & Legal Insight for Russia
Legal boundaries... 
Russia has moderately strict laws regarding 
drugs (for adults) …and no educational program 
◻ Chapte...
Legal boundaries... 
Russian Law continued… 
◻ Criminal Culpability generally at 16 
◻ Lowered to 14 on serious crimes, bu...
FCD Preview - From 2010-2014 
Corrected typo 
from original 
presentation 
(never to ever) 
Key Findings: 
◻ Alcohol use d...
Key FCD Quote... 
“While students engaged in risky, 
irresponsible behavior pose a threat to 
themselves and the school co...
Also... 
As a community, AAS has set substance abuse 
prevention as a priority. Survey results show a 
strong need for con...
FCD Next Steps 
November 24-28 
◻ All 8th and 10th meet with FCD in advisories 
◻ Parent Presentations on the 27th 
(Confe...
It’s all about communication… 
- Discipline does not extend beyond school 
boundaries. 
- Communication DOES!! 
- Forums -...
Working Together 
Deepen our understanding of next steps.
Key Questions... 
Small Group Conversations: 
1. What did we cover that was helpful? 
2. What do you need more of? 
3. Wha...
Zimplicity: http://blogs.aas.ru/director
AAS Parent Partnership 2014
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AAS Parent Partnership 2014

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Presentation to parents, November, 2014.

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AAS Parent Partnership 2014

  1. 1. PARENT PARTNERSHIP II: Responding to your needs... 2014 - NOVEMBER
  2. 2. DRUG & ALCOHOL AWARENESS ◻ Common drugs amongst adolescents and trends you need to know ◻ Impact of substance abuse on adolescent development ◻ Insight into AAS substance use via a preview of the FCD Survey -Freedom from Chemical Dependency. A Global Non-Profit Substance Abuse Prevention Organization. ◻ General conversation and collaborative work
  3. 3. Selected Survey ?’s Strongly Agree Agree Disagree or Strongly Disagree My child is engaged and interested in learning at school. 51.9% 43.3% 4.5% There is a strong sense of community within the school. 39.2% 52.1% 6%
  4. 4. Trends and Insight Fiona Clark ● Parent ● Freelance Author for The Lancet ● Former Editor of “It’s My Health” - a consumer health website.
  5. 5. Global Drug Survey 2014
  6. 6. Drug use in UK and Russia (United Nations Illicit Drug Trends in the Russian Federation 2006) UK Statistics (Drug Misuse Report 2013-14) In the last year 16-25 year olds tried: ◻ Cannabis 13.5% ◻ Nitrous oxide 6% ◻ Cocaine 3% ◻ Ecstasy 1.4% Drug Users Registered in Russia (UN Illicit Drug Trends in the Russian Federation 2006) ◻ Cannabis 6% ◻ Stimulants 1% ◻ Polydrugs and others 4% ◻ Opiates 89% It’s estimated there are 8.5 million intravenous drug users. Somewhere between 700,000 to 1.3 million people in Russia have HIV/AIDS. Annually approximately 70,000 new cases of HIV - 56% spread through sharing needles.
  7. 7. Factors affecting drug use ◻ Access ◻ Cost ◻ Peer group acceptance Based on that this cohort is most likely to be: ◻ drinking (alcohol, energy drinks) ◻ smoking (tobacco, e-cigarettes, shisha, cannabis) ◻ inhaling nitrous oxide
  8. 8. Underage drinking US stats (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) Prevalence of Underage Alcohol Use: Prevalence of Drinking: ◻ 2 out of 5 15-year-olds report that they have had at least 1 drink in their lives.15 ◻ In 2012, about 9.3 million people ages 12–20 (24.3 percent of this age group) reported drinking alcohol in the past month (24.7 percent of males and 24 percent of females).16 Prevalence of Binge Drinking: ◻ Approximately 5.9 million people (about 15 percent) ages 12–20 were binge drinkers (16.5 percent of males and 14 percent of females).16 Prevalence of Heavy Drinking: ◻ Approximately 1.7 million people (about 4.3 percent) ages 12–20 were heavy drinkers (5.2 percent of males and 3.4 percent of females).16
  9. 9. How much we should drink: Units of alcohol (http://www.nhs.uk/change4life/Pages/alcohol-lower-risk-guidelines-units.aspx) Women Men
  10. 10. Number of units of alcohol in drinks Shots: 1 x 25ml single spirit and mixer (40%) = 1 units Pre-mixed drinks: 1 x 275ml bottle of alcopop (5.5%) = 1.5 units Beer/Cider: 1 pint or 600 ml (4%) = 2.3 units 125 mls red wine 175 ml red wine 250 ml red wine
  11. 11. Energy drinks Top 10 Energy Drink Side Effects Listed in order of most common to least common: 1. Palpitations / tachycardia 2. Tremor / shaking 3. Agitation / restlessness 4. Gastrointestinal upset 5. Chest pain / ischaemia 6. Dizziness / syncope 7. Paraesthesia (tingling or numbing of the skin) 8. Insomnia 9. Respiratory distress 10. Headache
  12. 12. Alcohol vs drugs - deaths/100 The UN says number of deaths caused by drug abuse is 1 in 100 each year. The number of deaths due to alcohol is 5 in 100. UK hospital admission stats for 2013 show: 200,000+ admissions related to alcohol (accidents, disease related) - 34,000 of those were alcohol poisoning. 12,238 admissions primarily related to a drug overdose or drug related injuries.
  13. 13. Smoking ◻ Tobacco - addictive, causes lung, mouth and esophageal cancers ◻ e-cigarettes - split medical community - may be useful if quitting smoking - some contain nicotine, some don’t - not all tested so it’s not known exactly what’s in the vapours as industry is not regulated - some tests have found carcinogens like formaldehyde in microparticles that can get deep into the lungs.
  14. 14. Shishas/hookah Hookah Smoke and Cancer ● The charcoal used to heat the tobacco can raise health risks by producing high levels of carbon monoxide, metals, and cancer-causing chemicals, even after it has passed through the water.1,4 ● Hookah tobacco and smoke contain several toxic agents known to cause lung, bladder, and oral cancers and heart disease1,4 Hookah Smoking Compared With Cigarette Smoking ● While many hookah smokers may think this practice is less harmful than smoking cigarettes, hookah smoking has many of the same health risks as cigarette smoking.1,2 o Water pipe smoking delivers nicotine2 and the tobacco in hookahs is at least as toxic as cigarette smoke.1,2 ● Because of the way a hookah is used, smokers may absorb more of the toxic substances also found in cigarette smoke than cigarette smokers do.1,2 o An hour-long hookah smoking session involves 200 puffs, while smoking an average cigarette involves 20 puffs.1,2 (Inhaled 37 timed more smoke than a cigarette ).4
  15. 15. Nitrous oxide Laughing gas: ◻ home delivered for about 3000 roubles ◻ causes light-headedness or dizziness ◻ a feeling of eurphoria and makes people giggle. Side effects: ◻ hypoxia (lack of oxygen) - blue lips ◻ passing out ◻ in rare cases, death.
  16. 16. Cannabis (dope, weed, marijuana) Active ingredient - tetrahydrocannabinol or THC ◻ Causes: relaxation, hunger, laughing sleep ◻ Side effected: paranoia, nausea, lung damage as per smoking ◻ Is associated with mental illnesses such as depression and schizophrenia - so best avoided if these run in the family. ◻ Can in rare cases cause psychotic events. ◻ Can be addictive in about 10% of regular uses. Is it a gateway drug? About one third of Americans, Australians and English people have smoked dope. Less than 2% of these populations have used heroin. Not all heroin users used dope.
  17. 17. Spice and others not so nice... Synthetic cannabinoids – like spice – are are herbs laced with a synthetic or man made cannabinoid. These act like the THC but are stronger, increasing the risk of a psychotic event. It is readily available, marketed as natural. It can be smoked or drunk as a tea. Mephadrone (plant food, meow meow, bath salts – based on an amphetamine-like substance found in the khat plant.) Known a ‘legal highs’ they can cause hallucinations and psychotic events which can result is death or other violent behaviours. salvia – or the ‘herbal high’ or ‘herbal ecstasy’ … It’s a derivative of a Mexican type of mint plant and has hallucinogenic properties. It can be smoked or chewed. The effects last for between 1 – 30 minutes. At the moment there are no long term studies in human on it but in rats it has been shown to affect their memory and ability to learn.
  18. 18. Avoiding drugs - communication The advice is to keep your lines of communication open. Talk to them about what’s going on. If they ask questions about drugs… do you lie or tell the truth? These are all individual decisions but experts say it’s best to tell the truth, and if you don’t know the answer, why not look it up together. If you just say ‘don’t do it’ they aren’t likely to talk to you about their issues as they already know there will be a dead end conversation and a possible conflict. So, try and be rational and run through the pro’s and con’s, making it clear you don’t approve and why, even if it means you’re a hypocrite because ‘you did it.’ New research about health shows it wasn’t a good choice. This will also allow you to address the issues of ‘everyone does it…’ Despite the headlines of 20% of kids take drugs, you’ve now seen the statistics that prove this isn’t the case, it’s actually the minority who do, and that information can be very powerful in helping kids feel better about saying no and diminishing ‘peer pressure’ – they are in the majority. And finally, it will give you the opportunity to discuss safety.
  19. 19. Drunk too much - staying safe The never do’s are: ◻ Ply them with coffee - it will dehydrate them more ◻ Ply them with water – small sips are ok if the are capable of sitting and drinking safely ◻ Put them in a cold bath or shower - risk of slipping, head injury or drowning ◻ Force feed them thinking it’ll soak up the alcohol– risk of choking ◻ Never leave them alone even if they tell you too as they could pass out and hit their head or vomit and choke on it. If they have passed out… ◻ Put them in the recovery position and prop something behind them to stop them from rolling backwards. ◻ Do not leave them – if they roll onto their back they can choke on their vomit, if they roll onto their front they can choke on their vomit. – Note the hand under the face there – very important as it keeps the face a little bit higher. ◻ Monitor their breathing rate – if it falls below ten breaths per minute or there are gaps of ten seconds or so between breaths, call an ambulance. 112 is the universal number here – or make sure you and your children have the number for EMC or whoever you use in their phones.
  20. 20. Recovery position
  21. 21. Your Child’s Brain Joe George MS Counselor
  22. 22. Your Child’s Brain Your Child’s Brain Brain Development ­The brain is highly complicated, but for the sake of this conversation, we will focus on two main parts: the limbic system and the frontal lobe o Limbic system = emotional core; fight, flight, or freeze ● Fully developed by age 14 o Frontal lobe = long-term planning, organization, decision-making ● Fully developed by mid-20s ­Specialization vs Pruning (Use it or lose it) o From about age 11 to mid-20s, increased practice and use lead to pathway specialization, enabling faster processing, usage, and improved performance in the designated areas o The trade-off is that unused pathways get pruned away Teens Think Differently ­Weighing these brain facts, it should not be surprising that studies have shown that adults and teens truly do think differently. o When presented with emotional scenarios adults use their frontal lobes to analytically weigh pros and cons while teens use more of their limbic system to weight how their decisions feel to them. o Therefore, if teens cannot feel what the experience would be like, they are less likely to quickly process logical outcomes than adults
  23. 23. Brain Reality and Modern Society ­Although stress kept our ancestors alive and prevented them from trying to play with saber-tooth tigers, nowadays stress spikes often get triggered by everyday occurrences, and if it happens too often, health issues can arise. o Stress spikes cause the limbic system to kick into overdrive, shutting off up to 80% of the brain’s thinking capacity; people literally cannot even hear well when this happens as the muscles in the inner ear constrict ­People feel they are busier than ever, and they take shortcuts to make them feel more productive and successful o Sleep and exercise are often the first things people choose to cut o Studies have shown that the best way to maintain physical and mental health as people age is to maintain a balance of exercise that incorporates both cardio and weight training. o The brain stores much of the knowledge it gains during a specific portion of the sleep cycle o Sleep influences one’s ability to cope with stress, make quick, calm decisions, think through one’s steps, and remember learned information Effects of Drugs? ­Alcohol and other drugs have a multi-faceted impact on teens o Alcohol and other drugs impact myelination (the build-up of gray matter in the brain which helps pathways specialize), decreasing current and future processing capability as well as frontal lobe development o Down-regulation risk is greater, increasing the chances users or former users will battle depression (see below) Think of your brain as a pool. The red line is the bottom of the pool, and the dark blue line is the drain that leads the water to the filter and then back to the pool itself. Some drugs like cocaine and heroin find different ways to greatly elevate the amount of dopamine in your brain, which is one of the chemicals most tied to happiness. This causes a dopamine flood which can never naturally be replicated. Since this flood is anywhere from 10-20x the natural amount a body can produce, sometimes the body thinks it does not need to produce as much of the chemical any longer, greatly decreasing its production of dopamine. This is called down-regulation. The brain then creates a new baseline that is often lower than it was originally, leaving the person regularly in a state of minor-to-severe depression. When this happens the person now has a new, lower normal state, and they miss the euphoric rush they experienced, leaving a yearning to repeat the experience and chasing their ‘first high’ which can never be replicated. It is also the reason that drugs like cocaine and heroin are so addictive.
  24. 24. Signs of Drug Use ● Problems at school or work — frequently missing school or work, a sudden disinterest in school activities or work, or a drop in grades or work performance ● Physical health issues — lack of energy and motivation ● Neglected appearance — lack of interest in clothing, grooming or looks ● Changes in behavior — exaggerated efforts to bar family members from entering his or her room or being secretive about where he or she goes with friends; or drastic changes in behavior and in relationships with family and friends ● Spending money — sudden requests for money without a reasonable explanation; or your discovery that money is missing or has been stolen or that items have disappeared from your home, indicating maybe they're being sold to support drug use http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/drug-addiction/basics/symptoms/con-20020970 Signs of Sleep Deprivation 1. Lower stress threshold. When you’re tired, routine activities, such as stopping at the grocery store on the way home from work, walking the dog or picking up the house can feel like overwhelming tasks. 2. Impaired memory. Deep sleep fosters the formation of connections between cells, and REM sleep aids in memory formation. Students considering pulling an all-nighter to study for that big exam might do better to get some sleep. 3. Trouble concentrating. When you’re dragging yourself through the day, it’s hard to stay alert and focused. This is why we don’t want our pilots and surgeons to lose too much sleep. Sleep-deprived people have trouble focusing on tasks and overestimate their performance. 4. Decreased optimism and sociability. Whether it’s the effort we have to put into staying awake or other factors, sleep deprivation makes us less hopeful and less friendly. 5. Impaired creativity and innovation. A growing body of research suggests that sleep deprivation may have a particular effect on cognitive processes that rely on our experience of emotions. 6. Increased resting blood pressure. Several studies have found that sleep deprivation leads to increased blood pressure (Fujikawa et al., 2009) and even half a night of sleep loss has been reported to increase blood pressure in people with hypertension or pre-hypertension (Lusardi et al., 1996). 7. Increased food consumption and appetite. Research indicates that acute sleep loss enhances pleasure response processing in the brain underlying the drive to consume food (Benedict et al., 2012). The researchers raise the question of whether chronic sleep deprivation is linked to rising levels of obesity. 8. Increased risk of cardiac morbidity. A number of factors can lead to an increased risk of heart attacks, and sleep deprivation is one of them. During experimental sleep deprivation of healthy participants, increases in inflammation associated with the future development of cardiovascular disease occurred. http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2013/02/13/8-effects-of-sleep-deprivation-on-your-health/
  25. 25. What does this all mean? ­If you thought of an adolescent as a car, they have fully developed motors and really bad brakes o Practice and support can help teens think through their decisions, strengthening their ‘brakes’ o Supporting teens needs to be done on the teen’s terms, especially if he does not have any kind of emotional experience which connects him to the hypothetical situation being discussed ­Drug use is more likely to negatively impact a teen’s brain than an adult’s due to the respective stages of brain development ­Adolescents who experience poor stress management, sleep deprivation, drug use, and/or head trauma worsen their impulse control, planning, decision-making, organization, and time management. They also make it more likely that needed brain pathways will be pruned or at least not fully maximized, negatively impacting academic, social, and professional success. All of these also have cumulative effects that cannot be undone later in life. ­Although some students will try alcohol and/or other drugs before they reach adulthood, it is more likely your child’s success could be limited by sleep deprivation than drug use. ­If you notice changes in your child, talk to other caring adults who see him or her in different settings to get more information. Don’t take anything for granted as signs for drug use, sleep deprivation, and depression are all quite similar and need to be explored. Additional Notes: This past September in advisory AAS high school students completed a survey from FCD (“Freedom from Chemical Dependency”) regarding student drug knowledge and use. FCD will be presenting the results to staff, students, and parents from Nov.24-28. Parent presentations will held during the day of Parent-Teacher Conferences (Thursday, Nov.27) at 9:00 and 13:00, each followed by drop-in times for parents. Recommended Resources: ­http:// www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/teenbrain/ ­http:// www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-teen-brain-still-under-construc tion/index.shtml ­http:// www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/drug-addiction/basics/symptoms /con-20020970
  26. 26. FCD Preview & Legal Insight for Russia
  27. 27. Legal boundaries... Russia has moderately strict laws regarding drugs (for adults) …and no educational program ◻ Chapter 25, Articles 228-234 of Russian Law Crimes Against Human Health and Public Morality ◻ Jail terms ◻ Fines ◻ Confiscation of property ◻ Drug List expanded in July, 2014
  28. 28. Legal boundaries... Russian Law continued… ◻ Criminal Culpability generally at 16 ◻ Lowered to 14 on serious crimes, but not on drug offenses ◻ So, if under 16, the following is likely by student group: ⬜ Russian citizen: suspended sentences to detention in educational facilities for up to 4 years ⬜ Expatriate and Diplomatic students: Likely expelled from country (?)
  29. 29. FCD Preview - From 2010-2014 Corrected typo from original presentation (never to ever) Key Findings: ◻ Alcohol use decreased among 9th-12th grade ◻ Marijuana use decreased ◻ Perceptions of social encouragement to use alcohol decreased ◻ Fewer 9th-12th grade students perceive that AAS students think heavy or binge drinking is OK ◻ Number of students classified as “higher-risk drinkers” decreased by over 60% ◻ Percentage of students who have ever used alcohol or other drugs before coming to, or during a school event, decreased from 8% to 2%
  30. 30. Key FCD Quote... “While students engaged in risky, irresponsible behavior pose a threat to themselves and the school community, there are far more students at AAS making healthy decisions. These students can be a powerful force for maintaining and strengthening the health of the school.”
  31. 31. Also... As a community, AAS has set substance abuse prevention as a priority. Survey results show a strong need for continuing an intensified program. AAS has a strong foundation of non-using students. We believe that these students support the school efforts to maintain a healthy community, with the majority of students finding the school policies and enforcement “about right.”
  32. 32. FCD Next Steps November 24-28 ◻ All 8th and 10th meet with FCD in advisories ◻ Parent Presentations on the 27th (Conferences) ⬜ 9:00 a.m. ⬜ 1:00 p.m. ◻ Parent Drop in Times on the 27th ⬜ 10:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. ⬜ 2:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m.
  33. 33. It’s all about communication… - Discipline does not extend beyond school boundaries. - Communication DOES!! - Forums - purpose is to set stage for this and offer opportunity for two-way dialog.
  34. 34. Working Together Deepen our understanding of next steps.
  35. 35. Key Questions... Small Group Conversations: 1. What did we cover that was helpful? 2. What do you need more of? 3. What else do we need to address?
  36. 36. Zimplicity: http://blogs.aas.ru/director

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