How to remember new vocabulary

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New words - roots - prefixes - suffixes - context - strategies - ESL / EFL - teaching English in China

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  • The High Reliability tutors: Are teachers from a variety of KLA backgrounds and this is supplemented by John Munro’s background as a math teacher. They are from a range of NMR schools which have implemented the program Have completed the full High Reliability training program and worked with these strategies both in own classes and in support roles to colleagues in successful school-wide programs “ We want to share with you the things that have worked for us . We hope you will have an open mind to the ideas and that we will interest you enough to go back to your school and give the ideas a try” The approach we will be guiding you through in this program, works across all domains , not just English/ Humanities, and is compatible with VELS outcomes .
  • The importance of these tools is giving students time to spend with specific, relevant words for the topic. Model Attach an action to the word showing how it works in a sentence Show how it works Demonstrate with materials Verbalise the thinking
  • How to remember new vocabulary

    1. 3. PART 1 <ul><li>What do you already know? </li></ul>
    2. 5. <ul><li>Think of 3 new words you learned recently. </li></ul>
    3. 6. <ul><li>Think of 3 new words you learned recently. </li></ul><ul><li>How did you learn them? </li></ul>
    4. 7. <ul><li>Think of 3 new words you learned recently. </li></ul><ul><li>How did you learn them? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you remember them? </li></ul>
    5. 8. <ul><li>How do you normally </li></ul><ul><li>learn new </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulary? </li></ul>
    6. 9. I must remember all these new words!
    7. 10. Do you memorize long lists of words? <ul><li>accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>courrier </li></ul><ul><li>customization </li></ul><ul><li>departure </li></ul><ul><li>dispatch </li></ul><ul><li>emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>encryption </li></ul><ul><li>enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>evolution </li></ul><ul><li>familiarize </li></ul><ul><li>function </li></ul><ul><li>goodwill </li></ul><ul><li>idolize </li></ul><ul><li>interface </li></ul><ul><li>meager </li></ul><ul><li>netizen </li></ul><ul><li>phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>reconcile </li></ul><ul><li>simultaneous </li></ul><ul><li>suspicious </li></ul><ul><li>topped </li></ul><ul><li>transmission </li></ul><ul><li>user-friendly </li></ul><ul><li>empower </li></ul><ul><li>environment </li></ul><ul><li>etiquette </li></ul><ul><li>exuberant </li></ul><ul><li>eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>fluency </li></ul><ul><li>focus on </li></ul><ul><li>GDP </li></ul><ul><li>head office </li></ul><ul><li>hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>implement </li></ul><ul><li>initiative </li></ul><ul><li>merger </li></ul><ul><li>minefield </li></ul><ul><li>offensive </li></ul><ul><li>pitfall </li></ul><ul><li>qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>reserved </li></ul><ul><li>responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>sensitive </li></ul><ul><li>small talk </li></ul><ul><li>specification </li></ul><ul><li>conventions </li></ul><ul><li>cross-cultural </li></ul><ul><li>custom </li></ul><ul><li>debugging </li></ul><ul><li>delegate </li></ul><ul><li>documentation </li></ul><ul><li>empower </li></ul><ul><li>environment </li></ul><ul><li>etiquette </li></ul><ul><li>exuberant </li></ul><ul><li>eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>fluency </li></ul><ul><li>focus on </li></ul><ul><li>GDP </li></ul><ul><li>head office </li></ul><ul><li>hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>implement </li></ul><ul><li>initiative </li></ul><ul><li>merger </li></ul><ul><li>minefield </li></ul><ul><li>offensive </li></ul><ul><li>pitfall </li></ul>
    8. 11. Do you learn individual words, or words in groups? <ul><li>Apple </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle </li></ul><ul><li>Tree </li></ul><ul><li>Stoplight </li></ul><ul><li>Get along with </li></ul><ul><li>Along the way </li></ul><ul><li>Up the street </li></ul><ul><li>At a moment’s notice </li></ul>
    9. 12. <ul><ul><ul><li>What do you do when you meet an unknown word? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 13. TEST YOURSELF <ul><li>How BIG is your </li></ul><ul><li>English vocabulary? </li></ul>
    11. 14. PART 2 <ul><li>How many words do I need to learn? </li></ul>
    12. 15. How many words are there in English? At least: <ul><li>10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 </li></ul><ul><li>250,000 </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 </li></ul>
    13. 16. How many words are there in English? At least: <ul><li>d) 500,000 </li></ul>
    14. 17. How many words does the average native English speaker use in his/her everyday speech? <ul><li>2,500 </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 </li></ul><ul><li>7,500 </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 </li></ul>
    15. 18. How many words does the average native English speaker use in his/her everyday speech? <ul><li>b) 5,000 </li></ul>
    16. 19. How many words make up 45% of everything written in English? <ul><li>50 </li></ul><ul><li>250 </li></ul><ul><li>1,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2,500 </li></ul>
    17. 20. How many words make up 45% of everything written in English? <ul><li>50 </li></ul>
    18. 21. What is the longest word in the English language?
    19. 22. <ul><li>Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis </li></ul>
    20. 23. <ul><li>The longest word ever to appear in an English language dictionary (45 letters) </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning: </li></ul><ul><li>“ lung disease caused by the inhalation of very fine silica dust, causing inflammation in the lungs” </li></ul>
    21. 24. <ul><li>How MANY words you learn depends on WHAT KIND OF vocabulary you need: </li></ul><ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><li>Academic </li></ul><ul><li>Medical / scientific </li></ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><li>Technical etc……….. </li></ul>
    22. 25. PART 3 <ul><li>How do I learn new vocabulary? </li></ul>
    23. 27. <ul><li>1. Use knowledge you already have </li></ul>
    24. 28. <ul><li>biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think this word means? </li></ul>
    25. 29. Look at the parts of the word: <ul><li>bio (life) </li></ul><ul><li>diverse (different) </li></ul>
    26. 30. biodiversity <ul><li>生物多样性 </li></ul>
    27. 31. biodiversity <ul><li>生物多样性 </li></ul><ul><li>shēng​wù​duō​yàng​xìng </li></ul>
    28. 33. write a definition <ul><li>In your own words, write a definition in English for “biodiversity.” </li></ul>
    29. 34. biodiversity <ul><li>The variety of life on Earth, or its biological diversity , is commonly referred to as biodiversity . </li></ul>
    30. 35. 2. Guess or predict the meaning from its context (how it is used)
    31. 36. <ul><li>Look at the page </li></ul><ul><li>“ Some Useful Words.” </li></ul><ul><li>Guess the meaning of the first 4 words from the sentences in which they are used. </li></ul>
    32. 37. <ul><li>Loquacious (Adjective) </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely talkative </li></ul><ul><li>  Plethora (Noun) </li></ul><ul><li>Overabundance </li></ul>
    33. 38. <ul><li>Diminution (Noun) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Evocative (Verb) </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestive </li></ul>
    34. 39. <ul><li>3. Use a dictionary </li></ul>
    35. 41. PART 4 <ul><li>Rules for learning </li></ul><ul><li>new vocabulary </li></ul>
    36. 42. When you learn a new word, you learn its: <ul><li>Meaning (in Chinese & English) </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciation baɪ oʊ dɪvɜr sɪ ti, </li></ul><ul><li>Syllable Stress bi -o-di- VER -si-ty </li></ul><ul><li>Part of speech noun </li></ul>
    37. 43. You also learn: <ul><li>How it is used: </li></ul><ul><li>The biodiversity of our planet is a great concern for many people. </li></ul><ul><li>How it changes: </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity (noun) </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiverse (adjective) </li></ul><ul><li>Biologically diverse (adjective + noun) </li></ul>
    38. 44. Learn word families, or words that go together <ul><li>PARTS OF THE BODY </li></ul><ul><li>Arm </li></ul><ul><li>Leg </li></ul><ul><li>Head </li></ul><ul><li>Face </li></ul><ul><li>Foot </li></ul><ul><li>Skin </li></ul>Liver Stomach Intestines Lungs Heart Kidneys
    39. 45. Make a diagram or graphic organizer
    40. 47. biology diversity animals plants ocean mountains forests other words? ecology conservation save the planet BIODIVERSITY
    41. 48. Don’t learn new words in isolation, but in phrases or combinations <ul><li>Real </li></ul><ul><li>the real thing = authentic </li></ul><ul><li>get real (idiom) = be serious </li></ul>
    42. 49. Know how a word changes: <ul><li>Real </li></ul><ul><li>Really </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic </li></ul><ul><li>Realistically </li></ul><ul><li>Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Realism </li></ul><ul><li>Unreal </li></ul><ul><li>Surreal </li></ul>
    43. 50. Word combinations: <ul><li>Adjective + Noun </li></ul><ul><li>special treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Verb + Noun </li></ul><ul><li>to express an opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Noun phrases </li></ul><ul><li>chemistry set </li></ul><ul><li>Word + Preposition </li></ul><ul><li>at a high level </li></ul>
    44. 51. Concentrate on high frequency words <ul><li>HIGH: </li></ul><ul><li>Punish </li></ul><ul><li>Commit </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul>LOW: Regurgitate Onomatopoeia Plebiscite Subcutaneous
    45. 52. Don’t look up every word : <ul><li>When you’re reading something in English, learn to scan the text and circle the words that you thing are most important for understanding. </li></ul><ul><li>Looking up the meaning of every word you don’t know will drive you crazy! </li></ul>
    46. 53. Make a plan <ul><li>How many words can you learn in </li></ul><ul><li> one day? </li></ul><ul><li>How many new words do you want to learn this week? </li></ul>
    47. 54. PART 5 <ul><li>How do I remember </li></ul><ul><li>what I’ve learned? </li></ul>
    48. 55. <ul><li>write the words in a notebook (with their translations or definitions) </li></ul><ul><li>write the words and definitions on small cards </li></ul><ul><li>say each new word in a sentence several times each day. </li></ul><ul><li>ask someone to test you </li></ul>
    49. 56. More Vocabulary Tools Word Games Synonyms Antonyms Every tool does a slightly different job. Pick the right tool for the job Pictures
    50. 57. AN IMPORTANT TOOL: <ul><li>Learn word ROOTS, PREFIXES, and </li></ul><ul><li>SUFFIXES. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of these come from LATIN. </li></ul>
    51. 58. <ul><li>TELL A PARTNER </li></ul><ul><li>5 NEW WORDS </li></ul><ul><li>YOU LEARNED </li></ul><ul><li>TODAY </li></ul>
    52. 59. <ul><li>EXAM! </li></ul><ul><li>I will give you some new words. </li></ul><ul><li>Use your vocabulary tools to decide what it means. </li></ul>
    53. 60. <ul><li>graphology </li></ul><ul><li>tenacious </li></ul><ul><li>prescribe </li></ul>
    54. 61. <ul><li>graph + ology </li></ul><ul><li>writing – study of </li></ul><ul><li>ten + acious </li></ul><ul><li>hold on – never give up </li></ul><ul><li>pre +scribe </li></ul><ul><li>before – write </li></ul><ul><li>to recommend (medicine) </li></ul>
    55. 62. <ul><li>Circumambulate </li></ul><ul><li>“ To walk in a circle” </li></ul><ul><li>circle – circus ambulatory </li></ul><ul><li>circumference ambulance </li></ul>
    56. 63. Your score….
    57. 64. websites <ul><li>http://www.visualthesaurus.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/vocabulary.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.vocabularybuilding.org/ </li></ul>
    58. 65. <ul><li>GO LEARN SOME </li></ul><ul><li>NEW WORDS! </li></ul>Now…

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