Black history


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  • Black history

    1. 1. black history By Zhu Jiahua (33) 2P3
    2. 2. Slavery <ul><li>Slavery started thousands of years ago, so there is no specific time of when it started </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves traveled to North and South America with French, Portuguese, and Spanish explorers </li></ul><ul><li>These slaves comprised of Africans, Native Americans, Indians, POWs ,etc </li></ul><ul><li>Normally, the rich Europeans or merchants where the ones that owned slaves </li></ul>
    3. 3. Slavery <ul><li>There were laws that were aimed to make the welfare of slaves better, like allowing them to marry, seek relief from a cruel owner, or even to buy their freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>However, this laws were often dismissed, and life was harsh for the slaves </li></ul><ul><li>In relation to the novel: </li></ul><ul><li>- Both involves discrimination of a certain group of people </li></ul><ul><li>- Both involves the mistreating of the blacks, and they were </li></ul><ul><li>treated with cruelty and discrimination by the whites. </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Civil War <ul><li>Cause of War </li></ul><ul><li>- the Northern States abolished slavery </li></ul><ul><li>- the Southern slaves States declared secession from the United States </li></ul><ul><li>- The Southern States formed the </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate States of America, or “the </li></ul><ul><li>Confederacy”, </li></ul><ul><li>- they fought against the United States (the </li></ul><ul><li>Union) which was supported by all twenty free states. </li></ul><ul><li>- The war began in 1861 </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Civil War <ul><li>The Southern States comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham Lincoln was the president that had declared war against the South </li></ul><ul><li>He fought for the freedom and human rights of the black slaves </li></ul><ul><li>The Union won the war, and slavery was abolished in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>The Civil War ended in 1865 </li></ul>
    6. 6. Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>Jim Crow was not an actual person, but was the name of a song </li></ul><ul><li>The Jim Crow Laws were the state and local laws in the U.S enacted between 1876 and 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>They mandated racial segregation in all public facilities, with a supposedly “separate but equal&quot; status for black Americans </li></ul><ul><li>This led to unfair treatment and accommodations given to black Americans that were normally inferior to the white Americans </li></ul>
    7. 7. Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>The black Americans felt that they were unfairly treated, and the white Americans had an advantage over them </li></ul><ul><li>They were displeased with the laws </li></ul><ul><li>Relation to the Novel </li></ul><ul><li>- the Negroes in the town were unfairly treated, and </li></ul><ul><li>were unable to use some facilities that was specially </li></ul><ul><li>constructed for the whites, e.g. They had to build their </li></ul><ul><li>own churches </li></ul>
    8. 8. The Civil Rights Movement <ul><li>It started in 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>It is the movements in the United States aimed at outlawing racial discrimination against African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>March on Washington </li></ul><ul><li>- A march was conducted on Washington, D.C to </li></ul><ul><li>support demands for elimination of employment </li></ul><ul><li>discrimination in industries </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott of New Orleans by American Football League players </li></ul><ul><li>- Numerous black players were refused service in New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>- Black and white players alike lobbied for a boycott of New </li></ul><ul><li>Orleans </li></ul>
    9. 9. The Civil Rights Movement <ul><li>President John F. Kennedy supported this movement </li></ul><ul><li>The African Americans had the same rights as the White American </li></ul><ul><li>Relations with Novel </li></ul><ul><li>- Atticus fought for the rights of Tom </li></ul><ul><li>Robinson, and defended him in court </li></ul>
    10. 10. Montgomery Bus Boycott & Scottsboro Trials <ul><li>Scottsboro Trials </li></ul><ul><li>- 9 African American boys were accused of rape in Alabama </li></ul><ul><li>Montgomery Bus Boycott </li></ul><ul><li>- Fight for African American in the transport system, as it is more biased towards the white Americans </li></ul>
    11. 11. Montgomery Bus Boycott & Scottsboro Trials <ul><li>Both trials are alike in the way that both of them involves fighting for the rights of African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>The Scottsboro Trials are alike with the novel, as in both situations, both the black men are accused of rape which they did not commit </li></ul>
    12. 12. Traits of a true South Belle and a true South Gentleman <ul><li>Gentleman </li></ul><ul><li>- Good manners, humility and respect </li></ul><ul><li>Belle </li></ul><ul><li>- Proper etiquette, penmanship, ball dancing </li></ul><ul><li>In relations to the novel: </li></ul><ul><li>Atticus – Polite and shows respect towards the elders and the African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Bob Ewell – Violent, disrespectful towards the African Americans </li></ul>
    13. 13. Harper Lee <ul><li>Born in Monroeville, Albana, in 1926 </li></ul><ul><li>Studied law in the University of Albana </li></ul><ul><li>TKAM was Lee’s only published book </li></ul><ul><li>She assisted in the book, “In Cold Blood </li></ul><ul><li>awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom of the United States in 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>TKAM is significant to her as many of the details were autobiography </li></ul><ul><li>- Like Lee, Scout was the daughter of a respected small-town Alabama attorney </li></ul><ul><li>- Dill was based on Lee’s childhood friend </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>