China Port Development Report 2011 TOC

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A panoramic industry survey by CIO

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China Port Development Report 2011 TOC

  1. 1. China Intelligence Online 中国港口发展报告 China PortDevelopment Report 2011 A research report from CIO Informing business in China
  2. 2. www.chinaintelligenceonline .com1 Table of Contents1 TABLE OF CONTENTS ......................................................................................................................... 22 CHINA INTELLIGENCE ONLINE ............................................................................................................ 63 INDUSTRY SNAPSHOT ....................................................................................................................... 74 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................ 85 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................................................... 96 THE ECONOMIC BACKGROUND ....................................................................................................... 106.1 THE GEOGRAPHY OF CHINA’S ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT ............................................................................. 106.2 PRIMARY ECONOMIC HUBS .................................................................................................................... 126.2.1 THE PEARL RIVER DELTA (PRD) .................................................................................................................... 126.2.2 THE YANGTZE RIVER DELTA (YRD)................................................................................................................. 126.2.3 BEIJING AND THE BOHAI BAY REGION ............................................................................................................. 126.3 CHINA’S MAIN ECONOMIC REGIONS ......................................................................................................... 146.3.1 THE EAST COAST (AND FUJIAN PROVINCE) ...................................................................................................... 146.3.2 PEARL RIVER DELTA (PRD) ........................................................................................................................... 156.3.3 THE YANGTZE RIVER DELTA .......................................................................................................................... 186.3.4 BOHAI BAY ................................................................................................................................................ 196.3.5 THE SOUTHWEST ........................................................................................................................................ 216.3.6 THE NORTHEAST ......................................................................................................................................... 226.3.7 NORTHWEST CHINA .................................................................................................................................... 246.3.8 CENTRAL CHINA .......................................................................................................................................... 256.3.9 THE YANGTZE RIVER (CHINA’S THIRD COAST) .................................................................................................. 266.4 KEY POLICY DEVELOPMENTS AFFECTING THE LOGISTICS INDUSTRY IN CHINA ....................................................... 296.4.1 GO WEST .................................................................................................................................................. 306.4.2 ONGOING POLICY GOALS IN THE LOGISTICS SECTOR.......................................................................................... 316.5 THE LOGISTICS STIMULUS PACKAGE ......................................................................................................... 326.5.1 THE NEED FOR LOGISTICS INDUSTRY STIMULUS AND RESTRUCTURING PLAN ........................................................... 326.5.2 OBJECTIVES ................................................................................................................................................ 326.5.3 THE CREATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF 9 DISTINCT LOGISTICS ZONES AND 10 LOGISTICS CORRIDORS ......................... 34CREATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF 10 LOGISTICS CORRIDORS: ......................................................................................... 356.5.4 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS ........................................................................................................................... 386.5.5 MAIN THEMES ............................................................................................................................................ 386.5.6 IMPLICATIONS ............................................................................................................................................ 396.5.7 IMPLEMENTATION ....................................................................................................................................... 406.6 OPPORTUNITIES FOR FOREIGN LOGISTICS PROVIDERS AND SUPPORTING INDUSTRIES WITHIN POLICY DEVELOPMENT ..... 416.7 CHALLENGES PRESENTED BY POLICY DEVELOPMENT ...................................................................................... 446.8 KEY PROJECTS IN THE LOGISTICS PLAN ...................................................................................................... 456.8.1 POLICY IMPLEMENTATION ............................................................................................................................ 456.9 URBANISATION AND THE CHANGING STRUCTURE OF LOGISTICS NETWORKS ........................................................ 466.10 AN EMERGING CONSUMER CLASS ........................................................................................................... 476.11 DELIVER CHINA .................................................................................................................................. 486.11.1 CHINA 12TH FIVE YEAR PLAN........................................................................................................................ 496.11.2 DELIVER CHINA ........................................................................................................................................... 49中国港口发展报告 China Ports Development Report 20 11 2
  3. 3. www.chinaintelligenceonline .com6.11.3 TIMING/CONVERGENCE ............................................................................................................................... 506.11.4 USP’S AND BENEFITS................................................................................................................................... 516.12 PURCHASING MANAGERS INDEX............................................................................................................. 526.13 REGIONAL MARKET DYNAMICS .............................................................................................................. 536.13.1 GROWTH OF INTRA-ASIAN FREIGHT MOVEMENT ............................................................................................. 536.13.2 ASIA’S DECOUPLING MYTH ........................................................................................................................... 547 THE CHINESE ECONOMY AND WORLD TRADE .................................................................................. 587.1 OVERVIEW OF THE GLOBAL ECONOMY ..................................................................................................... 587.2 GLOBAL COMMODITY PRICES................................................................................................................. 607.3 ASIA PACIFIC REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK ........................................................................................... 637.4 CHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW 2010............................................................................................................ 647.5 CHINA FOREIGN TRADE REVIEW 2010 ..................................................................................................... 687.5.1 FOREIGN TRADE IN DECOMPOSITION.............................................................................................................. 697.6 ECONOMIC FORECASTS FOR 2011 ........................................................................................................... 757.7 FOREIGN TRADE GROWTH ESTIMATES FOR 2011 ........................................................................................ 778 PORT DEVELOPMENT ...................................................................................................................... 818.1 MAJOR COASTAL OVERVIEW.................................................................................................................. 818.1.1 REVIEW OF 2010 ........................................................................................................................................ 818.1.2 JANUARY 2011 .......................................................................................................................................... 818.1.3 EXPECTED GROWTH IN CONTAINER THROUGHPUT ............................................................................................. 848.2 INFRASTRUCTURE ................................................................................................................................ 858.3 DEVELOPMENT IN 2010 ....................................................................................................................... 878.3.1 YANGTZE RIVER DELTA................................................................................................................................. 878.3.2 PEARL RIVER DELTA..................................................................................................................................... 888.3.3 BOHAI BAY ................................................................................................................................................ 898.4 FUTURE DEVELOPMENT TRENDS ............................................................................................................. 909 BULK CARGO OPERATIONS .............................................................................................................. 929.1 PORT THROUGHPUT OF MAJOR CARGO CATEGORIES ................................................................................... 929.2 THROUGHPUT OF MAIN CARGO ............................................................................................................. 949.2.1 DOMESTIC TRADE THROUGHPUT ................................................................................................................... 999.3 COAL TRANSPORT ............................................................................................................................. 1019.3.1 GUANGZHOU ........................................................................................................................................... 1059.3.2 QINHUANGDAO ........................................................................................................................................ 1059.3.3 TIANJIN ................................................................................................................................................... 1069.3.4 CANGZHOU-HUANGHUA (HEBEI PROVINCE, 100KM SW OF TIANJIN PORT) ....................................................... 1069.3.5 TANGSHAN PORT (HEBEI PROVINCE, 100KM E OF TIANJIN PORT) ..................................................................... 1079.4 IRON ORE TRANSPORT ....................................................................................................................... 1089.4.1 RIZHAO PORT (SHANDONG PROVINCE, 100KM SW OF QINGDAO).................................................................... 1129.4.2 TANGSHAN PORT (HEBEI PROVINCE, 100KM E OF TIANJIN PORT) ..................................................................... 1129.4.3 NINGBO-ZHOUSHAN PORT ......................................................................................................................... 1139.4.4 TIANJIN PORT ........................................................................................................................................... 1139.5 OIL PRODUCTS TRANSPORT ................................................................................................................. 1149.5.1 NINGBO-ZHOUSHAN PORT ......................................................................................................................... 120中国港口发展报告 China Ports Development Report 20 11 3
  4. 4. www.chinaintelligenceonline .com9.5.2 QINGDAO PORT ........................................................................................................................................ 1209.5.3 DALIAN PORT ........................................................................................................................................... 1209.5.4 TIANJIN PORT ........................................................................................................................................... 12010 CONTAINER TRANSPORT ............................................................................................................... 12110.1.1 IMPACT OF THE FINANCIAL CRISIS ................................................................................................................. 12610.2 MAJOR CONTAINER PORT ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................... 12710.2.1 SHANGHAI ............................................................................................................................................... 12710.2.2 SHENZHEN ............................................................................................................................................... 12810.2.1 GUANGZHOU ........................................................................................................................................... 12910.2.2 QINGDAO ................................................................................................................................................ 13010.2.3 NINGBO-ZHOUSHAN ................................................................................................................................. 13110.2.4 TIANJIN PORT ........................................................................................................................................... 13210.2.5 XIAMEN PORT .......................................................................................................................................... 13410.2.6 DALIAN PORT ........................................................................................................................................... 13510.2.7 LIANYUNGANG PORT ................................................................................................................................. 13510.2.8 SUZHOU PORT .......................................................................................................................................... 13510.2.9 YINGKOU PORT ......................................................................................................................................... 13610.2.10 YANTAI PORT ....................................................................................................................................... 13610.2.11 QUANZHOU PORT ................................................................................................................................. 13610.2.12 FUZHOU PORT ...................................................................................................................................... 13610.2.13 ZHONGSHAN PORT ................................................................................................................................ 13611 INLAND PORTS ............................................................................................................................. 13811.1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................ 13811.2 CONTENT OF THE NATIONAL PLAN FOR INLAND WATERWAYS AND PORTS ....................................................... 13811.2.1 A PORT NETWORK OF 28 MAJOR INLAND PORTS ............................................................................................. 13911.3 PERFORMANCE OF INLAND PORTS 2010................................................................................................. 14011.4 YANGTZE RIVER ................................................................................................................................ 14211.4.1 YANGTZE RIVER OVERVIEW ........................................................................................................................ 14211.4.2 REVIEW OF 2010 ...................................................................................................................................... 14211.4.3 OUTLOOK FOR 2010 ................................................................................................................................. 14611.4.4 YANGTZE RIVER MAJOR PORTS ................................................................................................................... 14811.5 PEARL RIVER WATERS ........................................................................................................................ 15811.5.1 MAJOR PORTS IN THE REGION..................................................................................................................... 15811.5.2 REGIONAL PORT PERFORMANCE .................................................................................................................. 15911.6 THE BEIJING-HANGZHOU GRAND CANAL AND HUAIHE RIVER WATERS ........................................................... 16311.6.1 MAJOR PORTS IN THE REGION..................................................................................................................... 16311.6.2 REGIONAL PORT PERFORMANCE .................................................................................................................. 16311.7 THE HEILONGJIANG RIVER AND SONG-LIAO WATERS ................................................................................. 16611.7.1 MAJOR PORTS IN THE REGION..................................................................................................................... 16611.7.2 REGIONAL PORT PERFORMANCE AND FUTURE PLANS...................................................................................... 16612 PORT DEVELOPMENTS .................................................................................................................. 16712.1 STRUCTURE OF PORT INVESTMENT ........................................................................................................ 16712.2 OVERVIEW OF PORT DEVELOPMENT. ...................................................................................................... 167中国港口发展报告 China Ports Development Report 20 11 4
  5. 5. www.chinaintelligenceonline .com12.2.1 CONSTRUCTION OF CONTAINER TERMINALS .................................................................................................. 16812.2.2 COAL TERMINAL CONSTRUCTION ................................................................................................................. 16912.2.3 CRUDE OIL TERMINAL CONSTRUCTION ......................................................................................................... 17012.2.4 IRON ORE TERMINALS................................................................................................................................ 17112.2.5 BULK TERMINAL PROJECTS ......................................................................................................................... 172BULK TERMINAL PROJECTS SCHEDULED FOR COMMENCEMENT IN 2010 AND BEYOND INCLUDE: ......................................... 17212.2.6 MULTI-PURPOSE TERMINALS ...................................................................................................................... 172MULTI-PURPOSE TERMINAL PROJECTS SCHEDULED FOR COMMENCEMENT IN 2010 AND BEYOND INCLUDE:.......................... 17212.2.7 LIQUID CHEMICAL TERMINALS ..................................................................................................................... 17312.2.8 CONSTRUCTION OF EMERGING TRANSPORT SYSTEM TERMINALS....................................................................... 17312.2.9 ADDITIONAL MISCELLANEOUS PORT PROJECTS .................................................................................... 17512.2.10 DEVELOPMENT OF INLAND PORTS 2009 .......................................................................................... 17613 PORT THROUGHPUT CAPACITY AND DEMAND ANALYSIS................................................................ 17813.1 THROUGHPUT CAPACITY AND DEMAND ANALYSIS ON CONTAINER PORTS ....................................................... 17813.1.1 ANALYSIS ON CONTAINER THROUGHPUT OF PORTS IN CHINA ........................................................................... 17813.1.2 PERFORMANCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF CONTAINER TERMINALS IN CHINA ......................................................... 17813.1.3 EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS ON CONTAINER TERMINAL DEMAND AND THROUGHPUT CAPACITY .................................. 18313.2 THROUGHPUT CAPACITY AND DEMAND ANALYSIS ON COAL PORTS ............................................................... 18713.2.1 COAL PRODUCTION OUTPUT AND COAL PORT THROUGHPUT IN CHINA .............................................................. 18713.2.2 PERFORMANCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF COAL TERMINALS IN CHINA .................................................................. 18813.2.3 EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS ON COAL TERMINAL DEMAND AND CAPACITY ............................................................... 19013.3 THROUGHPUT CAPACITY AND DEMAND ANALYSIS ON IRON ORE PORTS ......................................................... 19113.3.1 IRON ORE IMPORT ANALYSIS IN CHINA ......................................................................................................... 19113.3.2 PERFORMANCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF IRON ORE TERMINALS IN CHINA ............................................................ 19213.3.3 EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS ON IRON ORE TERMINAL DEMAND AND CAPACITY......................................................... 19513.3.4 THE MODERNISATION PROCESS OF IRON ORE TERMINALS ............................................................................... 19613.4 THROUGHPUT CAPACITY AND DEMAND ANALYSIS ON OIL PORTS .................................................................. 19713.4.1 OIL IMPORT DEPENDENCY AND OIL PORT THROUGHPUT IN CHINA .................................................................... 19713.4.2 PERFORMANCE & DEVELOPMENT OF OIL TERMINALS IN CHINA ........................................................................ 19713.4.3 EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS ON OIL TERMINAL DEMAND & CAPACITY ..................................................................... 19914 APPENDIX..................................................................................................................................... 20014.1 IMPORTS BY CATEGORY, JAN-NOV 2010 ................................................................................................. 20014.2 COASTAL PORT CONTAINER THROUGHPUT 2010, AND INCREASE OVER 2009 .................................................. 20014.3 COASTAL PORT CONTAINER THROUGHPUT 2006-10 ................................................................................. 20114.4 COASTAL PORT THROUGHPUT JANUARY 2011 ......................................................................................... 20214.5 IWW PORT THROUGHPUT JANUARY 2011 ............................................................................................. 20314.6 COASTAL PORT CONTAINER THROUGHPUT (10,000 TEU) JANUARY 2011 ...................................................... 20314.7 FOREIGN TRADE THROUGHPUT COASTAL PORTS JANUARY 2011 .................................................................. 20416 DISCLAIMER ................................................................................................................................. 205中国港口发展报告 China Ports Development Report 20 11 5

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