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  1. 1. Elements of a Short Story Joe Gonzales Brandman University
  2. 2. Setting <ul><li>Place : Location; where is the story taking place? </li></ul><ul><li>Time : When is the story taking place? (day, time of year, historical period.) </li></ul><ul><li>Weathe r: Is it sunny, rainy, etc.? </li></ul><ul><li>Social Conditions : What is the life of the main character like? How is society depicted in the story? </li></ul><ul><li>Mood : What is the feeling created by the story? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Character <ul><li>Protagonist or Antagonist </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics : Appearance, action, thoughts, and other’s reactions to the character. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual : Round, intricate, complex personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing : Dynamic, changes take place over the course of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Static : Stereotype, never change. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Conflict <ul><li>There are two types of conflict . </li></ul><ul><li>External: A struggle with a force outside of one’s self. </li></ul><ul><li>Internal: A struggle within one’s self. </li></ul><ul><li>There are four kinds of conflict . </li></ul><ul><li>Man vs. man (physical) </li></ul><ul><li>Man vs. circumstances (classical) </li></ul><ul><li>Man vs. society (social) </li></ul><ul><li>Man vs. himself (psychological) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Point of View <ul><li>Innocent Eye : Story told through the perspective of a child. </li></ul><ul><li>Stream of Consciousness : Told as a steady stream of thought form a characters mind. </li></ul><ul><li>First Person : Told through one character’s eyes and only his/her thoughts and inner conversation are known. </li></ul><ul><li>Third Person : There are three types of third person. </li></ul><ul><li>Omniscient Limited : Only known what the author chooses to show. </li></ul><ul><li>Omniscient Objective : Goes anywhere like a camera but no interpretation is offered. </li></ul><ul><li>Omniscient Unlimited : Everything is known. No boundaries. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Theme <ul><li>The theme is the controlling idea or central idea or insight offered by the story. The theme is communicated by using several tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Allusion </li></ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole </li></ul><ul><li>Irony </li></ul>
  7. 7. Plot <ul><li>Introduction : The characters and setting is revealed. </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Action : The story becomes complicated and the conflict is revealed. </li></ul><ul><li>Climax : The highest point of interest, the turning point of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Falling Action : The events and complications begin to be resolved. </li></ul><ul><li>Denouement : The final outcome of the story is revealed. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Discussion <ul><li>Can a comic book be a short story? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a short story? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Now write a summary of your comic book’s Plot. <ul><li>Movie for last five minutes of class . </li></ul>