Guernsey Chapter 7


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This presentation is an exploration of the effects of interactive language DVDs on an adolescent's ability to speak and learn languages through a variety of research methods.

Presented by Ryan Giviens.

Published in: Technology, Education
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Guernsey Chapter 7

  1. 1. Ryan D. Giviens
  2. 2. Effective language learning requires real-timeinterpersonal interactions. Jim, a boy at almost the age of four, has trouble developing his language skills. His parents are both deaf but his hearing ability is fully functional. He has no verbal communication at home in English or ASL; this hinders his language skills.Media may compliment, but not take the place ofinterpersonal language learning. Holly employs the use of multiple children’s language development DVDs to help her son, Nick, learn from the age of three months. From her observations, the media does not teach her child much. Rather, it encourages her to utilize similar methods in person to teach Nick.
  3. 3. Language Learning:Do the rules apply acrossdiffering classes?Songbirds, like humans, require a‘tutor’ to learn their languages. White-Crowned Sparrows learn by mimicking another’s sound and learn even faster when that sound is complimented by visual mimicry. As fledglings, Zebra Finches cannot learn at all without direct haptic communication and close proxemics to others of their kind.
  4. 4. Babies possess the ability to distinguish avariety of phonemes, which adults cannot. Thisenables them to more easily learn languages.Language DVDs sometimes lack in perfectededucation methods. Audio and video components may not match up Speakers may not sound native to the language Words may be presented without gender articlesGuernsey, L. (2012). Screen Time. New York:Basic Books.
  5. 5. Even in a Controlled Study…Real-Time Interpersonal Recorded Mass Media After 12 sessions of 25 After 12 sessions of 25 minutes over the course of minutes over the course of 4 weeks, 32 babies were 4 weeks, 32 babies were able to recognize two NOT able to recognize any Chinese Mandarin Chinese Mandarin phonemes that equally phonemes when exposed to studied babies in an English either audio or audio-visual control group could not. representations of a tutor.
  6. 6. Questions for Critical AnalysisGuernsey uses evidence to stress the necessity of interpersonal interactionwith any individual, particularly when it comes to language learning. However,her book does not provide an equal amount of research to prove certain formsof media cannot provide the same education. Use your own experiences withdigital language media as well as observations you have made of children andtheir use of similar tools to provide evidence that both supports and refutesGuernsey’s claim.Consider your experience in the field of Communication and/or Media Studiesboth in the classroom and in your personal life. What forms of communicationand its tools [i.e. haptics, complementing, supplementing, proxemics] do youfind most effective in interpersonal communication? What about in the media?Certain methods work better in different areas of communication and fordifferent types of messages.What can you infer about the differences between using media language toolsas an adolescent and using them at a much older age?