Alexandre César Léopold Bizet
(25 October 1838 – 3 June 1875)
He was born in Paris, October 25,
1838 and died in Bougival , France,
June 3, 1875.
He was a French composer of
romantic era , mainly of operas.
He is also a pianist. In a career cut
short by his early death, he achieved
few successes before his final
work, Carmen, became one of the
most popular and frequently
performed works in the entire opera
Who is he?
Georges Bizet is considered to be a
great French opera composer. Both
of his parents were professional
musicians. Georges' mother was a
pianist. Georges' father was a
composer and a singing teacher and
gave Georges his first music lessons
at the age of 4.
Georges' talent for music was
displayed early in his childhood.
When Georges was 9, he entered the
Paris Conservatory of Music.
He studied harmony and
composition and took lessons on
the piano and the organ.
He was considered a master of the piano at
age 14, won a First Prize for piano, and was
encouraged to write compositions for the piano. He
wrote "Jeux d'enfants," a suite for piano featuring four
hands (two people playing the same piano), as well as
150 other compositions for the piano. He won several
awards while at the conservatory: the Offenbach First
Prize for comic opera and also the Grand Prix de
Rome in 1857.
Georges went on to study in Italy,
but returned to Paris to teach music.
He composed music for a play by
Daudet, called L'Arlesienne. This
music is still popular today as a suite
for orchestra. In 1875, he
wrote Carmen, a four-act opera.
The opera was based on a story by
Merimee. Georges incorporated
Spanish rhythms in his music
specifically to set the stage for the
story. Georges also composed a
symphony, orchestral suites, other
operas, and songs. His
masterpiece, Carmen, is performed
all over the world.
Carmen is a story of a gypsy girl
who lives fast and enjoys her life.
She gets in trouble in her work
place – cigarettes factory - and goes
She convinces a soldier named Jose
to let her out. He falls in love with
Carmen, lets her out, but this gets
Carmen escapes and Jose soon
follows her. They live together for a
Soon, Carmen gets bored and falls
in love with a toreador Escamillo.
She leaves Jose who still loves her.
During a bull fight, Jose comes to
see Carmen and begs her to
marry him and change her life.
Carmen laughs at him saying she
is free and will stay free forever.
Jose kills Carmen.