Kwashiorkor is an acute form of childhood protein-energy malnutrition
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS The defining sign of kwashiorkor in a malnourished child is pedal edema (swelling of the feet). Other signs include a distended abdomen, an enlarged liver with fatty infiltrates, thinning hair, loss of teeth, skin de pigmentation and dermatitis
Fatigue Hair changes (change in color or texture) Increased and more severe infections due to damaged immune system Irritability Large belly that sticks out (protrudes Decreased muscle mass Diarrhea Failure to gain weight ) Lethargy or apathy Loss of muscle mass Rash (dermatitis) Shock (late stage) Swelling (edema)
CAUSES Kwashiorkor is most common in areas where there is: Famine Limited food supply Low levels of education (when people do not understand how to eat a proper diet) This disease is more common in very poor countries. These conditions are responsible for a lack of food, which leads to malnutrition.
TREATMENT Getting more calories and protein will correct kwashiorkor Calories are given first in the form of carbohydrates, simple sugars, and fats. Proteins are started after other sources of calories have already provided energy. Vitamin and mineral supplements are essential.
PREVENTION to prevent kwashiorkor in areas where there is no famine. To prevent it make sure your diet is rich in protein enough carbohydrates and fats, to make it easier food that has energy.