CHIA SUE YI
0315334
FNBE April 2013
English 1: Writing Assignment
Differences between Malay and Chinese Traditional Houses
Tradition is the collective knowledge, experience and behaviour o...
lightweight natural construction material especially wood , bamboo and leaves are used for
floors and walls for protection...
In conclusion, there are many differences in Malay and Chinese traditional houses,
such as the types of architecture, mate...
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Traditional house essay

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Traditional house essay

  1. 1. CHIA SUE YI 0315334 FNBE April 2013 English 1: Writing Assignment
  2. 2. Differences between Malay and Chinese Traditional Houses Tradition is the collective knowledge, experience and behaviour of our ancestors. These traditions although considered primitive by modern generations have in many ways influenced the construction of different types of traditional house in different countries. Traditional houses have many good aspects, socially and environmentally. These aspects are unknown territory and should be explored and adopted in the modern contemporary built environment .One significance of traditional house is that they are built in harmony with the climate and natural environment .Now, let us explore the many differences between the types of architecture, materials and history of Malay traditional houses and Chinese traditional houses. The first difference between Malay traditional houses and Chinese traditional houses is architecture. The architecture of Malay traditional houses is designed based on tropical solutions in building design. The traditional Malay houses are an important source for the creation of Malaysia‟s identity in architecture and exhibits the creativity and aesthetic skills of Malays. For example, “ Rumah Terengganu” was built entirely from Chengal wood and without the use of a single nail. However, Chinese traditional houses are made by Chinese architecture and the designs practiced by them tends to make the houses face south because Chinese people believe in Fengsui which harmonizes the interaction of people with their living space and natural environment. The use of bright colours such as red, orange and yellow has become a characteristic of the Chinese buildings in which these colours represent an ethnic rite. For example,“Shieyuan” is a traditional house Chinese architecture has had a major influence on the architectural styles of Korea, Vietnam and Japan. The second difference between Malay traditional house and Chinese traditional house is that they are made of different materials. Most of the Malay traditional house is made by
  3. 3. lightweight natural construction material especially wood , bamboo and leaves are used for floors and walls for protection against rain. For example, the materials used for construct „Rumah Limas Bugis‟ include „Cengal‟, „Keranji‟, „Penak‟ and „Meranti‟ wood that can easily found in Malaysia In a traditional Malay house. Malay traditional house is also designed to suit the warm and humid to suit Malaysia climate and for the multifunctional use of space which can ensure suitable natural vegetation in the surroundings to provide a cooler environment. However, Chinese traditional house despite the different geographic conditions, it dwellings are usually designed around the common value. The most common building materials for houses in China are earth and wood, both of which have positive associations. Most of the Chinese traditional house is made by brick and stone because it gradually became more common and replaced wooden edifices. For example, the high- grade building material in “Forbidden City” located in Beijing is glazed tile was used exclusively on palace buildings of the regal house of the big mansions of nobles. The third difference between Malay traditional houses and Chinese traditional houses is the ancient history. Most of the ancient Malay peoples of South-East Asia maintained a form of self-regenerating environmental culture. The Malay architecture has been influenced by Indonesian Bugis, Riau and Java from the south. For example, „Rumah Limas Bugis‟ is the traditional house style is influenced by the Bugis of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Nevertheless, the historical factors play an important role in the Chinese architecture to emphasis of ornamentation on the temple and association buildings is considered important among Chinese believers. For example, The Chinese house type, “Siheyuan”, is deemed to be the embodiment of the Confucian institution which has ruled the traditional Chinese society. The people historically developed diverse housing styles that adapted to each particular region and climate.
  4. 4. In conclusion, there are many differences in Malay and Chinese traditional houses, such as the types of architecture, materials and history. The conservation of these traditional values in the context of conservation and revitalization of architectural heritage is in a sense the preservation of culture. The different aspirations of people from different regions can be seen when we look at houses in different regions. The difference between the houses in every state shows that Malays itself is not the same. Each of them has their own perceptions in designing of the house influenced by a different factor culture and tradition is an identity to a society that needs to be preserved for future generations.

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