Lamborghini project report on design


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Lamborghini project report on design

  1. 1. A Project Report On Lamborghini Reventon DesignSubmitted to: - Prof.Vivek Raina Submitted by: - Nita Ahir Roll no:-4
  2. 2. IntroductionThe Lamborghini Reventón has been entirely designed in Sant’Agata Bolognese, the originalbirthplace of the Lamborghini and the native home of every super car born under the sign of thebull.The design drawn up in Lamborghini’s Centro Stile (Style Centre) is fine-tuned in closecollaboration with the Lamborghini Research and Development Department. Thus, the Reventónis not only “haute couture” but it also stands out for its elevated dynamism whilst being entirelysuitable for everyday use.The Lamborghini Reventón is not destined to remain a one-off. A total of 20 Lamborghinifriends and collectors will be able to own this extraordinary car and, naturally, enjoy theincomparable pleasure of driving it.Although it is based on the Murciélago LP640, the exterior design of the Reventón is completelynew. It represents the ultimate symbol of Lamborghini’s philosophy of creating extreme supersports cars without compromise.Although sensuality and provocation characterize every Lamborghini, “however, the Reventónis the most extreme of all, a true automotive superlative."Our designers at the Lamborghini Style Centre took the technical base of the MurciélagoLP640 and compressed and intensified its DNA, its genetic code,” affirms Stephan Winkelmann,President and CEO of Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A.The name Reventón has been chosen according to Lamborghini tradition. Reventón was afighting bull, owned by the Don Rodriguez family. It is included in the list of the most famousbulls ever and is known for killing the famed bullfighter Felix Guzman in 1943.Airplane inspiration"The present day Lamborghini models are distinguished by the clear language of their shape:sharp edges, precise lines and clean surfaces, which are ingredients of a style reduced to theessential. Each element is created exactly according to its function".
  3. 3. With the Reventón the Centro Stile designers have coherently developed this philosophy,inspired by another sphere where speed and dynamism reign absolute: modern aeronautics.This has created an extremely precise, technically striking style with a new vitality: interruptedlines and contorted surfaces create a fascinating play of light, giving the car incrediblemovement.Just like the Murciélago LP640, the exterior is made of CFC, a composite carbon fibre material,which is as stable as it is light. The exterior components are glued and fixed to the bodycomprised of CFC and steel.The front is characterized by the acute angle of the central ‘arrow’ and by the powerful forward-facing air intakes supply a large of volume of air, necessary to cool the carbon brake disks andthe six cylinder callipers.In Lamborghini’s 12-cylinders tradition, both doors on the Reventón open upwards.With their asymmetric configuration, the large air intakes below the doors provide an example ofthe extreme coherence with which a Lamborghini fulfills its function: on the driver’s side it islarge to increase the flow of oil to the radiator. On the passenger’s side of the vehicle, the airintake is flat because in this case, it only has to ensure the flow below the floor.The aerodynamically optimized flat floor structure terminates at the rear with a diffuser featuringan accentuated shape. This guarantees excellent road grip and stability even at 340 km per hour. DESIGN DETAILS
  4. 4. The engine hood is made of glass laminate with open ventilation slits that offers a glimpse of thetwelve cylinders. The glass also features the marked arrow angle that characterises the design fromthe front to the rear spoiler. The Lamborghini designers’ love for detail is beautifully illustrated bythe fuel tank lid: a small mechanical work of art, achieved by milling a solid aluminium block.The combination lights transform the incisiveness of the design into light: the front features the mostmodern light-emitting diodes alongside Bi-Xenon headlights. Seven LEDs ensure continuousdaylight while there are a further nine diodes for the indicator and hazard lights.Another technical innovation is found in the rear light LEDs. Because of the high temperature in therear low part of the car, special heatproof LEDs are used for the indicator and hazard lights,stoplights and rear lights with a triple arrow optical effect.The 20 units of the Reventón will be painted with a new homonimous hue: a mid opaquegreen/grey without the usual shine. However, thanks to the metallic particles, in the daylight thiscolour tone features surprising depth.The specific wheels feature opaque carbon fins that are screwed onto the black aluminium spokes,creating a turbine effect and ensuring effective cooling for the ceramic brake disks.
  5. 5. INTERIOR DESIGNThe same innovative force applied to the exterior design characterises the cockpit of the Reventón.Designed and created using Alcantara, carbon, aluminium and leather that comply with the topquality standards, the interior is inspired by the next generation cockpits: just like in modernairplanes, the instruments comprise three TFT liquid crystal displays with innovative display modes.At the touch of a button, the driver can choose from two vehicle information display modes. Theinstruments are housed in a structure milled from a solid aluminium block, protected by a carbonfibre casing.The G-Force-Meter is also completely new: this display shows the dynamic drive forces, longitudinalacceleration during acceleration and braking, as well as transversal acceleration around bends.These forces are represented by the movement of an indicator on a graduated 3D grid depending onthe direction and intensity of the acceleration. A similar instrument can be found in the airplanes.Formula One teams also use a similar device to analyse dynamic forces.
  6. 6. The instrument on the left of the speedometer associates the number of revolutions in the form of a luminous column with the display of the selected gear. Finally, every Reventón is equipped with a robotised e.gear controlled by two small levers under the steering wheel. By simply pressing a button, the driver can switch to thesecond, quasi-analogical display, where the classic circular instruments, speedometer and enginespeed indicator are configured in an equally innovative way and transformed into luminous pilotlamps with varying colours. The G-Force-Meter naturally remains at the centre in this display mode.In-house developed electronic systemsAll this is possible thanks to the fact that the entire electronic platform of the Reventón, together withall the control devices, has been autonomously developed by the Lamborghini experts.The same process forintegrating theelectronic displays inthe car was appliedto the LamborghiniEngineeringDepartment.
  7. 7. About the Lamborghini Centro StileThe Reventon was entirely developed at Sant’Agata Bolognese: from CAD design and development,to the creation of the prototype in the Prototype Department.Inaugurated in 2004, the Centro Stile is dedicated to design and characterized by a high degree ofefficiency: an “atelier” of creators, designers and prototype constructors, who encapsulate theLamborghini culture and spirit by using their remarkable skills to create aesthetic innovation.The Centro Stile is located in a 2,900 square two-storey building.The large pavilion houses two test floors and related production and analysis equipment, while otherrooms are set aside for the most advanced computerised workstations for designers and a style-modelconstruction workshop. The Centro Stile is also closely linked to the nearby EngineeringDepartment: the direct line between the Lamborghini development departments guarantees that ideasrapidly become reality.The Lamborghini Reventón is a practical illustration of the streamlined functionality and efficiencycharacterising the Centro Stile: it took less than a year to progress from the first ideas to the finishedcar.The complete design process from the first sketches on paper, to three dimensional computer modelswith 1:10 or 1:4 scale, right up to the real size prototype is organised around streamlined, fast,efficient work groups.Thanks to the Centro Stile, for the first time in its history, Lamborghini is now able to create its ownstyle philosophy in-house without having to rely on any external collaboration.The 20 units will be manufactured in Sant’Agata, using a production process characterised by expertcfraftmanship and rigorous quality standards.
  8. 8. Lamborghini Reventon – Technical FeaturesThe technoloy derives from the Murciélago LP640 with no major modifications: the engine is theclassic twelve-cylinder engine with 6.5 litre displacement, tuned to deliver 650 HP (478 kW) at 8,000rpm and a max torqu of 660 Nm.Technical highlights include the robotised e.gear and the permanent Viscous Traction four-wheeldrive system.As in the original Murciélago LP640, the Reventón accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h in just 3.4seconds, with a maximum speed over 340 km/h.Lamborghini Reventón – Technical dataDIMENSIONSWheelbase 2665 mm (104.92 in)Total length 4700 mm (185.04 in)Total width 2058 mm (81.02 in)Total height 1135 mm (44.69 in)Dry weight (no fuel and no liquids) 1665 kg (3670.7 lb)Front trackwidth 1635 mm (64.37 in)Rear trackwidth 1695 mm (66.73 in)Front overhang 1080 mm (42.52 in)Rear overhang 955 mm (37.60 in)Maximum overall width with external rear-viewmirrors 2215 mm (87.20 in)PERFORMANCESTop speed 340 km/h (211.3 mph)Acceleration 0-100 km/h (0-62 mph) 3.4 s (before: 3.8 s)ENGINEType 12 cylinders at 60°Bore and stroke 88 mm x 89 mm (3.46 in x 3.50 in)Displacement 6496 cc (396.41 in3)Compression ratio (11 ± 0.2):1 650 HP (478 kW) at 8000 rpm (guaranteed Maximum power through the engine selection)Maximum torque 660 Nm (487 lb-ft) at 6000 rpmEngine position in vehicle Longitudinal central-rearCylinder heads and engine block Aluminium
  9. 9. Intake system Variable geometry with 3 operating modes Other Technical Features• Frame: High strength tubular steel structure with carbon fibre components• Bodywork: In carbon fibre, except roof and door external panels (steel)• Wheels and tyres: Front 245/35 ZR 18 – Rear 335/30 ZR 18• Transmission: Permanent all-wheel drive with Viscous Traction system• Gearbox: 6-speed mechanical gearbox• Transmission ratios• Brakes: 4 self-ventilated rotors with pedal control, hydraulic transmission with dual independent circuits, one for each axle with vacuum servo.• ABS antilock device + DRP function.• Suspension: 4-wheel independent articulated quadrilateral system. Hydraulic shock absorbers and coaxial coil springs. Suspension with dual front and rear struts, antiroll, antidive and antisquat bar.• Combined consumption (according to DIR 1999/100/CE): 21,3 l/100 km• CO2 emissions: 495 g/km How the Lamborghini Reventon Works
  10. 10. Lamborghini claims that the Reventon is the most powerful -- and the most expensive -- model its made yet.Automakers often turn to airplaneswhen working out designs for a new car. Both airplanes andvehicles need to be aerodynamic if theyre going to perform well, whether in the air or on theroad. The auto industry, especially companies that make fast sports cars, is starting to use thesame materials out of which airplanes are manufactured. Carbon fiber and fiberglass composites,used for wings and other structural elements on planes, can help make the bodies of cars strongerand lighter at the same time. This also means faster performance (because of less weight) andbetter crash safety.But what if someone went one step further, designing both the interior and exterior of a car afternot just an airplane, but a fighter jet like theF-15 or the F/A-22 Raptor? Thats exactly whatLamborghini, the maker of some of the most powerful and recognizable sports cars in the world,is doing with its newest model, the Lamborghini Reventon. Everything from the arrow-shaped
  11. 11. design of the Reventons body to the interior console finds inspiration from some of the militarysmost powerful flying machines, right down to the air intakes.If youre a Lamborghini fan, the Reventon is the ultimate. Think of it as the extra-special limited-edition extended-cut DVD box set of your favorite movie. Unfortunately, theres a catch -- thecar costs $1.4 million, and the company only made 20 of them. On top of that, theyre alreadysold out. The Reventon is also the ultimate in exclusivity, the most expensive Lamborghini todate, so dont expect to see one on display at your local showroom.Still, it doesnt really hurt to rest your elbow on your desk, place your chin in your hand and gazefondly at the Reventons shiny, Grey Barra hue -- a completely new color specially developed bythe designers at Lamborghini -- while reading about specifications and the supercars uniquemodifications.The Murcielago LP640, the Reventons less expensive cousin. The Lamborghini Reventon at the 2007 InternationalAuto Show in Frankfurt, Germany.Reventon Specs
  12. 12. The Murcielago LP640, the Reventons less expensive cousin. The Lamborghini Reventon at the 2007 International Auto Show in Frankfurt, Germany.The Reventon isnt exactly a completely new car. Although the look, feel and price tag of thisparticular Lamborghini are unique, its basic qualities actually stem from an earlier car,theMurcielago LP640. This has disappointed a few enthusiasts following Lamborghinis efforts-- some argue that the Reventon is simply a hyper-expensive version of the Murcielago model,without many changes aside from a few superfluous bells and whistles.The technology in the Murcielago includes a V12, 640-horsepowerengine -- it can acceleratefrom 0-60 miles per hour in 3.4 seconds and achieve speeds of 211 mph (339 km/h). Informationin the press releases for the Reventon appears to vary, but the supercar looks to perform at aboutthe same level as the Murcielago. Only the horsepower listing changes, increasing slightly to 650hp. The base cost of the LP640 is around $280,000, so those paying the extra $1.2 million for theReventon better really want their cars to look like fighter jets.The exterior design of the Reventon does manage to set it apart slightly from the Murcielagobefore it. Although the dimensions and proportions are similar, small touches like the arrow-shaped hood and the air intakes on the front give the Reventon its earthbound fighter jet look.The intakes arent just for show, either -- an increased amount of air flow is necessary to cool theReventons carbon disc brakes and six-cylinder calipers (the parts that squeeze brake padsagainst a cars wheel). The hood of the car is also made of glass laminate, and, like the
  13. 13. Murcielago, the body of the Reventon is made of a carbon fiber composite (CFC), making it strong yet light. The exterior light system is one of the Reventons technological innovations, as thecar is fitted with bi-xenon headlights and a series of light-emitting diodes, or LEDs, for theindicator and hazard lights. The rear LEDs are the most impressive feat, however. Theyrelocated near the cars exhaust system, and an engine performing at 640 hp will produce a lot ofheat -- up to 120 degrees, according to Lamborghini. In order to make rear LED lights possible,Lamborghini developed special heat-resistant LEDs to sustain the high temperatures comingfrom the Reventons tailpipe.RAGING BULLWith the Reventon, Lamborghini continues its tradition of naming models after infamous bullsfrom bullfighting history -- usually ones that happened to slay skilled matadors in the ring.Lamborghini CEO Stephen Winkelmann has explained that the Reventon is named after thesame bull that gored well-known matador Felix Guzman in 1943. Reventon also happens to beSpanish for "explosion," which is most likely a fitting nod to the supercars powerful engine.Another definition can refer to a "flat tire," but were pretty sure Lamborghini doesnt highlightthat in its press release.Step inside the Reventon -- just try your hardest not to act like a fighter pilot on the road, as carbon fiber compositebodies are fairly expensive to repair.Inside the ReventonOnce you open the doors of the Reventon -- which open upward, like all Lamborghini modelssince the 1974 Countach -- and step inside, youll feel even more like a fighter pilot. The press
  14. 14. releases even refer to the interior as "the cockpit," so Lamborghini makes its efforts extremelyclear once youre sitting in the drivers seat.Most of the inside is "army green," further conveying that militaristic feel, but the console sealsthe deal. The display screens behind the drivers wheel consist of thin film transistor (TFT) liquidcrystal, the same material used for LCD monitors, televisions and -- surprise! -- airplaneinstrument displays. Set in a mold carved from a solid block of aluminum, the instrumentconsole offers three variations of vehicle information display modes. The highlight of theseinstruments is the new G-Force-Meter, which reads off statistics such as longitudinalacceleration (the forces you feel when accelerating forward or braking) and transversalacceleration (the force you feel when you drive around a bend in theroad). Airplanes and Formula One racing cars use the same kind of technology. The Reventons Grey Barra hue paint is a completely new color specially developed by the designers at Lamborghini.So is the Reventon really worth such a hefty price? Although the aerodynamic, eye-catchingdesign is difficult to condemn, the been-there-done-that specifications from the Murcielago andthe interior gadgets make it seem more like a flight school fanboys toy than an entirely uniquesupercar. People have even raised environmental concerns. During the Reventons exhibition atthe 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show, some criticized Lamborghinis ignorance of the showsenvironmental agenda -- among several cars (such as Toyotas iQ Car) attempting tobattle engineefficiency, space and global warming in general, the Reventon did nothing but showoff its incredible power and ability to burn high-octane gasoline. Either way, the Reventon issure to be seen as some kind of work of art -- most likely due to its extreme rarity.