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internet ,

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY :Chetan,Punit,Gurpal 2012,2017,2018 INTRODUCTION TO INTERNET
  2. 2. What is the Internet?  Internet is a global network in which a number of computer are connected to each other
  3. 3. Why we use the Internet?
  4. 4. Important Terminologies  Extranet  INTRANET  INTERNET  WWW  INTERNETWORK
  5. 5.  An intranet is a set of networks that are under the control of a single administrative entity. Intranet is used to connect employees of organization with each other.  For example – Maruti company having its individual intranet for their employees. Intranet
  6. 6.  An extranet is a private network that uses Internet technology and the public telecommunication system to securely share part of a business's information with suppliers, partners, customers, or other businesses. Extranet • Difference Between Extranet And Intranet  The main difference between an intranet and an extranet is that the intranet is the network that is limited for use on the organizations computers, whereas the extranet is an extension of the company’s intranet.
  7. 7.  Internet is global network in which a number of computer s are connected to each other. In simple word it is called “THE NET” .”The NET” means a network which is a combination of various small network. Internet
  8. 8. An internetwork is the connection of multiple computer networks via a common routing technology using routers. Internetwork Routers
  9. 9.  THE WORLD WIDE WEB or WWW or WEB is a method of accessing the information over the medium of the internet. Its is used for getting webpage availble over server. WWW(world wide web) Back to
  10. 10. Web Browser A web-based program that displays the Internet Common Web Browsers Safari: for Apples Internet Explorer: for Windows only
  11. 11. Other Web Browsers  Google Chrome: created by Google  Mozilla Firefox: works on Mac & PC
  12. 12. In the mid-1960’s most of the research organization used mainframe computer which were standalone device. The computer manufactured by different companies were unable to communicate with one another. The U.S Department of Defense(DoD) started Advanced Research Projects Agency(ARPA) in 1957 whose main aim was to find a way to connect computer . This resulted in the development of a small network of connected computer ,called ARPAnet in 1969. It made use of a new packet switching concept for inter-connecting computer that initially linked computer at universities, military organization, government agencies and other research institutions in united states. History of Internet
  13. 13. How to connect to the Internet  Three main ways to connect to the Internet 1. Dial-Up 2. High Speed/DSL 3. Wireless Connection (Wi-Fi)
  14. 14. Dial-Up Internet Connection Dial-Up All you need is a computer, phone-line and Internet Service Provider! (ISP) Not as fast as other Internet connections, but often more affordable ISP Internet Your computer Landline
  15. 15. High Speed (Cable/DSL)Internet Connection  Travels through fiber-optic cables underground  Needs to be connected by a Modem to your computer  Modem: A hub that connects the computer to the Internet  Faster than Dial-up
  16. 16. Wireless Internet Connection (Wi-Fi)  Your computer must be a “Wireless enabled” device  Your computer can pick up signals from different wireless networks  Some networks require passwords or a subscription, others are free  This is what the wireless symbol would look like if your computer was connected
  17. 17. Internet services In order to connect to the Internet, you need to use an Internet service. Internet service provides a way for data to be transferred from Internet servers to your computer. An Internet service provider is a company that provides access to the Internet. Most ISPs require you to subscribe in order to use their services, but there are ways to connect to the Internet for free. Some of the most common ways to connect to the Internet are communication service, information retrival, web service and www services.
  18. 18. Communication services  A communications service provider or CSP a service provider that transports information electronically, for example a telecommunications service provider. The term encompasses public and private companies in the telecom (landline and wireless), Internet, cable, satell ite, and managed services businesses
  19. 19. Communication services Email service Instant messaging
  20. 20. Email service E-mail stand for electronic mail. It is very helpful method on the internet to exchange the message to all over the world. We can say it is exchange of electronic message between computer that are connected to internet .
  21. 21. Instant messaging Abbreviated IM, a type of communications service that enables you to create a kind of private chat room with another individual in order to communicate in real time over the Internet, analogous to a telephone conversation but using text-based, not voice-based, communication. Typically, the instant messaging system alerts you whenever somebody on your private list is online. You can then initiate a chat session with that particular individual.
  22. 22. Information Retrieval Information retrieval is the activity of obtaining information resources relevant to an information need from a collection of information resources. Searches can be based on metadata or on full-text (or other content-based) indexing. Example – FTP, Telnet , Remote Logins
  23. 23. Web service Web service is used to transmit one application data to another application on a network. Webservice is usually created with the help of language XML. For example – GPS service on mobile connected to google server. Web service will transfer the coordinates using mobile gps service to google server and retrieve location of area.
  24. 24. World wide web(WWW) <back>
  25. 25. Continue WWW
  26. 26. ADVANTAGES OF INTERNET Powerful search engines. Ability to do research from your home versus research libraries.  Information at various levels of study. Everything from scholarly articles to ones directed at children. Message boards where people can discuss ideas on any topic. Ability to get wide range of opinions. People can find others that have a similar interest in whatever they are interested in.
  27. 27. The internet provides the ability of emails. Free mail service to anyone in the country. Platform for products like SKYPE, which allow for holding a video conference with anyone in the world who also has access. Things such as Yahoo Answers and other sites where kids can have readily available help for homework
  28. 28. Disadvantages of internet  There is a lot of wrong information on the internet. Anyone can post anything, and much of it is garbage.  There are predators that hang out on the internet waiting to get unsuspecting people in dangerous situations.  Some people are getting addicted to the internet and thus causing problems with their interactions of friends and loved ones.  It can be quite depressing to be on the internet and realize just how uneducated so many people have become in today 's society
  29. 29. There are a lot of unscrupulous businesses that have sprung up on the internet to take advantage of people. Hackers can create viruses that can get into your personal computer and ruin valuable data. Hackers can use the internet for identity theft.