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Interactive Teaching methods and techniques

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Innovative andInnovative and
Interactive TechniquesInteractive Techniques
and Methods ofand Methods of
TeachingTeaching

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Analogies…Analogies…
 Teaching is like fishing…Teaching is like fishing…
 You use different lures for different fishYou ...

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Selecting and Using a Variety ofSelecting and Using a Variety of
Instructional MethodsInstructional Methods
 Instructiona...

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Interactive Teaching methods and techniques

  1. 1. Innovative andInnovative and Interactive TechniquesInteractive Techniques and Methods ofand Methods of TeachingTeaching
  2. 2. Analogies…Analogies…  Teaching is like fishing…Teaching is like fishing…  You use different lures for different fishYou use different lures for different fish  You use different methods for different learners.You use different methods for different learners.  Teaching is like beautiful music…Teaching is like beautiful music…  Where, instructional methods are the instrumentsWhere, instructional methods are the instruments  When played alone they make sound…When played alone they make sound…  When played together in tune, rhythm, andWhen played together in tune, rhythm, and feeling, they become amazing music!feeling, they become amazing music!
  3. 3. Selecting and Using a Variety ofSelecting and Using a Variety of Instructional MethodsInstructional Methods  Instructional objectives:Instructional objectives:  Define method of InstructionDefine method of Instruction  Discuss factors to consider whenDiscuss factors to consider when selecting a method of instructionselecting a method of instruction  Distinguish between methods ofDistinguish between methods of instruction and instructional aidsinstruction and instructional aids  Identify & discuss a variety ofIdentify & discuss a variety of teaching methodsteaching methods
  4. 4. Methods, Strategy, Aid,Methods, Strategy, Aid, ApproachApproach  Teaching Method tend to be synonymousTeaching Method tend to be synonymous with technique according to Websterwith technique according to Webster  Teaching Strategy – “careful plan” thatTeaching Strategy – “careful plan” that serves an important function in achieving aserves an important function in achieving a specific outcome.specific outcome.  Instructional aids includes:Instructional aids includes:  Chalkboard, Flip chart, PowerPoint,Chalkboard, Flip chart, PowerPoint, Real Objects, etc.Real Objects, etc.  Teaching Approach is a “holistic process”Teaching Approach is a “holistic process”  Includes the teaching steps, problem-Includes the teaching steps, problem- solving strategies, and teachingsolving strategies, and teaching methods.methods.
  5. 5. TeachingTeaching MethodsMethods  Lecture-ExplainingLecture-Explaining  Resource PeopleResource People  Case StudyCase Study  Group DiscussionGroup Discussion  Brainstorming &Brainstorming & Buzz GroupsBuzz Groups  Field-trip (tour)Field-trip (tour)  QuizQuiz  Book, Journals orBook, Journals or Website reviewsWebsite reviews  Interactive videoInteractive video and audio sessionsand audio sessions
  6. 6. Methods/StrategiesMethods/Strategies  Directed (supervised)Directed (supervised) studystudy  Role-PlayRole-Play  Socratic DialogueSocratic Dialogue  Jigsaw/CrosswordJigsaw/Crossword  Concept Map/SketchConcept Map/Sketch  DebateDebate  Cooperative LearningCooperative Learning  Panel of ExpertsPanel of Experts  CollageCollage
  7. 7. Instructional/Teaching MethodsInstructional/Teaching Methods vs. Instructional Aids?vs. Instructional Aids?  Assist the teacher in theAssist the teacher in the teaching/learning processteaching/learning process  White boardWhite board  HandoutsHandouts  PropsProps  Pictures/VideoPictures/Video  AudioAudio  Computer based simulationComputer based simulation  ModelsModels  Others?Others?
  8. 8. Tools from our teaching tool boxTools from our teaching tool box Let’s Try SomeLet’s Try Some
  9. 9. Management Functions
  10. 10. PlanningPlanning  Quiz – 4-5 Rounds includingQuiz – 4-5 Rounds including Objective type and other types ofObjective type and other types of questionsquestions  Role Play – Give a situation andRole Play – Give a situation and ask students to enact to theask students to enact to the situation providedsituation provided  Case AnalysisCase Analysis  Video/Movie Review -Video/Movie Review - https://https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=rS3Aq_2II-swww.youtube.com/watch?v=rS3Aq_2II-s TataTata Nano manufacturing plant shifting from WestNano manufacturing plant shifting from West Bengal to GujaratBengal to Gujarat
  11. 11. OrganisingOrganising  Concept Map/Sketch – EventConcept Map/Sketch – Event based on themesbased on themes  Case – Event OrganisingCase – Event Organising  Brainstorming session linked toBrainstorming session linked to casecase  Video and Audio reviewsVideo and Audio reviews  Jigsaw / CrosswordJigsaw / Crossword
  12. 12. StaffingStaffing  Role Play – Process of Staffing /Role Play – Process of Staffing / recruitingrecruiting  Field Trip/Tour – Linked to RoleField Trip/Tour – Linked to Role Play, students will visit differentPlay, students will visit different industry sectors and collectindustry sectors and collect informationinformation  CollageCollage  Video/Audio reviewsVideo/Audio reviews
  13. 13. LeadingLeading  Video session on top leadersVideo session on top leaders  Case Study / SituationalCase Study / Situational analysis on leadinganalysis on leading  Story tellingStory telling  Resource peopleResource people
  14. 14. ControllingControlling  Role-play on ControllingRole-play on Controlling  Case analysis of differentCase analysis of different situationssituations  Video reviewsVideo reviews  Cooperative learningCooperative learning
  15. 15. Class ExerciseClass Exercise
  16. 16. ScenarioScenario  You have been hired in a newYou have been hired in a new position and your supervisor tells youposition and your supervisor tells you that the company will purchase you athat the company will purchase you a new computernew computer..  Your supervisor explains that you canYour supervisor explains that you can spend up to $2150.00spend up to $2150.00 on a newon a new desktop computer and software.desktop computer and software. Furthermore, because of existingFurthermore, because of existing purchasing agreements you must selectpurchasing agreements you must select betweenbetween DellDell andand GatewayGateway..  The choice is yours, however yourThe choice is yours, however your supervisor has requested a decisionsupervisor has requested a decision in two days.in two days.
  17. 17. What is the decisionWhat is the decision you need to make?you need to make? Should I purchase Dell computer or a Gateway computer?
  18. 18. Forked Road TemplateForked Road Template Forked-Road Problem-Solving Technique Define the Problem / Decision to be Made: Choice One Choice Two Factors to Consider Decision / Recommendation:
  19. 19. What if we have moreWhat if we have more than two choices?than two choices?  Possibilities-Factors!Possibilities-Factors!
  20. 20. Possibilities-Factors TemplatePossibilities-Factors Template Possibilities-Factors Problem-Solving Technique Define the Problem / Decision to be Made: Possibilities (Possible Solutions) Factors to Consider Decision / Recommendation:
  21. 21. Forked Road or PossibilitiesForked Road or Possibilities Factors?Factors? 1.1. Selecting between turf grass and naturalSelecting between turf grass and natural grass.grass. 2.2. Choosing a greenhouse covering.Choosing a greenhouse covering. 3.3. Determining whether to attend theDetermining whether to attend the National Convention.National Convention. 4.4. Selecting from among seed varieties.Selecting from among seed varieties. 5.5. Determining best pest control.Determining best pest control. 6.6. Selecting a career choice.Selecting a career choice. 7.7. Promoting a management practice.Promoting a management practice. 8.8. Determining whether to invest in newDetermining whether to invest in new equipment.equipment. 9.9. Selecting lumber types.Selecting lumber types. 10.10. Choosing a “path” of action.Choosing a “path” of action.
  22. 22. Instructional TipsInstructional Tips 1.1. Get learners to define the problem (best)Get learners to define the problem (best)  Or, you define the problemOr, you define the problem 1.1. Record for all to seeRecord for all to see 2.2. Use the template to facilitate the problem-Use the template to facilitate the problem- solving (decision-making) effortsolving (decision-making) effort • Complete the template yourselfComplete the template yourself 1.1. Assist students in identifying the factors toAssist students in identifying the factors to considerconsider 2.2. Provide the resources for seeking outProvide the resources for seeking out information on the possibilitiesinformation on the possibilities 3.3. Have students identify a solutionHave students identify a solution 4.4. Allow students to share their solution withAllow students to share their solution with rationale for their choicerationale for their choice
  23. 23. Integrating reading,Integrating reading, speaking, listening andspeaking, listening and writing skillswriting skills
  24. 24. JigsawJigsaw  Is a teaching technique invented by social psychologistIs a teaching technique invented by social psychologist Elliot AronsonElliot Aronson in 1971.in 1971.  Students of a normal-sized class (26 to 33 students) areStudents of a normal-sized class (26 to 33 students) are divided into competency groups of four to six students,divided into competency groups of four to six students, each of which is given a list of subtopics to research.each of which is given a list of subtopics to research.  Individual members of each group then break off to workIndividual members of each group then break off to work with the "experts" from other groups, researching a part ofwith the "experts" from other groups, researching a part of the material being studied, after which they return to theirthe material being studied, after which they return to their starting body in the role of instructor for their subcategory.starting body in the role of instructor for their subcategory.  The strategy is an efficient teaching method thatThe strategy is an efficient teaching method that encourages listening, engagement, interaction, peerencourages listening, engagement, interaction, peer teaching, and cooperation by giving each member of theteaching, and cooperation by giving each member of the group an essential part to play in the academic activity.group an essential part to play in the academic activity.  Both individual and group accountability are built into theBoth individual and group accountability are built into the process.process.  Jigsaws are a four-skills approach, integrating reading,Jigsaws are a four-skills approach, integrating reading, speaking, listening and writing.speaking, listening and writing.
  25. 25. Expert Panels A A1+A2+A3+A4 Expert Panels D D1+D2+D3+D4 Expert Panels B B1+B2+B3+B4 Expert Panels C C1+C2+C3+C4 Team 1 Team 2 Team 1 Team 2 Each team provides one expert to form a panel Teams regroup for peer teaching and report writing Team 3 Team 4 Team 3 Team 4
  26. 26. Let’s Try itLet’s Try it  You have each been given aYou have each been given a  First, all the #’s get into teamsFirst, all the #’s get into teams 11  Second, you will be ‘experts’ on theSecond, you will be ‘experts’ on the events of the Olympic Gamesevents of the Olympic Games and meet by colorand meet by color ((blueblue,, orangeorange,, purplepurple,, yellowyellow))  Third, get back together in # TeamsThird, get back together in # Teams and share 4 facts about your eventand share 4 facts about your event with the others in your teamwith the others in your team
  27. 27. Closure…Closure…  Select the right “tool” for theSelect the right “tool” for the right “job”right “job”  Variety is valuedVariety is valued  Method is determined by manyMethod is determined by many factorsfactors  Include instructional aids to addInclude instructional aids to add variety & clarityvariety & clarity

Editor's Notes

  • All the #’s get together i.e. A1+ B1+C1+D1 (1 – 6) = teams
    Expert Panels all the Letters get together i.e. A1+A2+A3+A4+A5+A6 (all blue)
    Regroup to re-teach by Teams

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