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How to identify fibre and fabric


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Power Point presentation about fibre and fabric identification.


Natural fabrics
Sythetic fabrics
Fibre blends
Fibre mixtures

Published in: Lifestyle, Business
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How to identify fibre and fabric

  1. 1. How to Identify fibres and fabrics
  2. 2. <ul><li>Natural fabrics </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetic fabrics </li></ul><ul><li>Fibre blends </li></ul><ul><li>Fabric mixtures </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Silk </li></ul><ul><li>Wool </li></ul><ul><li>Flax (linen) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Viscose rayon </li></ul><ul><li>Cellulose acetate </li></ul><ul><li>Acrylic </li></ul><ul><li>Polyester </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Nylon </li></ul><ul><li>Metallic </li></ul><ul><li>Elastomeric </li></ul><ul><li>Common name association-subject to trademarks and patents </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. DuPont Lycra is a common elastomeric) </li></ul>Synthetic fibre
  6. 6. <ul><li>Two or more different fibres </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton/polyester </li></ul><ul><li>In EACH of the yarns in the fabric </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Minimize the disadvantages of the individual blends: </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Durability </li></ul><ul><li>Strength </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture absorbency and comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Wrinkle and heat resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical properties </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Adding synthetic fibres such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Acrylic </li></ul><ul><li>Nylon </li></ul><ul><li>Polyester </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the durability of the natural fibres </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Stronger fibres </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Blending an absorbent fibre with a non absorbent fibre makes the blend more absorbent </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Synthetic fibres are usually used </li></ul><ul><li>to reduce the wrinkling properties of the </li></ul><ul><li>natural fibres </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Synthetic fabrics adversely affected by heat </li></ul><ul><li>Natural fibres improves the heat resistance </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Natural fibres are generally more affected by chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetic fibres reduces the amount by which the chemicals affect the fabric </li></ul><ul><li>Laundering still needs to done to the weakest (natural) fibre </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Not as common as fibre blends </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more yarns woven or knitted as SEPARATE yarns into the fabric </li></ul><ul><li>Example – shot viscose/acetate – warp is viscose and weft is acetate to create the shot effect </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Spandex or lycra is commonly mixed with other fibres to: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the wrinkle resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Add comfort </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Polyester/cotton – T SHIRT </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton/spandex – DENIM JEANS </li></ul><ul><li>Rayon/spandex – SEMI TAILORED JACKET </li></ul><ul><li>Rayon/wool - JUMPER </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Cotton/acetate – SHIRT </li></ul><ul><li>Rayon/nylon – KNITTED GARMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Rayon/cotton – CHILD ’S KNITTED </li></ul><ul><li>GARMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Ramie/cotton - BLOUSE </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Natural fibre </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetic fibre </li></ul><ul><li>Fibre blends </li></ul><ul><li>Fabric mixtures </li></ul>
  20. 20. How to Identify fibres and fabrics
  21. 21. <ul><li>You’ve just seen the first session of my </li></ul><ul><li>‘ How to identify fibres and fabrics’ , if you would like more information about this unit, just email me at [email_address] com </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>And if you have any questions, just email me and I'll be happy to answer them for you. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Warmly </li></ul><ul><li>Cheryl </li></ul>