Spanish IV Final Study Guide<br />By: Chelsea Esquivel<br />Final Project for 21st Century Computer Skills<br />
Reason for study guide<br />For my 21st century computer skills class final project, my class was told to make a study gui...
The Imperfect Subjunctive<br />
Main uses of the Imperfect Subjunctive<br />For the imperfect subjunctive to be needed, the verb in the main clause has to...
Forming the imperfect subjunctive<br />3rd person plural of preterite  <br />Take off the ‘on’<br />Replace with these end...
Examples of the Imperfect Subjunctive<br />I wanted you to do it<br />- Quería que lo hicieras. <br />They doubt that he e...
Por y Para<br />
Reasons for using Por<br />By<br />Along<br />By means/way of<br />Per<br />Pro<br />Because of<br />Passage of Time<br />...
Reasons for using Para<br />Intended recipient <br />Deadline<br />Destination<br />In order (with infinitive)<br />Purpos...
Examples of por y para<br />Vamos por el lago.<br />El regalo es para Ana.<br />Por mucha tarea, no me duermo.<br />Se usa...
Commands<br />
Forming Formal Commands<br />Start with the yo form of the present indicative.<br />Then drop the -o ending.<br />Finally,...
Examples of the Formal Command<br /><ul><li>Haga la tarea. </li></ul>Do the homework.<br /><ul><li>Compren los libros. </l...
Irregular Formal Commands<br />dardé den<br />estaresté estén<br />irvaya vayan<br />sersea sean<br />sabersepa sepan<br />
Forming Informal Commands<br />take the infinitive verb<br />drop the corresponding -ar, -er, or -ir ending<br />then add ...
Examples of the Informal Command<br /><ul><li>Compra el anillo.Buy the ring.
Escribe la tarea.Do the homework.
Compra los libros.Buy the books.
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Computer Final

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Computer Final

  1. 1. Spanish IV Final Study Guide<br />By: Chelsea Esquivel<br />Final Project for 21st Century Computer Skills<br />
  2. 2. Reason for study guide<br />For my 21st century computer skills class final project, my class was told to make a study guide on something that will help other students study for their final. I chose to do my project on certain topics in Spanish IV that other students often have problems with.<br />
  3. 3. The Imperfect Subjunctive<br />
  4. 4. Main uses of the Imperfect Subjunctive<br />For the imperfect subjunctive to be needed, the verb in the main clause has to be in one of the following tenses/moods: preterite, imperfect, conditional, or pluperfect. <br />Make a very polite request or suggestion (only with the verbs deber, poder, and querer). <br />In conditional sentences. <br /> Ex. If you were my type, I would go out with you.<br />Si tú fueras mi tipo, yo saldría contigo. <br />
  5. 5. Forming the imperfect subjunctive<br />3rd person plural of preterite <br />Take off the ‘on’<br />Replace with these endings:<br />                a        amos             as               a        an<br />
  6. 6. Examples of the Imperfect Subjunctive<br />I wanted you to do it<br />- Quería que lo hicieras. <br />They doubt that he ever told the truth<br />- Dudaron que él nunca dijiera la verdad<br />I requested that he might talk louder<br />- Yo pedí que el hablara en voz más alta<br />
  7. 7. Por y Para<br />
  8. 8. Reasons for using Por<br />By<br />Along<br />By means/way of<br />Per<br />Pro<br />Because of<br />Passage of Time<br />Sayings<br />During<br />Multiplication<br />
  9. 9. Reasons for using Para<br />Intended recipient <br />Deadline<br />Destination<br />In order (with infinitive)<br />Purpose<br />Opinion<br />
  10. 10. Examples of por y para<br />Vamos por el lago.<br />El regalo es para Ana.<br />Por mucha tarea, no me duermo.<br />Se usa tijeras para coratar.<br />Dos por dos son cuatro.<br />La tarea es para lunes.<br />Son diez por un dólar.<br />Voy para nueva york.<br />
  11. 11. Commands<br />
  12. 12. Forming Formal Commands<br />Start with the yo form of the present indicative.<br />Then drop the -o ending.<br />Finally, add the following endings:<br /> -ar verbs:-e (for Ud.), -en (for Uds.)<br /> -er and -ir verbs:-a (for Ud.), -an (for Uds.)<br />
  13. 13. Examples of the Formal Command<br /><ul><li>Haga la tarea. </li></ul>Do the homework.<br /><ul><li>Compren los libros. </li></ul>Buy the books. <br /><ul><li>Hagan el trabajo. </li></ul>Do the work.<br /><ul><li>Tengan un buen viaje. </li></ul>Have a good trip.<br />
  14. 14. Irregular Formal Commands<br />dardé den<br />estaresté estén<br />irvaya vayan<br />sersea sean<br />sabersepa sepan<br />
  15. 15. Forming Informal Commands<br />take the infinitive verb<br />drop the corresponding -ar, -er, or -ir ending<br />then add the corresponding present tense ending for él/ella<br />
  16. 16. Examples of the Informal Command<br /><ul><li>Compra el anillo.Buy the ring.
  17. 17. Escribe la tarea.Do the homework.
  18. 18. Compra los libros.Buy the books.
  19. 19. Come la cena.Eat the dinner.</li></li></ul><li>Irregular Informal Commands<br />SalirSal en sequida. Leave immediately. <br />TenerTen cuidado. Be careful.<br />Hacer   Hazlo mañana. Do it tomorrow.<br />SerSé bueno. Be good.<br />VenirVen acá. Come here.<br />Decir    Dime la verdad.    Tell me the truth.<br />IrVete. Scram. (Leave.) <br />PonerPonlo aquí. Put it here. <br />
  20. 20. Resources<br />http://www.elearnspanishlanguage.com/grammar/verbs/imperfectsubjunctive.html<br />http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/formcomm.htm<br />http://www.outerspanish.com/learn-spanish-informal-commands.htm<br />http://www.accucut.com/stores/5//images%5Cstoreimages/Dies/std_diesets/ds177.gif<br />http://www.musicalspanish.com/tutorial/newsletters/conditional.gif<br />

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