Constructivism in FL teaching

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Overview of Piaget, Vygotsky, Bruner; task-based language teaching.

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Constructivism in FL teaching

  1. 1. Constructivism <ul><li>Piaget, Bruner, Vygotsky
  2. 2. Task-based Language Teaching </li></ul>
  3. 3. Instructivism vs Constructivism
  4. 5. Piaget
  5. 6. Abstract learning, constructionism
  6. 7. Vygotsky: Zone of proximal development
  7. 8. Bruner: scaffolding
  8. 9. Scaffolding in language learning
  9. 10. Task-based language teaching A task is an activity “where the target language is used by the learner for a communicative purpose (goal) in order to achieve an outcome.” (Jane Willis, 1996:23)
  10. 11. R Ellis A task has several features as follows: 1. A task is a work plan (a plan for learner activity). 2. A task involves a primary focus on meaning. 3. A task involves real-world processes of language use. 4. A task can involve any of the four language skills. 5. A task engages cognitive processes such as selecting, classifying, ordering, and evaluating information in order to carry out the task. 6. A task has a clear defined communicative outcome.
  11. 12. Skehan (1998) 1. Meaning is primary 2. Learners are not given other people’s meaning to regurgitate 3. There is some sort of relationship to comparable real-world activities 4. Task completion has some priority 5. The assessment of the task is in terms of outcome
  12. 13. In what sense is task-based language teaching a constructivist approach to teaching foreign languages?

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