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# Mathematics survey assignment

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### Mathematics survey assignment

1. 1. 1 SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING AND DESIGN THE DESIGN SCHOOL FOUNDATION IN NATURAL BUILD ENVIRONMENT Mathematics (MATH0103) Project – Statistics Group Member: Lim Chern Yie (0315688) Lee Kit Hung (0315722) Gan Jet Foong (0315998) Bo Yong Khong (0316317) Lai Choon Feng (0315898) Lecturer : Ms. Ann See Peng
2. 2. 2 Table of content Content Page 1. Introduction 3 2. Objectives 4 3. Methodology 5-6 4. Questionnaire 7-8 5. Statistical analysis 9-28 6. Calculation 29-30 7. Conclusion 31
3. 3. 3 Introduction Surveys are appropriate and key instruments for exploration and information gathering. It is also to acquire data to help with the process of choice-production and decision-making. Other than that, it can provide us information that allow us grasp more about a particular population’s needs, indulgences and requirements. A comparative survey is the main element for this assignment. A comparative study is one in which a unique is allotted two gatherings of individuals to study and analyze them utilizing specific parameters. It is a specialty under social sciences that point at studying the unit and theories of human conduct. The two gatherings being contemplated and examined are alluded to as examination gatherings. However, teenagers and young adults are our targeted of the two gatherings of individuals. The purpose of this survey is we would like to learn about the specific needs from these two age groups of people and the differences between them among their preferences, tolerances and essentials. First and foremost, our surveys are mainly to investigate the differences of watching movies in cinemas between these two particular groups. Our main idea is focused on how their particular choices affect their decision by watching movies in what kind of situations. Additionally, we would like to find out what are the basic needs, requirements, conditions and necessities among them for choosing the right to watch movies in cinemas. For this time, our survey is using the method of questionnaires that have 22 questions will be given to asking for total of 100 respondents completed it using paper-and-pen instruments. The information gathered from the study will be dissected, utilizing the quantitative studies including tables, bar charts and pie charts to examine the variables and stability of moviegoers between teenagers and young adults by forming statistics to show results for the quantitative data for any of the questions. Statistics can show us obvious outcomes by comparing two different categories of populations. It involves information of analysis to ensure more accurate decision-making and shows an average analysis to represent particular answers. It also can decrease our burden by drawing a conclusion at the end of the parts.
4. 4. 4 Objectives The main objective for this survey is to study and compare about the difference of preference for watching movies in cinemas between teenagers and young adults. We attempt to find out the range of differences for their needs, choices and essentials of watching movies although they are just one or two or three years different of their age and prime of life. First and foremost, we would like to find out what kind of genre of movies that are suited the particular age group’s taste and favorite. Then, we want to find out what kind of elements could easily attract them by going to watch a movie in cinemas from its aspects, soundtracks and reviews. As we all know that there is the bunch of cinemas available in Malaysia such as GSC, TGV, MBO, we would like find the result shows that which one is the most popular cinema among their choices and why they choose it. Other than that, we want to study the average expenses on movies and snacks between teenagers and young adults. As we all know that mostly teenagers are still students but 50% of young adults are employees. We want to find out to check whether young adults spend more than teenagers in this field due to their more monthly allowances or incomes. Then, there are many showtimes for movies in a day but we want to find out which the best timing for them for coming out to watch movies in cinemas. We also want to find out in what conditions they feel the most comfortable while watching movies, who are their movie partners and how many of them and also how far they willing to travel to watch movies. Last but not least, we could make an analysis by showing results that could easily be explained their particular preferences among the age groups and how is the range of differences between the two. We also can learn how to apply wise theories of statistic in our real life.
5. 5. 5 Methodology In the beginning, this was not our first thought for the survey. Our idea was discussing car, but the idea was rejected by Ms. Ann because she said our questions were almost all out of topic. Then, she suggested us to figure out another brand new idea. After our common thinking and agreement, finally this new idea had selected by all of us, which is to compare watching movies in cinemas between teenagers and young adults. In 9th of May, we conducted our survey forms to the 100 targeted people to fill up which are 50 of teenagers and another 50 of young adults. We walked through around Taylor’s University Lakeside to search the peoples that met the requirements who are aged between 18 years old to 23 years old in order to ask them filled up the surveys for us. We conducted the survey forms mainly at Taylor’s Student Life Centre, Library and outside the library. Then, we would observe the targeted person’s condition before we proceeded to conduct the form. For example, for those who was sleeping, carrying a discussion or busy with studying, we would not disturb them to disrupt their time by showing our respect to them. These are the pictures we took during conducting the survey forms. Choon Feng was asking people to fill up at Library Level 5.
6. 6. 6 We almost used up to 2-hours time to finish conducting 100 survey forms to the people. It was tiring but was fun and we had learnt some skills during this section, especially communicating skill. On the 9th of May, we started to do our report analysis instantly. At first, we separated the tasks to each members as to increase our productivity. Lee Kit Hung and Bo Yong Khong were responsible for the calculations for every questions. Other than that, Lim Chern Yie and Lai Choon Feng were assigned the role of keying data and describing summary to each results into Microsoft Words. Additionally, our only computer expert, Gan Jet Foong was given the role of editing poster using Adobe Photoshop. Lastly, we finally did the assignments in three days. These are some calculations that were done by Lee Kit Hung and Bo Yong Khong.
7. 7. 7 Questionaire Inquiry about Watching Movie in Cinemas Name: 1) What is your gender? Male Female 2) What is your current age? 18 19 20 21 22 23 3) Which genre of movies do you prefer the most? Action Comedy Horror Romance Fantasy Others 4) Which aspect of a movie do you consider the most important? Actor Ratings Storyline Popularity Others 5) What kinds of movies would you prefer them to be based on? True story Fiction Novel Book 6) What type of endings do you prefer in a movie? Explicit Implicit Unresolved Long view 7) Which sort of soundtracks do you prefer? Instrumental Pop songs Film score Source Music 8) How important is the soundtrack to a movie? Very important, it sets the whole scene. Somewhat important, but mostly as background. Not very important, though a good one is nice. Not important at all.
8. 8. 8 9) Which cinema do you prefer to watch your movies? (You can choose more than one) GSC TGV MBO Cineplex Others 10) What is the main reason for your cinema choice? (You can choose more than one) Pricing Meal Environment Service attitude 11) Which types of movie screening would you prefer the most? Standard 2D 3D IMax 12) Who do you always watch movies with? Alone Family Friends Lover 13) How many times do you watch movies in cinemas in a month? 0-1 2-3 4-5 6-7 14) How many people would you like to go to cinema with you? 0-3 4-7 8-11 12-15 15) What time do you prefer to watch movies? 11.01am-3pm 3.01pm-7pm 7.01pm-11pm 11.01pm-3am 16) Would you mind sitting in the first three rows at the cinema? Yes No 17) How much do you think the cost of a ticket should be to be reasonable for you? RM6-10 RM11-15 RM16-20 RM21-25 18) Which promotion for movie tickets for you is the best? Movie Day (Wednesday) Buy 1 Free 1 Early Bid Bank’s Promotion 19) Do you usually buy snacks (ex. Popcorn, Chips, Soft Drinks) before going for movies? Yes No 20) How much would you spend on snacks? RM0-2.9 RM3-5.9 RM6-8.9 RM9-11.9 21) How much do you spend by watching movies in a month? RM10-29 RM30-49 RM50-69 RM70-89 22) How far are you willing to travel from your location to watch a movie? 0km-4.9km 5km-9.9km 10km-14.9km 15km-19.9km 20km-24.9km
9. 9. 9 Question 3: Which genre of movies do they prefer the most? Figure 3(a) Figure 3(b) Based on figures above, we can know that teenagers are more likely prefer to action movies which has total of 38% of preference which more than young adults’ of 22%. However, young adults are more likely on side of romance movies and do not like horror movies the least. Action 38% Comedy 24% Horror 12% Romance 6% Fantasy 20% Others 0% TEENAGERS Action 22% Comedy 32%Horror 8% Romance 14% Fantasy 16% Others 8% YOUNG ADULTS
10. 10. 10 Question 4: Which aspect of a movie do they consider the most important? Figure 4(a) Figure 4(b) As we can see from the figures above, aspect of storyline is still the top choice for either teenagers or young adults. However, at teenagers’ side, preferences of choosing storyline have totally conquered the area which has 80% of people had choose it. For young adults, it has total average of 54% people choose it. This means a good storyline will bring good reviews for the movie rather than its actors, popularity, rating or any others issues. Actors 8% Rating 4% Storyline 80% Popularity 4% Others 4% TEENAGERS Actors 12% Rating 16% Storyline 54% Popularity 16% Others 2% YOUNG ADULTS
11. 11. 11 Question 5: What kinds of movies would they prefer them to be based on? Figure 5(a) Figure 5(b) Figure 5a and 5b show that fiction movie has higher percentage than movie that based on novel, true story and book. Both teenagers and young adults prefer fiction movie. The pie chart statistics show an obvious outcome from both age groups of people. True Story 12% Fiction 63% Novel 17% Book 8% TEENAGERS True Story 11% Fiction 55% Novel 24% Book 10% YOUNG ADULTS
12. 12. 12 Question 6: What type of endings do they prefer in a movie? Figure 6(a) Figure 6(b) Figure 6a shows that implicit ending has highest percentage, 44% and long view has lowest percentage, 9%. Figure 6b shows that explicit ending has higher percentage and long view has lowest percentage. In conclusion, both groups do not like long view. At last, teenagers prefer more about implicit ending which is ending that based on personal interpretation. On the other side, young adults prefer explicit ending, which is easily been described as a happy and sweet ending. Explicit 13% Implicit 44% Unresolved 34% Long view 9% TEENAGERS Explicit 40% Implicit 30% Unresolved 26% Long view 4% YOUNG ADULTS
13. 13. 13 Question 7: Which sort of soundtracks do they prefer? Figure 7(a) Figure 7(b) In the case of soundtrack in movies, teenagers enjoy more in the situation which the movies are playing film score, there has total of 33% people had voted it but only 22% of young adults are choosing film score. However, majority of young adults have chosen for pop songs, which have total of 36%. This shows that different level of age groups people have different desire by enjoying types of soundtracks in movies. Instrumental 11% Pop songs 28% Film score 33% Source music 28% TEENAGERS Instrumental 34% Pop songs 36% Film score 22% Source music 8% YOUNG ADULTS
14. 14. 14 Question 8: How important is the soundtrack to a movie? Figure 8a) Figure 8b) Figure 8a) and figure 8b) show that the important of soundtrack to a movie have higher percentage. In conclusion, both of the teenagers and young adults agreed that movie soundtrack is very important to a movie. Very 52% Somewhat 44% Not very 4% Not 0% TEENAGERS Very 68% Somewhat 24% Not very 4% Not 4% YOUNG ADULTS
15. 15. 15 Question 9: Which cinema do you prefer to watch your movies? Figure 9a) Figure 9b) Figure 9a) and figure 9b) shows that TGV and GSC has the highest percentage. GSC and TGV are more preferable for teenagers and young adults than MBO, Cineplex and Others. GSC 36% TGV 38% MBO 18% Cineplex 7% Others 1% TEENAGERS GSC 35% TGV 49% MBO 9% Cineplex 7% Others 0% YOUNG ADULTS
16. 16. 16 Question 10: What is the main reason for your cinema choice? Figure 10a) Figure 10b) Figure 10a) and figure 10b) show that environment has the highest follow by pricing, meal and service attitude. Environment is the main reason for cinema of choice for both teenagers and young adults where pricing, service attitude and meal are the less reason. Pricing 21% Meal 13% Environment 60% Service attitude 6% TEENAGERS Pricing 24% Meal 14% Environment 54% Service attitude 8% YOUNG ADULTS
17. 17. 17 Question 11: Which types of movie screening would they prefer the most? Figure 11(a) Figure 11(b) In this modernizing world, technology is gradually growing at different types of area, same as come for movie screening. Recently, moviegoers can choose what types of movie screening they prefer and think worth to it the most. Based on statistics above, the pie charts shows that the standard types are still the most preference among these two groups which are 32% of teenagers and 50% of young adults. The same results for the least preference, they do not like 3D the most because of its lowest percentages, only 18% of teenagers and 12% of young adults. Standard 32% 2D 28% 3D 18% Imax 22% TEENAGERS Standard 50% 2D 20% 3D 12% Imax 18% YOUNG ADULTS
18. 18. 18 Question 12: Who do they always watch movies with? Figure 12(a) Figure 12(b) The pie charts show that either teenagers or young adults will prefer watch movies with their friends rather than watching alone, with family or lover. This is because the percentages for watching with friends are almost covered the ratio. 76% of teenagers and 64% of young adults prefer it. Then, follow by with family which is 14% of teenagers and 16% of young adults. Then, 8% of teenagers and 12% of young adults prefer watching with their other half. Everyone normally does not watch alone in cinema so there are only 2% of teenagers and 8% of young adults choosing watching alone. Alone 2% Family 14% Friends 76% Lover 8% TEENAGERS Alone 8% Family 16% Friend 64% Lover 12% YOUNG ADULTS
19. 19. 19 Question 13: How many times do you watch movies in cinemas in a month? Young Adults Teenagers Mean of young adults = 2.18 Mean of teenagers = 2.22 From these results, the mean of the participants of survey visiting the cinema are about 2 to 3 times per month. In addition, the mean of teenagers visiting the cinema per month is higher than the mean of young adults. This shows that teenagers are more prefer to visit the cinema than the young adults. 16 27 6 1 17 25 6 2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0-1 2-3 4-5 6-7 Young Adults Teenagers NumberOfParticipants Range Frequency CF x F(x) Fx2 0-1 16 16 0.5 8 4 2-3 27 43 2.5 67.5 168.75 4-5 6 49 4.5 27 121.5 6-7 1 50 6.5 6.5 42.25 Range Frequency CF x F(x) Fx2 0-1 17 17 0.5 8.5 4.25 2-3 25 42 2.5 62.5 156.25 4-5 6 48 4.5 27 121.5 6-7 2 50 6.5 13 84.5 Times
20. 20. 20 Question 14: How many people would you like to go to cinema with you? Young Adults Range Frequency CF x F(x) F(x)2 0-3 14 14 1.5 21 31.5 4-7 29 43 5.5 159.5 877.25 8-11 6 49 9.5 57 541.5 12-15 1 50 13.5 13.5 182.25 Teenagers Range Frequency CF x F(x) F(x)2 0-3 18 18 1.5 27 40.5 4-7 28 46 5.5 154 847 8-11 1 47 9.5 9.5 90.25 12-15 3 50 13.5 4.5 546.75 The analysis from the bar chart and tables above are as below: From the cumulative frequency, the median class for young adult and teenagers are 4-7 person which the median for young adults is 5.02 peoples and 3.5 peoples for teenagers. 14 29 6 1 18 28 1 3 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0-3 4-7 8-11 12-15 Young Adults Teenagers NumberOfParticipants Number Of People
21. 21. 21 Question No.15: What time do they prefer to watch movies? Figure 15(a) Figure 15(b) Obviously, the session between evening and night is the best timing for teenagers and young adults watch movie in cinemas. Total of 50% teenagers and 58% young adults have chosen it. They prefer to watch a movie before or after dinner time by satisfying their well plan for the night. In this 21th century, everyone prefers sleep rather than wakes up early in the morning. As the results show above, both age groups do not like to watch movie in cinemas at the earliest session which is between 11.01am to 3pm. There are still 12% teenagers prefer it but only 2% for young adults. Therefore, there is a possibility tells us that young adults need more sleep than teenagers. 11.01am-3pm 12% 3.01pm-7pm 23% 7.01pm-11pm 50% 11.01pm-3am 15% TEENAGERS 11.01am-3pm 2% 3.01pm-7pm 26% 7.10pm-11pm 58% 11.01pm-3am 14% YOUNG ADULTS
22. 22. 22 Question 16: Would you mind sitting in the first three rows at the cinema? From the bar chart, Mode of young adults: 28 out of 50 of the young adults (Yes) Mode of teenagers: 28out of 50 teenagers (No) From the data shown, we can conclude that teenagers will do not mind to sit on the first three row at the cinema unless the cinema is full seated. However, young adults may not have the same concepts as teenager; they are more focused on enjoying the movie times. They think that the money they had spent should be worth. 28 2222 28 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Yes No Young Adults Teenagers NumberOfParticipants
23. 23. 23 Question 17: How much do you think the cost of a ticket should be to be reasonable for you? Young Adults Range Frequency CF x F(x) F(x)2 6-10 12 12 8 96 768 11-15 32 44 13 416 5408 16-20 4 48 18 72 1296 21-25 2 50 23 46 1058 Teenagers Range Frequency CF x F(x) F(x)2 6-10 13 13 8 104 832 11-15 30 43 13 390 5070 16-20 5 48 18 90 320 21-25 2 50 23 46 1058 The analysis above had revealed what would be the reasonable cost of cinema ticket for young adults and teenagers. From the research, the mean of teenagers (RM12.6) is higher than the young adults (RM11.6). Majority of the participants prefer to buy low cost tickets between RM6 to RM15 than high cost tickets which above RM16. We also found out that they save cost on movie ticket so that they can buy some snacks and enjoy it during the showing time of movie. 12 32 4 2 13 30 5 2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-25 Young Adults Teenagers NumberOfParticipants RM
24. 24. 24 Question 18: Which promotion for movie tickets for them is the best? Figure 18a) Figure 18b) Figure 18a) shows that teenagers are more prefer buy 1 free 1 because the percentage is highest. Figure 18b) shows that young adults are prefer buy 1 free 1 and movie day (Wednesday) because the percentage are the same. Movie Day (Wednesday) 12% Buy 1 Free 1 82% Early Bid 6% Bank's Promotion 0% TEENAGERS Movie Day (Wednesday) 46% Buy 1 Free 1 46% Ealry Bid 6% Bank's Promotion 2% YOUNG ADULTS
25. 25. 25 19) Do you usually buy snacks? This diagram shows the willingness of young adults and teenagers on buying snacks while watching a movie. 35 out of 50 young adults and 30 out of 50 of and teenagers are preferred to buy snacks and enjoy their movies. Majority of them think that snacks are parts of the movie. 35 15 30 20 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Yes No Young Adults Teenagers NumberOfParticipants
26. 26. 26 Question 20: How much would you spend on snacks? Young Adults Range Frequency CF x F(x) F(x)2 0-2.9 10 10 1.45 14.5 21.03 3-5.9 15 25 4.45 66.75 297.04 6-8.9 17 42 7.45 126.65 943.54 9-11.9 8 50 10.45 83.6 873.62 Teenagers Range Frequency CF x F(x) F(x)2 0-2.9 9 9 1.45 13.05 18.92 3-5.9 19 28 4.45 84.55 376.24 6-8.9 12 40 7.45 89.4 666.03 9-11.9 10 50 10.45 104.5 1092.03 Analysis of whether young adults and teenagers are willing to spend money on snack when watching movie had done. The median for young adults is RM5.95 while for the teenager is RM5.23. The data had shown teenagers are more willing to spend money on snacks than teenagers. This could be due to most of the teenagers they still depend on the allowance given by parents while young adults mostly have a stable income from their permanent jobs. 10 15 17 8 9 19 12 10 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 0-3.9 4-6.9 7-9.9 10-12.9 Young Adults Teenagers NumberOfParticipants RM
27. 27. 27 Question 21: How much do you spend on watching movies in a month? Young Adults Range Frequency CF x F(x) F(x)2 10-29 26 26 19.5 507 9886.5 30-49 17 43 49.5 671.5 26524.25 50-69 4 47 59.5 238 14161 70-89 3 50 79.5 238.5 18960.75 Teenagers Range Frequency CF x F(x) F(x)2 10-29 33 33 19.5 643.5 12548.25 30-49 11 44 39.5 434.5 17162.75 50-69 4 48 59.5 238 14161 70-89 2 50 79.5 159 12640.5 The average of young adults spends on watching movie is RM33.1 whereas the mean for teenagers is RM29.5. It had showed that the average amount spend on watching movie of young adults is higher than teenagers. Since young adults are spending more money for watching movie than teenagers, we can conclude that they prefer watching movie than teenagers. 26 17 4 3 33 11 4 2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 10-29 30-29 50-69 70-89 Young Adults Teenagers NumberOfParticipants RM
28. 28. 28 Question 22: How far are you willing to travel from your location to watch a movie? Young Adults Range Frequency CF x F(x) F(x)2 0-4.9 10 10 2.45 24.5 60.025 5-9.9 17 27 7.45 126.65 943.5425 10-14.9 15 42 12.45 186.75 2325.0375 15-19.9 5 47 17.45 87.25 1522.5125 20-24.9 3 50 22.45 67.35 1512.0075 Teenagers Range Frequency CF x F(x) F(x)2 0-4.9 12 12 2.45 29.4 72.03 5-9.9 17 29 7.45 126.65 943.5425 10-14.9 12 41 12.45 149.4 1860.03 15-19.9 4 45 17.45 69.8 1218.01 20-24.9 5 50 22.45 112.25 2520.0125 From the figure shown above, the mean of the distance which both teenagers and young adults are willing to travel for a movie are about 5 to 9.9km of which young adults is 9.85km and teenagers is 9.75km. Majority of them do not like to go cinema which far apart from their houses and offices (16km and above). 10 17 15 5 3 12 17 12 4 5 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0-4.9 5-9.9 10-14.9 15-19.9 20-24.9 Young Adults Teenagers NumberOfParticipants KM
29. 29. 29 Calculation
30. 30. 30
31. 31. 31 Conclusion A standout amongst the most typical entertaiment ever is watching movies in cinemas. Might the film type be action, comedy, horror, romance or fantasy, viewing films can break free from our every day exercises, studies, work and different schedules for no less than two great hours. Firstly, most of the teenagers prefer to action movies but comedy movies are the young adults’ favourite. Althought they are having different tastes for the genre of movies, almost all of them are attracted to the aspects of movies by its storyline. Furthermore, even the most admirable home theater frameworks cannot precisely replicate the way films that can make you sense you are in the piece of the film. Into a well sound experience and large amount of value survey that silver screens can offer which the cinemas have plenty of types of movie screening such as Standard, 2D, 3D and Imax. Based on the analysis, Standard is still the all time favourite for both age groups of people but 3D is not that preferable for teenagers and young adults. This is because of its inconvinience of wearing the 3D glasses or moviegoers are easy to feel headache while watching bunch of effects applied. Watching a movie with a lot of other people can be a lot of fun. Sure, there will be instances that some people would inevitably talk or make all sorts of noises while the movie is still running. Therefore, that is the reason why some are prefer watching alone rather than with other people. Other than that, there are plenty of choices for cinema in our country but the result shows out that GSC and TGV are conquering the choices of the people. This is because they are providing better services than other cinema such as offering good movie screening of 2D, 3D and Imax. Thus, this is basically why they are the most famous cinema recently.