➤ Sources of pine chemicals: living pine trees, dead stumps or
logs, co-products of sulfate pulping (paper-making)
➤ Pine chemicals such as wood rosin and gum turpentine are
obtained either by oleoresin distillation or wood
Gum is obtained via scoring living pine trees for oleoresins and further separated via distillation
to gum rosin and gum turpentine. Wood rosin is extracted from stumps and pine logs. Tall oil is
obtained via treatment of black liquor skimming, a by-product of sulfate pulping, with acid.
A study by MarketsandMarkets projected the pine chemical
industry to reach $4.8 Billion by 2020.
DRIVERS AND CHALLENGES
Patent serve as a barrier of entry for pine industry.
Movement towards renewable raw materials and
reduced carbon emissions
In the US, there are certain governments promoting
burning of co-products from paper making as energy
instead of harvesting them for pine chemicals.
Crude Tall Oil
(CTO) as Biofuels
Subsidies and incentives from European Commission
for the development of CTO-based biofuels