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Tactical Fingerprinting using metadata, hidden info and lost data

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Chema Alonso, Enrique Rando

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<ul><li>Metadata: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information stored to give information about the document. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...

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Tactical Fingerprinting using metadata, hidden info and lost data

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Sesison about metadata security delivered in Blackhat 2k9 in Amsterdam by Chema Alonso and Enrique Rando

Sesison about metadata security delivered in Blackhat 2k9 in Amsterdam by Chema Alonso and Enrique Rando

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Tactical Fingerprinting using metadata, hidden info and lost data

  1. 1. Chema Alonso, Enrique Rando
  2. 3. <ul><li>Metadata: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information stored to give information about the document. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For example: Creator, Organization, etc.. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Hidden information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information internally stored by programs and not editable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For example: Template paths, Printers, db structure, etc… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lost data: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information which is in documents due to human mistakes or negligence, because it was not intended to be there. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For example: Links to internal servers, data hidden by format, etc… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Wrong management Bad format conversion Unsecure options New apps or program versions Embedded files Search engines Spiders Databases Embedded files Wrong management Bad format conversion Unsecure options
  4. 5. <ul><li>The answer is NOT. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost nobody is cleaning documents. </li></ul><ul><li>Companies publish thousand of documents without cleaning them before: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hidden Info. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost data. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Total: 4841 files
  6. 8. Real Name Username Internal Domain .. And more…
  7. 9. Total: 896 files
  8. 12. Total: 1075 files
  9. 13. User Software Version Internal Server NetBIOS name Remote Printer Name Local Printer
  10. 19. <ul><li>Office documents: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Office documents. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MS Office documents. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PDF Documents. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>XMP. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPS Documents. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic documents. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EXIFF. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>XMP. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And almost everything…. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 20. EXIFREADER http://www.takenet.or.jp/~ryuuji/
  12. 22. http://video.techrepublic.com.com/2422-14075_11-207247.html
  13. 26. <ul><li>Users: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creators. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modifiers . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users in paths. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>C:ocuments and settingsfooyfile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>/home/johnnyf </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>History of use. </li></ul><ul><li>Operating systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Software versions. </li></ul><ul><li>Paths. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local and remote. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network info. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared Printers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared Folders. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ACLS. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 27. <ul><li>Printers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local and remote. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internal Servers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NetBIOS Name. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domain Name. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IP Address. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Database structures. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Table names. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colum names. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Devices info. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobiles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photo cameras. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Private Info. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal data. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 28. <ul><li>Info is in the file in raw format: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Binary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASCII . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Therefore Hex or ASCII editors can be used: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HexEdit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notepad++. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bintext </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Special tools can be used: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exif redaer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ExifTool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Libextractor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metagoofil. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>… or just open the file! </li></ul>
  16. 30. <ul><li>http://www.edge-security.com/metagoofil.php </li></ul>
  17. 39. <ul><li>These tools only extract metadata. </li></ul><ul><li>Not looking for Hidden Info. </li></ul><ul><li>Not looking for lost data. </li></ul><ul><li>Not post-analysis. </li></ul>
  18. 40. <ul><li>Fingerprinting Organizations with Collected Archives. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search for documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic file downloading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capable of extracting Metadata, hidden info and lost data. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cluster information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyzes the info to fingerprint the network. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 43. http://www.informatica64.com/FOCA
  20. 47. http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?displaylang=en&FamilyID=144e54ed-d43e-42ca-bc7b-5446d34e5360
  21. 49. <ul><li>OOMetaExtractor </li></ul>http://www.codeplex.org/oometaextractor
  22. 51. http://www.metashieldprotector.com
  23. 55. <ul><li>Authors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chema Alonso </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enrique Rando </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alejandro Martín </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Francisco Oca </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antonio Guzmán </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul>

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