What is Constructivism Theory?• Constructivist theory, also known as constructivism, is based on a type of learning where the learner forms, or constructs, much of what he or she learns or comprehends.• To put it simply, contructivists agree that students learn by doing.
More About Constructivism• Constructivism is not teacher-directed of lecture-based.• It focuses on the learner and what the learner comprehends• It requires active participation in the learning process by using critical-thinking skills to analyze a problem.
Key Constructivists• Jean Piaget (1896-1980) was a psychologist whoprofoundly influenced the constructivist movement• Piaget believed that children were active learners who did notneed motivation from adults to learn• Piaget’s theories support the use and integration of technology to reach diverse learners• He developed the cognitive learning theory and defined 4 cognitive stages • 1) The sensorimoter stage, 2) The preoperational stage, 3) The concrete operational stage, 4) Formal operational stage
Key Constructivists• Jerome Bruner (1915- ) is an American psychologistand educator who said that learning is an active processIn which the learner constructs new ideas and conceptsBased on his current or past knowledge.• Bruner believes that constructivist learners areParticipatory learners and are actively engaged in the learningprocess• Bruner believes that the teachers role should be to “encourage students through exploration and inquiry”.• His constructivist theory provides a framework for instruction based on the study of cognition
Key Constructivists• Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) psychologist whoDeveloped social cognition.• Vygotsky also believed that learning was influencedSignificantly by social development• Vygotsky believed that children have a “zone ofProximal development”, which is the difference betweenThe problem-solving ability that a child has learned and the potentialthat theChild can achieve from a more advanced peer, teacher, parent, etc.• He thought that children should work collaboratively to share their different perspectives for a deeper understanding.
Key Constructivists• John Dewey (1859-1952) …sometimes known asthe Father of American Education…was an educationalpsychologist, Philosopher, and political activist, who was anAdvocate for child-centered instruction• Dewey believed that education was a social process• He encouraged educators to reflect on their strategies andCreate activities that combine concrete and practical relevance tothe learners and their lives.• John Dewey proposed that education begins with experience.
Classroom Implications• Without technology: Teachers can use constructivism to do group work, and always keep the learners actively involved• With technology: Teachers can use the internet, iPads, and computer software to get the students actively involved in experiments, games online, online discussions, and so forth• Below is a link for a video about the philosophy of a constructivist teacher: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LxnpM5rJneA
For my Own Classroom…• For my Own Classroom, I would incorporate constructivism in my day to day routine.• I would do this through: • Field trips • Group work and collaboration • Experimentation • Group and class discussions • Student-based learning