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Unit 1 First Americans Student


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Unit 1 First Americans Student

  1. 1. America In The Beginning<br />Who were the first Americans?<br />This land bridge is known as _Beringia_________.<br />Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or ___migrated________ to the America&apos;s. <br />This caused ocean levels to ___decrease_____ <br />and expose ___land_______.<br />In the Bering straight a _____land bridge<br />__________ appeared connecting <br />_________Siberia &The Americas<br />____________________<br />30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an _ice age<br />_________<br />The world was covered in ___glaciers______ <br />or sheets of ice. <br />How and why did they come here?<br />
  2. 2. America In The Beginning<br />What happened when they came to America?<br />The ice age ended ___warming_________ up glaciers causing water levels to __rise________ covering up the _____land bridge____ ________.<br />Some animals died off like _____mammoths_______.<br />Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or ___survive______ to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own ______environments_______<br />in order to ___survive_______. <br /> How did they meet their new needs?<br />Hunter&apos;s in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or __nomads___________ followed the mammoths and spread out or ____migrated_______ to the America&apos;s<br />
  3. 3. How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?<br />America In The Beginning<br />Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or ____culture___________. Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating ___cultural____ __region_______.<br />Many Native American have these things in common.<br />1. Nature has a _spirit_______.<br />2. No one can own __land________.<br />4. Only use what is _needed_________.<br />5. _Trade_________ was important to most societies<br />Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural ___resources________ in their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter. <br />What did they have in common?<br />
  4. 4. 8 Cultural<br /> Regions<br />California<br />Great Basin<br />Great Plains<br />South East<br />North West Coast<br />Plaau<br />Eastern Woodlands<br />South West<br />te<br />
  5. 5. 8 Cultural Regions<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. North West Coast<br />Weather:<br />long cold winters<br />cool summers<br />heavy rainfall<br />Natural Resources:<br />ocean/beaches<br />thick forests of fir, <br />spruce, and cedar<br />rugged mountains<br />seafood/salmon<br />deer, moose, bear, elk, <br />beaver, mountain goats<br />Tools: Canoes, Seal Harpoon<br />Clothing: Cedar- bark cape made from trees<br />Shelter: Long houses with a roof on top<br />Food: Salmon, deer <br />
  8. 8. California<br />Weather:<br /> rainy winters<br />hot dry summers<br />Natural Resources:<br />ocean/coast<br />foothills<br />valley&apos;s<br />deserts<br />mountains<br />acorns, oak trees<br />grass, and plants<br />redwood trees<br />salmon/seafood/shellfish<br />deer, rabbits, ducks, <br />roots berries, pine nuts <br />Tools: basket for rinsing acorns, arrows and bows<br />Clothes: Skirt made from tree bark<br />Shelter: Cone shaped house made from grass<br />Food: Salmon, small animals and acorns<br />
  9. 9. Great Basin<br />Weather:<br />little rain<br />hot during the day <br />cold at night<br />Natural Resources:<br />mostly dessert<br />low areas surrounded by <br />mountains at the edges<br />with valleys that had <br />seasonal lakes and streams<br />plants that need little water like<br />grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees, <br />at the outer edges pine trees, and willow<br />small animals rabbits, lizards, <br />grasshoppers, snakes<br /> sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons <br />seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail<br />Tools: Seed beater to knock seeds into baskets, sharp sticks<br />Clothes: Rabbit- skin robe<br />Shelter: Circular house with a stick holding it up<br />Food: Small animals<br />
  10. 10. Plateau<br />Weather:<br />long cold winters<br />comfortable summers <br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains with <br />dense forests in areas<br />flatter in the center with <br />drier grass lands<br />rivers<br />driftwood, mud, dirt,<br />grass and sage brush<br />fish, antelope, deer, seeds<br />onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon<br />Tools: Nets for catching salmon, woven baskets<br />Clothes: Deerskin dress and grass basket hat<br />Shelter: Made from mud and not very tall<br />Food: Vegetables, fish and other animals <br />
  11. 11. Great Plains<br />Weather:<br />cold winters <br />hot summers<br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains surrounding edges<br />treeless grasslands in the center<br />east more water and softer soil<br />west drier dense grass<br />Buffalo and smaller animals<br />Tools: Speers and other sharp tools, shields and fire<br />Clothes: Buffalo- skin robe<br />Shelter: Looks like a tepee<br />Food: Buffalo and other food <br />
  12. 12. South West<br />Weather:<br />high temperatures<br />little rain <br />dry/arid<br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains, canyons<br />desserts, flat top mesas<br />rivers, little water<br />clay, brightly colored plants, cotton<br />corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits<br />Tools: Table for grinding corn, ditches to hold summer rain<br />Clothes: Cotton dress from cotton plants<br />Shelter: Big houses and is long and lots of room in it<br />Food: Vegetables and animals <br />
  13. 13. Eastern Woodlands<br />Weather:<br />snowy winters , rain<br />Natural Resources:<br />rivers, ocean/coast<br />lots of lakes and streams<br />Forests, plants, <br />maple trees, elm,<br />deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish<br />corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,<br />nuts, berries<br />Tools: Tool for scraping corn kernels, wooden canoes<br />Clothes: Deerskin cape and skirt<br />Shelter: Long houses<br />Food: Vegetables, birds and fish<br />
  14. 14. South East<br />Weather:<br />long warm humid summers<br />mild winters<br />Natural Resources:<br />rivers, ocean/coast<br />Fertile coastal plains<br />mountains, <br />swamps<br />Trees, clay, shells, <br />corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, <br />sunflowers, sweet potatoes<br />squirrels, rabbits, turkeys, <br />deer, alligators, turtles,<br />wild rice, persimmons<br />Tools: Hoe for garden work, animal shoulder blades<br />Clothes: Skirt made from deer<br />Shelter: Small house made from grass<br />Food: Animals from the water and on land<br />