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Henri Becquerel


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Henri Becquerel

  1. 1. December 15, 1852-August 25, 1908
  2. 2. Becquerel was awarded half of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903 for the discovery of spontaneous radioactivity, but the other half being given to Pierre and Marie Curie for their study of the Becquerel radiation "Decisiveness is often the art of timely cruelty"-Henri Becquerel
  3. 3. Religion: RomanCatholic Race or Ethnicity:White Nationality: France Henri Becquerel was born into a family of scientists and scholars. Alexander Edmond Becquerel, his father, was a Professor of Applied Physics . Antoine César, his grandfather, was the inventor of an electrolytic method for extracting metals from their ores
  4. 4. • High School: Lycée Louis-le-Grand, Paris, France (1872) • University: École Polytechnique (1874) • University: BS Civil Engineering, École des Ponts et Chaussées (1877) • Teacher: Professor of Physics, École Polytechnique (1874-95) • University: DSc Physics, École Polytechnique (1888) • Professor: Chief Engineer, École des Ponts et Chaussées (1894) • Professor: Physics, École Polytechnique (1895) He entered the Polytechnic in 1872, then the government department of Ponts-et-Chaussées in 1874, becoming ingénieur in 1877 and being promoted to ingénieur-en-chef in 1894. In 1888 he acquired the degree of docteur-ès- sciences. From 1878 he had held an appointment as an Assistant at the Museum of Natural History, taking over from his father in the Chair of Applied Physics at the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers. In 1892 he was appointed Professor of Applied Physics in the Department of Natural History at the Paris Museum. He became a Professor at the Polytechnic in 1895
  5. 5. • Rumford Medal 1900 • Helmholtz Medal 190 • Nobel Prize for Physics 1903 (with Pierre Curie and Marie Curie • Barnard Medal 1905 • French Administration of Highways and Bridges Chief Engineer (1877-92) • Accademia dei Lincei • French Academy of Sciences 1889 • French Academy of SciencesPermanent Secretary (1908) • Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle 1878 • Royal PrussianAcademy of Sciences • Royal Society Foreign Member • Units of Measure Becquerel (basic unit of radioactivity) • Asteroid Namesake 6914 Becquerel • Lunar Crater Becquerel (40.7° N 129.7° E, 65 km. diameter) • Martian Crater Becquerel (22.1° N 352° E, 167 km. diameter)
  6. 6. • • • • 324x205.jpg/98229095/henri-becquerel-324x205.jpg Student id: 94201491