Kobe Eq


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Kobe Eq

  1. 1. Kobe, Japan MEDC Earthquake Case Study
  2. 2. Kobe <ul><li>Kobe is located in the Kansai Region of Japan, East Asia. Japan is a very wealthy country and is therefore classed as an MEDC. </li></ul><ul><li>Kobe is the fifth-largest city in Japan, and serves as a large port for the southern areas of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>The southern area of Japan lies close to the margin of three tectonic plates – Eurasian, Pacific and Philippine plates – which form a destructive plate boundary. </li></ul><ul><li>This means that any tectonic activity between these three plates would occur in close proximity to Kobe. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Earthquake <ul><li>In 1995, January 17, an earthquake occurred on the destructive plate boundaries in Kobe’s proximity. It was 05:45 JST, which resulted in more causalities than if it had occurred during daytime. </li></ul><ul><li>The earthquake measured 7.2 on the Richter Scale, which classified it as a major earthquake. Major earthquakes can cause large amounts of damage in larger areas, Kobe being one of them. </li></ul><ul><li>The epicentre of the earthquake was under the sea, in Osaka Bay. Kobe is a major port on this bay, and was around 20KM from the epicentre. Kobe was the closest city to the epicentre. </li></ul><ul><li>This earthquake was Japan’s worst since the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923, which resulted in 140,000 deaths. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Short Term Effects <ul><li>Around 200,000 buildings collapsed. </li></ul><ul><li>1KM of the Hanshin Expressway collapsed. </li></ul><ul><li>120 quays in the port of Kobe were destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity Supplies were destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>Around 4,000 people were killed. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Long Term Effects <ul><li>The damages overall cost the government Ten Trillion Yen, around 2.5% of Japan’s GDP. </li></ul><ul><li>This caused a major decline on the Japanese stock markets. </li></ul><ul><li>Kobe never recovered to it’s original position as Japan’s principal shipping port. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Short Term Responses <ul><li>A large amount of emergency aid was supplied to Kobe. </li></ul><ul><li>Roads were closed to speed up the recovery effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to destroyed transport, the local Yakuza crime syndicate also distributed aid. </li></ul><ul><li>People attempted to recover people from the rubble. </li></ul><ul><li>Fires were put out by the local fire department. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical aid centres were set up. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Long Term Responses <ul><li>Japan completely revamped it’s disaster prevention planning due to criticisms of the former one. </li></ul><ul><li>Most major transport routes were reinforced in order to prevent disruption in the event of another earthquake. </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency food and water supply stations were set up at petrol stations, which were unaffected during the earthquake. </li></ul><ul><li>Control over fire response was handed over to a larger emergency response ‘command base’ in the region. </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber blocks were built below bridges to absorb the shock from earthquakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake-proof shelters and were constructed in local parks. </li></ul>