Elements of Music

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Introduction to the symbols used in music notation.

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Elements of Music

  1. 1. Elements of Music<br />
  2. 2. Music is one form of sound.<br />Not all sound is music.<br />What separates music from other sounds?<br />Music is planned, organized, and meaningful.<br />Music occurs in a specified space of time.<br />Symbols and terms represent musical sounds on the printed page.<br />What is music?<br />
  3. 3. The staff - 5 horizontal lines and 4 spaces. <br />The music staff<br />
  4. 4. Placed at the beginning of the staff. <br />Clef signs<br />
  5. 5. Also known as the G clef<br />Treble clef<br />
  6. 6. Also known as the F clef<br />Bass clef<br />
  7. 7. Grand staff<br />
  8. 8. Flats or sharps just to the right of the clef sign.<br />Purpose of key signature.<br />Indicates the key.<br />Reduces the need for including sharps, flats and naturals with every note.<br />Key signature<br />
  9. 9. Bar lines are the vertical lines you see on a music staff.<br />Bar lines and measures<br />
  10. 10. Regular, reoccurring, steady pulse.<br />Enables counting or keeping time.<br />Causes listener to tap foot, clap hands or move body in time with the beat.<br />Determines tempo.<br />Provides foundation for rhythm.<br />The beat<br />
  11. 11. Meter or Time signature<br />Number of beats per measure.<br />The note that gets one beat.<br />
  12. 12. Melody<br />Harmony<br />Rhythm<br />Raw materials of music<br />

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