FINDING & USING
LINC Session | Fall „13 | Ms Hazzard
Scholarly = Academic = Journal
NOT magazine or newspaper articles
What are scholarly articles?
Report original research
Authored by specialists
Published in academic journals
How to determine if a source is
Author background / experience
Proper citation and bibliography
Original research and interpretation
Not just a summary
Use of primary sources
Use of research methodology
Why do we use them?
To find out more about a specific topic
EXPECTED in academic work: gives you
Authors undergo rigorous process of
submission and peer-editing, often working for
more than one year on a single article: gives
author / research credibility.
Different types of scholarly
Qualitative v Quantitative research
A typical scholarly article
Gibbons, Sandra L. "Meaningful Participation of
Girls in Senior Physical Education Courses."
Canadian Journal of Education 2009: 222-44.
JSTOR. Web. 13 November, 2012.
Skimming / 1
Think about WHO / WHAT / WHERE / WHEN /
WHY / HOW as you read
Look for important facts, key vocabulary words
and terms, and words that are clues to
relationships e.g. therefore, because, until,
Look up definitions!
Key sections: ABSTRACT / INTRODUCTION /
RESULTS / CONCLUSION / FIGURES
Skimming / 2
What is the author trying to say, and how are
they trying to say it
Why is the author‟s point important?
What is the social context of the work?
Highlight / circle / underline!
Skimming / 3: Look at the
Which sources were used to write this paper?
Even if article is of no use, bibliography can be
Can help you narrow your focus
How to search a database
Remember that only RECENT articles are
indexed (usually mid-‟90s onwards)
Start with keyword search
Remember to use quotation marks e.g.
If no matches, use synonyms
Think about using connecting words
e.g. Smoking OR Tobacco / Gods AND Egypt
Evaluating your source
Look for bias
Assess the argument
Read the acknowledgements, particularly in
Author of article last name, first name. "Title of article."
Name of publication. Volume. Issue (Date):
Page numbers. Name of Database. Web. Date of
O'Meara, Stephen James. "A Volcanic Sunset."
Astronomy. 37.5 (May 2009): 18. CPIQ. Web. 8
Povoledo, Elisabetta. "Rare peek at riches of past in
New York Times. (July 4 2009): C1.
Platinum. Web. 8 August 2009.
For more information on scholarly journals,
see A Pocket Style Manual.
I will post this presentation, plus the handout,
on our blog, library website and Edsby page.