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Eastern Visayas, BILIRAN


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Eastern Visayas, BILIRAN

  1. 1. Welcome to EasternVi REGION VIII
  2. 2. Geographical Location Eastern Visayas (Filipino: Silangang Kabisayaan) It is composed of three main islands, Leyte and Samar, connected by the San Juanico Bridge, Biliran Island.
  3. 3. East: Philippine Sea North: San Bernardino Strait South: Bohol Sea and Surigao Strait West: Camotes Sea and Visayas Sea Total land area: 2,156,285 hectares or 7.2% of the country’s total land area. 52% of its total land area are classified as forestland and 48% as alienable and disposable land.
  4. 4. Population (2010) • Total 4,101,322 • Density 190/km2 (490/sq. mi) Provinces 6 Cities 7 Municipalities 136 Barangays 4,390 Cong. districts 12
  5. 5. Province Capital No. of Cities Population (2010) Area (km²) Pop. density (per km²) Biliran Naval 0 161,760 555.4 291.2 Eastern Samar Borongan 1 428,877 4,339.6 98.8 Leyte Tacloban 3 1,567,984 5,712.8 274.5 Northern Samar Catarman 0 589,013 3,692.9 159.5 Samar (Western) Catbalogan 2 733,377 5,591.0 131.2 Southern Leyte Maasin 1 399,137 1,734.8 230.1 Political Divisions
  6. 6. Southern Leyte Maasin City Eastern Samar Borongan City Biliran Naval Northern Samar Catarman City Samar (Western) Catbalogan City Calbayog City Leyte Tacloban City Ormoc City Baybay City
  7. 7. CLIMATE  Type II climate is characterizes by having no dry season but a pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January. Samar Island and the eastern part of Leyte Island fall under this type of climate.  Type IV on the other hand has an even distribution of rainfall the year round and a short period of dry season that can be observed starting February up to May. This type of climate is well exhibited the western half of Leyte island and some portion of Samar which covers the municipality of Motiong up to San Isidro of Northern Samar. In November 2013, the region was hit with the highest death toll in the country by Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), the second deadliest typhoon ever to hit the Philippines. LANGUAGES  Waray-Waray is spoken on the island of Samar, Biliran and north-eastern Leyte.  A Samar language, distantly related to the languages of the region, called Abaknon is spoken in the island of Capul in Northern Samar.  Cebuano is spoken in western, central, and southern parts of Leyte and in Southern Leyte.
  8. 8. NATURAL RESOURCES  Sea and inland waters are rich sources of salt and fresh water fish and other marine products. It is one of the fish exporting regions of the country.  There are substantial forest reserves in the interiors of the islands.  Its mineral deposits include chromite, uranium(in Samar), gold, silver, manganese, magnesium, bronze, nickel, clay, coal, limestone, pyrite and sand and gravel.  It has abundant geothermal energy and water resources to support the needs of medium and heavy industries.
  9. 9. EDUCATION  University of the Philippines Visayas (UPV Tacloban College)  University of Eastern Philippines (UEP), located in Catarman, Northern Samar.  Zonal Agricultural University for the Visayas under the National Agriculture Education System  Visayas State University (VSU) is also in the region, located in Baybay City.  Palompon Institute of Technology, a maritime school in the Philippines providing deck and engine cadet.  Eastern Visayas State University is Leyte's state university with five extension campuses  Southern Leyte State University with five extension campuses.  In Biliran, Naval State University is the province state university.  For Eastern Samar, the Eastern Samar State University is the only state university of the province with a single extension campus while  Samar State University is Western university specializes in education courses.
  10. 10. INFRASTRUCTURE  Transportation The region's Leyte and Samar islands serve as main link between Luzon and Mindanao by land transport. A total of nine airports, are strategically located in different parts of the six provinces that define the region. Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport in Tacloban City is the main gateway by air to the region. There are seaports in Tacloban, Catbalogan, Calbayog, Borongan,Ormoc, Bato, Maasin, Sogod and Naval.  Power and Energy The region is the top producer of geothermal energy supply in the country. The province of Leyte hosts the biggest geothermal plant in the Philippines. Still, geothermal exploration is ongoing in the nearby province of Biliran. With abundance of river system, the region has potential in hydroelectric production. Being coastal facing Pacific Ocean, the region have location being eyed for wind power generation. The strait of San Juanico between Leyte and Samar islands has been declared as potential source for water current and tidal energy sources.
  11. 11. ECONOMY Primary sources of revenue are manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade and services. Mining, farming, fishing and tourism contribute significantly to the economy. Manufacturing firms include mining companies, fertilizer plants, sugar central, rice and corn mills and other food processing plants. Cebu is the hub of investment, trade and development in the region. Other industries include mining, rice, corn and sugar milling, coconut oil extraction, alcohol distilling, beverage manufacture and forest products. Home industries include hat and basket weaving, metal craft, needlecraft, pottery, ceramics, woodcraft, shell craft and bamboo craft. The region also has the natural resources, which is rich in fresh water fish and marine product. That is why the region is also one of the fish exporters in the country.
  12. 12. Biliran (Cebuano: Probinsya sa Biliran; Tagalog: Lalawigan ng Biliran)  It is one of the country's smallest and newest provinces of the region.  Formerly a sub-province of Leyte, it became an independent province in 1992.  Biliran lies less than a kilometer north of the island of Leyte.  Its capital is the Municipality of Naval on the western coast of the island.  The province was originally known as Isla de Panamao (Panamao Island). Panamao, according to an early Visayan dictionary, refers to a native fishing net.  However, sometime between 1668-1712, the island was renamed as Biliran, derived from a native grass “Biliran” which is used for weaving mats.
  13. 13.  Biliran has a total land area of 53,601 hectares, making it the fourth smallest province in the Philippines.  The island lies off the northern coast of Leyte island across Biliran Strait. To the southeast is Carigara Bay, to the northeast is the Samar Sea, and across this sea is Samar. To the west is the Visayan Sea and Masbate lies 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the northwest.  The province has 8 municipalities and 132 barangays. The province represents a lone congressional district.  Majority people speak Cebuano of the and Waray-waray.
  14. 14. Climate  Biliran has a combination of warm and cool climatic zones, thus the prevailing climate is ideal for the cultivation of a wide range of agricultural crops. There is no distinct dry season but the heavy wet season generally occurs in December. Political subdivision  Biliran is subdivided into 8 municipalities, with a total of 132 barangays. All the municipalities except Maripipi are located on Biliran Island while Maripipi is an island municipality located to the northwest. The largest among the towns is Naval, the capital of the province, while the smallest is Maripipi. Almeria Biliran Cabucgaya Caibiran Culaba Kawayan Maripipi Naval
  15. 15. ECONOMY  Agricultural Major Agricultural Products • palay • coconut. • With the potential of major fruits such as banana, mango and citrus grown in the area  the province is aiming to be the fruit basket in Eastern Visayas.  Aquaculture Biliran is largely based on fishing. Most of its towns,especially Naval and Biliran, have excellent seaports. There are 95 hectares of brackish water fishponds. • prawns • shrimps • milkfish. Another 30 hectares of seawater are suitable for seaweed farming and 10 more hectares for fish cage culture.
  16. 16. The cool highlands are favorable to high-value crops such as cut flowers and varieties of vegetables traditionally grown in Baguio City or Tagaytay City.  The inhabitants also engage in *hunting *lumber *manufacturing  Raw material *copra *coconut oil  Processed goods *white clay ceramics *dried fish *raw gulaman *citronella oil  Untapped natural resources *geothermal power *sulfur *gypsum
  17. 17.  Biliran is richly endowed with natural attractions that lure both local and foreign tourists. • coral reef gardens • scenic waterways • white sand beaches • natural hot and cold water springs • clear and sweet-tasting water that flows from the Tomalistis Falls in Caibiran which is believed to be one of the best in the world  with these natural wonders, the province is developing eco-tourism in the area.  Major industries *fashion bags *Romblon bags *shell crafts *placemats *hot pads *baskets *beverage coasters *trays
  18. 18. Tourist Attractions (Undiscovered Paradise)
  19. 19. Sambawan Island
  20. 20. Higatangan Island
  21. 21. Dalutan Island
  22. 22. Maripipi Island
  23. 23. Ginuroan Island
  24. 24. TingkasanIsland
  25. 25. Capinahan Island
  26. 26. Agta Beach
  27. 27. Banderahan Beach
  28. 28. Cogon Beach
  29. 29. Looc White Beach
  30. 30. Libtong Hot Spring
  31. 31. Mainit Hot Spring
  32. 32. Tomalistis Falls
  33. 33. Bagongbong Falls
  34. 34. Casiawan Falls
  35. 35. Kasabangan Falls
  36. 36. Kinaraha Falls
  37. 37. Pondol Falls
  38. 38. Togawi Falls
  39. 39. Tinago Falls
  40. 40. Ulan-ulan Falls
  41. 41. Busai Falls
  42. 42. Masagongsong Swimming Pool
  43. 43. San Bernardo Swimming Pool
  44. 44. Iyusan Rice Terraces
  45. 45. Padre Gaspar Shrine
  46. 46. Nasunugan Watchtower
  47. 47. Festivals
  48. 48. Hudyaka Festival
  49. 49. Bagasumbol Festival
  50. 50. Ibid Festival
  51. 51. Ginalutan Festival
  52. 52. Bucgay Festival
  53. 53. Gapnod Festival
  54. 54. Subingsubing Festival
  55. 55. Thank you!!! REGION VIII