The Impacts of Hinduism in India

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The Impacts of Hinduism in India

  1. 1. THE IMPACTS OF HINDUISM IN INDIA <ul><li>Casey Harvilla </li></ul>
  2. 2. HINDUISM <ul><li>3 rd largest religion in the world </li></ul><ul><li>One of the oldest organized religions </li></ul><ul><li>Follows sacred texts known as Vedas </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as Sanatana Dharma, or “eternal religion” </li></ul><ul><li>Henotheistic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Followers recognize one single deity as well as other gods/goddesses as part of that deity </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. VEDAS <ul><li>Collection of four books that intertwine hymns, rituals, and philosophies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rig Veda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sama Veda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yajur Veda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atharva Veda </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. BRAHMA <ul><li>Single deity that exists in three forms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brahma, the Creator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vishnu, the Preserver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shiva, the Destroyer </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. FOUR AIMS OF HINDUISM (PURUSHARTHAS) <ul><li>Most socially accepted teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Pravritti  goals for those who are in the world: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dharma (righteousness) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artha (economic success) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kama (pleasure) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nivritti  goal for those who reject the world: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moksa (the supreme goal) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. POSITIVE IMPACTS <ul><li>Social: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>spread of Hinduism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>practices of meditation and yoga </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Political: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>success of democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>religious tolerance </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. NEGATIVE IMPACTS <ul><li>Social: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>occurrence of caste system among Hindu population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brahmins (priests & scholars) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kshatriyas (rulers & military) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vaishyas (merchants & farmers) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sudras (servants & peasants) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ untouchables” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. NEGATIVE IMPACTS (CONTINUED) <ul><li>Social: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>denigration of women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>harmful behaviors against women </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>high levels of domestic violence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>low literacy rates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cause of poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>unjustifiable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ ...Hinduism is not life-negating, other-wordly or pessimistic in its philosophy. It does not condemn material success. It does not forbid the enjoyment of legitimate needs.” – Dr. M. Lal Goel </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. THOUGHTS <ul><li>Hinduism is more than just a religion – it is a belief system that combines spiritual teachings, mythology, ancient philosophies, stories, etc., with historical roots. </li></ul><ul><li>Although there seem to be more negative impacts than positive, the overall contributions made to the country are highly beneficial. </li></ul>
  10. 10. QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS?
  11. 11. RESOURCES <ul><li>Goel, Madan L. &quot;Religious Tolerance and Hinduism.&quot; Speech. Asian Values Conference. Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton. 2002. Web. 23 Jan. 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Hinduism: a general introduction.&quot; ReligiousTolerance.org by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance . Web. 20 Jan. 2010. <http://www.religioustolerance.org/hinduism2.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Hinduism: additional information and links.&quot; ReligiousTolerance.org by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance . Web. 21 Jan. 2010. <http://www.religioustolerance.org/hinduism3.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;India's Religions and Philosophy (Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism).&quot; AsianInfo.org . Web. 18 Jan. 2010. <http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/india/religion.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Negative behaviors by some Hindus.&quot; ReligiousTolerance.org by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance . Web. 21 Jan. 2010. <http://www.religioustolerance.org/hinduism4.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;What is Hinduism and what do Hindus believe?&quot; Bible Questions Answered . Web. 20 Jan. 2010. <http://www.gotquestions.org/hinduism.html>. </li></ul>

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