Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Socio economic survey on siswan by charu jaiswal

10,772 views

Published on

Socio economic survey on siswan of Siswan village in Kharar Tehsil of Rupnagar district in Punjab, India.I’m professional presentation maker . This document is for sale for, if required you can contact me on my gmail id bestpptmaker@gmail.com

Socio economic survey on siswan by charu jaiswal

  1. 1. The Impact of Natural Enviornment on Socio- Economic status of village Siswan By charu jaiswal
  2. 2. MAP OF PUNJAB
  3. 3. MAP OF SISWAN
  4. 4. PREFACE Before having a clean idea of what actually is socio-economic survey, it is essential that to know the meaning of socio-economic survey separately. Socio is derived from the word ‘society’ Society is nothing but a group of people organised culturally as well as systematically. The first and for most condition for the development of a society in its economic condition. Socio - Economic survey is an important part of education to know the status of the people of various society. The sole aim of the Socio Economic planning of our country is to transform the socio -economic condition of the people living in the rural areas. Since the independence of our country. More than 45% of the population have settled in rural areas, where the problem of poverty unemployment and improper living condition prevail and have persisted for long these problems have not attain the adequate importance in policy made by the government. Though there is some progress seen in the economic conditions of the people, but the progress in the educational field is in a very deplorable condition. To bring about the economic development the transformation of Socio-Economic condition and control of population growth is necessary. Hence, it is the need of the hour to analyses the socio-economic condition of the rural areas and put forward the suggestions for the steps to be taken in order to solve the problems prevailing in the rural areas. This survey report is a modest attempt to develop an awareness and insight to Socio -Economic Study of the various social, cultural, environmental and economic aspects of the population residing at “Siswan” village. This report contains the analytical study of socio - economic factors with practical approach. while conducting the survey we studied the Socio-Economic and cultural aspects, living conditions, health and hygiene, educational status transport and communication facilities, water supply and the problems faced by the people of the village. The information obtained where the analyses are interpreted to prepare a report on the survey conducted.
  5. 5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Socio -Economic survey is a difficult task and it requires help from different individuals and institutions for its success. This socio-Economic Survey is initiated by P.G.G.C.G, sec-11, Chandigarh to “Siswan village” area on 30th January 2013. I am thankful to my college for this valuable task. I am thankful for the timely and consistent cooperation given by my guide Mrs. Salil Sharma in preparing this report. I express my heartiest thanks and deep sense of gratitude am to Mrs. Prem Lata Rathi ( Head of Department ) ,Mrs. Jind Kaur, Mrs. Harpreet, and Mr. Sanjay , Lecturer of Geography department for their guidance, valuable suggestions and encouragement for completing our report. I acknowledge their advice and help as a constant source of inspiration and help during the survey. I am also thankful to the people of siswan village who provided useful knowledge about their occupation, Education, Social and Economic life. I would also like to thank all my fellow students who accompanied me during the whole survey and brought valuable information on the basis of which this report has been completed successfully. I hope this report will help to understand the socio-economic aspect of village area of siswan.
  6. 6. CONTENTS Sr.NO. TOPIC 1 INTRODUCTION 2 THE STUDY AREA 3 AIMS & OBJECTIVES 4 MAJOR HYPOTHESIS 5 DATA SOURCES 6 METHADOLOGY AND PROCEDURE 7 ANALYSIS 8 SOCIAL FORESTRY 9 PROBLEMS & SUGGESTIONS 10 CONCLUSION 11 BIBLIOGRAPHY
  7. 7. INTRODUCTION CHAPTER NO. 1
  8. 8. The purpose of social science research is to understand and explain a social phenomena or situation in its current context in its relation to pass events, situations and forecast the emerging scenario , research begins with an idea which serves as the basis for the research questions, formulation of hypothesis and their testing. Geography as a discipline constitutes an interface between natural sciences on one hand and social sciences on the other hand. Geography looks at the reality from the perspective of space and hence joint, cooperative and collaborative research is very common in geography. The prime objective of research is to investigate reality and establish theory about the observations. It can be in two ways, the theoretical and empirical. Theoretical reality is assumed by human intellect and is based on mathematical construct. Empirical reality is based on observation and owing to its limited range sometimes it is referred as limited range sometimes, it is referred as limited range , sometimes it is referred as empirical partiality, hence the research sums at bridging the gap between theoretical totality and empirical partiality . A study which brings forward a new fact or generalisation or which demolishes or establishes a hypothesis or a theory , or a principle already existing or which puts a variety of information into an order or system for further research is a valid one which ends with a new discovery or theory research is of two type i.e. fundamental and applied. The best problem for researchers own curiosity. Before choosing the problem one should ask the following questions to one self i.e. 1). Is this problem, really of interest to me? 2). Is it significant in the sense that it extends the frontiers of knowledge. 3). Can I handle these problems within the constraints of resources available. 4) Has the problem not being investigated by someone else?
  9. 9. THE STUDY AREA CHAPTER NO. 2
  10. 10. 1.1.History of the village Siswan is a village in Kharar Tehsil of Rupnagar district in Punjab, India. Siswan lies in kandi area. Most of the agriculture land in Kandi area of Punjab is Barani i.e. dependent on rains. The requirement of water for Rabi and Kharif crops cannot be met because most of the rainfall occurs in 2½ months only. Average agriculture yield has been only 700 Kg/Hectare against State’s 4500 Kg/Hectare. Further Kandi area being very undulating and sub mountainous, is traversed by numerous small and big seasonal streams called choes and is prone to flashy floods. Flash floods cause soil erosion and flood damage. There are about 140 Major & Medium spate rivers (choes) that carry the flashy floods from the Shivalik foot hills and discharge into the plains of Punjab causing frequent floods. The annual run off from the area is about 85 million cubic metres. For the attenuation of the floods and for the development of irrigation facilities in the Kandi Area for about 19500 hectares. CCA, 29 prospective dam sites have been identified. Out of 29 Dams, 12 Dams have been completed and 9 Dams are proposed to be taken up in phase manner in 11th five year plan. The Punjab Govt. executed an agreement in Feb. 1990 with the World Bank Project under the Punjab Irrigation and Drainage Project Phase-II, wherein construction of 9 no. Dams were taken up. The dams located in district of Roop Nagar are Perch, Mirzapur, Siswan and Jainti and in district Hoshiarpur are Damsal, Chohal, Saleran, Patiari and Thana. Siswan Dam : Siswan Dam was constructed on Siswan watershed in Ropar District of Punjab. This Low Dam having a height of 24 metre. alognwith its appurtenant works i.e. outlet, escape cut, and its field water distribution was taken up for construction in Jan. 1997. The dam and its appurtenant works along with its field water distribution system were completed in the year 1998. Its stored water will be utilized for irrigation for an area of 950 hectares creating ultimate potential of 931 hectares.
  11. 11. 1.2. Location of the village Siswan is situated at 30.50° North latitude, 76.43° East longitude and is at elevation of 253 meters above the sea level .Siswan is 93 km distance from its District Main City S.A.S Nagar . And 96 km distance from its State Main City Chandigarh . . Abheypur , Abhipur , Akalgarh , Andheri , Bahalpur , Bahgat Majra Urf Rampura , ... . are the villages along with this village in the same Majri Mandal Near By towns are Kharar(84.4 k.m.) ,S.A.S Nagar(94.4 k.m.) ,Dera Bassi(109.9 k.m. ) 1.3. Population structure of the area The population structure of the area comprises of the total population of 1070 people of which there are 541 no. males , 529 no. of females , the caste & community comprises mainly of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs who are further sub- divided in Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribes, OBC and General Caste. 1.4. Economic Structure of the area The main source of economic activity are private jobs and other jobs viz. labourers . Some people are also employed at Govt. jobs .Agriculture practised is mostly self sustainable farming. . The area has no banking facilities which can help in providing financial help to the economic sector. There is no industrial set up in the area even of a small scale industry type.
  12. 12. 1.5. Climate condition of the area The climate conditions of the area are typical of the state of Punjab and district Rupnagar . It is characterized by general dryness (except in the south west monsoon season), a hot summer and a cold winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The period from about middle of November to February is the cold season. This is followed by the summer season from March to about the end of June. The south-west monsoon season commences late in June and continues up to about middle of September. The period from mid September to the middle of November constitute the post-monsoon or transition season. The temperature ranges from minimum of 4 °C in winter to 45 °C in summer. May and June are generally hottest months and December and January are the coldest months. Relative humidity is high, averaging about 70% during monsoon. The average annual rainfall in district is 775.6 mm. About 78% of the annual rainfall is received during June - September. 1.6. Vegetation pattern of the area The Dry deciduous forest cover is found at siswan . The area under agricultural production boasts of a produce mainly of Wheat , Maize , Fodder Grass etc. The land holding is mostly small and scattered . Subsistence farming is practised in most of the houses . 1.8. Education System of the area The total number of illiterates are 634 and literates are 436 thus the total number of illiterates are more than literates .Literacy rate ranges from 40 % to 50 % roughly , which is very poor.There is only 1 Anganwadies in the area, and 2 Govt. Elementary school at siswan . There is a desperate need for higher educational establishment in the village .
  13. 13. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES CHAPTER NO. 3
  14. 14. The development of area depends on Geo-Socioeconomic setting of the area. Small units like a village help us for collecting data of various socio economic conditions so the study of a local area is very essential to the students. The basic aims and objectives are– 1. To acquire knowledge about various social changes that have taken place at siswan since the establishment of dam. 2.To examine the socio-economic benefits of water harvesting , if any from the dam. 3.To analyse the role of water users in conservation and distribution of natural resource management . 4.To present people's perception about socio-economic changes that have been taken place after the establishment of dam. 5.To examine agricultural development. 6. To suggest certain measures to improve the socio-economic conditions as well as the overall development of the village . Basic aims and objectives of a Rural survey are – 1.To know about the local area, it’s past and present and various problems of Socio-Economic condition. 2. To get acquainted with the past and present Social environment.
  15. 15. 3. To know about the educational status of the particular village and reasons of their educational backwardness if any. 4. To know about the economic background of the village and the families. 5. To know about the living standards of the villagers. 6. To know about the transportation & communication facilities of the village. 7. To know about the population growth and their views and consciousness regarding this. 8. To know about the health and hygiene of the villagers and the medical facilities of the area. 9. To know about the water supply, electricity etc. 10. To know the attitude of the parents towards the education of their children.
  16. 16. MAJOR HYPOTHESIS CHAPTER NO. 4
  17. 17. 1. The dams constructed at siswan has made a significant change in agriculture and associated business . 2.The dams have encouraged the plantations of various types of trees, on the surrounding hills or hillocks to provide fuel , timber and fodder . 3.The literacy rate particularly in females has also witnessed an increase . 4.The dam has contributed a lot for the improvement and diversification of economic activities . 5. The village association/ society has played an important role in changing the economic and social conditions of the villagers. 6. The dam is probably one of the major tourism sites in Punjab .
  18. 18. DATA SOURCES CHAPTER NO. 5
  19. 19. Both primary and secondary data has been used in making this report . Data are numerical statements of aggregates ..Generally speaking ,data are of two types viz. 1. Primary Data - It is collected by the investigator from the source of their origin. According to Wessel, ' Data originally collected in the process of investigation are known as primary data' . Thus primary data constitute first hand information . Primary sources can include  Interviews, diaries, letters, journals, speeches, autobiographies, and witness statements  Articles containing original research, data, or findings never before shared  Original hand-written manuscripts  Government documents and public records  Art, photographs, films, maps, fiction, and music  Newspaper and magazine clippings  Artifacts, buildings, furniture, and clothing 2. Secondary Data - These are those data which already in existence and which have been collected for some other purpose than answering the question in hand . These data are therefore , called second hand data . Such data are available in the published or unpublished reports . Secondary sources can include  Textbooks  Review articles and critical analysis essays  Biographies  Historical films, music, and art  Articles about people and events from the paper.
  20. 20. METHODOLOGY & PROCEDURE CHAPTER NO.6
  21. 21. 2.1 Selection of the Area T he area chosen for the particular Socio-Economic Survey had been chosen after great consideration by the learned and dedicated staff members of the college and the principal herself. The area was chosen particularly for its location that is near the city of Chandigarh and also due its cultural ethnicity. 2.2. Selection of the Sample : The sample household were chosen on a random basis and most importantly the once who’s members were willing to co-operate and share the required data with the survey team. 2.3. Selection of the method : Various method were applied for the collection of data from all the survey teams. These methods included – Random Sampling method, Survey method, Questionaire method, observation method and interview method. 2.4. Data Source ; For the collection of Data there were namely two sources. 1) Household & 2) Others. 1. Household : The members of the contacted families and their family head specifically were the main source for the collection of data. All the information regarding cultural system literary status, age structure and sex ratio, health and hygiene, economic aspects – occupational structure, domestic production, income, house type and settlement pattern, transport and communication were shared by them. 2. Others : Panchayat members & various reference books were other sources of
  22. 22. consolidating information for the socio economic survey of the area. 2.5. Data Processing and Presentation: All the data collected through data sheet was further aggregated into relevant, tables, diagrams, chart a master sheet was also made using the data from the 10 data sheets. The study has been based on deductive research or material. Various hypothesis have been formulated . In order to achieve the objective of the study . A comparative study method has been adopted to make an in depth analysis of socioeconomic status of village area and town in particular . Behavioural approach has been used to know people’s perspective about change in socioeconomic environment and development pattern. An extensive primary survey has been conducted of study area to know the people perception about the dam and the local town as the multi fact. This has been done through 180 sample of local inhabitants drawn from the survey and has been divided into different category people of heterogeneous group. Questionnaire has been administrated to various groups using a variety of questions format. Thus the report is made with the help of generalisation of compact data .
  23. 23. ANALYSIS CHAPTER NO. 7
  24. 24. 3.1. Social aspects of the studied families a) Family status It is determined by a person’s household type, such as marriage and existing or prospective children .Family status identify the number of persons to be covered. Single – one person; Couple – two persons (two adults, or an adult and dependent); Family – three or more persons (two adults and one or more dependents, or one adult and two or more dependents). There are two types of families i.e. joint family .  The nuclear family or elementary family is a term used to define a family group consisting of a pair of adults and their children  According to K.M.Kapadia, “Joint Family is a group formed not only of a couple and their children, but also other relations either from father’s side of from mother’s side depending on whether the joint family is patrilineal or matrilineal. and nuclear family .  There were more nuclear families in the village.
  25. 25. TABLE JOINT FAMILY NUCLEAR FAMILY NO. OF FAMILIES 79 101 IN % 43.8 56.1 Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013) Above figure shows that there were around 101 nuclear families and 79 joint families in the village i.e. about 43.8% families were joint and 56.1% were nuclear. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 JOINT FAMILY NUCLEAR FAMILY NO. OF FAMILIES NO. OF FAMILIES
  26. 26. b) Sex composition and Age Structure Sex composition of the human population is one of the basic demographic characteristics, which is extremely vital for any meaningful demographic analysis. The first and foremost is the simple count of males and females. Changes in sex composition largely reflect the underlying socio-economic and cultural patterns of a society in different ways. Sex ratio defined here as the number of females per 1000 males in the population, is an important social indicator to measure the extent of prevailing equity between males and females in a society at a given point of time. Populationdistributioninvillagesiswanisuneven.Numberofmalesismorethanfemales. AGE STRUCTURE - The age structure of a population is the distribution of people among various ages . The age structure of the families are varied with adult members from the age of 18- 80 yrs. and those of children from 2-14 yrs. years of age.
  27. 27. TABLE ( SEX COMPOSITION ) TOTAL POPULATION OF VILLAGE MALES FEMALES 1070 541 529 Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013) In siswan ,malesoutnumberfemales.Thisshowsthemaledominatingfactorinsiswan.. 522 524 526 528 530 532 534 536 538 540 542 MALES FEMALES SEX COMPOSITION SEX COMPOSITION
  28. 28. c ) MARITAL STATUS A person's marital status indicates whether the person is married . As there were more children then the adults in the village , therefore there were more unmarried people . Age at marriage of the villagers varied from 16-45 years. TABLE MARRIED UNMARRIED 470 600 Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013) Above figure shows there were more unmarried people , this is because of the fact that. there were more children population than the adult. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 MARRIED UNMARRIED MARITAL STATUS MARITAL STATUS
  29. 29. d ) EDUCATIONAL STATUS The educational status of survey house-hold was most of the members seem to be illiterate , because of lack of educational facilities available within the village and few of them would not study due to poverty and negligence. Most of the literate people studied below metric level . Status of Education Therealwaysisavastdifferencebetweenthefacilitiesofeducationavailableinthevillageandthenumber ofpeoplederivingbenefitthroughthem.Ofthevillagersmajorityofthepopulationabove35yearsofageis illiterate.Forfemales,thisagecomesdownto25years.Belowthisage,wefoundthatthevillagershave hadatleastaprimaryschooling.Intheagegroupof15to20years,wefoundthatgirlshavegenerally. givenupeducationwhiletheboysarestillpursuingtheirhighereducation.But,intheagegroupof5to15 years,mostofthechildrenarestudyingandwefoundparentsencouragingthemtostudybetter.
  30. 30. TABLE -EDUCATION LEVEL IN VILLAGE GRADUATION AND POST GRADUATION 27 METRIC 116 BELOW METRIC 293 ILLITERATE 634 Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013) Above figure shows that most of the people were literate in the village. Majority of people were studied below metric level and knew how to read and write. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 GRADUATION AND POST GRADUATES METRIC BELOW METRIC ILLITRATE EDUCATION LEVEL IN THE VILLAGE EDUCATION LEVEL IN THE VILLAGE
  31. 31. e ) RELIGIOUS COMPOSITION Major section of the population comprised of Hindus and Muslims , whereas followers of other religion like Sikhs and Harijans were also found .
  32. 32. RELIGION ( FAMILY WISE ) SIKH 13 MUSLIM 67 HINDU 95 OTHERS ( HARIJANS ) 5 Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013) Above figure shows that the village had majority of Hindu population. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 SIKH MUSLIM HINDU OTHERS RELIGION ( FAMILY WISE ) RELIGION ( FAMILY WISE )
  33. 33. f ) STANDARD OF LIVING Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area .
  34. 34. LUXURY ITEMS T.V 95 % FRIDGE 97% WASHING MACHINE 57% A.C 2% Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013) The standard of living of the people was quite good as most of the villagers had their own vehicles, fridge , T.V. ,washing machines and other luxury items. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% T.V FRIDGE WASHING MACHINE A.C LUXURY ITEMS LUXURY ITEMS
  35. 35. 3.2. Economic aspects of the studied families a) OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE There was no fixed jobs that the house hold members were engaged in, agriculture activities are carried out for the purpose of self sustain only, and few members engaged in daily wage earner like labourers and vegetable sellers , some even had govt. jobs too ,.somevillagerspracticingpoultry,too.But,thisisnotasufficientsourceof incomeforthevillagers.Sowomenarenowworkinginindustrylikethreadweavingandplastic makingwheretheyearnaround5,000-7,000rspermonth,thereispickanddropserviceto work.
  36. 36. TABLE ( EARNING POPULATION ) EMPLOYED 272 UNEMPLOYED 798 Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013) TABLE ( TYPE OF JOBS ) TYPE OF JOBS MALES FEMALES TOTAL GOVERNMENT JOBS 31 4 35 PRIVATE JOBS 154 7 161 AGRICULTURE 15 4 19 OTHER JOBS 47 10 57 UMEMPLOYED 267 531 798 Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013) OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 EMPLOYED UNEMPLOYED EARNING POPULATION
  37. 37. O Peopleengagedinvariousoccupation givesustheideaaboutthegeneral setupofthevillage,whetheritis agricultureornot.In siswan,161peopleare engagedinprivatejobs ,whereas798wereunemployed. Becauseagricultureisunabletoprovidelivelihoodtoalltheruralfolkinsiswan ,57 villagers areworking in other jobs. b) LIVESTOCK Almost all the families were engaged in paddy production for their own use on their personal land. Other items produced for self (family) consumption was vegetables, poultry, pulses, milk etc. Most of the houses practiced subsistence dairy farming and they had cows, buffaloes, goats etc tied. in their shed. Domestication is less now as compared to before because of ban on open grazing. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 GOVT. JOBS PRIVATE JOBS AGRICULTURE OTHER JOBS MALES FEMALES TOTAL
  38. 38. c) SETTLEMENT MORPHOLOGY The term “settlement morphology” includes in its ambit the arrangement of dwellings ina settlement, their nature and total numbers. The majority of the houses in the village were pakka houses. Pakka house is house which is built of cement, iron and bricks and the type of pakka house are bunglow, multistories and flat, Very few were semi- permanent, Kacha house with mud and Bamboo walls, doors and windows made from the Bamboos, with thatch roofs, floor was plastered with mud and cowdung. Houseisoneofthebasicnecessitiesofhumanbeings.Itprovidessheltertoeachandevery individual.Housingtypestellsusaboutculturalandsocialaspectsof the settlers. TABLE TOTAL FAMILIES MIGRATED NATIVE 180 38 142 Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 MIGRATED NATIVE POPULATION OF THE VILLAGE POPULATION OF THE VILLAGE
  39. 39. TABLE TYPE OF HOUSE NO. OF PEOPLE RENTED HOUSES 35 OWN HOUSES 145 Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013)
  40. 40. Above table shows that most people had their own houses. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 RENTED HOUSES OWN HOUSES HOUSE TYPE HOUSE TYPE
  41. 41. USE OF FUEL TYPES OF FUEL PERCENTAGE COOKING GAS 97 GOBER GAS _ KEROSENE _ WOOD 95 DUNG CAKE 93 Source :-(Data collected during field work done in February 2013) Siswanisaruralvillage.InSiswan,mostofthe housesareusing firewood,dungcakesandcookinggasas afuel.Infact,wenoticedmoundsofreadytousesunbakedcow/cattledungcakesinthecornersofthe houses. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 COOKING GAS GOBER GAS KEROSENE WOOD DUNG CAKE USE OF FUEL USE OF FUEL
  42. 42. E) Transport and Communication There were very limited transportation facilities available for the villagers. There is no public trasport facility .Most of the villagers use their bicycle, motorcycle and cars to transport. The black tapping roads is almost everywhere, very is few places are having Kaccha road . For communication purpose people use mobile phone and landlines. Because of no mobile tower there is no mobile network is very weak in the village. There are few telephone connections in the village, but there is no public booth which offers STD facility. But, television and radio are commonly seen in thevillage as mass communication media. 2% of the people are having landlines whereas 98% of them are having mobile phones.
  43. 43. 3.3. SOCIAL AMENTIES 1 . Drinking Water ThevillagersaredependentonTubewellsandGovernmentundergroundpipe forcleandrinking water. 2. Education There are 2 Govt. elementary school and1Anganwadipresentinthevillage.Forhigher education,thevillagershavetogotothefartheroffplaceslikeMullanpur,BaddiandChandigarh itself.Thevillagehasfacilitiesofeducationupto10Th standardonly. 3. Status of Education Therealwaysisavastdifferencebetweenthefacilitiesofeducationavailableinthevillageandthe
  44. 44. numberofpeoplederivingbenefitthroughthem.Ofthevillagers,majorityofthepopulationabove 35yearsofageisilliterate.Forfemales,thisagecomesdownto25years.Belowthisage,wefound thatthevillagershavehadatleastaprimaryschooling.Intheagegroupof15to20years,we foundthatgirlshavegenerallygivenupeducationwhiletheboysarestillpursuingtheirhigher education.But,intheagegroupof5to15years,mostofthechildrenarestudyingandwefound parentsencouragingthemtostudybetter .The literacy rate for males is higher than females. 4. Health The health and medical status of the villagers was not personally checked ,but generally the complaints of epidemics in the pre-monsoon and monsoon seasons prevail .Children were not found affected with apparent symptoms of malnutrition or negligence. The comment on actual diseases is avoided here because of a lack of authority. But , there appears to be a general lack of awareness as regards health and hygiene amongst the villagers, which may actually be leading to health problems .In fact, we noticed that the houses have on their back sides poor drainage systems which may lead to breeding of mosquitoes in ill maintained drains covered with filth ,heaps of garbage and ash(photo numbers 28,29). 5. Medical Facilities The is no medical facilities available in the village. There is no resident doctor in the village. In case of emergency , the villagers rush the patients to Mullanpur and P.G.I in Chandigarh which is at about half an hour’s journey from the village 6. Market There are only 2 local shops in the village , for buying clothes and luxury items they have to travel to Mullanpur . There is no vegetable .market in the village , for vegetables are moving vehicles which comes twice or thrice in a week .
  45. 45. SOCIAL FORESTERY CHAPTER NO. 8
  46. 46. Social forestry means the management and protection of forests and afforestation on barren lands with the purpose of helping in the environmental, social and rural development. The term, social forestry, was first used in India in 1976 by The National Commission on Agriculture, Government of India. It was then that India embarked upon a social forestry project with the aim of taking the pressure off currently existing forests by planting trees on all unused and fallow land. The forest around the property is abundantly rich in wildlife and the recently created water reservoir by the ‘Siswan Dam’ offers the opportunity to view a wide variety of birds safely perched on tree trunks standing in the shallow reservoir with a passing road a little height providing the perfect view of the birds frolicking in the water, feeding, cavorting or simply drying their wings like the ever careful ‘Cormorant’. The siswan dam jungles that have been ravaged by the forest mafia with no Punjab Government department willing to take action. (See TOI of December 24, 2011). The mafia has cut and torched wild grasses and chopped costly khair trees in the leopard's lair. The jungles are teeming with wild boars, sambhars, blue bulls, jackals, passerine birds and migratory ducks in the dam waters Those cutting trees and grass can be booked under the Wildlife Preservation Act,1972, for destroying wildlife habitat. . Khair trees which cost more than Rs 20,000 per cubic metre and are used for making katha, have been axed. The mafia's tractor-trolleys are offloading from the highway itself .
  47. 47. PROBLEMS AND SUGGESTIONS CHAPTER NO. 9
  48. 48. a). PROBLEMS 1.There is no medical facility available in the village 2. There no banking facilities available in the village . ATM's , banks & Post offices are nowhere to be found . 3.There is lack of security . 4.Compensation value of the land is very low . 5.There is no Public transport facility available in the village . 6. Education status is poor because there is only 2 govt. elementary school present in the village , for higher education , they have to travel far off places . 7. About 72 % of the villagers are engaged in drinking , 36 % in smoking and 43% in taking drugs . 8.There no sewage system in the village . Village is having poor drainage systems which may lead to breeding of mosquitoes in ill maintained drains covered with filth ,heaps of garbage and ash.
  49. 49. (B). SUGGESTIONS 1. There can be much more economic development of the village if the village get aid from government in utilizing advance technologies in agriculture, fishery and animal husbandry. 2. The village has ample natural wealth in terms of sunshine and wind which can very well be harnessed to generate non conventional energy by installing wind mills 3. Further , promotion of agro based industries can provide suitable employment to villagers , thereby reducing their centripetal tendency to migrate to other greener pastures , in search of livelihood and better prospects. 4.It has great potential for tourism related tertiary economic activities,since it lies in a area replete with relatively greener surroundings compared to concrete jungles like Chandigarh or Mohali . 5. Effective rural planning for Siswan entails retention of all good old rural virtues and introduction of benefits of modern civilization in terms of economic and settlement rationalization.
  50. 50. CONCLUSION CHAPTER NO. 10
  51. 51. Siswan village is a small village located near the siswan dam. village. It comes under Kharar Tehsil of Rupnagar district in Punjab, India.The main occupation of the village is private jobs viz labourers. The main purpose of such a location is to utilize all the fertile land for cultivation. The amenities in the village are electricity, road, and pipelines for drinking water and tubewell for irrigation. Villager has to carry the patient either to the next village or to Chandigarh for proper medication. This is very much troublesome and uneconomical to the villagers. As far as literacy is concerned, 40% of the total village is literate. The educational facilities available in the village are not upto the mark. The houses in the village are mainly made up of stone, brick, cement & mud and roofs of tiles, cement sheet, tin, asbestos, etc. There are few houses constructed purely from mud .The village has relatively poor accessibility , as there is no public transport available .In many houses private vehicles are present. The villagers have domesticated cows, bullocks, buffaloes, and goats .Very few farmers have modern equipments of ploughing like tractor. But, most of them use bullock carts. In a nutshell, It’s safe to conclude that village siswan is socio – economically developed, though not to the extent desired. Much remains to be done. Finally, one may round off the instant survey report by paraphrasing the most famous lines of ROBERT FROST : “Contours of achievements are lovely, dark and deep, But Siswan has a promise to keep, Miles to go and Miles to go Before the DREAMLAND SISWAN REACH!”
  52. 52. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1) "Department of Irrigation | Government of Punjab." Department of Irrigation | Government of Punjab. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://pbirrigation.gov.in/kandi_area.html>. 2) "Siswan pugmarks show leopard is Punjabi by Nature - Times Of India." Featured Articles From The Times Of India. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-12- 25/india/30556398_1_leopard-sighting-jatinder-sharma- punjab-wildlife-preservation-department>. 3) "Aura Virtual Campus." Welcome to Aura Education Group. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://aura.edu.in/read/icse/icse- 11/Economics/original/Page-352.html>. 4) "Saskatchewan Blue Cross - Glossary." Saskatchewan Blue Cross. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.sk.bluecross.ca/glossary/>. 5) "Nuclear family - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_family>. 6) "What do you mean by Joint Family?." PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://www.preservearticles.com/201105096432/what- do-you-mean-by-joint-family.html>. 7) "Standard of living - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_of_living>. 8) continent. "Social forestry in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_forestry_in_India>. 9) "Forest mafia enters leopard's lair at Siswan - Times Of India." Featured Articles From The Times Of India. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2013. <http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-12- 24/india/30554515_1_forest-conservation-act-forest- department-forest-mafia>.
  53. 53. SISWAN THROUGH LENS
  54. 54. SCENIC BEAUTY OF SISWAN

×