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Internet Scams, Fraud, and Hoaxes
The History of Fraud in the US  <ul><li>Fraudulent land deals </li></ul><ul><li>Snake oil and patent medicines </li></ul><...
The Two-Pronged Attack <ul><li>Advance Fee Fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Victims are persuaded to advance small sums of money in...
Top Ten Scams <ul><li>Fake Lottery  </li></ul><ul><li>Phishing  </li></ul><ul><li>Phony Job Offers </li></ul><ul><li>Negat...
Fake Lottery
Fake Lottery <ul><li>The Scam:  You receive an e-mail saying you have won a foreign lottery or sweepstakes.  Scammers are ...
 
Phishing <ul><li>The Scam: You receive and e-mail from your bank, an auction site, or your credit card company asking you ...
 
The Phony Job Offer <ul><li>The Scam: You receive an e-mail stating “We have reviewed your resume and want to hire you rig...
Negative Option Marketing <ul><li>The Scam: You order a bottle of diet pills from a website.  It’s a great deal, its free,...
The Nigerian 419 <ul><li>The Scam: You receive an e-mail from government official in Nigeria.  The details will vary, but ...
 
The Pump and Dump <ul><li>The Scam: You receive an e-mail about a particular, little-known stock that is going to soon soa...
Bogus Fuel Saving Devices <ul><li>The Scam: You see an advertisement  for a fuel saving  device that claims to increase ga...
The Grandparent Scam  <ul><li>The Scam: Although there are no reports of this scam being used on the internet this con is ...
Dating Scams <ul><li>The Scam: You enter into a relationship with someone that you meet online on a dating site. They seem...
Fake Photos Used By Dating Scammers
Craig list Scams <ul><li>The Scam: You advertise your item for sale on  craigslist.org .  A buyer contacts you and offers ...
Craig’s List Scams Cont. <ul><li>The Scam: You see an apartment advertised on craigslist.org.  You contact the seller to s...
Other Threats <ul><li>Viruses  </li></ul><ul><li>Trojans </li></ul><ul><li>Spyware </li></ul><ul><li>Adware </li></ul><ul>...
How to Spot Internet Scams <ul><li>Promise of money, jobs, or prizes </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for donations, processing fees,...
Top Ten Hoaxes <ul><li>Dioxins in Plastic Containers  </li></ul><ul><li>Cell Phones Pop Popcorn </li></ul><ul><li>Charleto...
Dioxins in Plastic Containers <ul><li>The Hoax: In early 2002 an e-mail was circulated that stated that microwaving plasti...
Dioxins in Plastic Containers <ul><li>The Facts: There are no dioxins in plastic and even if there were, a temperature abo...
Cell Phones Pop Popcorn <ul><li>The hoax: a viral video shows a group of people using several cell phones to pop popcorn k...
 
Bonsai Kittens <ul><li>The Hoax: A website offers bonsai kittens for sale.  These kittens are placed in jars and fed throu...
 
 
Bonsai Kittens <ul><li>The Facts: the bonsai kitten website was hoax perpetrated by mischievous MIT students.  No one ever...
Charleston Heston’s Gun Collection <ul><li>The Hoax: When actor and NRA spokesperson Charleton Heston died a secret vault ...
 
 
Deodorants Cause Breast Cancer <ul><li>The Hoax: Women stop using underarm deodorants!  Chemicals in deodorants, specifica...
Deodorant Causes  Breast Cancer <ul><li>The Facts: The FDA has quashed this myth, quoting the National Cancer Institute, s...
Burundanga on Business Cards  <ul><li>The Hoax: Criminals are using drug soaked business cards to incapacitate their victi...
Burundanga on Business Cards <ul><li>The Facts: For Burundanga, it is most likely too difficult to deliver enough of the d...
Human Parts Factory <ul><li>The Hoax: Eastern European countries are secretly operating human parts factories using the bo...
 
 
 
Human Parts Factory  <ul><li>The Facts: Viable organs need to be harvested soon after death.  In most cases, organs are ta...
UPS Uniforms <ul><li>The Hoax: An  Islamic group recently  purchased over  $32,000 worth of  UPS uniforms from an EBay auc...
UPS Uniforms <ul><li>The Facts: The FBI has thoroughly investigated and found this rumor to be false.  Occasionally unifor...
The $250 Cookie Recipe  <ul><li>You receive an e-mail relating a story of how a person was cheated out of $250 by Neiman M...
The $250 Cookie Recipe <ul><li>The Facts: Both Neiman Marcus and the Waldorf Astoria provide recipes free of charge any on...
E-mail hoaxes <ul><li>Most e-mail center on getting free cash or prizes through forwarding e-mails.  Needless to say no ca...
How to Spot Hoaxes on the Internet <ul><li>Supposedly free cash or prizes, appeals to help sick children, etc. in exchange...
Internet Phenomena  <ul><li>Leave Brittany Alone! </li></ul><ul><li>Rickrolling </li></ul><ul><li>LoL Cats </li></ul><ul><...
Leave Britney Alone <ul><li>Leave Britney Alone </li></ul>
Rickrolling
Lol Cats <ul><li>Cats murdering the English language is funny right? </li></ul>
 
 
All Your Base Are Belong To US AYB Video
The Numa Numa Guy Numa Numa Dance
Post a Secret
 
 
 
Angry German Kid Angry German Kid
Star Wars Kid Star Wars Kid
Scambaiting
My Space  <ul><li>My Space is a social  networking website  offering an interactive, user-submitted  network of friends, p...
Embarrassing E-mails Blunders  (think before you hit send) <ul><li>An attorney was fired over e-mail exchange regarding $8...
<ul><li>A schoolgirl found herself receiving emails containing top secret information from the Pentagon after being accide...
Scammers <ul><li>Scammers: These are the easiest group of people to understand. They want to cheat you and take your money...
Hoaxers <ul><li>Hoaxers: Some hoaxes are started accidentally by good natured people who simply don’t realize that the inf...
Phenomena <ul><li>Phenomena:  Memes , like genes are units of human culture.  No one can really explain why some catch on ...
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Internet Scams, Fraud, And Hoaxes

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  • clear information.thanks for your slide share.here is a blog related to scam awareness http://scambaitings.blogspot.com/ .
    hope you might follow me!!
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Internet Scams, Fraud, And Hoaxes

  1. 1. Internet Scams, Fraud, and Hoaxes
  2. 2. The History of Fraud in the US <ul><li>Fraudulent land deals </li></ul><ul><li>Snake oil and patent medicines </li></ul><ul><li>General Motors and street cars </li></ul><ul><li>Savings and loan crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Enron </li></ul><ul><li>Bernie Madoff </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Two-Pronged Attack <ul><li>Advance Fee Fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Victims are persuaded to advance small sums of money in the hopes of receiving a huge pay-off. Scammers may demand a processing fee or may offer you a large commission for cashing fraudulent checks </li></ul><ul><li>Identity Theft </li></ul><ul><li>Using your personal information such as name, birth date, social security number, etc criminals can obtain credit cards in your name or use your name to write bad checks </li></ul>
  4. 4. Top Ten Scams <ul><li>Fake Lottery </li></ul><ul><li>Phishing </li></ul><ul><li>Phony Job Offers </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Option Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Nigerian 419 </li></ul><ul><li>Pump and Dump Stocks </li></ul><ul><li>Bogus Fuel Saving Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Grandparent Scam </li></ul><ul><li>Dating Scams </li></ul><ul><li>Craig’s List Scams </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fake Lottery
  6. 6. Fake Lottery <ul><li>The Scam: You receive an e-mail saying you have won a foreign lottery or sweepstakes. Scammers are usually after your bank account information to rip you off. Secondarily, they want information about you to steal your identity. </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: You can’t win a lottery or sweepstakes that you didn’t enter! </li></ul>
  7. 8. Phishing <ul><li>The Scam: You receive and e-mail from your bank, an auction site, or your credit card company asking you to “update your information.” </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: Legitimate businesses do not operate this way. Never give out your name, social security number, phone number, or bank account information online unless you are sure it is a secure website, always get third party verification. </li></ul>
  8. 10. The Phony Job Offer <ul><li>The Scam: You receive an e-mail stating “We have reviewed your resume and want to hire you right away!” </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: Legitimate companies will want to interview you before making a job offer! There are many variants of this scam, but the most common involves you accepting packages to ship overseas. Weeks later you will receive a bill for the merchandise or you will be helping criminals use stolen credit cards to buy expensive items. Either way no commission will be forthcoming. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Negative Option Marketing <ul><li>The Scam: You order a bottle of diet pills from a website. It’s a great deal, its free, you just pay the shipping. A month later you receive another bottle of pills and your credit card statement shows a $50 charge. </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: This is what is known as negative option marketing. On the web page you must “opt out” or unselect the default package when purchasing your item. Be careful and read the fine print. </li></ul>
  10. 12. The Nigerian 419 <ul><li>The Scam: You receive an e-mail from government official in Nigeria. The details will vary, but this person is in possession of millions from over-invoiced oil contacts or unclaimed money from some deceased person. Help him/her transfer the money to the US and keep a 10% commission. </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: There is no money! The goals here is to get your bank account information and/or small sums of money supposedly to pay for charges related to transferring the funds. </li></ul>
  11. 14. The Pump and Dump <ul><li>The Scam: You receive an e-mail about a particular, little-known stock that is going to soon soar in value but you must act now! </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: Brokers are trying to artificially increase the price of the stock in order to cash in. Stay away from stocks that are not traded on a well-known exchange like the NASDAQ or NYSE. </li></ul>
  12. 15. Bogus Fuel Saving Devices <ul><li>The Scam: You see an advertisement for a fuel saving device that claims to increase gas mileage by 30% using special additives, magnets, or inserting something into your car’s fuel line. </li></ul><ul><li>The Fact: According to the Federal Trade Commission there is no scientific evidence that any “fuel saving device” actually increases gas mileage </li></ul>
  13. 16. The Grandparent Scam <ul><li>The Scam: Although there are no reports of this scam being used on the internet this con is worth mentioning. You receive a phone call from “your favorite Grandson,” a conman posing as your Grandson claiming to be in trouble and needing money wired to him right away. </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: Grandparents or the elderly are targeted as they tend to be less familiar with the voice characteristics of their grand children. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Dating Scams <ul><li>The Scam: You enter into a relationship with someone that you meet online on a dating site. They seem like a perfect match until… </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: Most scammers will claim to be an American living in a foreign country who need money to get home or to get medical treatment. Asking for a payment via Western Union, a direct wire transfer, or cash is a dead giveaway that this person is only interested in one thing: your money! </li></ul>
  15. 18. Fake Photos Used By Dating Scammers
  16. 19. Craig list Scams <ul><li>The Scam: You advertise your item for sale on craigslist.org . A buyer contacts you and offers to send you a check or money order for more than you are asking for the item. Just refund the difference to them and keep a commission for yourself. They will usually have some convincing story about why they have the check or money order, such as a previous purchase that fell through. </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: The check or money order will bounce and your bank will hold you responsible! </li></ul>
  17. 20. Craig’s List Scams Cont. <ul><li>The Scam: You see an apartment advertised on craigslist.org. You contact the seller to say that you are interested. He says he has several parties looking at it but will hold the apartment for you if you put down a small deposit sent to him either through PayPal, EFT, or Western Union. You then make arrangements to look over the apartment. </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: Surprise! The unit is occupied and has been for a long time. All the scammer needed was a digital photo and description to list the apartment that he didn’t even own! </li></ul>
  18. 21. Other Threats <ul><li>Viruses </li></ul><ul><li>Trojans </li></ul><ul><li>Spyware </li></ul><ul><li>Adware </li></ul><ul><li>Malware </li></ul><ul><li>Vishing </li></ul><ul><li>Pharming </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber Squatting </li></ul><ul><li>Dialers </li></ul><ul><li>Spam </li></ul>
  19. 22. How to Spot Internet Scams <ul><li>Promise of money, jobs, or prizes </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for donations, processing fees, or upfront payments </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal of lucrative business deals </li></ul><ul><li>Ask you to provide sensitive personal information </li></ul><ul><li>Ask you to follow a link in a website or e-mail message to log in to your account </li></ul>
  20. 23. Top Ten Hoaxes <ul><li>Dioxins in Plastic Containers </li></ul><ul><li>Cell Phones Pop Popcorn </li></ul><ul><li>Charleton Heston’s Gun Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Deodorant Gives You Breast Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Human Parts Factories </li></ul><ul><li>Bonsai Kittens </li></ul><ul><li>UPS Uniforms </li></ul><ul><li>Burundanga on Business Cards </li></ul><ul><li>$250 Cookie Recipe </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail Hoaxes </li></ul>
  21. 24. Dioxins in Plastic Containers <ul><li>The Hoax: In early 2002 an e-mail was circulated that stated that microwaving plastic containers releases a cancer causing substances known as Dioxins. Variants of the e-mail also mentioned freezing plastic water bottles. </li></ul>
  22. 25. Dioxins in Plastic Containers <ul><li>The Facts: There are no dioxins in plastic and even if there were, a temperature above 1500 degrees would be required to released them. Most household plastics begin to melt at temperatures of about 230 degrees. </li></ul><ul><li>90% of human dioxin intake comes from eating animal fat. </li></ul>
  23. 26. Cell Phones Pop Popcorn <ul><li>The hoax: a viral video shows a group of people using several cell phones to pop popcorn kernels </li></ul><ul><li>Cell phone pop popcorn </li></ul><ul><li>The Facts: cell phones do not put out enough energy to pop a kernel of pop corn </li></ul>
  24. 28. Bonsai Kittens <ul><li>The Hoax: A website offers bonsai kittens for sale. These kittens are placed in jars and fed through tubes. The kittens grow within the jar and take on the jars shape, similar to how a bonsai tree is made. Bosai kittens are the latest decorating fad! </li></ul><ul><li>Such a hew and cry was raised over the site that in 2001 the FBI subpoenaed the website’s records. </li></ul>
  25. 31. Bonsai Kittens <ul><li>The Facts: the bonsai kitten website was hoax perpetrated by mischievous MIT students. No one ever tried to make or sell bonsai kittens. No one ever sold equipment to make bonsai kittens. This is obvious as links to buy products didn’t actually go anywhere and no samples of real bonsai kittens were shown on the website. The ones in the above slide are an example of bad photo fakery. </li></ul>
  26. 32. Charleston Heston’s Gun Collection <ul><li>The Hoax: When actor and NRA spokesperson Charleton Heston died a secret vault was discovered containing the largest cache of weaponry ever found to be in possession of a civilian. </li></ul>
  27. 35. Deodorants Cause Breast Cancer <ul><li>The Hoax: Women stop using underarm deodorants! Chemicals in deodorants, specifically the anti- perspirant type block the body’s release of toxins through the arm pit, thus causing a build up which leads to breast cancer. Also, shaving your underarms makes the blockage worse. </li></ul>
  28. 36. Deodorant Causes Breast Cancer <ul><li>The Facts: The FDA has quashed this myth, quoting the National Cancer Institute, saying that &quot;no existing scientific or medical evidence links the use of underarm antiperspirants or deodorants to the subsequent development of breast cancer.” </li></ul>
  29. 37. Burundanga on Business Cards <ul><li>The Hoax: Criminals are using drug soaked business cards to incapacitate their victims. Variant: criminals are using ether inside sample perfume bottles to incapacitate their victims. </li></ul>
  30. 38. Burundanga on Business Cards <ul><li>The Facts: For Burundanga, it is most likely too difficult to deliver enough of the drug in powder or vapor form to incapacitate a full grown adult. Similarly it takes more than a few puffs to knock someone out with ether. </li></ul>
  31. 39. Human Parts Factory <ul><li>The Hoax: Eastern European countries are secretly operating human parts factories using the bodies of the homeless, convicted criminals, and the mentally ill. An e-mail warns those traveling in Russia to not go out at night or talk to strangers lest they be abducted and have their organs stolen. </li></ul>
  32. 43. Human Parts Factory <ul><li>The Facts: Viable organs need to be harvested soon after death. In most cases, organs are taken from individuals who have been declared “brain dead” or are donated by living donors. From the looks of these photos the corpses have sat along time allowing decay to occur. </li></ul>
  33. 44. UPS Uniforms <ul><li>The Hoax: An Islamic group recently purchased over $32,000 worth of UPS uniforms from an EBay auction. The guys in brown may be delivering something more than presents next Xmas season! </li></ul>
  34. 45. UPS Uniforms <ul><li>The Facts: The FBI has thoroughly investigated and found this rumor to be false. Occasionally uniforms of all sorts wind up on EBay, most of which come from thrift stores. It makes little sense for an organization to spend so much money on items that are easily duplicated, like the standard brown and gold of UPS </li></ul>
  35. 46. The $250 Cookie Recipe <ul><li>You receive an e-mail relating a story of how a person was cheated out of $250 by Neiman Marcus for a cookie recipe. A variant uses the Waldorf Astoria and red velvet chocolate cake. </li></ul>
  36. 47. The $250 Cookie Recipe <ul><li>The Facts: Both Neiman Marcus and the Waldorf Astoria provide recipes free of charge any one who asks. </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to this rumor Neiman Marcus didn’t even serve cookies! </li></ul>
  37. 48. E-mail hoaxes <ul><li>Most e-mail center on getting free cash or prizes through forwarding e-mails. Needless to say no cash or prizes will be forthcoming. </li></ul><ul><li>Also pervasive is the “free stuff” e-mail hoax, where you receive an e-mail saying on November 1st Starbucks will be giving out FREE COFFE!. It’s not true! </li></ul><ul><li>Lastly, be wary of e-mails regarding missing children, these are more often than not hoaxes. </li></ul>
  38. 49. How to Spot Hoaxes on the Internet <ul><li>Supposedly free cash or prizes, appeals to help sick children, etc. in exchange for forwarding e-mails </li></ul><ul><li>Warnings about virus threats. Please let all your friends know by forwarding e-mails </li></ul><ul><li>Dire warnings about products, companies, government policies, or coming events </li></ul><ul><li>Information “they don’t want you to know about” like miracle cures and amazing devices, are being kept from you by the government! </li></ul>
  39. 50. Internet Phenomena <ul><li>Leave Brittany Alone! </li></ul><ul><li>Rickrolling </li></ul><ul><li>LoL Cats </li></ul><ul><li>All Your Base </li></ul><ul><li>Numa Numa guy </li></ul><ul><li>Post a Secret </li></ul><ul><li>Angry German kid </li></ul><ul><li>Star Wars Kid </li></ul><ul><li>Scambaiting </li></ul><ul><li>Myspace </li></ul>
  40. 51. Leave Britney Alone <ul><li>Leave Britney Alone </li></ul>
  41. 52. Rickrolling
  42. 53. Lol Cats <ul><li>Cats murdering the English language is funny right? </li></ul>
  43. 56. All Your Base Are Belong To US AYB Video
  44. 57. The Numa Numa Guy Numa Numa Dance
  45. 58. Post a Secret
  46. 62. Angry German Kid Angry German Kid
  47. 63. Star Wars Kid Star Wars Kid
  48. 64. Scambaiting
  49. 65. My Space <ul><li>My Space is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos for teenagers and adults internationally. </li></ul>
  50. 66. Embarrassing E-mails Blunders (think before you hit send) <ul><li>An attorney was fired over e-mail exchange regarding $8 dry cleaning bill. </li></ul><ul><li>A police dispatcher accidentally e-mailed 14,000 law enforcement officials when her yogurt went missing from the fridge. </li></ul><ul><li>A vice president accidentally sent details of all his employees’ salaries on a company group email. Realizing his error, he set the fire alarm off to clear the office before deleting the email from every inbox. </li></ul>
  51. 67. <ul><li>A schoolgirl found herself receiving emails containing top secret information from the Pentagon after being accidentally added to an e-mail list by a navy commander. </li></ul><ul><li>When black secretary Rachel Walker announced her resignation from his firm, lawyer Adam Dowdney emailed a colleague saying: &quot;Can we go for a real fit, busty blonde this time?” A remark which cost him $20,000 in a lawsuit. </li></ul>
  52. 68. Scammers <ul><li>Scammers: These are the easiest group of people to understand. They want to cheat you and take your money! Why? There are lazy and its beats working for a living or being a real criminal and risking getting shot and/or doing hard time. The internet allows them to send out millions of e-mails and they only need one gullible person to take the bait. </li></ul>
  53. 69. Hoaxers <ul><li>Hoaxers: Some hoaxes are started accidentally by good natured people who simply don’t realize that the information they are spreading is false </li></ul><ul><li>Some are created deliberately to harm a person or an organization’s reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Some are created to draw attention to a social problem </li></ul><ul><li>Some are created to satirize a popular practice or phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>Some are created with the purpose of instilling fear, uncertainty and doubt about strangers, foreigners, newer technology, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Lastly some hoaxes are perpetrated simply to prove how smart the hoaxer is by fooling us all! </li></ul>
  54. 70. Phenomena <ul><li>Phenomena: Memes , like genes are units of human culture. No one can really explain why some catch on and others do not. A definite paradigm shift with the internet is the idea of no more gate keepers. Viewer produced and controlled content and the “in-joke” are king. Sitcom type humor and tired TV dramas are dead! </li></ul><ul><li>The anonymity of the internet tends to work against the old saying, “If you can’t say something nice…” Shaden Freuda: German for happiness at the misfortune of others. Laughing at idiots and ridiculing them is considered fun and a moral obligation. </li></ul><ul><li>“ HEY LOOK! This person is a total train wreck! LOL!” </li></ul>

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