Native people of north america

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Native people of north america

  1. 1. Native People of North America<br />The lives of the Iroquois, Pueblos, Plains, and Northwest Coast Indians.<br />
  2. 2. The Iroquois<br />Consist of 5 tribes:<br />Cayuga<br />Onondaga<br />Seneca<br />Mohawk<br />Oneida<br />Located in cultural region of the Eastern Woodlands. <br />A cultural region in an area where people with similar ways of life live. <br />
  3. 3. The Iroquois did not get along well and many died.<br />Deganawidah and Hiawatha, two men from different tribes, convinced others to end the fighting. <br />This lead to the formation of the Iroquios League in 1570.<br />The league had 50 representatives who met once a year at the Great Council of Fire and created laws. <br />A Violent History<br />
  4. 4. The Iroquois lived in what is now New York state. <br />They fished, hunted deer and elk, and grew corn, squash and beans. <br />Lived in longhouses; a building made from saplings and bark of tree. <br />Over 100 ft. long<br />Several families lived in one building. <br />Everyday Life<br />
  5. 5. The Iroquois celebrated 6 festivals throughout the year.<br />Sang and danced<br />Gave thanks to their crops and animals they killed<br />Created masks called false faces<br />The masks were used to chase away the evil spirits that caused illness<br />Religion<br />
  6. 6. Include:<br />Hopi<br />Zuni<br />Located in the cultural region of the Southwest Desert, which include what is now Arizona and New Mexico. <br />The Pueblos<br />
  7. 7. Built villages on top of mesas; kept them safe from enemies<br />Pueblo houses built from rocks and clay<br />Grew corn and cotton<br />Performed ceremonies that they thought would bring rain<br />Kachinas were used in ceremonies. A kachina is a spirit that helps people.<br />There was a special dance to honor the kachinas. <br />Pueblo Villages<br />
  8. 8. Pueblo Villages<br />
  9. 9. This is a mesa. It is characterized by its flat, table-like top<br />These are kachina dolls, which were used in ceremonies<br />Pueblo Villages<br />
  10. 10. Ceremonies<br />
  11. 11. Pueblo Culture<br />
  12. 12. Pottery<br />
  13. 13. Populated the Northwest cultural region of North America; located along the western coasts of Canada and the United States.<br />Nootka<br />Chinook<br />Bella Coola<br />Kwakiutl<br />Indians of the Northwest Coast<br />
  14. 14. Because of the abundant natural resources the tribes didn’t have to grow crops<br />Region list along the Pacific Coast<br />Kwakiutl and other tribes hunted seals and fished<br />The Pacific Northwest has thick forests of trees<br />Built homes out of tree<br />Made dugout canoes (a small boat made from a hollowed out tree-trunk)<br />Natural Resources<br />
  15. 15. Dugout Canoes<br />Natural Resources<br />
  16. 16. Natural Resources<br />
  17. 17. Natural Resources<br />
  18. 18. Master woodcarvers; carved totem poles<br />A Totem Pole is a tall post which features carved faces that represent a person’s family and ancestors (people from whom one descended at a distance at a distance of time).<br />Totem Poles<br />
  19. 19. The Kwakiutl and Chinook help a potlach, which is a big party to celebrate an important event<br />Lots of food, singing, dancing, and gift giving<br />Potlach<br />
  20. 20. A shaman is a man or woman who practiced native medicine<br />When a tribe member became sick a shaman was called<br />Shaman perform ceremonies to help the sick feel better<br />Shaman<br />

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