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AVT session 1: The Principles of Outbreak Response

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This is the first of a series of 6 presentations on the subject of Emergency Response to an outbreak of Avian Influenza.

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AVT session 1: The Principles of Outbreak Response

  1. 1. Harm Kiezebrink Research Fellow Faculty of Veterinary Science Queensland University
  2. 2. The 4 principles of outbreak response 1. Protect human health 2. Contain the virus – Don’t let the virus escape 3. Make the outbreak a single event 4. Protect animal health 2 © 2014 Applied Veterinary Technologies Europe AB
  3. 3. 3 The principles in practice  Human safety first  limit the number of responders  Use the right technique  no contact between responders and infected birds  Focus on processes  use simple instructions and standard procedures  Well-prepared organisation  Use an Incident Command System structure  Well prepared logistics  Contract key suppliers in advance © 2014 Applied Veterinary Technologies Europe AB
  4. 4. Virus containment Culling in action in Holland, 2003 4 © 2014 Applied Veterinary Technologies Europe AB
  5. 5. Principle 3: make it to a single event combine different steps in the process  Stop virus reproduction  Reduce the virus load on contaminated materials  Prevent contaminated materials from reintroducing infections  Dispose and destroy contaminated materials safely 5 © 2014 Applied Veterinary Technologies Europe AB
  6. 6. Protect animals Prevent animals to be killed 6  Kill humanly: minimalize unnecessary stress and pain  Kill as little numbers as possible  Prevent and protect by imposing biosecurity measures © 2014 Applied Veterinary Technologies Europe AB
  7. 7. 7 Operational management risks - Main conclusions - Human involvement  Reduce the number of responders during culling  Prevent contamination by using full PPE during the entire process  Reduce human exposure during cleaning & disinfection © 2014 Applied Veterinary Technologies Europe AB
  8. 8. 8 Operational management risks - Main conclusions - Use of techniques  Stop virus reproduction by culling as soon as possible after confirmation  Use detergent on carcasses, directly after the birds are are culled to reduce the virus load © 2014 Applied Veterinary Technologies Europe AB
  9. 9. Question and Answer Reflection: What’s on your mind?  9 9 © AVT Applied Veterinary Technologies Europe AB Address details: c/o INTRED, Södra Hamnen 2, 45142 Uddevalla, Sweden Org.nr: 556792-1944 - Phone: +44 7452 272 358- E-mail: harm.kie@gmail.com

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