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Depopulation and disposal: training presentation

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This training module is part of a series of outbreak response training for H5N1 in Egypt, 2008. It gives an overview of different methods and techniques and their applicibility under African circumstances. The ptaining was provided under the Better Training for Safer Food program of the European Union.

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Depopulation and disposal: training presentation

  1. 1. Depopulation and disposalDepopulation and disposalHarm KiezebrinkPrincipal consultantwww.N2GF.com
  2. 2. MODULE PURPOSEDuring session, the participants will learn:• Both technical and practical aspects on culling and disposal• The participants discuss the relative merits of each cullingtechnique and integrate it with the method of disposal• The participants carry out a number of exercises and activitiesrelating outbreak response and site management and controlusing the material in the participants handout
  3. 3. Module Objectives• Prepare for a (multiple) depopulation operation according to theinternational guidelines of the FAO and the OIE• Compare and select suitable culling & disposal techniques thatare applicable under different situations• Calculate the human capacity needed• Compare and select different options for additional materialsneeded to carry out the depopulation operation
  4. 4. Agenda planning of depopulation activitiesBy the end of this session you will be able to:• Prepare for a (multiple) depopulation operation• Compare and select suitable culling & disposal techniques thatare applicable under different situations;• Calculate the capacity needed for depopulation operations
  5. 5. DEFINITION OF STAMP OUTOIE: Carrying out under the vet authority, the killing of animalsinfected and suspected to be infectedFAO: Designation of clean & infected zonesIntensive disease surveillance within the infected zoneQuarantine of livestock movementImmediate slaughter and disposal of all susceptible animals(depopulation)
  6. 6. PREPARATION: GETTING READYINTRODUCTION TO CULLING AND ANIMAL WELFAREAnimal welfare is an important consideration in any cullingoperation:• number of birds to be eliminated• need to depopulate within 24-48 hours• most appropriate culling methodNote: Attempt to select the culling method that results in a death whichminimizes the stress and suffering of the animals
  7. 7. Task 1• In four groups,– Individually, read the case scenario given to your group.– Then, as a group, discuss:• How would you advise on advise on the protectivemeasures for the public and response workers tominimize the risk of infection and/or spread of H5N1HPAI?• What are your top 2-3 recommendations?• Assign one person to take notes on the responses.• You have 30 minutes for this task.• Be prepared to present to the larger group.
  8. 8. SAMPLE Application Planning/ReflectionIndividually,• What are 2-3 key takeaways for you from this module?• What steps will you need to take to prepare yourself to deploythese skills effectively in the field?• You have 10 minutes to reflect.
  9. 9. What is depopulation?• Depopulation, also called culling of birds & disposal ofcarcasses, is one of the fundamental parts of a stamp outstrategy.• This part of the session introduces both technical and practicalinformation on culling and disposal techniques.• Via discussion and exercises, we’ll discuss the relative merits ofeach system and integrate it with the method of disposal.
  10. 10. Objectives of this part of the training:• Prepare for a depopulation operation according to theinternational guidelines of FAO and OIE;• Compare and select suitable culling and disposal techniquesthat are applicable under different situations; and• Compare and select different options for additional materialsneeded to carry out the depopulation operation.
  11. 11. Depopulation• Depopulation is culling AND disposal– Culling starts when disposal is arranged on the spot...– ... Culling stops when disposal logistics jams
  12. 12. OIE Recommended Poultry Killing Methods4 generic categories:– physical– chemical– electrical– gaseous agents
  13. 13. Electrocution
  14. 14. Electrocution line
  15. 15. Container gassing
  16. 16. Container gassing
  17. 17. Cullingbag system
  18. 18. Wet foam system
  19. 19. Gas lift system
  20. 20. Complex container systems
  21. 21. Avoid extra poultry handling
  22. 22. ….. And how would you depopulate this?
  23. 23. Disposal Methods• burial• incineration• rendering• composting
  24. 24. Incineration
  25. 25. Burial
  26. 26. Controlling Excavation HazardsSloping in type C soilShieldingShoring
  27. 27. In house composting
  28. 28. Avoid culling in the open air
  29. 29. Make sure your carcass disposaloption is in place in time
  30. 30. Task 2: Discussion• Which of the 4 do you see used most often?• What experiences have you had with rendering?• What are some lessons you’ve learned in workingwith composting and burial?
  31. 31. Using Culling & Disposal Checklists• In your group use the following references and documents ofyour handout to make recommendations on the mostappropriate culling and disposal techniques for the scenarioassigned to your group– #5A Description of the Culling Options– #5B Description of the cullingbag system– #5H Checklist for Culling & Disposal Options– Scenarios & Poultopia Map• You have 20 minutes

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