Parts of Speech
Nouns and Verbs
Nouns can be a person, a place, or a thing.
Look at this picture.
Can you name all
the nouns you see?
Things: Rocks, leaves,
Places: Ocean, beach,
Can you think of more?Picture from legacytravel on Flickr
How many nouns can
you see in this
Picture from neilalderney123 on Flickr
In this picture:
Person: child, man,
Can you see any other
Picture from kenjonbro on Flickr
• Plural nouns just means more than 1 of the
noun. Most of the time you can simply add –s
or –es to the end of the word.
For example: 1 cat, 2 cats. Cats is the plural of cat.
Picture from Spyderella on Flickr Picture from Chiot's Runon Flickr
Irregular Plural Nouns
• Irregular plural nouns are still nouns that
mean more than 1, but you don’t add “s” or
“es” to the end.
– One example would be a word ending in “f.” If a
word ends in “f” you change the “f” to “ve” and
– Sometimes the plural form of a word is a
completely different word.
Picture from OzinOH on Flickr
Picture from Tancread on Flickr
Picture from Pockafwye on Flickr
Picture from Radagast on Flickr
Verbs are action words. They tell you what the
nouns are doing.
Students is a plural noun.
What verbs are the
students performing in
I can see students writing.
Writing is a verb.
I can see students
thinking. Thinking is a
Picture from Brian @ HKG on Flickr
Picture from Merton Wilton on Flickr
There are lots of people
in this picture all doing
What verbs can you see
in this picture?
• Verbs can be in past, present, or future tense.
– For example: The verb is sniff
• Past: The dogs sniffed each other. We just added –ed to the
• Present: The dogs are sniffing each other. We added the word
“are” and –ing to the end of sniff.
• Future: The dogs will sniff each other. We added the word will.
Picture from Crouchy69 on Flickr
• Can you change the tense of these sentences by changing the
– Change present tense to past tense:
• The man is walking his dog.
• The kids are playing outside.
• She is whistling a short tune.
– Change past tense to future tense:
• He watched his favorite TV show.
• She talked to her best friend.
• The cat pounced on its toy.
Sometimes adding a word or changing an
ending of a verb doesn’t work. Sometimes
changing the tense of a verb means you have
to use a completely different word!
The verb here is fly.
Past tense: The bird has flown.
Flown is a different word than
The bird flew through the air.
Flew is a different word than fly.
Present tense: The bird is flying.
We added –ing.
Future tense: The bird will fly. No
change to the verb.
For the verb “fly” the irregular verbs
are in the past tense.Picture from MNicoleM on Flickr
The verb here is swim.
The boy swam in the pool.
The boy swum in the pool.
The boy is swimming in the
The boy will swim in the pool.
What tenses are each of these
sentences in? Where are the
Picture from Texas.713 on Flickr
• More examples
– Verb: write Past tenses: written, wrote
– Verb: do Past tenses: did, done
– Verb: dig Past tense: dug
– Verb: build Past tense: built
– Verb: break Past tenses: broke, broken
– Verb: bite Past tenses: bit, bitten
Can you use these verbs in sentences?
Parts of Speech
You have learned about nouns and verbs. When
you use these two parts of speech, you can
make simple but effective sentences.