Parts of speech


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This slideshow is about nouns and verbs, an introduction for second or third graders. It discusses nouns, plural nouns, irregular nouns, verbs, verb tenses, and irregular verbs.

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Parts of speech

  1. 1. Parts of Speech Nouns and Verbs Ms. Fisher 7/2013
  2. 2. Nouns Nouns can be a person, a place, or a thing.
  3. 3. Nouns Look at this picture. Can you name all the nouns you see? Things: Rocks, leaves, water, house Places: Ocean, beach, home Can you think of more?Picture from legacytravel on Flickr
  4. 4. Nouns How many nouns can you see in this example? Picture from neilalderney123 on Flickr
  5. 5. Nouns More nouns! In this picture: Person: child, man, woman Can you see any other nouns? Picture from kenjonbro on Flickr
  6. 6. Plural Nouns • Plural nouns just means more than 1 of the noun. Most of the time you can simply add –s or –es to the end of the word. For example: 1 cat, 2 cats. Cats is the plural of cat. Picture from Spyderella on Flickr Picture from Chiot's Runon Flickr
  7. 7. Irregular Plural Nouns • Irregular plural nouns are still nouns that mean more than 1, but you don’t add “s” or “es” to the end. – One example would be a word ending in “f.” If a word ends in “f” you change the “f” to “ve” and add “s.” – Sometimes the plural form of a word is a completely different word.
  8. 8. Picture from OzinOH on Flickr Picture from Tancread on Flickr Wolf Wolves
  9. 9. Picture from Pockafwye on Flickr Picture from Radagast on Flickr Mouse Mice
  10. 10. Verbs Verbs are action words. They tell you what the nouns are doing.
  11. 11. Verbs Students is a plural noun. What verbs are the students performing in this picture? I can see students writing. Writing is a verb. I can see students thinking. Thinking is a verb. Picture from Brian @ HKG on Flickr
  12. 12. Verbs Picture from Merton Wilton on Flickr There are lots of people in this picture all doing different things. What verbs can you see in this picture?
  13. 13. Verb Tenses • Verbs can be in past, present, or future tense. – For example: The verb is sniff • Past: The dogs sniffed each other. We just added –ed to the end. • Present: The dogs are sniffing each other. We added the word “are” and –ing to the end of sniff. • Future: The dogs will sniff each other. We added the word will. Picture from Crouchy69 on Flickr
  14. 14. Verb Tenses • Can you change the tense of these sentences by changing the verb? – Change present tense to past tense: • The man is walking his dog. • The kids are playing outside. • She is whistling a short tune. – Change past tense to future tense: • He watched his favorite TV show. • She talked to her best friend. • The cat pounced on its toy.
  15. 15. Irregular Verbs Sometimes adding a word or changing an ending of a verb doesn’t work. Sometimes changing the tense of a verb means you have to use a completely different word!
  16. 16. Irregular Verbs The verb here is fly. Past tense: The bird has flown. Flown is a different word than fly. The bird flew through the air. Flew is a different word than fly. Present tense: The bird is flying. We added –ing. Future tense: The bird will fly. No change to the verb. For the verb “fly” the irregular verbs are in the past tense.Picture from MNicoleM on Flickr
  17. 17. Irregular Verbs The verb here is swim. The boy swam in the pool. The boy swum in the pool. The boy is swimming in the pool. The boy will swim in the pool. What tenses are each of these sentences in? Where are the irregular verbs? Picture from Texas.713 on Flickr
  18. 18. Irregular verbs • More examples – Verb: write Past tenses: written, wrote – Verb: do Past tenses: did, done – Verb: dig Past tense: dug – Verb: build Past tense: built – Verb: break Past tenses: broke, broken – Verb: bite Past tenses: bit, bitten Can you use these verbs in sentences?
  19. 19. Parts of Speech You have learned about nouns and verbs. When you use these two parts of speech, you can make simple but effective sentences.