Composition i week 1i


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Composition i week 1i

  1. 1. Composition I<br />ULACIT<br />Teacher Laura Gang<br />
  2. 2. Week 1 Part 1<br />The Structure of a Paragraph <br />What is a paragraph?<br />letters<br />word<br />sentence<br />paragraph<br />essay<br />
  3. 3. What is a paragraph?<br />“A paragraph is a device for making an idea clear to a reader.” (Hughes and Sohn, 1997)<br />“ A group of sentences that develop or explain a single idea.” (Hughes and Sohn, 1997)<br />“A paragraph (from the Greekparagraphos, "to write beside" or "written beside") is a self-contained unit of a discourse in writing dealing with a particular point or idea. Paragraphs consist of one or more sentences.[1][2] The start of a paragraph is indicated by beginning on a new line. Sometimes the first line is indented. At various times, the beginning of a paragraph has been indicated by the pilcrow: ¶.(<br />
  4. 4. How is a paragraph formed?<br />A paragraph is indented in the first line.<br />A topic sentence introduces the main topic. It can be placed in the beginning, middle or end of the paragraph.<br />The body of a paragraph is made up of supporting details written as sentences that support the main idea with specific details.<br />The concluding sentence will restate the main idea or summarize the main idea of a paragraph and even offer a suggestion or a prediction. (Folse, Muchmore-Vokoun and Vestri, 1999)<br />
  5. 5. Week 1 Part 2<br />Developing Ideas for Writing a Paragraph<br />How can I begin writing?<br />If you wish to be a writer, write. <br />Epictetus<br />
  6. 6. How can I begin writing?<br />Keep a journal, personal notepad, folder.<br />Write everyday.<br />Write with feeling.<br />Select a narrow topic.<br />Brainstorm about your topic.<br />Collect details about your topic.<br />Make a detailed list.<br />Write an outline.<br />Write an effective topic sentence.<br />
  7. 7. Brainstorming<br />Brainstorming and how it works? <br />Quickly writing down all the thoughts that come into your head. Make it truly a storm in your head, a storm of ideas.<br />There is no right or wrong ‘brainstorm’. <br />A good writer always THINKS before he writes.<br />It works by being MESSY.<br />There isn’t one single method to follow.(Folse, Muchmore-Vokoun and Vestri, 1999)<br />
  8. 8. Outlining<br />An outline will show the introduction, main idea, supporting details and concluding sentences in a logical order.<br />An outline is useful to organize ideas and details so to make sense in an organized way.<br />Basic outlines follow this format: “The main ideas take roman numerals. Sub-points under each main idea take capital letters and are indented. Sub-points under the capital letters, if any, take italic numbers and are further indented”.(<br />        I.  MAIN IDEA               A. Subsidiary idea or supporting <br /> idea to I               B. Subsidiary idea or supporting idea <br /> to I                   1. Subsidiary idea to B                   2. Subsidiary idea to B                       a) Subsidiary idea to 2                       b) Subsidiary idea to 2<br />        II.  MAIN IDEA               A. Subsidiary or supporting idea to II               B. Subsidiary idea to II               C. Subsidiary idea to II<br />        III.  MAIN IDEA<br />
  9. 9. Topic Sentences<br />Week 1 Part 3<br />Control and guide de paragraph.<br />Offer a preview of what will be mentioned in the paragraph. <br />State the main idea of the paragraph.<br />Are NOT a general fact.<br />Are specific but not too much.<br />Have controlling ideas that guide the flow of the paragraph.<br />Include a specific feeling about the idea.<br />
  10. 10. Writing good topic sentences<br />Use a number<br />Create a list<br />Start with to + verb<br />Use word pairs<br />Join Two ideas<br />Use a “Why-what word”<br />Use a “Yes, But” word<br />Quote an expert, <br />(Sebranek, Kemper, Meyer, 2005)<br />
  11. 11. Homework :1Scavenger Hunt<br />In a scavengerhuntyouphysicallygatherobjectsoritems, however, onthisscavengerhuntyouwillwrite complete descriptions as youfindthefollowingsituations:<br />Anangryexchange<br />Anout-of-place object<br />A well-lovedobject<br />Somethingfresh, new orunused<br />A lostorforgottenobject<br />Somethingunpleasant<br />
  12. 12. References<br />Folse, K., Muchmore-Voukoun, and E. Solomon. (1999) Great Paragraphs: An introduction ot Writing Paragraphs, Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.<br />Hughes, Elaine and David A. Sohn (1997). Writing by Doing. Illinois, NTC Publishing Group.<br />Sebranek, P., Kemper, Dave and Meyer, Verne (2005). Write Source. Great Source Education Group, Houghton Mifflin Division.<br />
  13. 13. Language Focus<br />Identifying Verbs in a sentence <br />Fragments<br />Subject-Verb Agreement<br />Sentence Fragments <br />Comma splices <br /><br />