Small Scale Project part two: By Charlotte Beaird Small Scale Question: Representations of women in post 1990's Iranian cinema.
What does representation mean: The expression or designation by some term, character, symbol, or the like.
Focus Film: Persepolis (2007) Synopsis: Poignant coming-of-age story of a precocious and outspoken young Iranian girl that begins during the Islamic Revolution. Director: Vincent Paronnaud: -Is known for being a French comics artist and is famous for his macabre humour. Marjane Satrapi: -Graphic novelist, illustrator and children's book author, best known for her autobiographic novel "Persepolis" (2000). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3PXHeKuBzPY&ob=av3e
Contextual issues: -Wellington, New Zealand - In July, 2008 the Iranian embassy angrily protested the screening of Persepolis during the 37th Wellington Film Festival. - shows that they could not escape conflict even in another country Iranian's still wanted it banned. -The film drew complaints from the Iranian government even before its debut at the festival. -Iranian government officials lashed out when the black-and-white animated film Persepolis won the Jury Prize at this year's Cannes Film Festival. They claimed the movie, based on the acclaimed graphic novel by Iranian emigré Marjane Satrapi, is Islamophobic. -wasn’t made in Iran wouldn’t be able to be made in Iran. Events in film: -Iranian regime in 1984 -Revolution of Iran
Other Film: Ten (2002)- Drama Synopsis: Focuses on ten conversations between a female driver in Tehran and the passengers in her car. Her exchanges with her young son, a jilted bride, a prostitute, a women on her way to prayer and others, shed light on the lives and emotions of these women whose voices are seldom heard. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Axtnu3GRsjk Director: Abbas Kiarostami -"He has made many movies and has become one of the most important figures in contemporary Iranian film." -"According to Martin Scorsese, "Kiarostami represents the highest level of artistry in the cinema."
Contextual issues: -"The Iranian government as a whole has no relationship with my films." -"And I'm not sure that my films show the reality of life in Iran; we show different aspects of life. Iran is a very extensive and expansive place, and sometimes, even for us who live there, some of the realities are very hard to comprehend." -Firouzan Films Events in film: - In 2000 more than 600 female students from the medical University of Qom demonstrated in front of the Ministry of Health in Tehran complaining that they were prevented from studying certain subjects because there were not enough female doctors to teach them.
Other Film: The Circle (2000) - Drama Synopsis: Various women struggle to function in the oppressively sexist society of contemporary Iran. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G9aqCpiRdiU Director: Jafar Panahi -On December 20, 2010, Panahi was sentenced by the Revolutionary Court to six years in prison and barred for the next twenty years from film-making, political activity, traveling or giving interviews. -In February 2010 he was denied permission to leave Iran to participate in the panel discussion on 'Iranian Cinema: Present and Future.
Contextual issues: -Was forbidden by the Islamic government of Iran. -It was banned in its home country, according to the film poster. -Everyone walking out of the theater turned to each other in unison and said "That was depressing!" Events in film: -Fugitives in Iran at the time of this movie and this is shown through all of the women in this film being fugitives.
Why you chose investigation title: I have seen "Persepolis" before and it made me intrigued in Iranian cinema”. New stories about the repression of their women really frightened me, something i felt i needed to look in to. Also post 1990's i wanted to see that now their is such a judgmental outlook on the middle eastern culture due to terror risks and revolutions. How the modern day Iranian woman lives. The programme "The Promise" on channel 4 last year really led my interest in Middle Eastern cinema, as it follows a young girl tracking back through her grandfathers time in the as in Israel.
How your investigation is taking place: Well I am really just interested in choosing films that show a broad range of Iranian women’s lifestyles in each film I finalize. I have found it in the three films "Persepolis", "The Circle" and "Ten". Ranging in age groups and class I think I can answer my question with the birth of knowledge and outlook these films give out. I am also keen to read up on books on Iranian women’s repression and news stories I have already started with looking online and shocked to see executions were vividly present online of Iranian women and teenagers.