Advocacy And Education


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Advocacy And Education

  1. 1. Advocacy; What is it? How do I do it? How can I get a job in it? • Ruthi Hoffman Hanchett, Policy Officer, World Vision International
  2. 2. WORLD VISION is an international partnership of Christians whose mission is to follow our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ in working with the poor and oppressed to promote human transformation, seek justice and bear witness to the good news of the Kingdom of God
  3. 3. We pursue this mission through integrated, holistic commitment to: • Transformational Development -that is community-based and sustainable, focused especially on the needs of children; • Emergency Relief -that assists people afflicted by conflict or disaster; • Promotion of Justice – that seeks to change unjust structures affecting the poor among whom we work; • Partnerships with churches -to contribute to spiritual and social transformation; • Public Awareness -that leads to informed understanding, giving, involvement and prayer; • Witness to Jesus Christ -by life, deed, word and sign that encourages people to respond to the Gospel.
  4. 4. • Started in 1950 • Work in 98 nations • Sponsor 3 Million Children daily • Half income from private donors-sponsors • About 23,000 staff • Focused on children, their families and their communities, tackling the causes of poverty and injustice.
  5. 5. Defining Advocacy • How would you define advocacy? • “The promotion of a specific message and/or course of action in order to influence or contribute to the development and implementation of public policies which will alleviate the causes and consequences of poverty” Oxfam • “To work with poor and marginalized people to eradicate poverty by overcoming the injustice and inequity that causes it.” ActionAid • “A set of strategies that aims to defend and promote human rights regardless of race or religion, and with a particular emphasis on the most vulnerable groups” WV Latin America
  6. 6. Defining Advocacy • “Advocacy is a ministry of influence whose goal is to empower the poor by creating a public policy environment conducive to their self-development, in keeping with the Biblical principle of justice for all people and rooted in the recognition that all people are created in the image of God” -excerpt from WVI Promotion of Justice Board policy • JUSTICE
  7. 7. Justice • The Old Testament links Justice and Righteousness= To Make Things RIGHT • When the Bible Mentions Justice– usually follows with: widow, fatherless, orphans, poor, hungry, stranger, needy, weak, oppressed. • Doing Justice is about making life right for these people- restoring them and the oppressors and systems of oppression, to the way they were created to be in the image of God.
  8. 8. We are Christian Why Advocacy? • Psalm 11:7 “For the Lord is righteous – he loves justice” • Isaiah 58:1-10, “is not this the fast that I choose: to loose the bonds of injustice, to undo the thongs of the yoke, to let the oppressed go free and to break every yoke? Is it not to share your bread with the hungry, and to bring the homeless poor into your house?” • Proverbs 31:8-9 “Speak out for those who cannot speak, for the rights of all the destitute . . . Defend the rights of the poor and needy” • Micah 6:8 The Lord requires us to do justice and love mercy • Luke 4:18, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He anointed me to preach the Gospel to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free those who are oppressed.” We are committed to the Poor– ending poverty means ending injustice We are Responsive- The world is crying out for change We are Partners- Cannot achieve sustainable results without empowering and working with the poor. quot;Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere”- MLKJ
  9. 9. How do we ‘do’ advocacy and make things right? • Ideas? • Stereotypes? 1.PROBLEM SOLVING-- Advocacy looks at the root of the problem and seeks to change the cause, not just the symptoms. 2. Power 3. Partnering “someone ought to do something . . .”
  10. 10. Advocacy tools and activities can include: • Lobbying, • networking, • campaigning, • holding conferences and • demonstrating, workshops, • meetings, • Empowering and educating • one-on-one influence of people on their rights, decision makers, • conducting research, • organizing groups of writing reports, women, children, workers • monitoring and or populations affected by evaluation, injustice, • Holding leaders • using the media, accountable to laws and • voting commitments,
  11. 11. How do we ‘do’ advocacy? • Must be based on Empowerment- including children as advocates • Rights-based • Partner with the poor and oppressed • Restoring people, relationships and systems • Build Civil Society=sustainable
  12. 12. Education Advocacy Case Studies • Local • National • Global
  13. 13. FGM: Girls Education Community based in Africa: Problem: FGM=Early Marriage=Dropout of school and violation of child rights Solutions: • Child/Youth Advocacy Clubs • Education on Harms- HIV, Laws • Empowerment on Child Rights • Support of Men and Boys • Alternative Rites of Passage • Economic empowerment for circumcisers • Support to Girls’ education and girls threatened by families • International Lobbying—UN CSW, Child Advocate share’s experience
  14. 14. Armenia: Inclusive Education • Committed to de-institutionalization of children, Rights of disabled children to education. • Working with the government, developing relationships, and model for de-institutionalization and end segregation, • Demonstrating good work with schools and teachers to mainstream education for children with disabilities. • Influenced national legislation to improve integration of children with special needs into mainstream education. -specifies the positions and qualifications of specialists in pre-school educational institutions. - ensures no more than 5-7 children with special needs in a classroom=integration with mainstream
  15. 15. Global: Human Rights Counsel • UN Human Rights Counsel in Geneva- Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education • WV partnered with Save the Children- personal influence- determined the topic of annual report • The right to education in emergencies • Additional opportunity to host meeting and influence HRC resolution. • Importance of research • Challenge=holding governments accountable to promises
  16. 16. Education, Justice and Advocacy
  17. 17. Global Education Snapshot • 72 million kids are not in elementary school. • 771 adults – about 18% of the adult population over 15, or 1 in 5 adults cannot read. • Some nations have made progress, making primary school free, but now have classrooms of 100 children per teacher. • 18 Mil. teachers are needed to send all kids to primary school by 2015 (MDGs) in classrooms of less than 40:1. • Less than 1% of disabled people in developing world receive an education. • 39 Mil. children are out of school due to conflict- the average length of refugee displacement is 17 years! • Most out-of–school children are girls; then emergency/conflict-affected, minorities, disabled, poor, orphans, children who labor, etc. • Literacy skills in modern society are fundamental to informed- decision making, personal empowerment, economic stability, protection from exploitation including slavery, active and even passive participation in society and politics, etc.
  18. 18. Exercise • Spider map- consequences of lack of or poor quality education • Problem Tree- root causes for lack of or poor education
  19. 19. Rights to Education- Based on CRC ALL children have the right to a fee, compulsory, quality primary education. • Literacy- reading and writing • Numeracy • Life skills • Safety • Inclusion • Prepared for a trade, responsible citizen • Develop personality, talent, physical and mental abilities to full potential • Respect human rights, their own culture, natural environment, • Access to science and technology
  20. 20. What Difference does Education Make? • ? • Boys and girls who finish secondary school have significant earning returns. • Build peace and stability (opposite of terrorism) • Stronger civil society and responsive government. • More protected from trafficking, slavery, exploitation, etc. • girls who attend secondary school are 40% less likely to become HIV+ • girls' secondary education reduces infant mortality, increases childhood immunization and nutrition, reduces children's stunting, and lowers fertility rates and unwanted pregnancies, raises GNP, etc. • In fact- girl’s education is the best development investment a nation can make.
  21. 21. How do I get a job in advocacy? • Start being an advocate now! -get involved locally -organize events, meetings, people -use the media- write op eds, letter the editors, school paper, etc. -use your vote -think about the power you have to influence- even with what you buy • Learn how law and policy works • Study World Politics/Events/Leaders • Think about the issues you are passionate about? -What needs to change? -What are some solutions? • Decide what “level” of advocacy intrigues you
  22. 22. “Whenever you are in doubt, or when the self becomes too much with you, apply the following test. Recall the face of the poorest and the weakest person whom you have seen, and ask yourself if the step you contemplate is going to be of any use to him of her.” --Gandhi
  23. 23. Reading Suggestions • • • Global Futures, WV justice magazine • Hope for the Girl Child, WV, (2007) • Child Labour in Latin America and the Caribbean, WV (June 2007) • Educating Children in Emergency Settings: An unexpected lifeline, Gerald Martone, IRC • Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paulo Ferreri • Annual Global Monitoring Reports •