What is it? How do I do it?
How can I get a job in it?
• Ruthi Hoffman Hanchett, Policy Officer, World
WORLD VISION is an international
partnership of Christians whose
mission is to follow our Lord and
Saviour Jesus Christ in working with
the poor and oppressed to promote
human transformation, seek justice
and bear witness to the good news
of the Kingdom of God
We pursue this mission through integrated, holistic
• Transformational Development
-that is community-based and sustainable, focused especially on the needs
• Emergency Relief
-that assists people afﬂicted by conﬂict or disaster;
• Promotion of Justice
– that seeks to change unjust structures affecting the poor among
whom we work;
• Partnerships with churches
-to contribute to spiritual and social transformation;
• Public Awareness
-that leads to informed understanding, giving, involvement and prayer;
• Witness to Jesus Christ
-by life, deed, word and sign that encourages people to respond to the
• Started in 1950
• Work in 98 nations
• Sponsor 3 Million Children daily
• Half income from private donors-sponsors
• About 23,000 staff
• Focused on children, their families and their
communities, tackling the causes of poverty and
• How would you define advocacy?
• “The promotion of a specific message and/or course of
action in order to influence or contribute to the
development and implementation of public policies which
will alleviate the causes and consequences of poverty”
• “To work with poor and marginalized people to eradicate
poverty by overcoming the injustice and inequity that
causes it.” ActionAid
• “A set of strategies that aims to defend and promote human
rights regardless of race or religion, and with a particular
emphasis on the most vulnerable groups” WV Latin
• “Advocacy is a ministry of influence whose goal is to
empower the poor by creating a public policy
environment conducive to their self-development, in
keeping with the Biblical principle of justice for all
people and rooted in the recognition that all people
are created in the image of God”
-excerpt from WVI Promotion of Justice Board
• The Old Testament links Justice and
Righteousness= To Make Things RIGHT
• When the Bible Mentions Justice– usually
follows with: widow, fatherless, orphans, poor,
hungry, stranger, needy, weak, oppressed.
• Doing Justice is about making life right for
these people- restoring them and the
oppressors and systems of oppression, to the
way they were created to be in the image of
We are Christian Why Advocacy?
• Psalm 11:7 “For the Lord is righteous – he loves justice”
• Isaiah 58:1-10, “is not this the fast that I choose: to loose the bonds of
injustice, to undo the thongs of the yoke, to let the oppressed go free
and to break every yoke? Is it not to share your bread with the hungry,
and to bring the homeless poor into your house?”
• Proverbs 31:8-9 “Speak out for those who cannot speak, for the rights
of all the destitute . . . Defend the rights of the poor and needy”
• Micah 6:8 The Lord requires us to do justice and love mercy
• Luke 4:18, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He anointed
me to preach the Gospel to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim
release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free
those who are oppressed.”
We are committed to the Poor– ending poverty means ending injustice
We are Responsive- The world is crying out for change
We are Partners- Cannot achieve sustainable results without empowering
and working with the poor.
quot;Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere”-
How do we ‘do’ advocacy and
make things right?
1.PROBLEM SOLVING-- Advocacy looks at the
root of the problem and seeks to change the cause,
not just the symptoms.
“someone ought to do something . . .”
Advocacy tools and activities can
• Lobbying, • networking,
• campaigning, • holding conferences and
• demonstrating, workshops,
• meetings, • Empowering and educating
• one-on-one influence of people on their rights,
decision makers, • conducting research,
• organizing groups of writing reports,
women, children, workers • monitoring and
or populations affected by evaluation,
injustice, • Holding leaders
• using the media, accountable to laws and
• voting commitments,
How do we ‘do’ advocacy?
• Must be based on Empowerment- including
children as advocates
• Partner with the poor and oppressed
• Restoring people, relationships and systems
• Build Civil Society=sustainable
Education Advocacy Case Studies
FGM: Girls Education
Community based in Africa:
Problem: FGM=Early Marriage=Dropout of school and violation
of child rights
• Child/Youth Advocacy Clubs
• Education on Harms- HIV, Laws
• Empowerment on Child Rights
• Support of Men and Boys
• Alternative Rites of Passage
• Economic empowerment for circumcisers
• Support to Girls’ education and girls threatened by families
• International Lobbying—UN CSW, Child Advocate share’s
Armenia: Inclusive Education
• Committed to de-institutionalization of children, Rights of
disabled children to education.
• Working with the government, developing relationships,
and model for de-institutionalization and end
• Demonstrating good work with schools and teachers to
mainstream education for children with disabilities.
• Influenced national legislation to improve integration of
children with special needs into mainstream education.
-specifies the positions and qualifications of
specialists in pre-school educational institutions.
- ensures no more than 5-7 children with special
needs in a classroom=integration with mainstream
Global: Human Rights Counsel
• UN Human Rights Counsel in Geneva-
Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education
• WV partnered with Save the Children-
personal influence- determined the topic of
• The right to education in emergencies
• Additional opportunity to host meeting and
influence HRC resolution.
• Importance of research
• Challenge=holding governments accountable
Global Education Snapshot
• 72 million kids are not in elementary school.
• 771 adults – about 18% of the adult population over 15, or 1 in 5 adults
• Some nations have made progress, making primary school free, but
now have classrooms of 100 children per teacher.
• 18 Mil. teachers are needed to send all kids to primary school by 2015
(MDGs) in classrooms of less than 40:1.
• Less than 1% of disabled people in developing world receive an
• 39 Mil. children are out of school due to conflict- the average length of
refugee displacement is 17 years!
• Most out-of–school children are girls; then emergency/conflict-affected,
minorities, disabled, poor, orphans, children who labor, etc.
• Literacy skills in modern society are fundamental to informed- decision
making, personal empowerment, economic stability, protection from
exploitation including slavery, active and even passive participation in
society and politics, etc.
• Spider map- consequences of lack of or
poor quality education
• Problem Tree- root causes for lack of or
Rights to Education- Based on CRC
ALL children have the right to a fee, compulsory, quality primary
• Literacy- reading and writing
• Life skills
• Prepared for a trade, responsible citizen
• Develop personality, talent, physical and mental abilities to full
• Respect human rights, their own culture, natural environment,
• Access to science and technology
What Difference does Education
• Boys and girls who finish secondary school have
significant earning returns.
• Build peace and stability (opposite of terrorism)
• Stronger civil society and responsive government.
• More protected from trafficking, slavery, exploitation,
• girls who attend secondary school are 40% less likely to
• girls' secondary education reduces infant mortality,
increases childhood immunization and nutrition,
reduces children's stunting, and lowers fertility rates
and unwanted pregnancies, raises GNP, etc.
• In fact- girl’s education is the best development
investment a nation can make.
How do I get a job in advocacy?
• Start being an advocate now!
-get involved locally
-organize events, meetings, people
-use the media- write op eds, letter the editors, school paper, etc.
-use your vote
-think about the power you have to influence- even with what you
• Learn how law and policy works
• Study World Politics/Events/Leaders
• Think about the issues you are passionate about?
-What needs to change? -What are some solutions?
• Decide what “level” of advocacy intrigues you
“Whenever you are in doubt, or when
the self becomes too much with you,
apply the following test. Recall the face
of the poorest and the weakest person
whom you have seen, and ask yourself if
the step you contemplate is going to be of
any use to him of her.” --Gandhi
• Global Futures, WV justice magazine
• Hope for the Girl Child, WV, (2007)
• Child Labour in Latin America and the Caribbean,
WV (June 2007)
• Educating Children in Emergency Settings: An
unexpected lifeline, Gerald Martone, IRC
• Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paulo Ferreri
• www.unesco.org Annual Global Monitoring Reports