Jesus First and Second Coming thru the Feasts of the Lord
The Feasts of the Lord,Jesus First and Second Coming
Overview• God’s Calendar• Leviticus 23: Feasts of the Lord• Jesus 1st coming• Jesus 2nd coming
God’s Calendar• God’s calendar is based on the moon• Composed of 12 months of 29 or 30 days• Leap year happens 7 times in a 19 years cycle• Leap year contains a 13 month to catch upwith the Solar year
God’s Calendar (3)Month Number of Days Gregorian Calendar MonthNissan 30 March-AprilIyar 29 April-MaySivan 30 May-JuneTammuz 29 June-JulyAv 30 July-AugustElul 29 August-SeptemberTishri 30 September-OctoberCheshvan 29 or 30 October-NovemberKislev 30 or 29 November-DecemberTevet 29 December-JanuaryShevat 30 January-FebruaryAdar 30 February-March
Leviticus 23• The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the people of Israel and say tothem, These are the appointed feasts of the Lord that you shall proclaimas holy convocations; they are my appointed feasts…”• The Sabbath (Shabbat)• The Passover (Pesach)• The Feast of Unleavened bread (Hag Hamatzot)• The Feast of Firstfruits (Reshit Katzir)• The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot, Pentecost)• The Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)• The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)• The Feast of Booth (Sukkot, Tabernacles)
1st Feast: Passover• Starts on Nisan 14 at Sundown, finishes on Nisan 15 atSundown• High priest bind the Lamb to the sacrificial altar at 9 AM• At 3 PM that day he would ascend the altar and slaughter theLamb• The he would close the ceremony by uttering the Hebrewword, Kalah: “it is finished”
Jesus 1st coming Fulfillment• Crucified on Nissan 14, 3790 (Wednesday April 5, 30 AD mostprobable date but there is uncertainty, we know for sure thatPontius Pilate was Prefect of Judaea from 26-36 AD)• Nailed to the cross at 9 AM• Mark 15:25 And it was the third hour when they crucified him• Died at 3 PM• Matthew 27:46-50 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with aloud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, myGod, why have you forsaken me?”. And some of thebystanders, hearing it, said, “This man is calling Elijah.” And one ofthem at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, andput it on a reed and gave it to him to drink. But the otherssaid, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him.” AndJesus cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit.• Mark and Matthew reports hours the Hebrew way, from dawn:6 AM + 3 Hours = 9 AM6 AM + 9 Hours = 3 PM
Jesus 1st coming Fulfillment• John 19:30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said,“It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
2nd Feast, Unleavened Bread• Nisan 15• Jews remove all leaven (representing sin) from their homeand eat only flat bread, or Matzah• One of the rituals involved wrapping a piece of Matzah, whichwas traditionally “striped and pierced”, in a linen napkin andhiding away to be found later by the children, who would thenreceive a reward.
Jesus 1st coming Fulfillment• The “striped” and “pierced” body of Jesus who is the “breadof life” and the “man without sin”, was wrapped in linenshroud and lay hidden away in the tomb.• Matthew 27:59-60 And Joseph took the body and wrapped itin a clean linen shroud and laid it in his own new tomb, whichhe had cut in the rock. And he rolled a great stone to theentrance of the tomb and went away.
3rd Feast, Feast of First Fruits• The day after the Sabbath that follows Passover.• High priest would ceremoniously wave a sheaf of the firstfruits of the barley harvest before the Lord.
Jesus 1st coming fulfillment• Representative of the “First Fruits” of the “harvest of theredeemed”, Jesus arose from the dead on the Feast of first Fruits.• Matthew 28:1-6 Now after the Sabbath (Plural), toward the dawnof the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Marywent to see the tomb. And behold, there was a great earthquake,for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came androlled back the stone and sat on it. His appearance was likelightning, and his clothing white as snow. And for fear of him theguards trembled and became like dead men. But the angel said tothe women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus whowas crucified. He is not here, for he has risen, as he said. Come, seethe place where he lay.
Jesus 1st coming fulfillment• 1 Corinthians 15:20 But in fact Christ has been raisedfrom the dead, the first fruits of those who havefallen asleep.
4th Feast, Feast of Weeks• Sivan 6• Also called “Pentecost”• 50 days after the Feast of First Fruits• Observed with two large loaves of bread• Loaves memorialized the giving of the Ten commandments atMount Sinai, at which time, “God’s Law was written on twotablets of stone”
Jesus 1st coming Fulfillment• Exactly 50 days after the Feast of First Fruits, the Lordsent the Holy Spirit to dwell in the hearts of thebelievers. The Law was written not on tablet of stonesbut on the hearts of those who would receive him.• Acts 2:1-4 When the day of Pentecost arrived, theywere all together in one place. And suddenly therecame from heaven a sound like a mighty rushingwind, and it filled the entire house where they weresitting. And divided tongues as of fire appeared tothem and rested on each one of them. And they wereall filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak inother tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.
5th Feast, Feast of Trumpets• Tishri 1st• Rosh Hashanah, 1st day of the Jewish Calendar, seen as a typeof “New Years Day” for Israel• Blowing of trumpets 100 times, both in the Temple and in theland. The 100th, or last, trumpet blast was known as “the lasttrump”
Jesus 2nd Coming• The Rapture• 1 Corinthians 51-52 Behold! I tell you a mystery. We shall not allsleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling ofan eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and thedead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.• Thessalonians 4:16-17 the Lord himself will come down fromheaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel andwith the trumpet call of God, the dead in Christ will rise first. Afterthat, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up togetherwith them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air.• Revelation 11:15 Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, andthere were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of theworld has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and heshall reign forever and ever.”
Jesus 2nd Coming• The Torah calls the Feast of Trumpets, Yom Teruah, or ”theday of awakening blast”• Isaiah 26:19 Your dead shall live; their bodies shall rise. Youwho dwell in the dust, awake and sing for joy! For your dew isa dew of light, and the earth will give birth to the dead.
Jesus 2nd coming• Jesus said in Matthew 24:36 “But of that day or hour no oneknows”• The Feast of Trumpets was known as “the hidden day”: inpart because its commencement was uniquely dependent onthe first sighting of the New Moon.
Jesus 2nd coming• Due to the uncertainty inherent to sighting a tiny sliver of thecrescent moon, as well as the secondary issue of notifyingeveryone that the feast had begun in time, the Feast ofTrumpets became the only two-day holiday practiced inIsrael.• So speaking of the timing of the Feast of Trumpets, the Jewswould typically say “Of that day and hour no one knows”
6th Feast, Day of Atonement• Tishri 10• Yom Kippur, it was on this day that the High Priest wasallowed behind the veil of the Temple into the “Holy ofHolies”, where he would plead forgiveness for Israel in thepresence of God’s Glory• The day of Atonement is also known as “the day of Face toFace with God”
Jesus Second Coming• Israel will turn towards the one they pierced• Zechariah 12:10-11 And I will pour out on the house of Davidand the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and pleas formercy, so that, when they look on me, on him whom theyhave pierced, they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for anonly child, and weep bitterly over him, as one weeps over afirstborn. On that day the mourning in Jerusalem will be asgreat as the mourning for Hadad-rimmon in the plain ofMegiddo.
7th Feast, Feast of Tabernacles• Tishri 15 to 21• Israelites were commended to build a “tabernacle” or Sukkah(temporary hut), and to inhabit it• In Exodus God commended the Israelite to build a tabernacleso he could dwell amidst them
Jesus Second Coming• The feast of Tabernacle will be observe in the millennium.Zechariah 14:16 Then everyone who survives of all the nationsthat have come against Jerusalem shall go up year after year toworship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast ofTabernacles.
Conclusion• Jesus first coming fulfilled the first four Feasts to the exact dayand time. It seems logical that Jesus second coming will fulfillthe remaining three Feasts on God’s appointed days too.