L&R Lecture


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L&R Lecture

  1. 1. alternative comics: 1 : post-1960s comics & graphic novels influenced both by “mainstream” and underground comics 2 : independent comic books aimed (at least initially) at comic book shop market, or “direct market” 3 : an independent publishing movement, replete with its own economy and ideology 4 : a genre of comics, defined by its resistance to the aesthetics of the mainstream
  2. 2. LOVE & ROCKETS (1981-1996, 2000 - now) <ul><li>Omnibus anthology for brothers </li></ul><ul><li>Gilbert and Jaime Hernandez </li></ul><ul><li>(and sometimes older brother Mario, </li></ul><ul><li>who inspired them) </li></ul><ul><li>Sons of a comics-centric Latino family from Oxnard, CA </li></ul><ul><li>Versed in both mainstream and underground comics </li></ul>
  3. 3. LOVE & ROCKETS (1981-1996, 2000 - now) <ul><li>1981: Love & Rockets No. 1 (a self-published, direct-market ’zine) </li></ul>
  4. 5. LOVE & ROCKETS (1981-1996, 2000 - now) <ul><li>1982: Upstart publisher Fantagraphics launches the “professional” L&R – </li></ul><ul><li>thus sparking alternative comix </li></ul><ul><li>and securing its place as a trendsetter </li></ul>
  5. 6. LOVE & ROCKETS WHY DOES IT MATTER? <ul><li>Began with new takes on old genres: e.g., Xaime’s “Mechanics” (starring Maggie, 1981-85) and Beto’s “BEM” (’80-81) </li></ul><ul><li>Departed from these genres to tell more personal stories based on their own lives and cultural experiences </li></ul>
  6. 7. LOVE & ROCKETS WHY DOES IT MATTER? <ul><li>Synthesized mainstream & underground traditions (by fusing influences from, e.g., Schulz and Marvel Comics and Crumb) – </li></ul><ul><li>hence ALTERNATIVE COMIX ! </li></ul><ul><li>Represented the underrepresented (punks, independent women, Latinos, gays/lesbians) and thus created truly multicultural comic books </li></ul>
  7. 8. LOVE & ROCKETS WHY DOES IT MATTER? <ul><li>Innovative narrative techniques, including radical approach to transitioning (what Joseph Witek has called, after McCloud, “uncued closure”) </li></ul><ul><li>Novel-length serialized stories, often extremely complex </li></ul>
  8. 9. LOVE & ROCKETS A Brief Outline <ul><li>L&R Volume I (1982-1996): </li></ul><ul><li>Fifty magazine-sized comic books </li></ul><ul><li>Republished as fifteen book-length collections (1985-97) </li></ul><ul><li>The Interim (1996-2000): </li></ul><ul><li>Various solo books, including Xaime’s Penny Century and Beto’s New Love (these include L&R characters) </li></ul><ul><li>L&R Volume II (2000 – 2007): </li></ul><ul><li>Standard-format comic books: fifteen to date </li></ul><ul><li>Nine book-length collections of material </li></ul>
  9. 10. LOVE & ROCKETS (1981-1996, 2000 - now) <ul><li>Jaime Hernandez ( Xaime ) </li></ul><ul><li>Key work: the series LOCAS , aka “Maggie”: </li></ul><ul><li>Re: the lives of Maggie Chascarillo and Co., </li></ul><ul><li>in and around the barrio known as Huerta, </li></ul><ul><li>or “Hoppers” (a fictionalized Oxnard) </li></ul><ul><li>Gilbert Hernandez (Beto) </li></ul><ul><li>Key work: the series HEARTBREAK SOUP , or “Luba”: </li></ul><ul><li>Re: the lives of the people of Palomar, a Central American village (1983-1996); </li></ul><ul><li>Re: ex-Palomar lives of Luba and her family in the USA (1989-now, esp. since 1996) </li></ul>
  10. 11. LOVE & ROCKETS (1981-1996, 2000 - now) <ul><li>Jaime Hernandez </li></ul><ul><li>Major solo books </li></ul><ul><li>since 1989: </li></ul><ul><li>Death of Speedy (Vol 7) </li></ul><ul><li>Wigwam Bam (Vol 11) </li></ul><ul><li>Chester Square (Vol 13) </li></ul><ul><li>Locas in Love (Vol 18) </li></ul><ul><li>Dicks and Deedees (Vol 20) </li></ul><ul><li>Ghost of Hoppers (Vol 22) </li></ul><ul><li>The Education of Hopey Glass (Vol. 24) </li></ul><ul><li>Gilbert Hernandez </li></ul><ul><li>Major solo books </li></ul><ul><li>since 1989: </li></ul><ul><li>Blood of Palomar (Vol 8) </li></ul><ul><li>Love & Rockets X (Vol 10) </li></ul><ul><li>Poison River (Vol 12) </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of Comics (Vol 17) </li></ul><ul><li>Luba in America (Vol 19) </li></ul><ul><li>Luba: The Book of Ofelia (Vol 21) </li></ul><ul><li>Luba: Three Daughters (Vol. 23) </li></ul>
  11. 12. LOVE & ROCKETS Career-spanning books: <ul><li>Jaime Hernandez </li></ul><ul><li>Locas (2004) </li></ul>
  12. 13. LOVE & ROCKETS Career-spanning books: <ul><li>Gilbert Hernandez </li></ul><ul><li>Palomar: The Heartbreak Soup Stories (2003) </li></ul>