Comic Books (Golden Age)

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Comic Books (Golden Age)

  1. 1. Origins of the American Comic Book <ul><li>1933: Eastern Color Printing Co. (in CT) launches booklets of reprinted newspaper strips as premiums for manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g., Gulf Oil, Procter & Gamble) </li></ul><ul><li>Effort spearheaded by </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Wildenberg & M.C. (Max) Gaines </li></ul>
  2. 2. Origins of the American Comic Book <ul><li>1934: Eastern Color Printing </li></ul><ul><li>launches first stand-alone comic book in definitive periodical format, Famous Funnies </li></ul><ul><li>(again, reprinting newspaper strips) </li></ul>
  3. 4. Origins of the American Comic Book <ul><li>Late ’34: NYC-based Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson launches first comic book series consisting of new, original material, New Fun </li></ul><ul><li>The co. he founded later became Detective Comics, Inc., then National Periodical Pub., then eventually “ DC .” </li></ul>
  4. 5. Origins of the American Comic Book <ul><li>Late mid-30s: Assembly-line “shop system” of comic book production </li></ul>
  5. 7. Origins of the American Comic Book <ul><li>Early ’38: National’s Action Comics No. 1 inaugurates the “costume” (superhero) genre with Jerry Siegel & Joe Shuster’s “Superman” </li></ul><ul><li>Late 30s – early 40s: Meteoric growth of comic book industry </li></ul>
  6. 13. Comic Book Sales (rough estimates) <ul><li>1940: 10 million / month </li></ul><ul><li>1942: 12.5 million / month </li></ul><ul><li>1944: 20 million / month </li></ul><ul><li>(thanks in part to servicemen) </li></ul><ul><li>1947: 60 million / month </li></ul>
  7. 14. Comic Book Trends besides the Superhero <ul><li>“ Funny Animal” </li></ul><ul><li>and related children’s humor comics </li></ul><ul><li>(from 1941-1942, with the work of </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Barks, Walt Kelly, </li></ul><ul><li>George Carlson, et al.) </li></ul>
  8. 15. Funny Animal & Children’s Humor
  9. 21. Comic Book Trends besides the Superhero <ul><li>“ Teenage” Comics </li></ul><ul><li>à la Archie </li></ul><ul><li>(from 1941, but especially </li></ul><ul><li>after WW2, c. 1946) </li></ul>
  10. 22. “ Teenage” Comics
  11. 23. “ Teenage” Comics
  12. 24. “ Teenage” Comics
  13. 25. Comic Book Trends besides the Superhero <ul><li>Crime Comics </li></ul><ul><li>(from 1942, but especially </li></ul><ul><li>after WW2, c. 1946) </li></ul>
  14. 26. Crime Comics
  15. 33. Post-WW2 <ul><li>Romance </li></ul><ul><li>(1947– ) </li></ul>
  16. 34. Romance Comics
  17. 39. Post-WW2 <ul><li>Horror </li></ul><ul><li>(1950– ) </li></ul>
  18. 40. Horror Comics!
  19. 46. Post-WW2 <ul><li>Satire à la Mad </li></ul><ul><li>(1952– ) </li></ul>
  20. 47. Mad (1952– ) Published by EC, created by Harvey Kurtzman (editor & head writer, Nos. 1-28)

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